Cx510-3: Theories And Techniques Of Counseling And Psychotherapy - Final Exam

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 1452

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Stress Quizzes & Trivia

Final Exam for CX510


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which answer is NOT one of the four common therapy factors identified by Lambert in his empirical analysis of common therapy factors?
  • A. 

    Techniques

  • B. 

    Therapeutic relationship

  • C. 

    Determination

  • D. 

    Expectancy

  • 2. 
    For the most part, early treatments for human distress and disturbance consisted of a combination of:
    • A. 

      Medical-biological procedures

    • B. 

      Spiritual procedures

    • C. 

      Psychosocial procedures

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 3. 
    Which of the following statements is true about the differences between counseling and psychotherapy?
    • A. 

      Counselors and psychotherapists engage in very different sorts of behaviors.

    • B. 

      Counselors and psychotherapists engage in the same behaviors, but in different proportions

    • C. 

      Counselors tend to work on deeper issues, including unconscious processes.

    • D. 

      Psychotherapy is an outdated term that is no longer used.

  • 4. 
    Having a reasonable theory and using it faithfully is one of the best ways to:
    • A. 

      Develop a positive working relationship

    • B. 

      Create expectancy or placebo effects

    • C. 

      Have a fistful of techniques to use with your clients

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
     Informed consent includes the practice of:
    • A. 

      Letting the client know about and consent to the ways you intend to work with them.

    • B. 

      Trust building with the client.

    • C. 

      Limiting how well a client will do in therapy.

    • D. 

      Getting permission from a superior to counsel a client.

  • 6. 
     Metaphorically speaking, many theories books claim that ____________ is the father of modern psychotherapy.
    • A. 

      Alfred Adler

    • B. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • C. 

      Pierre Janet

    • D. 

      Carl Jung

  • 7. 
    According to Lambert, which of the following common therapeutic factors accounts for the most therapeutic change?
    • A. 

      Extra-therapeutic change

    • B. 

      The therapeutic relationship

    • C. 

      Expectancy

    • D. 

      Techniques

  • 8. 
    Which of the following major theoretical perspectives holds individuals responsible for their thoughts and behaviors that directly influence their feelings and physiology? (Hint: therapy focuses exclusively on the present)
    • A. 

      Constructivistic Theory

    • B. 

      Behavioral Theory

    • C. 

      Person-Centered Theory

    • D. 

      Reality Theory/Choice Theory

  • 9. 
    Mary Smith and Gene Glass developed a new statistical method for evaluating the efficacy of therapy by pooling together and obtaining an overall average effect size obtained from outcome measures across a diverse range of therapy research studies.  This approach is called:
    • A. 

      Linear Regression Analysis

    • B. 

      Meta-Analysis

    • C. 

      Meta-cognition

    • D. 

      Double-blind statistical modeling

  • 10. 
      ___________ is central to successful counseling and psychotherapy.
    • A. 

      A large office

    • B. 

      A comfortable couch

    • C. 

      Confidentiality

    • D. 

      A power differential

  • 11. 
    The “Dodo Bird Effect” in chapter one indicates that:
    • A. 

      Gestalt therapy has been thoroughly researched and been proven to be more effective than all of the other therapies

    • B. 

      Alice expressed in her unconscious that she really was sexually attracted to the Dodo bird

    • C. 

      Different therapist theoretical orientation and different techniques do not produce different results

    • D. 

      There is always a power differential between client and therapist

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is true about defense mechanisms?
    • A. 

      They are automatic

    • B. 

      They are conscious

    • C. 

      They help clients view reality more accurately

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      Only a and b

  • 13. 
    A boy and a girl aged 11 are constantly bickering, and say that they hate each other.  Yet you suspect that they actually like each other.  Their behavior is an example of:
    • A. 

      Denial

    • B. 

      Reaction formation

    • C. 

      Repression

    • D. 

      Sublimation

  • 14. 
     A therapist finds herself feeling excessively and uncharacteristically irritated while listening to a client.  This is an example of:
    • A. 

      Projection

    • B. 

      Transference

    • C. 

      Countertransference

    • D. 

      Aggression

  • 15. 
    The main purpose of psychoanalytic therapy is to:
    • A. 

      Transfer all of our maladaptive behaviors to the therapist

    • B. 

      Identify our sexual cravings and desires

    • C. 

      Help us slowly become aware of unconscious impulses

    • D. 

      Realize the role culture and socialization has on our development

  • 16. 
    According to the ‘basic rule’ of Psychoanalysis, a therapist might start a session by saying:
    • A. 

      This is what I have in mind today for our first session.

    • B. 

      Why did you come in to see me today?

    • C. 

      What kinds of problems are you trying to work through?

    • D. 

      Say whatever comes to mind.

  • 17. 
    According to Freud a fixation or complex is _____________.
    • A. 

      Unacceptable

    • B. 

      An unresolved unconscious conflict

    • C. 

      A cigar

    • D. 

      A swirling in the unconscious

  • 18. 
    Which of Freud’s Ego Defense Mechanisms is characteristic of a client being afraid to express aggression toward someone, so instead they may behave in an excessively loving manner?
    • A. 

      Rationalization

    • B. 

      Denial

    • C. 

      Anger Management

    • D. 

      Reaction Formation

  • 19. 
     If a client irrationally believed his/her therapist was being critical and judgmental this would be an example of :
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Countertransference

    • C. 

      Denial

    • D. 

      Transference

  • 20. 
     If you were a psychoanalytic therapist, which statement would best fit your theoretical approach?
    • A. 

      Tune in and tell me what you're feeling right now

    • B. 

      What kind of dream did you want to discuss?

    • C. 

      Say whatever comes to mind

    • D. 

      What happened next?

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 21. 
    A preoccupation with money, dirt, and time would likely be a result of a fixation at the __________ stage of development.
    • A. 

      Phallic

    • B. 

      Latency

    • C. 

      Oral

    • D. 

      Anal

    • E. 

      Genital

  • 22. 
     In the midst of a psychoanalytic oriented counseling session, Mr. Green, a client of Dr. Sommers, begins sucking his thumb and then runs from the office screaming, “I want my mommmmmmy.” Which defense mechanism seems to be operating here?
    • A. 

      Reaction formation

    • B. 

      Projection

    • C. 

      Sublimation

    • D. 

      Denial

    • E. 

      Regression

  • 23. 
     In Adlerian therapy, a goal for many clients is
    • A. 

      Finding cause and effect relationships that impact personal decisions

    • B. 

      Developing social interest or responsibility

    • C. 

      Delve into childhood memories to uncover the problems at hand

    • D. 

      Solve the Rubik's cube quandary

  • 24. 
    Alfred Adler is credited with being the founder of:
    • A. 

      Individual Psychology

    • B. 

      Object Relations Theory

    • C. 

      Cognitive Therapy

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
     What technique would an Adlerian therapist be using if he suggested to his client who is wishing for greater self-confidence:  “Tomorrow, how about if you try to pretend for the day that you were filled with self-confidence?”
    • A. 

      Creating new images

    • B. 

      Push-button technique

    • C. 

      'As-if' technique

    • D. 

      Paradoxical strategy

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