Communications Studies And Methods Quiz

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Communications Studies And Methods Quiz - Quiz

What do you know about communication studies and methods? Are you a research fellow or a student of such a field where you need a strong use of communication methods? Well, whatever your concern is, this test will serve you questions related to critical theorists, critical methods, dramatism, conversation analysis, etc. So, without further ado, let's get started!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Communication studies are based on messages, how they travel, and the impacts of those messages 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Communication studies focus on the study of messages, including how they are transmitted and the effects they have on individuals and society. This field examines various forms of communication, such as verbal and non-verbal communication, mass media, interpersonal communication, and organizational communication. By studying messages and their dissemination, communication studies aim to understand how communication shapes our perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors. Therefore, it is accurate to say that communication studies are indeed based on messages, their transmission, and the consequences they bring.

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  • 2. 

    Which communication method focuses on using words or symbols to communicate 

    • A.

      Nonverbal 

    • B.

      Relational 

    • C.

      Verbal 

    • D.

      Public 

    Correct Answer
    C. Verbal 
    Explanation
    Verbal communication is a communication method that focuses on using words or symbols to convey messages. This involves speaking, writing, or using sign language to express thoughts, ideas, and information. Verbal communication allows individuals to exchange information and engage in conversations, making it an essential aspect of human interaction. It is different from nonverbal communication, which involves gestures, facial expressions, and body language, as it primarily relies on the use of spoken or written words. Verbal communication is crucial in various settings, including personal relationships, professional environments, and public speaking engagements.

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  • 3. 

    The earliest research method that we have a record of is _________ criticism

    Correct Answer
    rhetorical
    Explanation
    Rhetorical criticism is considered the earliest research method because it dates back to ancient Greece and Rome. It involves analyzing and evaluating the persuasive techniques used in speeches and texts. This method was used by scholars and philosophers to study and understand the effectiveness of persuasive communication. It paved the way for the development of other research methods and disciplines, such as literary criticism and communication studies.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following studies are paradigm approaches to communication studies? 

    • A.

      Behavioral 

    • B.

      Critical 

    • C.

      Personal 

    • D.

      Interpretive 

    • E.

      Private 

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Behavioral 
    B. Critical 
    D. Interpretive 
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes the studies of behavioral, critical, and interpretive approaches to communication. These three approaches are considered paradigmatic because they provide different theoretical frameworks and perspectives for understanding communication. The behavioral approach focuses on observable behaviors and the effects of communication, the critical approach examines power dynamics and social structures in communication, and the interpretive approach emphasizes the subjective meanings and interpretations of communication. Together, these approaches offer a comprehensive understanding of communication processes and phenomena.

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  • 5. 

    Attribution theory tells us about personality traits by analyzing communication behaviors

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Attribution theory is a psychological framework that focuses on how individuals interpret and explain the causes of behavior. It does not specifically analyze communication behaviors, but rather looks at how people attribute behavior to internal or external factors. Therefore, the statement in the question is incorrect.

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  • 6. 

    Conversation analysis looks at the intended and unintended behavioral impacts of a message

    • A.

      True 

    • B.

      False 

    Correct Answer
    B. False 
    Explanation
    Conversation analysis does not specifically focus on the intended and unintended behavioral impacts of a message. Instead, it is a research method that examines the structure and organization of conversation, including turn-taking, sequencing, and repair. It aims to understand how people engage in conversation and how meaning is created and negotiated through interaction.

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  • 7. 

    Other models cant be apart of more that one paradigm 

    • A.

      True 

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Other models can't be apart of more than one paradigm" is false. This means that other models can indeed be a part of more than one paradigm. Paradigms in this context refer to different approaches or frameworks used in modeling. This suggests that models can be versatile and adaptable, and can be applied to multiple paradigms depending on the context or requirements.

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  • 8. 

    Communication theory can be 

    • A.

      Specific Models 

    • B.

      Research Frameworks 

    • C.

      Meta-Textual Narratives 

    • D.

      Broad Meta Theories 

    • E.

      Self-Communication Models 

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Specific Models 
    B. Research Frameworks 
    D. Broad Meta Theories 
    Explanation
    Communication theory can be categorized into specific models, research frameworks, and broad meta theories. Specific models refer to theories that focus on a particular aspect or process of communication, providing a detailed explanation of how communication works in specific contexts. Research frameworks provide a structure for conducting research in the field of communication, guiding researchers in designing studies and analyzing data. Broad meta theories, on the other hand, offer overarching explanations and perspectives on communication as a whole, providing a framework for understanding various communication phenomena.

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  • 9. 

    The goal of ____________ is to understand how communication functions: the processes, the message, and the impact of any communication act.

    Correct Answer(s)
    communication theory
    Explanation
    The goal of communication theory is to understand how communication functions, including the processes involved, the message being conveyed, and the impact of any communication act. It aims to study and analyze various aspects of communication to gain insights into how it works and its effects on individuals and society. Communication theory helps in understanding the principles and dynamics of communication, enabling better communication practices and strategies.

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  • 10. 

    What model suggested that media can 'inject' ideological and ontological concerns into the audience of that media? 

    • A.

      The Media Absorption model 

    • B.

      The Hypodermic Needle model

    • C.

      The Behavioral Understanding model 

    Correct Answer
    B. The Hypodermic Needle model
    Explanation
    The Hypodermic Needle model suggests that media can 'inject' ideological and ontological concerns into the audience of that media. This model proposes that the media has a powerful and direct influence on individuals, shaping their beliefs and behaviors. It suggests that the audience passively receives and accepts the messages conveyed by the media without critically analyzing or questioning them. This model implies that the media has the ability to manipulate and control the thoughts and actions of the audience, similar to how a hypodermic needle injects a substance directly into the bloodstream.

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  • 11. 

    ___________ is focused on how individuals self-prescribe behaviors based on their responses to particular events and messages. 

    Correct Answer
    Attribution Theory
    Explanation
    Attribution Theory is focused on how individuals self-prescribe behaviors based on their responses to particular events and messages. This theory suggests that individuals tend to attribute the causes of their own behavior or the behavior of others to either internal factors (such as personal traits or abilities) or external factors (such as situational factors or luck). It explores how people make sense of the world around them by assigning explanations or attributions to behaviors, which can influence their own actions and attitudes.

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  • 12. 

    What are the two ways in which Communication Accommodation occurs: 

    • A.

      Convergence 

    • B.

      Invergence 

    • C.

      Bivergence 

    • D.

      Divergence 

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Convergence 
    D. Divergence 
    Explanation
    Communication Accommodation refers to the adjustments individuals make in their communication style to adapt to others. Convergence is one way in which Communication Accommodation occurs, where individuals adjust their communication style to become more similar to the person they are interacting with. This can include mirroring their speech patterns, gestures, or accent. Divergence is another way in which Communication Accommodation occurs, where individuals intentionally emphasize their differences in communication style to highlight their unique identity or to create distance from the other person. Both convergence and divergence are strategies used in Communication Accommodation.

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  • 13. 

    What patterns helps conversation analysts understand communication behavior

    • A.

      Individual words and sentences  

    • B.

      Pauses in communication 

    • C.

      Movement and body language 

    • D.

      All of the above 

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above 
    Explanation
    Conversation analysts use various patterns to understand communication behavior. Individual words and sentences are important for analyzing the content and meaning of the conversation. Pauses in communication provide insights into turn-taking and interactional dynamics. Movement and body language convey nonverbal cues and contribute to the overall meaning of the conversation. Therefore, all of the above patterns are valuable in helping conversation analysts understand communication behavior.

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  • 14. 

    An increase in ______________ should result in reduced uncertainty and discomfort with a person 

    Correct Answer
    communication
    Explanation
    An increase in communication should result in reduced uncertainty and discomfort with a person. This is because when there is more communication, there is a greater exchange of information and understanding between individuals. This leads to clearer and more effective communication, which in turn reduces uncertainty and discomfort. When people are able to communicate openly and effectively, they are more likely to feel understood and comfortable in their interactions.

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  • 15. 

    _____________ research focuses on the observation of cultures, texts, and persons. 

    Correct Answer
    Interpretive
    Explanation
    Interpretive research focuses on the observation of cultures, texts, and persons. This type of research aims to understand and interpret social phenomena by analyzing subjective meanings, symbols, and experiences. It involves studying the context, language, and social interactions to gain insights into the perspectives and interpretations of individuals or groups. Interpretive research is often used in fields such as anthropology, sociology, and qualitative research, where understanding the subjective experiences and cultural contexts is crucial for generating knowledge and understanding.

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  • 16. 

    What 'sites of study' does Interpretive research use?

    • A.

      The text 

    • B.

      The medium 

    • C.

      Action of speech 

    • D.

      The event 

    • E.

      The actors 

    • F.

      The phenomenon

    • G.

      All of the above 

    Correct Answer
    G. All of the above 
    Explanation
    Interpretive research uses all of the above mentioned "sites of study" in order to gain a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter. The text, medium, action of speech, event, actors, and phenomenon are all important aspects that are analyzed and interpreted in this type of research. By considering all of these elements, researchers are able to uncover the underlying meanings and interpretations within the subject being studied.

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  • 17. 

    Rhetorical Criticism is only focused on the quality of the rhetorical text

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Rhetorical Criticism is not solely focused on the quality of the rhetorical text. It is a method of analyzing and evaluating various aspects of a rhetorical artifact, such as the speaker, audience, context, and persuasive techniques used. It aims to understand the effectiveness and impact of the rhetoric rather than just assessing its quality. Therefore, the statement that Rhetorical Criticism is only focused on the quality of the rhetorical text is false.

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  • 18. 

    Semiotics is the studying of how information is transmitted, received, and interpreted as a process of understanding _____________

    Correct Answer
    signs
    Explanation
    Semiotics is the study of signs and how they convey meaning. It explores how information is transmitted, received, and interpreted through various signs. Signs can be anything that represents or signifies something else, such as words, images, gestures, or symbols. By understanding the different ways in which signs are used and interpreted, semiotics helps us understand how meaning is created and communicated in various contexts.

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  • 19. 

    What are the three categories that Peirce established? 

    • A.

      Sign 

    • B.

      Object 

    • C.

      Interpreter 

    • D.

      Interpretant 

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sign 
    B. Object 
    D. Interpretant 
    Explanation
    Peirce established three categories: Sign, Object, and Interpretant. These categories are part of Peirce's semiotic theory, which focuses on the study of signs and their meanings. The Sign refers to the physical form that represents something else, the Object is the thing or concept that the Sign refers to, and the Interpretant is the mental understanding or interpretation of the Sign. These categories help analyze how signs function and convey meaning in communication and understanding.

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  • 20. 

    Dramatism is the process of understanding the motives of people who produce communication messages

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Dramatism is indeed the process of understanding the motives of people who produce communication messages. It is a method developed by Kenneth Burke that focuses on analyzing human communication as a form of drama, where individuals are seen as actors with specific motives. By studying the motives behind communication, one can gain insights into the intentions and underlying meanings of the messages being conveyed. Therefore, the statement "Dramatism is the process of understanding the motives of people who produce communication messages" is true.

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  • 21. 

    Critical research combines what methods?

    • A.

      Inductive 

    • B.

      Reductive 

    • C.

      Suductive 

    • D.

      Deductive 

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Inductive 
    D. Deductive 
    Explanation
    Critical research combines both inductive and deductive methods. Inductive reasoning involves making generalizations based on specific observations or patterns, while deductive reasoning involves drawing specific conclusions from general principles or theories. By using both methods, critical researchers can gather empirical evidence through observation and analysis, and then use deductive reasoning to test and refine theories or hypotheses. This combination allows for a more comprehensive and rigorous approach to research, ensuring that conclusions are based on both empirical evidence and logical reasoning.

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  • 22. 

    Critical Theorists tend to critique categories such as: 

    • A.

      Race 

    • B.

      Class 

    • C.

      Age 

    • D.

      Gender 

    • E.

      Working status 

    • F.

      Sexual orientation 

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Race 
    B. Class 
    D. Gender 
    F. Sexual orientation 
    Explanation
    Critical theorists critique categories such as race, class, gender, and sexual orientation because these categories are seen as social constructs that create hierarchies and inequalities in society. They argue that these categories are not natural or fixed, but rather socially constructed and perpetuated through power dynamics. By critiquing these categories, critical theorists aim to challenge and dismantle systems of oppression and discrimination based on these categories, and work towards creating a more equitable and just society.

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  • 23. 

    Foucault's methods focused on the relationship between what two things? 

    • A.

      Knowledge 

    • B.

      Truth 

    • C.

      Power 

    • D.

      Genealogy 

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Knowledge 
    C. Power 
    Explanation
    Foucault's methods focused on the relationship between knowledge and power. He believed that knowledge is not neutral or objective, but is shaped by power dynamics and used as a means of control. Foucault argued that power operates through various systems and institutions, such as prisons, schools, and hospitals, which produce and regulate knowledge. He examined how power structures influence what is considered true or valid knowledge, and how this knowledge in turn reinforces and perpetuates existing power relations. Foucault's analysis of the relationship between knowledge and power has had a significant impact on various fields, including sociology, philosophy, and cultural studies.

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  • 24. 

    The ritual model is about creating a __________ order

    Correct Answer(s)
    social
    Explanation
    The ritual model is about creating a social order. This model suggests that rituals and ceremonies play a crucial role in establishing and maintaining social norms, values, and hierarchies within a society. Through rituals, individuals come together to perform symbolic actions that reinforce their shared beliefs and values, ultimately contributing to the overall social order. These rituals can range from religious ceremonies to everyday social practices, all serving to solidify social cohesion and reinforce societal structures.

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  • 25. 

    What are the two types of resistant gender performances 

    • A.

      Ingressive 

    • B.

      Transgressive 

    • C.

      Subversive 

    • D.

      Inversive 

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Ingressive 
    C. Subversive 
    Explanation
    The two types of resistant gender performances are ingressive and subversive. Ingressive gender performances involve challenging gender norms from within the system, such as adopting behaviors or appearances that are traditionally associated with the opposite gender. Subversive gender performances, on the other hand, involve actively resisting and challenging the existing gender norms and structures, often through acts of rebellion or nonconformity. Both types of performances aim to disrupt and challenge societal expectations and norms surrounding gender.

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  • Current Version
  • Dec 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 22, 2021
    Quiz Created by
    Alfredhook3
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