Passing The Nc EOG Workbook Ch 1-4

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Passing The Nc EOG Workbook Ch 1-4 - Quiz

Based on work in our workbook as we review for the EOG, answer the following questions. You MAY use your notes we've worked on in class to help you (remember you must KNOW this info for the EOG though!), but not the workbook!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In a short sentence, tell me the difference between COMPLEX SENTENCES and a SIMPLE SENTENCE:

  • 2. 

    Give a strong EXAMPLE of an ALLUSION:

  • 3. 

    Explain Verbal Irony:

  • 4. 

    Explain Dramaticl Irony:

  • 5. 

    Explain Situational Irony

  • 6. 

    What does the term FLASHBACK mean?

    • A.

      To take a backwards picture with a flash

    • B.

      To remember something

    • C.

      To think deeply about something important and deal with it quickly

    • D.

      Event that happened before a story began remembered in the story

    Correct Answer
    D. Event that happened before a story began remembered in the story
    Explanation
    The term FLASHBACK refers to an event that occurred before a story began but is remembered and presented within the story itself. This technique is commonly used in literature and film to provide background information or to reveal important details about a character or plot. It allows the audience or reader to gain a deeper understanding of the story by providing context and insight into past events.

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  • 7. 

    FORESHADOW means...

    • A.

      To remember something important

    • B.

      Hints given in a story at the first that provide hints as to what will happen

    • C.

      Shadows that are in the forefront of the story that help one know something

    • D.

      Keeping shadows at bay

    Correct Answer
    B. Hints given in a story at the first that provide hints as to what will happen
    Explanation
    FORESHADOW means hints given in a story at the first that provide hints as to what will happen. This term is commonly used in literature and storytelling to give subtle indications or clues about future events or outcomes. It allows the audience or readers to anticipate and predict what might occur later in the story. By foreshadowing, authors create suspense, build tension, and engage the audience in the narrative. It adds depth and complexity to the storytelling by preparing the audience for upcoming events and creating a sense of anticipation.

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  • 8. 

    DIALOGUE means...

    • A.

      Talking

    • B.

      Conversations between characters

    • C.

      Thoughts given about characters that lead reader to understand more

    • D.

      Discussions between students

    Correct Answer
    B. Conversations between characters
    Explanation
    The term "dialogue" refers to conversations between characters in a literary work. It involves the exchange of words, ideas, and emotions between two or more individuals within the story. Through dialogue, readers gain insight into the characters' personalities, relationships, and motivations. It helps to advance the plot, develop the characters, and create a more engaging and realistic narrative.

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  • 9. 

    What does TRAIT mean?

    • A.

      An emotion the character has

    • B.

      Brave/cowardly

    • C.

      Important physical and non-physical qualites

    • D.

      Hoping for the future

    Correct Answer
    C. Important physical and non-physical qualites
    Explanation
    TRAIT refers to important physical and non-physical qualities. It encompasses characteristics or attributes that define an individual's personality, behavior, or appearance. This can include both tangible traits such as physical features or abilities, as well as intangible traits such as personality traits, values, or beliefs.

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  • 10. 

    THEME

    • A.

      Main point of the story

    • B.

      Message or morale of the story

    • C.

      Hoping for the best in any story

    • D.

      The major part of what happens in the story

    Correct Answer
    B. Message or morale of the story
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "message or morale of the story". This refers to the underlying lesson or meaning that the author intends to convey through the story. It is the central idea or principle that the reader is supposed to take away from the narrative. This could be a moral lesson, a life lesson, or a deeper understanding of human nature or society. It helps the reader to reflect on the story and apply the message to their own lives.

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  • 11. 

    TONE

    • A.

      The attitude a writer takes toward his/her subject, audience, or character

    • B.

      The overall emotion created by a work of literature

    • C.

      The music one hears in the background of a movie

    • D.

      The way in which a author writes using words and connotation, etc.

    Correct Answer
    A. The attitude a writer takes toward his/her subject, audience, or character
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The attitude a writer takes toward his/her subject, audience, or character." This answer accurately describes the concept of tone in literature. Tone refers to the writer's attitude or feelings towards the subject matter, audience, or characters in a piece of writing. It is conveyed through the author's choice of words, connotations, and overall style of writing. The other options, such as the overall emotion created by a work of literature or the music in a movie, do not capture the specific definition of tone in literature.

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  • 12. 

    What type of writing would one most likely need to write with a  FORMAL STYLE?

    • A.

      A friendly letter to your best friend

    • B.

      A romantic letter to your girlfriend/boyfriend

    • C.

      A research paper

    • D.

      Jazz music

    Correct Answer
    C. A research paper
    Explanation
    A research paper requires a formal style of writing because it is an academic document that presents a scholarly argument or analysis. This type of writing typically follows specific guidelines and conventions, including the use of formal language, objective tone, and proper citation of sources. It is meant to be informative, organized, and professional, with a focus on presenting evidence and supporting arguments. Writing a research paper requires a level of formality that is not necessary in a friendly or romantic letter, which are more personal and casual in nature.

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  • 13. 

    Which type of writing would one most probably use INFORMAL STYLE as opposed to FORMAL STYLE?

    • A.

      A friendly letter to your best friend

    • B.

      A letter to your State Senator

    • C.

      Informational text

    • D.

      Research paper

    Correct Answer
    A. A friendly letter to your best friend
    Explanation
    One would most probably use informal style in a friendly letter to your best friend because it is a personal and casual form of communication. In this type of writing, you can use a conversational tone, slang, and informal language that would not be appropriate in a formal setting. On the other hand, a letter to your State Senator, informational text, and research paper would require a formal style of writing to maintain a professional tone and convey information in a clear and concise manner.

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  • 14. 

    Which list below contains the 4 MAIN TYPES OF GENRE?

    • A.

      Science fiction,, soap operas, poetry and drama

    • B.

      Scienc fiction, realistic fiction, poetry and drama

    • C.

      Drama, poetry, fiction, and non-fiction

    • D.

      Realistic, Myths, Tall Tales, Science Fiction

    Correct Answer
    C. Drama, poetry, fiction, and non-fiction
    Explanation
    The correct answer is drama, poetry, fiction, and non-fiction. These four types of genre are commonly recognized as the main categories in literature. Drama refers to plays and theatrical works, poetry is a form of writing that uses rhythm and imagery, fiction includes imaginative and made-up stories, and non-fiction encompasses factual and informative writing. This answer accurately identifies the four main types of genre in literature.

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  • 15. 

    Allusion

    • A.

      Something that is not really there, but you believe you saw it!

    • B.

      A piece of literature that is believeable

    • C.

      A piece of famous literature, character, event, etc. mentioned in another piece of literature

    • D.

      Believing in the future regardless of how hopeless things look

    Correct Answer
    C. A piece of famous literature, character, event, etc. mentioned in another piece of literature
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A piece of famous literature, character, event, etc. mentioned in another piece of literature." This explanation accurately defines the term "allusion" as a reference made in one piece of literature to another famous literary work, character, event, or any other element. It implies that the author is drawing upon the knowledge or familiarity of the reader with the referenced work to enhance the meaning or depth of the current text.

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  • 16. 

    I'm going to kick you to the moon!!!   This statement is an example of what type of literary term?

    • A.

      Simile

    • B.

      Metaphor

    • C.

      Personificastion

    • D.

      Hyperbole

    Correct Answer
    D. Hyperbole
    Explanation
    The statement "I'm going to kick you to the moon!!!" is an example of hyperbole, which is an exaggerated statement or claim that is not meant to be taken literally. In this case, the speaker is using hyperbole to emphasize their strong intention to harm someone, but it is not a realistic or literal threat.

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  • 17. 

    What are the 3 types of IRONY?

    • A.

      Verbal, Situation, and Derivative

    • B.

      Adventure, situation and drama

    • C.

      Verbal, Dramatic and Situational

    • D.

      Adventure, Situational, Congressional

    Correct Answer
    C. Verbal, Dramatic and Situational
    Explanation
    Verbal irony refers to a situation where a person says something but means the opposite. Dramatic irony occurs when the audience knows something that the characters in a story do not. Situational irony happens when there is a contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually happens. Therefore, the correct answer is Verbal, Dramatic, and Situational, as these are the three types of irony.

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  • 18. 

    Imagery

    • A.

      Language that makes you hear

    • B.

      Language that creates hope

    • C.

      Language that appeals to the senses and creates a picture in your mind

    • D.

      Language that leaves the reader wondering about where he/she is headed in life

    Correct Answer
    C. Language that appeals to the senses and creates a picture in your mind
    Explanation
    The term "imagery" refers to the use of language that appeals to the senses and creates a vivid picture in the reader's mind. It involves the use of descriptive words and phrases that evoke sensory experiences such as sight, sound, taste, smell, and touch. By using imagery, the writer aims to make the reader feel as if they are experiencing the scene or situation being described. This technique helps to engage the reader's imagination and create a more immersive reading experience.

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  • 19. 

    Paradox

    • A.

      A true statement

    • B.

      A true statement that means a bunch to someone special

    • C.

      A true statement that leaves the reader wondering

    • D.

      A true statement that seems to contradict itself

    Correct Answer
    D. A true statement that seems to contradict itself
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a true statement that seems to contradict itself." A paradox is a statement that appears to be self-contradictory or contrary to common sense, yet upon closer examination, it may contain a deeper truth or meaning. Paradoxes often challenge our understanding and provoke further thought and reflection. They can be thought-provoking and lead to new insights or perspectives.

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  • 20. 

    What does SYMBOL mean?

    • A.

      Makes a comparison between two objects using the word "Like" or "as"

    • B.

      A cross is a symbol of Christianity and/or a church

    • C.

      Hoping for the future is a fine example of it

    • D.

      Person, place, object, or ievent that has its own meaning and stands for something else

    Correct Answer
    D. Person, place, object, or ievent that has its own meaning and stands for something else
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "person, place, object, or event that has its own meaning and stands for something else." This definition accurately describes what a symbol is - something that represents or signifies something else. It can be a physical object, a person, a place, or an event that carries a deeper meaning or represents an abstract concept. The examples given in the question, such as a cross symbolizing Christianity or hoping for the future as a symbol of optimism, illustrate this concept.

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  • 21. 

    Which is an example of ALLITERATION?

    • A.

      Ellie the Elephant loves Easter eggs!!

    • B.

      Love loops listlessly around the mountain

    • C.

      Hope often rises out of despair

    • D.

      Peace is a wonderful thing

    Correct Answer
    B. Love loops listlessly around the mountain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Love loops listlessly around the mountain." This is an example of alliteration because the words "love" and "loops" both start with the same sound, creating a repetition of the "l" sound. Additionally, the words "listlessly" and "loops" also start with the same sound, further emphasizing the alliteration in this sentence.

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  • 22. 

    If written in a poem, the statement: There's nothing I can do, if you've only got two! Would be a very good example of:

    • A.

      Sound

    • B.

      Internal Rhyme

    • C.

      External Rhyme

    • D.

      Slant Rhyme

    Correct Answer
    C. External Rhyme
    Explanation
    The given statement "There's nothing I can do, if you've only got two!" is a good example of external rhyme because the end words "do" and "two" rhyme with each other. External rhyme occurs when the rhyming words are at the end of the lines in a poem. In this case, the rhyme adds a playful and rhythmic quality to the statement, making it catchy and memorable.

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  • 23. 

    If written in a poem, the unerlined words in the  following line would be a very good example of which literary term listed below? If you've only got two, there's nothing I can do!

    • A.

      Onomatopoeia

    • B.

      External Rhyme

    • C.

      Internal Rhyme

    • D.

      Slant Rhyme

    Correct Answer
    C. Internal Rhyme
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Internal Rhyme because the underlined words "you've" and "there's" rhyme with each other within the same line.

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  • 24. 

    Read the following poem, then answer the question underneath it: Let the world's sharpness like a clasping knife Shut in upon itself and do no harm In this close hand of Love, now soft and warm, And let us hear no sound of human strife After the click of the shutting, Life to life -  I lean upon thee, Dear, without alarm, And feel as safe as guarded by a charm Against the stab of worldlings, who if rife Are weak to injure.  Very whitely still The Lilies of our lives may reassure Their blossoms from their roots, accessible Alone to heavenly dews that drop not fewer;  Growing straight, out of man's reach, on the hill. God only, who made us rich, can make us poor.    ~ Elizabeth Barrett Browning QUESTION:  What literary sound device occurs in lines 2 and 3 of the above poem?

    • A.

      Alliteration

    • B.

      Onomatopoeia

    • C.

      Internal rhyme

    • D.

      End rhyme

    Correct Answer
    D. End rhyme
    Explanation
    In lines 2 and 3 of the poem, there is an end rhyme, which is a literary sound device where the last words of two or more lines rhyme with each other. In this case, the words "harm" and "warm" rhyme at the end of each line, creating a musical and rhythmic effect in the poem.

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  • 25. 

    Read the following poem, then answer the question underneath it: Let the world's sharpness like a clasping knife Shut in upon itself and do no harm In this close hand of Love, now soft and warm, And let us hear no sound of human strife After the click of the shutting, Life to life -  I lean upon thee, Dear, without alarm, And feel as safe as guarded by a charm Against the stab of worldlings, who if rife Are weak to injure.  Very whitely still The Lilies of our lives may reassure Their blossoms from their roots, accessible Alone to heavenly dews that drop not fewer;  Growing straight, out of man's reach, on the hill. God only, who made us rich, can make us poor.    ~ Elizabeth Barrett Browning What use of figurative language occurs in line 3 in the statement in line 3 in the statement:  this close hand of Love?

    • A.

      Personification

    • B.

      Hyperbole

    • C.

      Metaphor

    • D.

      Sarcasm

    Correct Answer
    A. Personification
    Explanation
    In line 3, the use of the phrase "this close hand of Love" is an example of personification. Personification is a figure of speech in which human qualities are attributed to non-human entities. In this case, Love is being personified as having a hand that is close, soft, and warm. This personification helps to create a sense of intimacy and protection, emphasizing the speaker's feelings of safety and security.

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  • 26. 

    Read the following poem, then answer the question underneath it: Let the world's sharpness like a clasping knife Shut in upon itself and do no harm In this close hand of Love, now soft and warm, And let us hear no sound of human strife After the click of the shutting, Life to life -  I lean upon thee, Dear, without alarm, And feel as safe as guarded by a charm Against the stab of worldlings, who if rife Are weak to injure.  Very whitely still The Lilies of our lives may reassure Their blossoms from their roots, accessible Alone to heavenly dews that drop not fewer;  Growing straight, out of man's reach, on the hill. God only, who made us rich, can make us poor.    ~ Elizabeth Barrett Browning Which of the following statements could BEST be used to describe the THEME of the above poem?

    • A.

      The world is a negative place and there's no hope because of the sharpness seen on earth

    • B.

      Love can conquer the negatives the world offers

    • C.

      People are vicious to each other

    • D.

      We all have a chance to be either rich or poor

    Correct Answer
    B. Love can conquer the negatives the world offers
    Explanation
    The poem suggests that love has the power to protect and shield individuals from the harm and negativity of the world. The speaker finds solace and safety in the close hand of love, feeling guarded against the harm caused by "worldlings." The theme of the poem revolves around the idea that love can conquer the negatives and strife present in the world, offering a sense of reassurance and hope.

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  • 27. 

    What is the RHYME SCHEME of the first 8 lines of the following poem? Let the world's sharpness like a clasping knife Shut in upon itself and do no harm In this close hand of Love, now soft and warm, And let us hear no sound of human strife After the click of the shutting, Life to life -  I lean upon thee, Dear, without alarm, And feel as safe as guarded by a charm Against the stab of worldlings, who if rife Are weak to injure.  Very whitely still The Lilies of our lives may reassure Their blossoms from their roots, accessible Alone to heavenly dews that drop not fewer;  Growing straight, out of man's reach, on the hill. God only, who made us rich, can make us poor.    ~ Elizabeth Barrett Browning

    • A.

      Aabbccdd

    • B.

      Abbaabba

    • C.

      Abcdabcd

    • D.

      Abbcabba

    Correct Answer
    B. Abbaabba
    Explanation
    The rhyme scheme of the first 8 lines of the poem is abbaabba. This means that the first and fourth lines rhyme with each other, as do the second and third lines. This pattern is repeated twice, resulting in a total of four rhyming pairs. The consistent rhyme scheme creates a sense of harmony and structure in the poem, enhancing the overall flow and musicality of the lines.

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  • 28. 

    What literary techniqe does the FIRST LINE of the poem illustrate? Read the following poem, then answer the question underneath it: Let the world's sharpness like a clasping knife Shut in upon itself and do no harm In this close hand of Love, now soft and warm, And let us hear no sound of human strife After the click of the shutting, Life to life -  I lean upon thee, Dear, without alarm, And feel as safe as guarded by a charm Against the stab of worldlings, who if rife Are weak to injure.  Very whitely still The Lilies of our lives may reassure Their blossoms from their roots, accessible Alone to heavenly dews that drop not fewer;  Growing straight, out of man's reach, on the hill. God only, who made us rich, can make us poor.    ~ Elizabeth Barrett Browning

    • A.

      A metaphor

    • B.

      A simile

    • C.

      Personification

    • D.

      Hyperbole

    Correct Answer
    B. A simile
    Explanation
    The first line of the poem, "Let the world's sharpness like a clasping knife," compares the sharpness of the world to a clasping knife using the word "like." This comparison is an example of a simile, a literary technique that compares two different things using "like" or "as." In this case, the simile helps to create a vivid image of the world's harshness and its potential to harm.

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  • 29. 

    Words like YELP, ROAR, BUZZ are examples of:

    • A.

      Symbols

    • B.

      Onomatopoeia

    • C.

      Happy words

    • D.

      Internal rhyme

    Correct Answer
    B. Onomatopoeia
    Explanation
    The words YELP, ROAR, BUZZ are examples of onomatopoeia because they imitate or suggest the sound that they describe. Onomatopoeia is a figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds. In this case, the words YELP, ROAR, and BUZZ all imitate the sounds they represent, making them examples of onomatopoeia.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following is an example of DRAMATIC IRONY?

    • A.

      Cinderella is treated like a servant but is chosen by the prince over her pampered stepsisters.

    • B.

      A character is going down a hill on a bike and there's a limb across the road at the bottom (around a curve) we, as readers or viewers know this, but the character does not.

    • C.

      The lady in the story says something she obviously doesn't mean and this is definitely sarcasm.

    • D.

      "Hope is futile, for the world will end up knowing it is a plague! " Said the character in the story.

    Correct Answer
    B. A character is going down a hill on a bike and there's a limb across the road at the bottom (around a curve) we, as readers or viewers know this, but the character does not.
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because it accurately identifies the example of dramatic irony. Dramatic irony occurs when the audience or readers have information that the characters in the story do not, creating a sense of tension or suspense. In this example, the readers or viewers know about the limb on the road, but the character on the bike does not, leading to a potential accident or unexpected outcome.

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  • 31. 

    What does LITERAL MEANING mean?

    • A.

      The option to know the truth even when you don't want to know it.

    • B.

      Exactly what is written ---the words mean exactly what they say instead of having symbolism, etc.

    • C.

      An idiom such as, "It's raining cats and dogs"

    • D.

      Context clues are an example of literal meaning

    Correct Answer
    B. Exactly what is written ---the words mean exactly what they say instead of having symbolism, etc.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Exactly what is written ---the words mean exactly what they say instead of having symbolism, etc." This means that the literal meaning of a phrase or sentence is the straightforward and direct interpretation of the words, without any hidden or symbolic meanings. It emphasizes that the words should be understood in their most basic and obvious sense, without any figurative or metaphorical interpretations.

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  • 32. 

    If you are DRAWING INFERENCES, you are.....

    • A.

      Making an educated guess based upon the evidence you have

    • B.

      Drawing a picture to illustrate what is happening in the story

    • C.

      Hoping that you can guess correctly

    • D.

      Making up a story that is cute, interesting and funny

    Correct Answer
    A. Making an educated guess based upon the evidence you have
    Explanation
    When you are drawing inferences, you are using the information or evidence you have to make an educated guess or conclusion. This means that you are not simply guessing randomly, but rather using logical reasoning and evidence to come up with a likely explanation. It involves analyzing the available information and drawing logical conclusions based on that evidence.

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  • 33. 

    To COMPARE means to...

    • A.

      Show an illustration

    • B.

      Look for likenesses

    • C.

      Look for differences

    • D.

      Worry about how something feels

    Correct Answer
    B. Look for likenesses
    Explanation
    To compare means to look for likenesses between two or more things. It involves examining the similarities or commonalities between them in order to identify shared characteristics or qualities. Comparing allows for the identification of similarities and can be used to establish relationships or draw conclusions about the objects or concepts being compared.

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  • 34. 

    To CONTRAST means...

    • A.

      To show likenesses

    • B.

      To look for the best in a situation

    • C.

      To look for the worst in a situation

    • D.

      To look for differences

    Correct Answer
    D. To look for differences
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to look for differences. When we contrast two things, we are highlighting the ways in which they are different from each other. This involves comparing and examining the distinct characteristics, qualities, or features of each thing in order to understand how they are not alike. Contrasting helps us to identify and understand the disparities or variations between two or more objects, ideas, or situations.

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  • 35. 

    Which of the options below shows the BEST EXAMPLES of  3 AUTHOR's PURPOSES (that you need to recognize for EOG!!!) for writing a selection

    • A.

      To create boredom, to bother you, to poke fun at something

    • B.

      To sell his or her work, to inform or to find an audience

    • C.

      To persuade, to inform, to entertain

    • D.

      To entertain, to persuade, to sell

    Correct Answer
    C. To persuade, to inform, to entertain
    Explanation
    The options provided in the question represent different purposes that an author may have for writing a selection. The correct answer, "to persuade, to inform, to entertain," encompasses a range of intentions that authors may have. They may want to persuade the reader to adopt a certain viewpoint or take a specific action, inform the reader about a particular topic, and entertain the reader by providing an enjoyable or engaging narrative. This answer captures the diverse motivations that authors may have when writing a selection.

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  • 36. 

    What is meant by CENTRAL IDEA?

    • A.

      The focus of a material or a broad statement about the topic or subject of a passage

    • B.

      The topic of the passage

    • C.

      The truth about a subject

    • D.

      Details from the passage

    Correct Answer
    A. The focus of a material or a broad statement about the topic or subject of a passage
    Explanation
    The central idea refers to the main point or main focus of a material, such as a passage or text. It is a broad statement that summarizes the topic or subject of the passage. The central idea is not the same as the topic itself, but rather a more specific and overarching statement about the topic. It helps to guide the reader in understanding the main theme or message of the passage.

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  • 37. 

    What is an IMPLIED CENTRAL IDEA?

    • A.

      A Central idea that comes out and says exactly what it is

    • B.

      A central idea that is not stated directly

    • C.

      A central idea that is formed in order to be confusing to the reader

    • D.

      A central idea that is a beautiful one and easily located

    Correct Answer
    B. A central idea that is not stated directly
    Explanation
    An implied central idea refers to a central idea that is not explicitly stated in the text but can be inferred or understood through the information provided. It requires the reader to make connections and draw conclusions based on the evidence presented. This type of central idea often requires careful analysis and interpretation of the text to fully grasp its meaning.

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  • 38. 

    What is a GRAPHIC?

    • A.

      Pictures that show us things about what we love

    • B.

      Images that are used (often with words)that are created to make information easier to understand by compacting it into a smaller space

    • C.

      Reading and then making connections

    • D.

      Titles, and images, and reading the questions first is a good strategy

    Correct Answer
    B. Images that are used (often with words)that are created to make information easier to understand by compacting it into a smaller space
    Explanation
    A graphic is a visual representation, typically consisting of images and words, that is designed to convey information in a concise and easily understandable manner. It is created with the purpose of condensing information into a smaller space, making it easier for the viewer to comprehend. Graphics are commonly used to enhance understanding and provide visual support to written or verbal content.

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  • 39. 

    READ THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE AND THEN ANSWER THE QUESTION CAREFULLY!!! Hurricanes are cyclones caused by very low barometric pressure.  Their characteristic center, or eye, is an area of relative calm encircled by powerful winds and storms.  Once a tropical cyclone reaches winds of seventy-four miles per hour, it is technically called a hurricane.  The National zHurrican Center in Miaim, Fla. keeps track of storm formations using all types of monitoring devices to determine location and wind veolocity.  The Center then broadcasts information needed by local weather officials to track the progress of the storm and to take the proper steps to warn citizsens and visitors of a hurricane's approach. Which of the follow is a VALID CONCLUSION you gather from the above passage?

    • A.

      Hurricanes are cyclones with very high barometric pressure.

    • B.

      A storm with winds of eighty miles per hour is classified as a hurricane.

    • C.

      Hurricanes only hit the state of Florida.

    • D.

      A storm becomes a hurricane when it reaches winds of seventy-three miles per hour.

    Correct Answer
    B. A storm with winds of eighty miles per hour is classified as a hurricane.
    Explanation
    The passage states that once a tropical cyclone reaches winds of seventy-four miles per hour, it is technically called a hurricane. Therefore, a valid conclusion from the passage is that a storm with winds of eighty miles per hour is classified as a hurricane.

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  • 40. 

    READ THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE AND THEN ANSWER THE QUESTION CAREFULLY!!! Hurricanes are cyclones caused by very low barometric pressure.  Their characteristic center, or eye, is an area of relative calm encircled by powerful winds and storms.  Once a tropical cyclone reaches winds of seventy-four miles per hour, it is technically called a hurricane.  The National Hurricane Center in Miami, Fla. keeps track of storm formations using all types of monitoring devices to determine location and wind veolocity.  The Center then broadcasts information needed by local weather officials to track the progress of the storm and to take the proper steps to warn citizsens and visitors of a hurricane's approach. Using context clues ---what is the meaning of the word VELOCITY?

    • A.

      Where the storm is located

    • B.

      How high the storm is in the sky

    • C.

      How many deaths the storm causes when it has made its trek across the area

    • D.

      the rate of change of the position of an object, equivalent to a specification of its speed and direction of motion

    Correct Answer
    D. the rate of change of the position of an object, equivalent to a specification of its speed and direction of motion
    Explanation
    The passage mentions that the National Hurricane Center uses monitoring devices to determine the location and wind velocity of storm formations. Therefore, in this context, the meaning of the word "velocity" refers to the rate of change of the position of the storm, specifically its speed and direction of motion.

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  • 41. 

    What does the term EXTRANEOUS DETAIL mean?

    • A.

      Too much detail given in a story

    • B.

      Unrelated or unneeded information

    • C.

      Deatils that are interesting

    • D.

      Important details that help a story become interesting

    Correct Answer
    B. Unrelated or unneeded information
    Explanation
    The term "extraneous detail" refers to information that is unrelated or unnecessary in a given context. It does not contribute to the main point or purpose of the story or discussion. This type of detail may divert attention or confuse the audience, making it important to identify and exclude such information to maintain clarity and focus.

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