Jour 298: Exam 3 (Ch 11-14)

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Patrickamy10
P
Patrickamy10
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 421
Questions: 80 | Attempts: 187

SettingsSettingsSettings
Jour 298: Exam 3 (Ch 11-14) - Quiz

Mr. Warburton, Edinboro University


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Harry Markopolos prepared a report for the SEC that clearly laid out _____red flags in a way that the SEC staff could not understand. (Pg 316-317)

    • A.

      39

    • B.

      29

    • C.

      19

    • D.

      49

    Correct Answer
    B. 29
    Explanation
    Harry Markopolos prepared a report for the SEC that clearly laid out 29 red flags in a way that the SEC staff could not understand.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    If your company owns a gasoline truck that was involved in a fatal accident three days ago, you should speak to the press (Pg 340-342)

    • A.

      From outlined notes so that the presentation will sound conversational and you can alter the speech if listener feedback indicates confusion.

    • B.

      From memory so that you can look directly into the camera and assume responsibility for communicating effectively to the masses.

    • C.

      From a manuscript to protect you from saying something unintentional and from blatant misinterpretation.

    • D.

      In an impromptu method, because under these circumstances there is little time for preparation.

    Correct Answer
    C. From a manuscript to protect you from saying something unintentional and from blatant misinterpretation.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to speak from a manuscript to protect you from saying something unintentional and from blatant misinterpretation. This is because when dealing with a sensitive and potentially controversial issue like a fatal accident, it is important to have a carefully prepared script to ensure that the message is delivered accurately and without any unintended consequences. Speaking from outlined notes or from memory may lead to confusion or the possibility of saying something inappropriate, while an impromptu method may not allow for enough time to carefully choose the right words.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Are the main points in the following presentation organized in (a) chronological, (b) topical, (c) geographical, or (d) causal pattern? "American Theme Parks & Summer Fun” I. The best theme parks in California. II. The best theme parks in Texas. (Pg 334) III. The best theme parks in Florida.

    • A.

      Chronological

    • B.

      Topical

    • C.

      Geographical

    • D.

      Causal pattern

    Correct Answer
    C. Geographical
    Explanation
    The main points in the presentation are organized in a geographical pattern. The presentation discusses the best theme parks in different states, specifically California, Texas, and Florida. This organization is based on the geographic location of the theme parks, as each section focuses on theme parks in a specific state.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Are the main points in the following presentation organized in (a) chronological, (b) topical, (c) geographical, or (d) causal pattern? "Ways to Cut Your Taxes" I. Invest in bank certificates of deposit. II. Get a social security number for any children over five. III. Keep all receipts for nonreimbursed business expenses. IV. Keep all home-improvement receipts. (Pg 334)

    • A.

      Chronological

    • B.

      Topical

    • C.

      Geographical

    • D.

      Causal pattern

    Correct Answer
    B. Topical
    Explanation
    The main points in the presentation are organized in a topical pattern. The points are listed in a way that focuses on different strategies or ways to cut taxes, rather than being organized based on a specific order of events, location, or cause and effect relationship. Each point is a separate topic or strategy related to cutting taxes.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Recent research on humor has found that (Pg 337)

    • A.

      All humor is effective regardless of whether it relates directly to the topic.

    • B.

      Self-disparaging humor (where speakers make themselves the brunt of a joke) has a negative effect.

    • C.

      Occupation-disparaging humor (where speakers make fun of their professions) has a negative effect.

    • D.

      Humor should be avoided by the typical speaker.

    Correct Answer
    B. Self-disparaging humor (where speakers make themselves the brunt of a joke) has a negative effect.
    Explanation
    The recent research on humor has found that self-disparaging humor, where speakers make themselves the brunt of a joke, has a negative effect. This means that when individuals make jokes about themselves, it can have a detrimental impact. However, the research does not suggest that all humor should be avoided or that humor relating directly to the topic is ineffective. The focus is specifically on self-disparaging humor and its negative consequences.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The first step in preparing an informative presentation should be to (Pg 319)

    • A.

      Research the topic.

    • B.

      Determine the topic

    • C.

      Organize the main points

    • D.

      Analyze the audience

    Correct Answer
    D. Analyze the audience
    Explanation
    The first step in preparing an informative presentation should be to analyze the audience. This is because understanding the audience is crucial in tailoring the presentation to their needs, interests, and level of knowledge. By analyzing the audience, the presenter can determine the appropriate level of detail, language, and examples to use in order to effectively communicate the information. This step helps ensure that the presentation is relevant, engaging, and meets the audience's expectations.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Which of the following is the best example of an opening sentence for a speech? (Pg 336-337)

    • A.

      I want to inform you of the warning signs of cancer.

    • B.

      Today we will talk about the warning signs of cancer, so everyone can know what to look for.

    • C.

      Three years ago, one of my best friends--a young woman about your age--was told she had cancer.

    • D.

      Most of you are unaware of the warning signs of cancer, but you should be; so I am going to tell you about them.

    Correct Answer
    C. Three years ago, one of my best friends--a young woman about your age--was told she had cancer.
    Explanation
    The best example of an opening sentence for a speech is "Three years ago, one of my best friends--a young woman about your age--was told she had cancer." This sentence immediately grabs the audience's attention by sharing a personal story and creating an emotional connection. It sets the stage for the speech by highlighting the importance of the topic and engaging the listeners right from the beginning.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    A question designed to make the audience think, and for which no answer is expected, is known as a(n) (Pg 336)

    • A.

      Rhetorical question.

    • B.

      Paraphrase

    • C.

      Actual question

    • D.

      Thinking questions

    Correct Answer
    A. Rhetorical question.
    Explanation
    A question designed to make the audience think, and for which no answer is expected, is known as a rhetorical question.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The following is a good example of a thesis statement: (Pg 337-338)

    • A.

      “After listening to my speech the audience will know the advantages and disadvantages of becoming an airline pilot.”

    • B.

      “My colleagues will realize that direct access to our new XANUS-2 computer will make our lives easier.”

    • C.

      “I will inform my audience about the components of organic farming.”

    • D.

      “Although modern Germany is very much like the United States, German citizens’ nonverbal communication differs in their greetings, social situations, and personal space.

    Correct Answer
    D. “Although modern Germany is very much like the United States, German citizens’ nonverbal communication differs in their greetings, social situations, and personal space.
    Explanation
    The given answer is a good example of a thesis statement because it clearly states the main argument or topic of the speech, which is the differences in nonverbal communication between modern Germany and the United States. The statement also provides a preview of the main points that will be discussed, which are greetings, social situations, and personal space. This thesis statement effectively sets the direction and focus of the speech, allowing the audience to understand what they can expect to learn or gain from listening to the speech.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The main difference between oral reports and oral briefings has to do with (Pg 318-319)

    • A.

      The timing of the two types.

    • B.

      The content of the two types

    • C.

      The formality of the language

    • D.

      The type of visuals

    Correct Answer
    A. The timing of the two types.
    Explanation
    The main difference between oral reports and oral briefings has to do with the timing of the two types. Oral reports are typically delivered after a project or task has been completed, providing a comprehensive overview of the findings and results. On the other hand, oral briefings are given before a project or task begins, providing a concise summary of the key points and objectives.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Which of the following is an example of an appropriate exact purpose? (Pg 322-323)

    • A.

      I will be talking about how to input data to the new system.

    • B.

      Inputting data into the new system will become very easy for you once you learn three simple steps.

    • C.

      After hearing my speech, the audience will understand how to input data into the new system.

    • D.

      Three steps of the new system.

    Correct Answer
    C. After hearing my speech, the audience will understand how to input data into the new system.
    Explanation
    The given answer is an example of an appropriate exact purpose because it clearly states the intended outcome of the speech, which is for the audience to understand how to input data into the new system. This purpose is specific and focused, providing a clear direction for the speech.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    If your Internet search produces too FEW hits, you should (Pg 328)

    • A.

      Avoid using the Boolean OR.

    • B.

      Use the wild card (*) to search for all forms of the word.

    • C.

      Use phrases enclosed with quotations marks.

    • D.

      Specify additional words using a plus (+) sign or AND.

    Correct Answer
    B. Use the wild card (*) to search for all forms of the word.
    Explanation
    Using the wild card (*) to search for all forms of the word can help in finding more relevant results when your internet search produces too few hits. The wild card allows for variations of the word to be included in the search, increasing the chances of finding relevant information. This can be particularly useful when searching for words with different endings or spellings.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    About the Internet, you should know the following: (Pg 326)

    • A.

      Libraries now have as much as 80% of their references and circulating collections available electronically.

    • B.

      Examples of commercial databases are Google, Dogpile, and Yahoo.

    • C.

      “Surfing the web” is an excellent way to prepare for your speech.

    • D.

      For searching as many sites as possible use a metasearch engine.

    Correct Answer
    D. For searching as many sites as possible use a metasearch engine.
    Explanation
    A metasearch engine is recommended for searching as many sites as possible because it combines the search results from multiple search engines into one. This allows users to access a larger pool of information from various sources simultaneously, increasing the chances of finding relevant and comprehensive results.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Journal articles that are selected for publication for their quality by a panel of reviewers are referred to as (Pg 329)

    • A.

      Select

    • B.

      Refereed

    • C.

      Specialized

    • D.

      Scholarly

    Correct Answer
    B. Refereed
    Explanation
    Refereed journal articles are those that have undergone a rigorous review process by a panel of experts in the field. These experts assess the quality, validity, and relevance of the research presented in the article before it is accepted for publication. This ensures that only high-quality and reliable research is published in these journals. Therefore, the term "refereed" accurately describes journal articles that have been selected for publication based on the evaluation and approval of a panel of reviewers.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    The steps in the preparation of an informative presentation in order are (Pg 315)

    • A.

      Prewriting, writing, revising, delivering.

    • B.

      Attention, need, satisfaction, visualization, action.

    • C.

      Ethos, logos, pathos.

    • D.

      Plan, research, organize, deliver.

    Correct Answer
    D. Plan, research, organize, deliver.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "plan, research, organize, deliver." This is because when preparing an informative presentation, it is important to first plan out the content and structure of the presentation. This involves determining the main points to be covered and the overall flow of the presentation. After planning, research is conducted to gather relevant information and supporting evidence for the presentation. Once the research is done, the information is organized in a logical and coherent manner. Finally, the presentation is delivered to the audience, taking into consideration factors such as delivery style, visual aids, and engagement techniques.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Are the main points in the following presentation organized in (a) chronological, (b) topical, (c) geographical, or (d) causal pattern? (pg. 334)“Preparing an Elegant Mincemeat-Pear Tart"I. Prepare the pastry.II. Prepare the streusel topping.III. Bake crust 20 minutes at 350 degrees.IV. Arrange mincemeat and pears into partially baked crust.V. Add streusel topping and bake 15 to 20 minutes at 425 degrees.

    • A.

      Chronological

    • B.

      Topical

    • C.

      Geographical

    • D.

      Casual patte

    Correct Answer
    A. Chronological
    Explanation
    The main points in the presentation are organized in a chronological pattern. The steps are listed in the order they need to be completed, starting with preparing the pastry, then the streusel topping, followed by baking the crust, arranging the mincemeat and pears, and finally adding the streusel topping and baking again. This sequence of steps follows a chronological order of events.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Are the main points in the following presentation organized in (a) chronological, (b) topical, (c) geographical, or (d) causal pattern? (p. 334)"The Best of XYZ Software"I. XYZ allows typing in columns.II. XYZ creates perfect footnotes.III. XYZ automatically outlines and indexes.

    • A.

      Chronological

    • B.

      Topical

    • C.

      Geographical

    • D.

      Casual pattern

    Correct Answer
    B. Topical
    Explanation
    The main points in the presentation are organized in a topical pattern. This is evident from the fact that each point (I, II, III) discusses a different feature or capability of XYZ software, without any specific order or sequence being followed. The points are presented as separate topics rather than being connected by a chronological, geographical, or causal pattern.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    In the following presentation, are the main points organized in (a) chronological, (b) topical, (c) geographical, or (d) causal pattern? (p. 334)“Cigarettes and Your Health"I.   Cigarette smoke releases toxic substances into the air.II. Toxic substances from cigarettes are linked to several chronic health problems.

    • A.

      Chronological

    • B.

      Topical

    • C.

      Geographical

    • D.

      Casual pattern

    Correct Answer
    D. Casual pattern
    Explanation
    The main points in the presentation are organized in a causal pattern because they describe the cause-and-effect relationship between cigarette smoke releasing toxic substances into the air and the link between these substances and chronic health problems.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    According to Sandberg, how much money do bad PowerPoint presentations cost companies in wasted time? (Pg 353)

    • A.

      $155 million

    • B.

      $177 million

    • C.

      $203 million

    • D.

      $252 million

    Correct Answer
    D. $252 million
    Explanation
    According to Sandberg, bad PowerPoint presentations cost companies $252 million in wasted time. This suggests that ineffective and poorly designed presentations can lead to significant financial losses for businesses. It emphasizes the importance of creating engaging and impactful presentations that effectively convey information and ideas.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Statistics should be (Pg 359)

    • A.

      Used sparingly.

    • B.

      Reported exactly as they appear in the original source.

    • C.

      Used liberally as needed.

    • D.

      Given without reference to the source,

    Correct Answer
    A. Used sparingly.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "used sparingly." This means that statistics should be used in a limited or conservative manner. This is because statistics can be easily manipulated or misinterpreted, so it is important to use them cautiously and only when necessary. Using statistics sparingly helps to ensure that they are used accurately and appropriately.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Information from experts (Pg 361)

    • A.

      Should be quoted directly, not paraphrased.

    • B.

      Should have the expert’s qualifications cited if they are not known to the audience

    • C.

      Should be long and detailed to keep audience interest.

    • D.

      Are used for clarification only.

    Correct Answer
    B. Should have the expert’s qualifications cited if they are not known to the audience
    Explanation
    When providing information from experts, it is important to cite their qualifications if they are not known to the audience. This helps establish the credibility and expertise of the expert, giving the audience confidence in the information being presented. By citing the qualifications, the audience can understand that the information comes from a reliable and knowledgeable source.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Verbal supports used for both clarification and proof include all but one of the following: (Pg 356)

    • A.

      Literal comparison

    • B.

      Figurative comparison

    • C.

      Factual illustration

    • D.

      Examples

    • E.

      Statistics

    Correct Answer
    B. Figurative comparison
    Explanation
    Verbal supports used for both clarification and proof include literal comparison, factual illustration, examples, and statistics. Figurative comparison, on the other hand, is not typically used as a support for clarification or proof. Figurative language is more often used for descriptive or expressive purposes, rather than providing evidence or clarification.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Factual illustrations

    • A.

      Are detailed narratives about someone who could exist.

    • B.

      Are made up by the speaker to fit a particular situation.

    • C.

      Must be possible or likely.

    • D.

      Gain attention and involve the audience personally.

    Correct Answer
    D. Gain attention and involve the audience personally.
    Explanation
    Factual illustrations are narratives that are designed to gain attention and involve the audience personally. These illustrations are meant to capture the audience's interest by presenting detailed and realistic stories about someone who could exist. By doing so, the speaker is able to connect with the audience on a personal level and make the information more relatable and engaging. Unlike made-up illustrations, factual illustrations must be possible or likely, ensuring that the audience can connect with the story and find it believable.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    The factual illustration (Pg 356)

    • A.

      Describes an event that actually happened.

    • B.

      Points out similarities or differences between two or more items from the same class or category.

    • C.

      Is used in groups of two or three for the best impact.

    • D.

      Tells about an event that could happen or probably will happen.

    Correct Answer
    A. Describes an event that actually happened.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "describes an event that actually happened." This explanation is supported by the phrase "factual illustration," which implies that the illustration is based on real events and not hypothetical or speculative situations. The other options, such as pointing out similarities or differences, using groups of two or three, or describing events that could happen, do not accurately describe a factual illustration.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Which of the following demonstrates the most important rule in the successful use of statistics? (Pg 359)

    • A.

      There are 1.1 billion people in China.

    • B.

      There are 1,001,142,615 people in China.

    • C.

      One fourth of the world's population lives in China.

    • D.

      Gain attention and involve the audience personally.

    Correct Answer
    C. One fourth of the world's population lives in China.
    Explanation
    The most important rule in the successful use of statistics is to ensure accuracy and precision in the data being presented. The answer "One fourth of the world's population lives in China" demonstrates this rule by providing a specific and accurate statistic about the population of China. The other options do not provide precise or accurate information and therefore do not adhere to the rule of using statistics effectively.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    The figurative comparison (Pg 356)

    • A.

      Shows similarities or differences between the same class or category.

    • B.

      Is difficult to use effectively.

    • C.

      Is good proof in a speech.

    • D.

      Shows similarities or differences between items from different classes or categories.

    Correct Answer
    D. Shows similarities or differences between items from different classes or categories.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "shows similarities or differences between items from different classes or categories." This is because a figurative comparison is used to highlight the similarities or differences between two items that belong to different classes or categories. It helps to create a vivid and engaging description by drawing parallels or contrasts between unrelated things.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    To present proof of an idea, you would least likely use (Pg 355-356)

    • A.

      Statistics

    • B.

      Expert opinion

    • C.

      Comparison

    • D.

      Examples

    Correct Answer
    C. Comparison
    Explanation
    To present proof of an idea, comparison would be the least likely method to use. This is because comparison involves evaluating the similarities and differences between two or more things, rather than providing concrete evidence or data to support an idea. Statistics, expert opinion, and examples are all more effective ways to present proof, as they provide factual information, professional insights, and real-life instances that support the idea being presented.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    What type of support is the following? "More than 128 million Americans—including one million children four to seven years old--suffer from hearing loss." (Pg 359)

    • A.

      Comparison

    • B.

      Explanation

    • C.

      Expert opinion

    • D.

      Statistics

    Correct Answer
    D. Statistics
    Explanation
    The given statement provides a numerical figure, stating that more than 128 million Americans, including one million children aged four to seven, suffer from hearing loss. This information is based on data and represents a statistical fact. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "statistics."

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    What type of support is the following? "Gentlemen, I want you to suppose a case for a moment. Suppose that all the property you were worth was in gold, and you had put it in the hands of Blondin, the famous rope-walker, to carry across the Niagara Falls on a tightrope. Would you shake the rope while he was passing over it, or keep shouting to him, 'Blondin, stoop a little more! Go a little faster!' No, I am sure you would not. You would hold your breath as well as your tongue, and keep your hand off until he was safely over." (Pg 357)

    • A.

      Example

    • B.

      Hypthetical illustration

    • C.

      Factual illustration

    • D.

      Explanation

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypthetical illustration
    Explanation
    The passage presents a hypothetical scenario to make a point. It asks the reader to imagine a situation where their entire wealth is entrusted to a tightrope walker crossing Niagara Falls. The purpose of this hypothetical illustration is to emphasize that in such a high-stakes situation, one would not interfere or distract the tightrope walker but rather remain silent and let them complete the task safely. Therefore, the correct answer is "hypothetical illustration."

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    In a presentation on grades and student stress, what type of support is the following? "One student we interviewed complained of headaches during each exam. Another student complained of stomach problems." (Pg 357-358)

    • A.

      Example

    • B.

      Explanation

    • C.

      Expert opinion

    • D.

      Figurative comparison

    Correct Answer
    A. Example
    Explanation
    The given statement is an example. It provides specific instances of students experiencing physical symptoms of stress during exams. This example helps to illustrate the topic of grades and student stress by giving concrete evidence of the impact it can have on students' physical health.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    What type of support is the following? "Anxiety, which affects twice as many women as men, is treated with medication and counseling, according to Dr. Thomas Leaman of the Milton S. Hershey Medical Center of Pennsylvania State University." (Pg 361)

    • A.

      Expert opinion

    • B.

      Figurative comparison

    • C.

      Literal comparison

    • D.

      Explanation

    Correct Answer
    A. Expert opinion
    Explanation
    The given statement is an example of expert opinion. It is a statement made by Dr. Thomas Leaman, an expert in the field of anxiety treatment, providing his professional advice on how anxiety is treated.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    What type of support is the following? "Generalized anxiety disorder is an unrealistic or excessive worry about some life circumstance that persists for six months or longer. This is often accompanied by difficulty concentrating, trouble sleeping, irritability, palpitations, or a general feeling of being keyed up." (Pg 354-355)

    • A.

      Example

    • B.

      Explanation

    • C.

      Illustration

    • D.

      Literal comparison

    Correct Answer
    B. Explanation
    Explanation
    The given passage provides an explanation of generalized anxiety disorder. It describes the symptoms and characteristics of the disorder, such as excessive worry, difficulty concentrating, trouble sleeping, irritability, and palpitations. The passage aims to provide a clear understanding of what generalized anxiety disorder is and what it entails.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    A speaker supports a point by saying, "Relationships require the same care you give a garden. When the plants are dry you must water them. You must fertilize them if they are to grow. And you must prune or spray at the first sign of disease, lest it spread and kill the whole plant." This is an example of (Pg 356)

    • A.

      An illustration

    • B.

      A literal comparison

    • C.

      A figurative comparison

    • D.

      An explanation

    Correct Answer
    C. A figurative comparison
    Explanation
    The speaker is using the analogy of taking care of a garden to explain the importance of nurturing and maintaining relationships. By comparing relationships to a garden, the speaker emphasizes the need for attention, effort, and proactive measures to ensure their health and growth. This comparison is not meant to be taken literally, but rather to illustrate the speaker's point in a more engaging and relatable way.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    Which of the following is not true about a marker board? (Pg 368)

    • A.

      Use any color marker

    • B.

      Practice is vital

    • C.

      Learning to speak and draw at the same time requires work.

    • D.

      Make sure your letters are large enough to read.

    Correct Answer
    A. Use any color marker
    Explanation
    The statement "use any color marker" is not true about a marker board. This implies that there are restrictions on the color of markers that can be used on a marker board, which contradicts the idea that any color can be used.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    To be successful, graphic visuals should (Pg 382)

    • A.

      Exaggerate data points.

    • B.

      Omit headings to leave more room for data.

    • C.

      Make spaces between bars narrower than the bars themselves.

    • D.

      Include detailed data to answer potential audience questions.

    Correct Answer
    C. Make spaces between bars narrower than the bars themselves.
    Explanation
    To be successful, graphic visuals should make spaces between bars narrower than the bars themselves. This is because narrower spaces between bars can help to emphasize the differences between the data points and make it easier for the audience to interpret the information. It also helps to make the visual more visually appealing and organized.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    To be successful, text visuals should (Pg 376)

    • A.

      Use no more than four to six lines of text.

    • B.

      Limit each line to sixty characters.

    • C.

      Use capital letters to enhance readability.

    • D.

      Center the information on each page.

    Correct Answer
    A. Use no more than four to six lines of text.
    Explanation
    Text visuals should use no more than four to six lines of text in order to be successful. This is because having too much text can overwhelm the reader and make the visual cluttered and difficult to read. By limiting the text to four to six lines, the information can be presented in a concise and clear manner, allowing the reader to easily grasp the main points.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    Which graph shows changes in relationship over time? (Pg 381)

    • A.

      Pie chart

    • B.

      Line graph

    • C.

      Horizontal bar graph or grouped bar graphs

    • D.

      3-D stacked bar graph

    Correct Answer
    B. Line graph
    Explanation
    A line graph is the most suitable graph to show changes in relationship over time. It consists of a series of data points connected by straight lines, which allows for a clear depiction of trends and patterns over a specific time period. The x-axis represents time, while the y-axis represents the variable being measured. The line graph is effective in illustrating how the relationship between two variables evolves and fluctuates over time, making it the correct choice for this question.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    The left side of the brain is used when engaged in which type of supporting material? (Pg 364)

    • A.

      Text visuals

    • B.

      Pod casts

    • C.

      Pictographs

    • D.

      Statistics

    Correct Answer
    D. Statistics
    Explanation
    The left side of the brain is responsible for logical reasoning, analytical thinking, and processing of numerical information. Statistics, being a form of numerical data, require the use of the left side of the brain to analyze and interpret. Therefore, when engaged in using statistics as supporting material, the left side of the brain is utilized.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    Passing around materials that an audience can see and hold during your speech (Pg 369)

    • A.

      Is always helpful in holding attention.

    • B.

      Is recommended at the conclusion of the presentation.

    • C.

      Is best when you have too many aids to show from up front.

    • D.

      Will take a lot of pressure off you as a speaker.

    Correct Answer
    B. Is recommended at the conclusion of the presentation.
    Explanation
    Passing around materials that an audience can see and hold during your speech is recommended at the conclusion of the presentation. This is because it allows the audience to have a tangible experience with the materials, reinforcing the information presented and making it more memorable. Additionally, it provides a sense of closure to the presentation and allows for any final questions or discussions to take place.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    For a six minute speech the recommended number of visuals would be (Pg 370)

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      6

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    B. 4
    Explanation
    Based on the information on page 370, the recommended number of visuals for a six-minute speech is 4. This suggests that having too few visuals may not effectively support the speech, while having too many visuals could overwhelm the audience and distract from the main message. Therefore, 4 visuals strike a balance between providing sufficient visual aids and ensuring that the speech remains the focal point.

    Rate this question:

  • 41. 

    A principle for having quality visuals is (Pg 365)

    • A.

      Dark colors to appear nearer; light colors to appear further away.

    • B.

      Avoid using colors that tend to look the same at a distance.

    • C.

      Place opposites on the color wheel immediately next to each other.

    • D.

      Use light colors for bullets or letters on a clear background.

    Correct Answer
    B. Avoid using colors that tend to look the same at a distance.
    Explanation
    The principle for having quality visuals is to avoid using colors that tend to look the same at a distance. This means that when creating visuals, it is important to choose colors that have enough contrast and differentiation from each other so that they can be easily distinguished even from a distance. This helps to ensure that the visuals are clear and easily understandable, enhancing their overall quality.

    Rate this question:

  • 42. 

    In double checking her finished PowerPoint slides, Clara realized that she violated one of the rules for effective presentations. Which of the following should she change? (Pg 370)

    • A.

      Her title slide has 36 pt. text.

    • B.

      She has used two font styles throughout: one font for the title and subtitles and one font for other text.

    • C.

      She has used blue text on a black background.

    • D.

      She has used bulleted phrases instead of complete sentences.

    Correct Answer
    C. She has used blue text on a black background.
    Explanation
    Clara should change the fact that she has used blue text on a black background. This violates the rule for effective presentations as it can make the text difficult to read and strain the eyes of the audience. It is recommended to use high contrast colors for better visibility and readability.

    Rate this question:

  • 43. 

    Each of the following is a reason for using visual aids EXCEPT (Pg 364-366)

    • A.

      They improve listener’s memories.

    • B.

      They add to speaker credibility.

    • C.

      They speech comprehension.

    • D.

      They enable speakers to present more information than they have time to say.

    Correct Answer
    D. They enable speakers to present more information than they have time to say.
    Explanation
    Visual aids are used in presentations for various reasons, such as improving listener's memories, adding to speaker credibility, and enhancing speech comprehension. However, the given answer suggests that visual aids do not enable speakers to present more information than they have time to say. This implies that visual aids do not help in condensing information or conveying complex ideas effectively within a limited timeframe.

    Rate this question:

  • 44. 

    After _____ days of searching for “Jimmy,” the police and mayor had serious doubts about the accuracy of Cook’s story. (Pg 393)

    • A.

      14

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      22

    • D.

      17

    Correct Answer
    D. 17
    Explanation
    After 17 days of searching for "Jimmy," the police and mayor had serious doubts about the accuracy of Cook's story. This suggests that the search for "Jimmy" had been going on for a significant amount of time, and despite their efforts, they were unable to find any evidence to support Cook's claims. The length of the search indicates that the police and mayor had given Cook ample opportunity to prove the validity of his story, but their doubts grew as time went on without any evidence being found.

    Rate this question:

  • 45. 

    Esteem needs include all of the following except (Pg 408)

    • A.

      Feeling of pride

    • B.

      Feeling of belonging

    • C.

      Status

    • D.

      Self-recognition

    Correct Answer
    B. Feeling of belonging
    Explanation
    Esteem needs refer to the need for self-esteem, self-confidence, and a sense of achievement. They involve feeling proud of oneself, having a sense of belonging, and having a high social status. However, the feeling of belonging is not considered a part of esteem needs. It is actually a part of the third level of needs, which are social needs. Esteem needs focus more on individual recognition and self-worth rather than belonging to a group or community.

    Rate this question:

  • 46. 

    One of the ways a speaker can successfully encourage audience involvement is by (Pg 409-410)

    • A.

      Fun and activities

    • B.

      Relevancy

    • C.

      Commonality and emotion

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all of the above" because each of the mentioned ways - fun and activities, relevancy, and commonality and emotion - can contribute to encouraging audience involvement. By incorporating fun and activities, the speaker can make the presentation more engaging and interactive, capturing the audience's attention. Relevancy ensures that the content is relatable and meaningful to the audience, increasing their interest and motivation to participate. Commonality and emotion create a connection between the speaker and the audience, fostering a sense of shared understanding and empathy, which can further encourage involvement.

    Rate this question:

  • 47. 

    If the source of evidence is given, it is normally more effective to (Pg 398)

    • A.

      Cite the source before the evidence is presented.

    • B.

      Cite the source after the evidence is presented.

    • C.

      Cite the source before and after the evidence is presented.

    • D.

      Ignore it; it makes no difference whether you cite the source.

    Correct Answer
    B. Cite the source after the evidence is presented.
    Explanation
    When citing the source after presenting the evidence, the reader is first exposed to the evidence itself, allowing them to form their own opinion or interpretation. By citing the source afterwards, it reinforces the credibility of the evidence and provides the reader with the necessary information to verify the source. This approach is more effective as it allows the evidence to speak for itself before providing the supporting source, ensuring that the reader is not biased or influenced by the source before evaluating the evidence.

    Rate this question:

  • 48. 

    Persuaders have found that persuasion in business depends on all of the following factors except the (Pg 395-396)

    • A.

      Evidence and logic used

    • B.

      Number of reputable sources quoted.

    • C.

      Psychological needs of the listeners.

    • D.

      Credibility of the persuader.

    Correct Answer
    B. Number of reputable sources quoted.
    Explanation
    Persuaders have discovered that persuasion in business relies on several factors, including evidence and logic used, psychological needs of the listeners, and credibility of the persuader. However, the number of reputable sources quoted is not a determining factor in the effectiveness of persuasion. While using reputable sources can enhance credibility, the sheer number of sources quoted does not necessarily guarantee persuasion. Therefore, the number of reputable sources quoted is not a relevant factor in business persuasion.

    Rate this question:

  • 49. 

    An astronaut from NASA was asked to speak to a group of Jaycees concerning the need for continued space exploration in spite of past disasters in the space flight program. The Jaycees were aware of past media coverage, but none had any strong viewpoints concerning the subject. Which of the following guidelines should the astronaut follow? (Pg 400-402)

    • A.

      Present only his side of the argument.

    • B.

      Present both sides of the argument.

    • C.

      Give an unbiased view of both sides and allow the audience members to decide for themselves.

    • D.

      Present his side based on evidence but don't cite sources.

    Correct Answer
    B. Present both sides of the argument.
    Explanation
    The astronaut should present both sides of the argument. This is because the Jaycees have no strong viewpoints concerning the subject and it is important to provide them with a balanced perspective. By presenting both sides, the astronaut can give the audience members the opportunity to consider different viewpoints and make their own informed decisions.

    Rate this question:

  • 50. 

    In a recent board meeting, Mr. Brown was speaking on a new concept. He lost credibility by avoiding eye contact and shifting his eyes. What basic element of credibility did he forget? (Pg 405)

    • A.

      Trustworthiness

    • B.

      Competency

    • C.

      Dynamism

    • D.

      Objectivity

    Correct Answer
    A. Trustworthiness
    Explanation
    Mr. Brown lost credibility by avoiding eye contact and shifting his eyes, indicating that he may not be trustworthy. Trustworthiness is a basic element of credibility, as it involves being honest, reliable, and dependable. By not maintaining eye contact and displaying shifting eyes, Mr. Brown gave the impression that he may not be truthful or trustworthy, which ultimately led to a loss of credibility in the board meeting.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 15, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 27, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Patrickamy10
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.