CST 110 - Test #1 Chapters 5, 6, And 7

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CST 110 - Test #1 Chapters 5, 6, And 7 - Quiz


Hello Class,
Answer the following multiple choice, true/false, and fill in the blank questions.
Each question is worth 1.05 points.
Please let me know if you have any questions.
S. Goodwin


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    If a concept is very important to a culture, there will probably be only a few words to describe it.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In the given statement, it is stated that if a concept is very important to a culture, there will probably be only a few words to describe it. However, this is not necessarily true. In some cases, important concepts may have multiple words or phrases to describe them, showing the complexity and depth of the concept within the culture. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 2. 

    Disclaimers diminish a statement’s importance.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Disclaimers are statements that reduce the significance or validity of a statement. By including a disclaimer, the speaker or writer is indicating that the statement may not be completely accurate or reliable. This can diminish the importance of the statement and make it less impactful. Therefore, the correct answer is true, as disclaimers do indeed diminish a statement's importance.

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  • 3. 

    Jargon is appropriate if the receiver is familiar with it.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Jargon refers to specialized terminology or language that is specific to a particular field or profession. It is appropriate to use jargon when the receiver of the message is familiar with it, as it allows for more efficient and effective communication. Using jargon can help convey complex ideas or concepts quickly and accurately to individuals who have the necessary background knowledge. However, if the receiver is not familiar with the jargon, it can lead to confusion and a breakdown in communication. Therefore, it is important to consider the level of familiarity of the receiver when deciding whether to use jargon.

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  • 4. 

    Symbols and what they represent are independent of one another.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement means that symbols and their meanings are not inherently connected or dependent on each other. In other words, a symbol can represent different things to different people or in different contexts. This is true because the meaning of a symbol is often subjective and can vary based on individual interpretation or cultural significance.

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  • 5. 

    Benjamin Whorf believed that our words determine the reality that we are able to see.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Benjamin Whorf believed in the theory of linguistic relativity, which suggests that the language we speak influences the way we perceive and think about the world. According to Whorf, our words shape our reality by influencing our thoughts and perceptions. This means that the language we use can limit or expand our understanding of the world around us. Therefore, the statement "Benjamin Whorf believed that our words determine the reality that we are able to see" is true, as it accurately reflects Whorf's belief in the power of language to shape our perception of reality.

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  • 6. 

    Margo chastised her brother for using negative words. She is practicing linguistic determinism.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that Margo chastised her brother for using negative words, indicating that she believes in the concept of linguistic determinism. Linguistic determinism is the idea that language shapes and determines our thoughts and perceptions of the world. By chastising her brother for using negative words, Margo is implying that the use of negative language can have a negative impact on one's thoughts and perceptions. Therefore, the statement supports the idea that Margo is practicing linguistic determinism.

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  • 7. 

    Prejudiced language communicates a negative bias.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Prejudiced language refers to using words or phrases that show a biased or unfair opinion towards a particular group of people. When someone uses prejudiced language, it communicates a negative bias because it perpetuates stereotypes, discrimination, and marginalization. It can lead to harm and hurt feelings for those who are targeted by such language. Therefore, the statement that prejudiced language communicates a negative bias is true.

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  • 8. 

    Culture determines a person’s style of response – whether to be indirect and be concerned about the other person’s saving face in public, or be up front and direct.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Culture plays a significant role in determining a person's style of response. In some cultures, individuals may prefer to be indirect and prioritize saving face in public, while in others, people may choose to be upfront and direct. This suggests that cultural norms and values influence how individuals communicate and respond to others. Therefore, the statement "Culture determines a person's style of response - whether to be indirect and be concerned about the other person's saving face in public, or be up front and direct" is true.

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  • 9. 

    The number of terms that a given culture has to describe a concept can indicate the controversial nature of that concept.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the number of terms used by a culture to describe a concept can indicate the controversial nature of that concept. However, this statement is false. The number of terms used by a culture to describe a concept does not necessarily indicate its controversial nature. The number of terms can vary based on various factors such as the complexity of the concept, the cultural context, or the linguistic richness of the culture. Therefore, it is incorrect to assume that the number of terms directly correlates with the controversial nature of a concept.

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  • 10. 

    “A unified system of symbols that permits a sharing of meaning” describes

    • A.

      Words.

    • B.

      The triangle of meaning.

    • C.

      Language.

    • D.

      The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis.

    Correct Answer
    C. Language.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "language." This is because language is a unified system of symbols that allows individuals to communicate and share meaning. Language encompasses spoken, written, and signed forms of communication, and it enables people to convey their thoughts, ideas, and emotions to others. Through language, individuals can express their experiences, beliefs, and cultural values, facilitating understanding and connection between individuals and communities.

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  • 11. 

    The “triangle of meaning” was developed by

    • A.

      Ogden and Richards.

    • B.

      Sapir and Whorf.

    • C.

      S. I. Hayakawa.

    • D.

      Lewis Carroll.

    Correct Answer
    A. Ogden and Richards.
    Explanation
    The "triangle of meaning" refers to a model developed by Ogden and Richards. This model suggests that there is a relationship between a symbol (word), the referent (the thing or concept being referred to), and the thought or idea in the mind of the person using the symbol. It emphasizes the importance of understanding the context and shared meaning behind symbols in communication.

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  • 12. 

    The “triangle of meaning” shows that

    • A.

      There is a direct relationship between words and things.

    • B.

      There is no direct relationship between words and things.

    • C.

      There can be a direct relationship between words and things if communication is effective.

    • D.

      Figure and ground are often ambiguous.

    Correct Answer
    B. There is no direct relationship between words and things.
    Explanation
    The "triangle of meaning" refers to the relationship between words, thoughts, and things. It suggests that there is no direct relationship between words and things. Instead, words are symbols that represent thoughts or concepts in our minds, which then refer to the things or objects in the real world. This means that the connection between words and things is mediated by our thoughts and interpretations. Therefore, the correct answer is that there is no direct relationship between words and things.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following statements about words is not true?

    • A.

      Words continually change meaning.

    • B.

      The word is the thing.

    • C.

      No one else will respond to a word exactly as you do.

    • D.

      A word is a symbol.

    Correct Answer
    B. The word is the thing.
    Explanation
    This statement is not true because a word is not the thing itself, but rather a symbol or representation of the thing. Words are arbitrary and can vary in meaning across different languages and cultures. Additionally, individuals may interpret and respond to words differently based on their own experiences and perspectives.

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  • 14. 

    Denotation refers to

    • A.

      The triangle of meaning.

    • B.

      Dictionary meaning.

    • C.

      Personal meaning.

    • D.

      Extensional meaning.

    • E.

      Intensional meaning.

    Correct Answer
    B. Dictionary meaning.
    Explanation
    Denotation refers to the dictionary meaning of a word or phrase. It is the literal or primary meaning of a word, as found in a dictionary or commonly understood by speakers of a language. Denotation is different from connotation, which refers to the associated or secondary meanings of a word.

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  • 15. 

    The connotative meaning of a word is

    • A.

      Its personal meaning for someone.

    • B.

      Its dictionary definition.

    • C.

      An object associated with the word.

    • D.

      A “tag question” that could be asked about it.

    Correct Answer
    A. Its personal meaning for someone.
    Explanation
    The connotative meaning of a word refers to the personal or subjective meaning that it carries for an individual. Unlike the dictionary definition, which is the literal or denotative meaning of a word, the connotation is the emotional or cultural association that a word evokes. This connotative meaning can vary from person to person, as it is influenced by personal experiences, beliefs, and cultural background. Therefore, the correct answer is "its personal meaning for someone."

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  • 16. 

    Meaning is

    • A.

      Both denotative and connotative.

    • B.

      Affected by time and place.

    • C.

      Affected by gender and culture.

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    The meaning of a word or phrase can be both denotative and connotative, as it can have a literal definition as well as additional implied meanings. Additionally, meaning can be affected by time and place, as language evolves and certain words or phrases may have different interpretations in different contexts. Furthermore, meaning can also be influenced by gender and culture, as individuals from different backgrounds may interpret words differently based on their own experiences and societal norms. Therefore, all of these factors contribute to the overall meaning of a word or phrase.

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  • 17. 

    According to the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis,

    • A.

      Meaning and culture are unrelated.

    • B.

      The labels we use help shape our thoughts, worldview, and behavior.

    • C.

      People from different cultures perceive stimuli very similarly.

    • D.

      People with an intensional orientation look beyond labels to examine things.

    • E.

      We can understand more about culture and language through the “triangle of meaning.”

    Correct Answer
    B. The labels we use help shape our thoughts, worldview, and behavior.
    Explanation
    The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis suggests that the labels we use play a significant role in shaping our thoughts, worldview, and behavior. This means that the language we use influences how we perceive and understand the world around us. The words and categories we use can shape our thoughts and influence the way we interpret and interact with our environment. This hypothesis highlights the importance of language in shaping our cognition and cultural perspectives.

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  • 18. 

    Sapir and Whorf postulated that in many ways

    • A.

      The Japanese language keeps women “in their place.”

    • B.

      Men and women speak different “gender-lects.”

    • C.

      Words help mold our perception of reality.

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Words help mold our perception of reality.
    Explanation
    Sapir and Whorf postulated that words help mold our perception of reality. They believed that language shapes the way we think and perceive the world around us. This means that the words we use can influence our understanding and interpretation of events, objects, and experiences. In the context of the question, Sapir and Whorf's theory suggests that the Japanese language may have specific linguistic features that contribute to societal norms and expectations regarding the roles and behavior of women.

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  • 19. 

    According to Robin Lakoff, which of the following groups has a tendency to use “tag questions”?

    • A.

      Men

    • B.

      Women

    • C.

      “powertalkers”

    • D.

      Doctors

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Women
    Explanation
    According to Robin Lakoff, women have a tendency to use "tag questions".

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following statements about “powertalkers” is most accurate?

    • A.

      They make definite statements.

    • B.

      Their speech frequently includes “hedges.”

    • C.

      They ask many “tag questions.”

    • D.

      They do not hesitate to utter “nonfluencies.”

    Correct Answer
    A. They make definite statements.
    Explanation
    The most accurate statement about "powertalkers" is that they make definite statements. This means that they are assertive and confident in their speech, expressing their opinions or beliefs without hesitation or ambiguity. Unlike the other options, which suggest that powertalkers use hedging language, ask tag questions, or use nonfluencies, this answer highlights their direct and decisive communication style.

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  • 21. 

    When people “bypass” one another, they use

    • A.

      Different words to represent the same thing.

    • B.

      The same words to represent the same thing.

    • C.

      Different words to represent different things.

    • D.

      The same word but give it different meanings.

    • E.

      Different words to represent the same thing, and the same word but give it different meanings.

    Correct Answer
    E. Different words to represent the same thing, and the same word but give it different meanings.
    Explanation
    "Bypassing" refers to the situation where people use different words to represent the same thing, as well as using the same word but giving it different meanings. This means that there is both a variation in the words used to represent the same thing and a variation in the meanings assigned to the same word.

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  • 22. 

    To avoid bypassing, you should

    • A.

      Be word-minded instead of person-minded.

    • B.

      Be person-minded instead of word-minded.

    • C.

      Think positively; consider it impossible for people to misunderstand one another.

    • D.

      Remember that “the word is the thing.”

    • E.

      None of these; it is impossible to avoid bypassing

    Correct Answer
    B. Be person-minded instead of word-minded.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "be person-minded instead of word-minded." This means that instead of focusing solely on the words being said, one should also consider the person who is speaking and their intentions. By being person-minded, one can better understand the meaning behind the words and avoid misunderstandings or bypassing.

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  • 23. 

    When we take time to look beyond words and inspect the thing itself, our orientation is said to be

    • A.

      Triangular.

    • B.

      Denotative.

    • C.

      Connotative.

    • D.

      Extensional.

    • E.

      Intensional.

    Correct Answer
    E. Intensional.
    Explanation
    The term "intensional" refers to looking beyond the surface level or literal meaning of words and instead focusing on the underlying concept or idea. This means that when we inspect the thing itself, rather than just the words used to describe it, our orientation is considered intensional. This involves considering the deeper meaning, connotations, and associations associated with the object or concept.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is true about “politically correct language”?

    • A.

      It means the same thing to everyone.

    • B.

      It may blunt the sharpness of the words we use.

    • C.

      It reveals our sensitivity to the preferences of those with whom we converse.

    • D.

      B & C

    Correct Answer
    D. B & C
    Explanation
    Politically correct language refers to using words and phrases that are considered more inclusive and respectful towards different groups of people. It may blunt the sharpness of the words we use by avoiding offensive or derogatory language. Additionally, it reveals our sensitivity to the preferences of those with whom we converse, showing that we are considerate of their feelings and beliefs. Therefore, options B and C are true about politically correct language.

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  • 25. 

    “Snarl” words and “purr” words

    • A.

      Describe people or things we are talking about.

    • B.

      Describe our own feelings and attitudes.

    • C.

      Are sublanguages.

    • D.

      Are “nonfluencies.”

    Correct Answer
    B. Describe our own feelings and attitudes.
    Explanation
    "Snarl" words and "purr" words are terms used to describe our own feelings and attitudes. These words refer to the way we express ourselves and the emotions we convey through our language. They are not necessarily related to describing specific people or things, but rather reflect our personal perspective and subjective experiences.

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  • 26. 

    According to Deborah Tannen, women speak a language of

    • A.

      Connection.

    • B.

      Intimacy.

    • C.

      Both connection and intimacy.

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Both connection and intimacy.
    Explanation
    Deborah Tannen suggests that women speak a language that emphasizes both connection and intimacy. This means that women often prioritize building and maintaining relationships through their communication style. They tend to focus on creating a sense of closeness, understanding, and emotional connection with others. This language style is distinct from men's communication style, which is often more focused on asserting dominance and independence.

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  • 27. 

    The belief that language influences how we interpret the world is called

    • A.

      Linguistic relativity.

    • B.

      Linguistic determinism.

    • C.

      Virtual linguistics.

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Linguistic determinism.
    Explanation
    The belief that language influences how we interpret the world is called linguistic determinism. This theory suggests that the structure and vocabulary of a language shape our thoughts and perception of reality. It proposes that language not only reflects our thoughts, but also determines and limits our thinking patterns. This concept implies that different languages may lead to different worldviews and cognitive processes.

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  • 28. 

    Words that are discriminatory but are not literally racist are called

    • A.

      Codified words.

    • B.

      Coffee words.

    • C.

      Code words.

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Code words.
    Explanation
    Code words refer to words or phrases that may not be explicitly racist but are used to convey discriminatory or prejudiced meanings. These words are often used as a substitute for explicitly racist language in order to maintain a semblance of politeness or deniability. By using code words, individuals can express discriminatory views without facing immediate consequences or being called out for their prejudice.

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  • 29. 

    A euphemism

    • A.

      Substitutes a pleasant word for an unpleasant one.

    • B.

      Substitutes an unpleasant word for a pleasant one.

    • C.

      Both of these

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Substitutes a pleasant word for an unpleasant one.
    Explanation
    A euphemism is a figure of speech that replaces a harsh or unpleasant word with a more pleasant or less offensive one. It is used to soften the impact of the word or phrase and make it more socially acceptable or less direct. This can be seen in phrases such as "passed away" instead of "died" or "correctional facility" instead of "prison". Therefore, the correct answer is that a euphemism substitutes a pleasant word for an unpleasant one.

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  • 30. 

    In the United States, we prefer to be “upfront and tell it like it is.” In contrast, many Asian cultures practice

    • A.

      Directness.

    • B.

      Omoiyari and sassuru.

    • C.

      Taarof.

    • D.

      None of the these

    Correct Answer
    B. Omoiyari and sassuru.
  • 31. 

    Which of the following factors would have the least impact on the meaning of a word?

    • A.

      The denotative meaning

    • B.

      Time

    • C.

      The personal experience of the individual

    • D.

      The region of the country

    Correct Answer
    A. The denotative meaning
    Explanation
    The denotative meaning of a word refers to its dictionary definition or literal meaning. This factor would have the least impact on the meaning of a word because it is objective and does not take into account subjective factors such as personal experience or regional variations. Time, personal experience, and the region of the country can all influence the connotative meaning of a word, which is the subjective or cultural associations and emotions attached to it. Therefore, the denotative meaning would have the least impact on the overall meaning of a word.

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  • 32. 

    Which of these descriptions fits male speech patterns?

    • A.

      They use more qualifiers.

    • B.

      They choose verbs that indicate less certainty.

    • C.

      They use fewer disclaimers.

    • D.

      They are more preoccupied with politeness.

    Correct Answer
    C. They use fewer disclaimers.
    Explanation
    Male speech patterns tend to involve fewer disclaimers compared to female speech patterns. Disclaimers are phrases or statements that are used to soften the impact of what is being said or to indicate uncertainty. Men generally use less of these disclaimers in their speech, which can make their communication more direct and assertive.

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  • 33. 

    ______________ dictates that flaming is inappropriate.

    Correct Answer
    Netiquette
    Explanation
    Netiquette is the set of rules and guidelines for appropriate behavior on the internet. It dictates that flaming, which refers to the act of sending or posting hostile and insulting messages online, is inappropriate. Netiquette promotes respectful and considerate communication, discouraging any form of online harassment or offensive language. By adhering to netiquette, individuals can create a positive and respectful online environment.

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  • 34. 

    Characteristics of online speak include

    • A.

      Short sentences.

    • B.

      Informality.

    • C.

      Decreased use of punctuation.

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    Online speak is characterized by short sentences, informality, and decreased use of punctuation. This means that when people communicate online, they tend to use shorter sentences, adopt a more casual tone, and often omit or use less punctuation marks compared to formal writing. Therefore, all of these characteristics are true for online speak.

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  • 35. 

    One function of nonverbal communication is to negate a verbal message.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Nonverbal communication can be used to contradict or negate a verbal message. For example, if someone says "I'm fine" with a sad facial expression and slumped posture, their nonverbal cues contradict their verbal message, indicating that they are not actually fine. Therefore, the statement that one function of nonverbal communication is to negate a verbal message is true.

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  • 36. 

    The person who initiates touch is usually the one with higher status.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that in social interactions, the person who initiates touch is often perceived as having higher status. This implies that the person is comfortable asserting their dominance or authority by initiating physical contact. This behavior is commonly observed in various social contexts, such as business meetings or social gatherings, where individuals with higher status tend to take the lead and assert their dominance through touch.

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  • 37. 

    One possible reason that men have more ulcers than women is that males are more likely to avoid displaying their emotions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    One possible reason that men have more ulcers than women is that males are more likely to avoid displaying their emotions. This could lead to increased stress levels and a higher likelihood of developing ulcers. Stress is known to be a contributing factor in the development of ulcers, and if men are less likely to express their emotions and find healthy ways to cope with stress, they may be more susceptible to developing ulcers.

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  • 38. 

    A speaker can use his or her eye movements to express nonverbal messages in ways that confuse a listener.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A speaker can use their eye movements to express nonverbal messages in ways that confuse a listener. Eye movements can convey emotions, intentions, and attitudes, and they can also indicate whether the speaker is paying attention or disinterested. However, these nonverbal cues can sometimes be misinterpreted or misunderstood by the listener, leading to confusion.

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  • 39. 

    Kinesics probably varies less than haptics across cultures.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that kinesics (the study of body language and nonverbal communication) varies less than haptics (the study of touch and physical contact) across cultures. The correct answer is false because research has shown that both kinesics and haptics can vary significantly across different cultures. Different cultures may have different gestures, facial expressions, and body language that convey different meanings, and the acceptability and appropriateness of touch can also vary greatly across cultures. Therefore, both kinesics and haptics can be influenced by cultural differences.

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  • 40. 

    Ethnic mixing is changing the face of attractiveness in advertising.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ethnic mixing refers to the representation of diverse ethnicities in advertising. This statement suggests that the concept of attractiveness in advertising is no longer limited to a specific ethnicity but includes a broader range of ethnicities. This could be due to the increasing recognition and appreciation of diversity in society, as well as the desire of advertisers to appeal to a wider audience. Therefore, the statement "Ethnic mixing is changing the face of attractiveness in advertising" implies that the traditional standards of attractiveness in advertising are being redefined to include a more diverse range of ethnicities.

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  • 41. 

    According to theorists such as Mehrabian, Knapp, and Birdwhistell, approximately how much of a normal two-person conversation is communicated nonverbally?

    • A.

      20 percent

    • B.

      35 percent

    • C.

      55 percent

    • D.

      65 percent

    • E.

      90 percent

    Correct Answer
    D. 65 percent
    Explanation
    According to theorists such as Mehrabian, Knapp, and Birdwhistell, approximately 65 percent of a normal two-person conversation is communicated nonverbally. Nonverbal communication includes body language, facial expressions, gestures, and tone of voice. This means that a significant portion of the message being conveyed in a conversation is through nonverbal cues rather than just words.

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  • 42. 

    All of the kinds of human responses not expressed in words are called ___________________.

    Correct Answer
    nonverbal communication
    Explanation
    Nonverbal communication refers to all the forms of human responses that are not expressed through words. This includes facial expressions, body language, gestures, tone of voice, and other nonverbal cues. These nonverbal cues play a significant role in conveying messages, emotions, and intentions. They can provide additional meaning and context to verbal communication, and are often used to interpret and understand the underlying message being conveyed. Nonverbal communication is an essential aspect of human interaction and can greatly impact the effectiveness of communication.

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  • 43. 

     When there is an incongruity between verbal and nonverbal messages, you would probably benefit by

    • A.

      Ignoring both sets of messages.

    • B.

      Paying greater attention to the verbal message.

    • C.

      Paying greater attention to the nonverbal message.

    • D.

      Paying equal attention to both sets of messages.

    Correct Answer
    C. Paying greater attention to the nonverbal message.
    Explanation
    When there is an incongruity between verbal and nonverbal messages, paying greater attention to the nonverbal message would be beneficial. Nonverbal cues such as body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice often provide more accurate information about a person's true feelings or intentions compared to their verbal words. By focusing on the nonverbal cues, one can better understand the underlying message being conveyed and avoid potential misunderstandings.

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  • 44. 

    Which of the following is not included in the study of kinesics?

    • A.

      Gestures

    • B.

      Facial expressions

    • C.

      Posture

    • D.

      Voice

    • E.

      Kinesics includes all of these

    Correct Answer
    D. Voice
    Explanation
    Kinesics is the study of nonverbal communication, including gestures, facial expressions, and posture. However, voice is not typically included in the study of kinesics, as it falls under the domain of paralanguage, which focuses on vocal cues such as tone, pitch, and volume.

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  • 45. 

    Microfacial, or micromomentary, expressions

    • A.

      Are believed to reveal actual emotional states.

    • B.

      Are believed to indicate that the message sent is identical with the message the sender is thinking.

    • C.

      Usually occur when a person is being completely honest and open.

    • D.

      Are clearly visible during conversation.

    • E.

      Last at least 30 seconds.

    Correct Answer
    A. Are believed to reveal actual emotional states.
    Explanation
    Microfacial, or micromomentary, expressions are believed to reveal actual emotional states. These expressions are subtle and fleeting, often lasting only a fraction of a second. They can include subtle changes in facial muscles, such as a slight raise of an eyebrow or the twitch of a lip. Research suggests that these microexpressions can provide insight into a person's true emotions, as they are difficult to control or fake. By studying these expressions, psychologists and researchers can gain a deeper understanding of human emotions and behavior.

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  • 46. 

    With regard to eye gaze, Bandler and Grinder theorize that

    • A.

      People look in one direction when they try to remember something and in a different direction when they try to invent something.

    • B.

      People look in the same direction whether they are trying to remember or to invent.

    • C.

      We never stare at people we consider “nonpersons.”

    • D.

      None of these: Bandler and Grinder do not theorize about eye movement

    Correct Answer
    A. People look in one direction when they try to remember something and in a different direction when they try to invent something.
    Explanation
    Bandler and Grinder theorize that people look in one direction when they try to remember something and in a different direction when they try to invent something.

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  • 47. 

    When we practice civil inattention, we

    • A.

      Refuse to shake a stranger's hand.

    • B.

      Look at only the feet of approaching people.

    • C.

      Stare at people for extended periods of time.

    • D.

      Let our eyes rest only momentarily on another person.

    • E.

      Let other people know that we are bored.

    Correct Answer
    D. Let our eyes rest only momentarily on another person.
    Explanation
    Civil inattention refers to the social norm of briefly acknowledging the presence of others without intruding or engaging in prolonged eye contact or interaction. By letting our eyes rest only momentarily on another person, we are demonstrating politeness and respect while maintaining personal boundaries. This behavior allows us to acknowledge others without invading their privacy or making them uncomfortable.

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  • 48. 

    Eye contact and lack of eye contact give us certain types of information, including letting us know

    • A.

      That a communication channel is open.

    • B.

      How we are coming across to others.

    • C.

      That someone wants to end an interaction.

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    Eye contact and lack of eye contact can provide us with various types of information. It can indicate that a communication channel is open, suggesting that the person is receptive to engaging in conversation. It can also give us insight into how we are being perceived by others, as eye contact can convey interest, attentiveness, or even assertiveness. Additionally, lack of eye contact can indicate that someone wants to end an interaction, as avoiding eye contact can be a way of signaling disinterest or discomfort. Therefore, all of these options are valid explanations for the given answer.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following statements about smiling is true?

    • A.

      Males and females tend to smile when seeking someone else's approval.

    • B.

      Women smile more frequently than men do.

    • C.

      Women tend to smile even when given negative messages.

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    All of the statements about smiling are true. Males and females tend to smile when seeking someone else's approval. Women generally smile more frequently than men do. Additionally, women tend to smile even when given negative messages.

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  • 50. 

    According to Albert Mehrabian, when people are compelled to assume inferior roles, they

    • A.

      Raise their heads.

    • B.

      Lower their heads.

    • C.

      Raise their shoulders.

    • D.

      Square their shoulders.

    • E.

      Display microfacial expressions.

    Correct Answer
    B. Lower their heads.
    Explanation
    According to Albert Mehrabian, when people are compelled to assume inferior roles, they tend to lower their heads. This body language gesture signifies submission, lack of confidence, and a willingness to comply with authority. Lowering the head is a common nonverbal cue associated with feelings of inferiority or submissiveness.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Apr 15, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 17, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Sgoodwin
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