CST 110 Introduction To Communication Test #1

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Hello Class,

Using your textbook Chapters 5, 6, and 7, answer the multiple choice and true/false questions.

Thank you for your participation.

S. Goodwin
CST 110
Introduction to Communication


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The number of terms that a given culture has to describe a concept can indicate the controversial nature of that concept.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the answer "False" is that the number of terms a culture has to describe a concept does not necessarily indicate the controversial nature of that concept. The number of terms can vary due to various factors such as language complexity, cultural differences, or historical development. Therefore, it is not accurate to assume that a higher number of terms automatically suggests controversy.

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  • 2. 

    Disclaimers diminish a statement's importance.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Disclaimers are statements that typically serve to limit or reduce the significance or validity of a statement. By their nature, disclaimers indicate that the statement may not be entirely accurate or reliable, which diminishes its importance. Therefore, the correct answer is true, as disclaimers indeed diminish a statement's importance.

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  • 3. 

    Jargon is appropriate if the receiver is familiar with it.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Jargon refers to specialized terminology or language used within a specific profession or field. It is considered appropriate when the intended audience is familiar with the jargon being used. This means that if the receiver has knowledge and understanding of the jargon, it can be used effectively to enhance communication and convey information more efficiently. Therefore, the statement "Jargon is appropriate if the receiver is familiar with it" is true.

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  • 4. 

    Symbols and what they represent are independent of one another.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that symbols and their representations are not connected or influenced by each other. In other words, the meaning or significance of a symbol is not determined by its representation or vice versa. This implies that symbols can be interpreted differently by different individuals or cultures, and their representations can vary without altering their inherent meaning. Therefore, the statement is true as it highlights the independence between symbols and what they represent.

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  • 5. 

    Benjamin Whorf believed that our words determine the reality that we are able to see.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Benjamin Whorf, a linguist and anthropologist, proposed the theory of linguistic relativity, also known as the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis. According to this theory, the language we use shapes our thoughts and perceptions of the world. Whorf argued that different languages have different structures and vocabulary, which influence how speakers perceive and interpret reality. Therefore, the statement "our words determine the reality that we are able to see" aligns with Whorf's belief and is considered true.

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  • 6. 

    Margo chastised her brother for using negative words.  She is practicing linguistic determinism.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that Margo chastised her brother for using negative words, implying that she believes the words we use shape our thoughts and perceptions. This aligns with the concept of linguistic determinism, which posits that language influences and determines our thinking patterns. Therefore, the answer "True" is correct as it confirms that Margo is indeed practicing linguistic determinism by reprimanding her brother for using negative words.

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  • 7. 

    Prejudiced language communicates a negative bias.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Prejudiced language is characterized by the use of derogatory or discriminatory terms towards a particular group of people based on their race, gender, religion, or other characteristics. This type of language conveys a negative bias as it promotes stereotypes, reinforces prejudices, and can lead to discrimination and inequality. By using prejudiced language, individuals contribute to a harmful and divisive environment, perpetuating discrimination and hindering social progress. Therefore, the statement "Prejudiced language communicates a negative bias" is true.

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  • 8. 

    Culture determines a person's style of response - whether to be indirect and be concerned about the other person's saving face in public or be up front and direct.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Culture plays a significant role in shaping an individual's response style. It influences whether someone chooses to be indirect, prioritizing the preservation of the other person's dignity in public, or whether they opt for a more direct and upfront approach. This suggests that the statement "Culture determines a person's style of response - whether to be indirect and be concerned about the other person's saving face in public or be up front and direct" is true.

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  • 9. 

    "A unified system of symbols that permits a sharing of meaning" describes

    • A.

      Words.

    • B.

      The tirangle of meaning.

    • C.

      Language.

    • D.

      The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis.

    Correct Answer
    C. Language.
    Explanation
    The term "A unified system of symbols that permits a sharing of meaning" refers to language. Language is a complex system of communication that uses symbols, such as words, to convey meaning. It allows individuals to express their thoughts, ideas, and emotions, and enables them to understand and share information with others. Language plays a crucial role in human society, facilitating social interaction, cultural transmission, and the development of knowledge and understanding. Therefore, the correct answer is language.

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  • 10. 

    The "triangle of meaning" was developed by

    • A.

      Ogden and Richards.

    • B.

      Sapir and Whorf.

    • C.

      S. I. Hayakawa.

    • D.

      Lewis Carroll.

    Correct Answer
    A. Ogden and Richards.
    Explanation
    The "triangle of meaning" refers to a model developed by Ogden and Richards. This model illustrates the relationship between a word, the concept it represents, and the actual object or experience it refers to. Ogden and Richards proposed that meaning is created through the interaction of these three elements. This theory has been influential in the field of semantics and language analysis. Therefore, the correct answer is Ogden and Richards.

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  • 11. 

    The "triangle of meaning" shows that

    • A.

      There is a direct relationship between words and things.

    • B.

      There is no direct relationship between words and things.

    • C.

      There can be a direct relationship between words and things if communication is effective.

    • D.

      Figure and ground are often ambiguous.

    Correct Answer
    B. There is no direct relationship between words and things.
    Explanation
    The "triangle of meaning" refers to the concept that there is no direct relationship between words and things. It suggests that words are symbols that represent our thoughts or ideas about things, but they do not directly correspond to the actual things themselves. Instead, the relationship between words and things is mediated by our perceptions, interpretations, and shared understandings. This means that different people may have different interpretations or understandings of the same words, highlighting the lack of direct relationship between words and things.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following statements about words is not true?

    • A.

      Words continually change meaning.

    • B.

      The word is the thing.

    • C.

      No one else will respond to a word exactly as you do.

    • D.

      A word is a symbol.

    Correct Answer
    B. The word is the thing.
    Explanation
    The statement "The word is the thing" is not true. This is because words are symbols that represent objects, ideas, or concepts, but they are not the actual things themselves. Words are a means of communication and can have different interpretations and associations for different individuals. Additionally, words can change meaning over time due to cultural shifts, language evolution, and contextual variations. Therefore, the notion that the word itself is the thing it represents is incorrect.

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  • 13. 

    Denotation refers to

    • A.

      The triangle of meaning.

    • B.

      Dictionary meaning.

    • C.

      Personal meaning.

    • D.

      Extensional meaning.

    Correct Answer
    B. Dictionary meaning.
    Explanation
    Denotation refers to the dictionary meaning of a word or a term. It is the literal or explicit meaning of a word, devoid of any personal or subjective interpretations. Denotation focuses on the objective definition of a word, as provided by a standard dictionary, and is often used to ensure clear and precise communication. It helps to establish a common understanding of a word's meaning among different individuals or within a specific context.

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  • 14. 

    The connotative meaning of a word is

    • A.

      Its personal meaning of someone.

    • B.

      Its dictionary definition.

    • C.

      An object associated with the word.

    • D.

      A "tag question" that could be aked about it.

    Correct Answer
    A. Its personal meaning of someone.
    Explanation
    The connotative meaning of a word refers to the personal and subjective meaning that an individual attaches to it. It goes beyond the dictionary definition and includes the emotions, feelings, and associations that a person has with the word. This personal interpretation can vary from person to person, as individuals may have different experiences and perspectives that shape their understanding of a word.

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  • 15. 

    Meaning is

    • A.

      Both denotative and connotative.

    • B.

      Affected by time and place.

    • C.

      Affected by gender and culture.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The meaning of a word or phrase can have both denotative and connotative aspects. Denotative meaning refers to the literal or dictionary definition, while connotative meaning refers to the emotional or cultural associations attached to the word. Additionally, the meaning of a word can be influenced by time and place, as language evolves and words can have different interpretations in different contexts. Furthermore, meaning can also be influenced by gender and culture, as these factors can shape the way individuals perceive and interpret language. Therefore, all of the given options are correct explanations for the meaning of a word.

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  • 16. 

    Sapir and Whorf postulated that in many ways

    • A.

      The Japanese language keeps women "in their place"

    • B.

      Men and women speak different "gender-lects"

    • C.

      Words help mold our perception of reality

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Words help mold our perception of reality
    Explanation
    Sapir and Whorf's postulation suggests that words have the power to shape our perception of reality. This means that the language we use influences how we view and understand the world around us. They believed that different languages can have different ways of expressing concepts and ideas, which can in turn shape our thoughts and beliefs. Therefore, the correct answer is that words help mold our perception of reality.

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  • 17. 

    According to Robin Lakoff, which of the following groups has a tendency to use "tag questions"?

    • A.

      Men

    • B.

      Women

    • C.

      "powertalkers"

    • D.

      Doctors

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Women
    Explanation
    Robin Lakoff suggests that women have a tendency to use "tag questions". This means that women often add a short question at the end of a statement, such as "It's cold outside, isn't it?" This linguistic feature is believed to be more common among women as a way to seek confirmation, show politeness, and maintain conversation flow.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following statements about "powertalkers" is most accurate?

    • A.

      They make definite statements.

    • B.

      Their speech frequently includes "hedges."

    • C.

      They ask many "tag questions."

    • D.

      They do not hesitate to utter "nonfluencies."

    Correct Answer
    A. They make definite statements.
    Explanation
    The most accurate statement about "powertalkers" is that they make definite statements. This means that they speak with confidence and assertiveness, expressing their opinions or ideas clearly and without hesitation. Unlike the other options, which suggest the use of qualifiers or uncertainties in speech, this answer highlights the characteristic of powertalkers to be direct and decisive in their communication style.

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  • 19. 

    When people "bypass" one another, they use

    • A.

      Different words to represent the same thing.

    • B.

      The same words to represent the same thing.

    • C.

      Different words to represent different things.

    • D.

      The same word but give it different meanings.

    • E.

      Different words to represent the same thing, and the same word but give it different meanings.

    Correct Answer
    E. Different words to represent the same thing, and the same word but give it different meanings.
    Explanation
    When people "bypass" one another, it means they use different words to represent the same thing and also use the same word but give it different meanings. This suggests that there is a lack of consistent language or communication, leading to confusion or misunderstandings.

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  • 20. 

    To avoid bypassing, you should

    • A.

      Be word-minded instead of person-minded.

    • B.

      Be person-minded instead of word-minded.

    • C.

      Think positively; consider it impossible for people to misunderstand one another

    • D.

      Remember that "the word is the thing."

    • E.

      None of the above; it is impossible to avoid bypassing.

    Correct Answer
    B. Be person-minded instead of word-minded.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "be person-minded instead of word-minded." This means that instead of focusing solely on the words being used, one should focus on understanding the person and their intentions behind the words. By being person-minded, one can better communicate and avoid misunderstandings or bypassing.

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  • 21. 

    When we take time to look beyond words and inspect the thing itself, our orientation is said to be

    • A.

      Triangular.

    • B.

      Denotative.

    • C.

      Connotative.

    • D.

      Extensional.

    • E.

      Intensional.

    Correct Answer
    D. Extensional.
    Explanation
    The term "extensional" refers to looking beyond words and focusing on the actual thing itself. This suggests that when we take the time to inspect the thing itself rather than just relying on words, our orientation is extensional. This aligns with the given statement in the question.

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  • 22. 

    In market jargon, another term for labeling is

    • A.

      Naming.

    • B.

      Branding.

    • C.

      Conning.

    • D.

      Empowering.

    Correct Answer
    B. Branding.
    Explanation
    Labeling refers to the process of attaching a label or tag to a product or package, providing information about its contents, ingredients, usage, etc. Branding, on the other hand, refers to the practice of creating a unique name, design, symbol, or image that identifies and differentiates a product or company from others in the market. It involves establishing a strong and recognizable brand identity that resonates with consumers and helps build loyalty and trust. Therefore, branding is the correct term for the process of creating and establishing a brand in the market.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following is true about "politically correct language"?

    • A.

      It means the same thing to everyone.

    • B.

      It may blunt the sharpness of the words we use.

    • C.

      It reveals our sensitivity to the preferences of those we converse with.

    • D.

      Both B and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both B and C
    Explanation
    "Politically correct language" refers to using words and phrases that are considered more inclusive and respectful towards various social groups. The statement "It may blunt the sharpness of the words we use" is true because politically correct language often avoids using derogatory or offensive terms, which can soften the impact of the words used. Additionally, the statement "It reveals our sensitivity to the preferences of those we converse with" is also true because using politically correct language shows that we are aware and considerate of the preferences and sensitivities of others.

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  • 24. 

    "Snarl" words and "purr" words

    • A.

      Describe people or things we are talking about.

    • B.

      Describe our own feelings and attitudes.

    • C.

      Are sublanguages.

    • D.

      Are "nonfluencies."

    Correct Answer
    B. Describe our own feelings and attitudes.
    Explanation
    "Snarl" words and "purr" words describe our own feelings and attitudes. These terms are commonly used in linguistics to classify words based on their emotional connotations. "Snarl" words typically have negative or aggressive connotations, while "purr" words have positive or soothing connotations. By using such words, we express our emotions and attitudes towards the subject we are discussing.

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  • 25. 

    Meanings are in

    • A.

      People.

    • B.

      Words.

    • C.

      Things.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. People.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "people" because meanings are derived from the interpretation and understanding of individuals. People assign meanings to words and things based on their own experiences, cultural background, and personal beliefs. Meanings can vary from person to person, making it subjective and unique to each individual. Therefore, the most appropriate choice is "people" as they play a crucial role in determining the meanings of words and things.

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  • 26. 

    A word

    • A.

      Is a symbol.

    • B.

      Represents things.

    • C.

      Stands for something else.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The word "all of the above" is the correct answer because a word can be seen as a symbol, as it represents things and stands for something else. A word is a visual or auditory representation that carries meaning, allowing us to communicate and convey ideas. It acts as a symbol that represents objects, concepts, or actions, and it can also stand for something else, such as an abstract idea or a metaphorical representation. Therefore, all the given options accurately describe the nature and function of a word.

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  • 27. 

    Women use more _______ than men.

    • A.

      Long words

    • B.

      Qualifiers

    • C.

      Tentative phrases

    • D.

      Both qualifiers and tentative phrases

    Correct Answer
    D. Both qualifiers and tentative phrases
    Explanation
    Women tend to use more qualifiers and tentative phrases in their speech compared to men. They often employ words or phrases that soften the impact of their statements or make them less assertive. This can be attributed to societal expectations and gender norms that encourage women to be more cautious and polite in their communication. By using qualifiers and tentative phrases, women seek to avoid sounding too direct or confrontational, and instead, aim to maintain harmony and avoid potential conflict in their interactions.

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  • 28. 

    According to Deborah Tannen, women speak a language of

    • A.

      Connection.

    • B.

      Intimacy.

    • C.

      Both connection and intimacy.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Both connection and intimacy.
    Explanation
    According to Deborah Tannen, women speak a language of both connection and intimacy. This means that women prioritize building and maintaining relationships through communication. They focus on creating connections with others and fostering emotional closeness. Women tend to use language as a tool to establish and strengthen their relationships, emphasizing empathy, support, and understanding. This language style allows women to establish and maintain intimate connections with others, making both connection and intimacy integral aspects of their communication style.

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  • 29. 

    "Powertalkers"

    • A.

      Make definite statements.

    • B.

      Hesitate less in speech.

    • C.

      Use fewer intensifiers.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The term "Powertalkers" suggests individuals who are confident and assertive in their communication. This is supported by the fact that they make definite statements, indicating a strong conviction in their ideas. Additionally, they hesitate less in speech, implying a higher level of fluency and self-assurance. Lastly, Powertalkers use fewer intensifiers, which further highlights their confidence and ability to convey their message effectively. Therefore, all of the above statements accurately describe the characteristics of Powertalkers.

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  • 30. 

    There are 19 Chinese words for silk.  The concept of silk is ____ to the Chinese culture.

    • A.

      Of little importance

    • B.

      Not important at all

    • C.

      Important

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Important
    Explanation
    Silk holds great significance in Chinese culture as evident from the fact that there are 19 Chinese words specifically dedicated to it. This suggests that silk is highly valued and deeply integrated into various aspects of Chinese society, such as fashion, art, and history. Therefore, the correct answer is "important."

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  • 31. 

    The belief that language influences how we interpret the world is called

    • A.

      Linguistic relativity.

    • B.

      Linguistic determinism.

    • C.

      Virtual linguistics.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. Linguistic determinism.
    Explanation
    Linguistic determinism is the belief that language determines or shapes our thoughts and perceptions of the world. This theory suggests that the structure and vocabulary of a language directly influence an individual's cognitive processes and worldview. It proposes that different languages lead to different ways of thinking and understanding reality. This concept is often associated with the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, which argues that language not only reflects but also influences our perception and cognition.

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  • 32. 

    Words that are discriminatory but are not literally racist are called

    • A.

      Codified words.

    • B.

      Coffee words.

    • C.

      Code words.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Code words.
    Explanation
    Code words are words or phrases that are used to convey discriminatory or prejudiced meanings without explicitly stating them. These words may have innocent or neutral meanings to most people, but they carry hidden messages or connotations to a specific group or community. These code words allow individuals to express discriminatory attitudes or beliefs without facing direct consequences or backlash. Therefore, the correct answer is "code words."

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  • 33. 

    A euphemism

    • A.

      Substitutes a pleasant word for an unpleasant one.

    • B.

      Substitutes an unpleasant word for a pleasant one.

    • C.

      Both of the above.

    • D.

      Neither of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. Substitutes a pleasant word for an unpleasant one.
    Explanation
    A euphemism is a figure of speech that replaces a harsh or unpleasant word or phrase with a milder or more pleasant one. It is used to soften the impact or tone of the message, often when discussing sensitive or taboo topics. Therefore, the correct answer is "substitutes a pleasant word for an unpleasant one."

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  • 34. 

    In the United States, we prefer to be "upfront and tell it like it is."  In contrast, many Asian cultures practice

    • A.

      Directness.

    • B.

      Omoiyari and sassuru.

    • C.

      Taarof.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. Omoiyari and sassuru.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is omoiyari and sassuru. Omoiyari is a Japanese concept that emphasizes empathy, consideration, and understanding towards others. It involves being sensitive to others' feelings and needs. Sassuru, on the other hand, means to speak frankly and honestly. These concepts reflect the indirect communication style often practiced in many Asian cultures, where people tend to prioritize harmony and avoid confrontation. This is in contrast to the direct and upfront communication style commonly preferred in the United States.

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  • 35. 

    The difference between language and symbol is that

    • A.

      Language is more abstract and a symbol is more concrete.

    • B.

      Symbols represent things and are found within language.

    • C.

      Language is variable whereas a symbol holds a more uniform meaning across cultures.

    • D.

      Language is more often a barrier to communication, while symbols are usually an aid.

    Correct Answer
    B. Symbols represent things and are found within language.
    Explanation
    Symbols are visual or auditory representations that stand for or represent something else. They are commonly found within language as a way to convey meaning. Language, on the other hand, is a system of communication that uses words and grammar to convey meaning. While language can be more abstract and variable, symbols provide a more concrete representation of concepts or ideas. Therefore, the statement that symbols represent things and are found within language is a correct explanation of the difference between language and symbol.

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  • 36. 

    The purpose of Ogden and Richard's triangle of meaning is to

    • A.

      Show the direct relationship between the word and the thing.

    • B.

      Illustrate that a word is equated to thing.

    • C.

      Explain that when an object exists, the meaning is clearly established.

    • D.

      Show that meaning is established through the thoughts of an individual and is not constant.

    Correct Answer
    D. Show that meaning is established through the thoughts of an individual and is not constant.
    Explanation
    The purpose of Ogden and Richard's triangle of meaning is to show that meaning is established through the thoughts of an individual and is not constant. The triangle represents the relationship between a word, the thing it represents, and the thoughts or concepts associated with it. According to Ogden and Richard, meaning is not inherent in the word or the thing itself, but rather it is constructed through the subjective interpretation of individuals. This suggests that meaning can vary from person to person and is influenced by personal experiences, cultural background, and individual perspectives.

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  • 37. 

    The connotative meaning of a word is

    • A.

      Found in the dictionary.

    • B.

      Subjective.

    • C.

      Objective.

    • D.

      Found in the triangle of meaning.

    Correct Answer
    B. Subjective.
    Explanation
    The connotative meaning of a word refers to the emotional or cultural associations that it carries, which can vary from person to person. This subjective aspect of meaning is not something that can be found in a dictionary, as dictionaries typically provide the denotative meaning or the literal definition of a word. Therefore, the correct answer is subjective.

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following factors would have the least impact on the meaning of a word?

    • A.

      The denotative meaning

    • B.

      Time

    • C.

      The personal experience of the individual

    • D.

      The region of the country

    Correct Answer
    A. The denotative meaning
    Explanation
    The denotative meaning of a word refers to its dictionary definition or literal meaning. This factor would have the least impact on the meaning of a word because it is a standardized and objective definition that is shared by all speakers of a language. Time, personal experience, and region of the country can all influence the meaning of a word as language evolves, individuals interpret words differently based on their own experiences, and regional dialects and variations can give words different connotations or nuances.

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  • 39. 

    An idea that is communicated using a high level of abstraction

    • A.

      Relies on connotative meanings to be successful.

    • B.

      Involves the use of symbols more than words.

    • C.

      Is open to more confusion of meaning because it is more abstract.

    • D.

      Tends to elicit a reply on a lower level of abstraction.

    Correct Answer
    C. Is open to more confusion of meaning because it is more abstract.
    Explanation
    When an idea is communicated using a high level of abstraction, it means that it is expressed in a general or conceptual way, rather than being specific or concrete. Abstract ideas often lack clear, tangible definitions, which can lead to different interpretations and confusion of meaning. Therefore, the statement "is open to more confusion of meaning because it is more abstract" accurately describes the nature of communication involving highly abstract ideas.

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  • 40. 

    The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

    • A.

      Explains why linguistic determinism takes precedence over linguistic relativlty.

    • B.

      Illustrates why a more complex language system is superior to a more simplistic one.

    • C.

      Points out the dangers of poor translations in intercultural communication.

    • D.

      Shows how the language we speak helps shape our world and our behavior.

    Correct Answer
    D. Shows how the language we speak helps shape our world and our behavior.
    Explanation
    The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis suggests that the language we speak plays a significant role in shaping our perception of the world and our behavior. It argues that language influences our thoughts and actions by providing a framework through which we interpret and understand reality. This explanation aligns with the given answer choice, as it highlights the idea that language helps shape our world and behavior. It does not focus on linguistic determinism or linguistic relativism, nor does it address the dangers of poor translations in intercultural communication or the superiority of a complex language system.

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  • 41. 

    Code words

    • A.

      Are a form of prejudiced language.

    • B.

      Are a way to express ethnic differences without being a racist.

    • C.

      Have been condemned in a court ruling as creating a hostile environment for various racial groups.

    • D.

      Can be described by all of these.

    Correct Answer
    D. Can be described by all of these.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that code words can be described by all of these options. Code words are a form of prejudiced language as they often carry hidden meanings or stereotypes towards certain racial or ethnic groups. They can also be used to express ethnic differences without being overtly racist, but still perpetuating discrimination. Additionally, code words have been condemned in a court ruling as they create a hostile environment for various racial groups. Therefore, all of the given options accurately describe code words.

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  • 42. 

    The purpose of a "tag question" is to

    • A.

      Send the conversational ball to the other court.

    • B.

      Seek confirmation for the speaker's perceptions.

    • C.

      Avoid offending the listener.

    • D.

      Contradict the lsitener.

    Correct Answer
    B. Seek confirmation for the speaker's perceptions.
    Explanation
    A "tag question" is a statement that is turned into a question by adding a tag at the end, such as "isn't it?" or "don't you?". The purpose of a tag question is to seek confirmation for the speaker's perceptions or beliefs. It is used to check if the listener agrees or disagrees with the statement made by the speaker. By using a tag question, the speaker is inviting the listener to confirm or validate their perception of a situation or statement. This helps in maintaining a conversational flow and encourages the listener to actively participate in the conversation.

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  • 43. 

    Which of these descriptions fits male speech patterns?

    • A.

      They use more qualifiers.

    • B.

      They choose verbs that indicate less certainty.

    • C.

      They use fewer disclaimers.

    • D.

      They are more preoccupied with politeness.

    Correct Answer
    C. They use fewer disclaimers.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "They use fewer disclaimers." This means that male speech patterns tend to involve less use of statements that distance themselves from the information being conveyed or express uncertainty. Disclaimers are often used to soften the impact of statements or to avoid sounding too assertive. Therefore, this explanation suggests that males are less likely to use such disclaimers in their speech patterns.

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  • 44. 

    "Powertalkers" may be described

    • A.

      As rarely hesitating.

    • B.

      As credible and influential.

    • C.

      As speaking directly and to the point.

    • D.

      By all of these.

    Correct Answer
    D. By all of these.
    Explanation
    The term "Powertalkers" can be described in multiple ways: rarely hesitating, credible and influential, and speaking directly and to the point. Therefore, the correct answer is "by all of these."

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  • 45. 

    A person who has an extensional orientation is likely to

    • A.

      Be easily fooled by a label.

    • B.

      Look beyond the label and inspect the item.

    • C.

      Be more disposed to fantasy than reality.

    • D.

      Discount the label completely.

    Correct Answer
    B. Look beyond the label and inspect the item.
    Explanation
    A person with an extensional orientation is likely to look beyond the label and inspect the item. This means that they are not easily fooled by superficial information such as labels and instead prefer to gather more detailed information by examining the actual item. They are more focused on understanding the reality of the situation rather than relying solely on labels or appearances.

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  • 46. 

    Netiquette

    • A.

      Dictates that flaming is inappropriate.

    • B.

      Often leads to a breakdown in communication.

    • C.

      May result in nonlinear behavior.

    • D.

      Perpetuates the stereotype of the computer geek.

    Correct Answer
    A. Dictates that flaming is inappropriate.
    Explanation
    Netiquette is a set of rules for proper online behavior, and one of these rules is that flaming, which refers to hostile and aggressive online behavior, is considered inappropriate. By stating that "Netiquette dictates that flaming is inappropriate," the answer is emphasizing that according to online etiquette, engaging in flaming is not acceptable. This implies that individuals should avoid engaging in such behavior as it can lead to negative consequences, such as a breakdown in communication or perpetuating negative stereotypes.

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  • 47. 

    Characteristics of onlinespeak include

    • A.

      Short sentences.

    • B.

      Informality.

    • C.

      Decreased use of punctuation.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The characteristics of onlinespeak include short sentences, informality, and decreased use of punctuation. This means that when people communicate online, they tend to use shorter sentences, adopt a more casual and informal tone, and use less punctuation compared to formal writing. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as it encompasses all the mentioned characteristics.

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  • 48. 

    One function of nonverbal communication is to negate a verbal message.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Nonverbal communication can indeed be used to contradict or negate a verbal message. For example, if someone says they are happy but their facial expression and body language indicate sadness, the nonverbal cues contradict the verbal message. Nonverbal cues such as tone of voice, facial expressions, gestures, and body language often provide additional information or reveal the true feelings and intentions behind a verbal message. Therefore, it is correct to say that one function of nonverbal communication is to negate a verbal message.

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  • 49. 

    The person who initiates touch is usually the one with higher status.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In many cultures, the person who initiates touch is often seen as more dominant or socially superior. This behavior is rooted in power dynamics and the belief that the person who takes the initiative is in control of the interaction. By initiating touch, they assert their authority and demonstrate their higher status. However, it is important to note that this may not be true in all situations or cultures, as social norms and expectations vary across different societies.

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  • 50. 

    Habitual pitch is always unpleasant to listen to.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Habitual pitch is always unpleasant to listen to" is not true. Habitual pitch refers to the natural or default pitch at which a person speaks. It is subjective and can vary from person to person. Some people may find certain habitual pitches unpleasant, while others may not. Therefore, it cannot be generalized that habitual pitch is always unpleasant to listen to.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 24, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Sgoodwin
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