APTA: Combined Sections Meeting! Trivia Questions Quiz

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APTA: Combined Sections Meeting! Trivia Questions Quiz - Quiz

Below is an APTA Combined Sections Meeting Trivia Questions Quiz. It is ideal for all trainers to undertake as it helps them refresh what they know about the clients they may come across. Do you think you know enough to pass the test? Do give it a shot and get to review what you don’t remember correctly. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When a runner’s foot lands, which experiences more force?

    • A.

      The heel

    • B.

      The toe

    • C.

      Both equally

    • D.

      Depends on the runner's style

    Correct Answer
    A. The heel
    Explanation
    (Source) Sports Physical Therapy Section pre-conference session “Running Injury Prevention and Management: Pre-, Mid, and Post-race Considerations.” In addition, Bryan Heiderscheit, PT, Ph.D., associate professor for the Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, noted that the 5 most common running injuries are patellofemoral pain syndrome, iliotibial band friction syndrome, plantar fasciitis, tibial stress fracture, and knee meniscal injuries.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following statements is not true among survivors of cancer?

    • A.

      Weakness is prominent in 80% of cancer patients who fall.

    • B.

      Motor function is diminished by 71% in individuals with breast cancer.

    • C.

      Those who report pain are more likely to pass balance tests.

    • D.

      Cancer medications may lead to neurotoxic effects, leading to unsteady gait and confusion.

    Correct Answer
    C. Those who report pain are more likely to pass balance tests.
    Explanation
    (Source) The Oncology Section preconference session “A Comprehensive Management of Balance Impairments and Falls for Adult Cancer Survivors.” In addition, Jennifer Blackwood, PT, MPT, GCS, stressed the importance of conducting a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA), which includes screens for depression, cognitive changes, fatigue, comorbidities, functional status, and other domains to assess the person as a whole.

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  • 3. 

    Is walking speed a strong predictor of mortality?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    • C.

      Only for people over the age of 80

    • D.

      Only among women

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    (Source) The Geriatrics Section session “Walking Speed: A Vital Sign and Even More.” In addition, Michelle Lusardi, PT, DPT, Ph.D., said that walking speed should be the sixth vital sign (pain being number 5) and described walking speed as “almost a perfect measure.”

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  • 4. 

    If an adult over the age of 65 experiences arm or shoulder pain, should he or she be screened?

    • A.

      Yes, even when there is a known cause

    • B.

      Yes, but only if there is no known cause

    • C.

      Yes, but only if there are “red flags” in the patient’s history

    • D.

      No; screen only patients over the age of 70

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes, even when there is a known cause
    Explanation
    (Source) The Hand Rehabilitation Section session “Screening for Medical Problems in the Upper Extremity.” In addition, Catherine C. Goodman, PT, MBA, CBP, advised, “If you only have time for a 3-5 minute screening, take vital signs. Use the term ‘symptoms’ rather than ‘pain’ during the interview. Watch for red flag histories. And review medications, because 90% of things that go wrong have to do with medications.”

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  • 5. 

    Which common cardiac medication is most likely to have these potential side effects: decreased liver function, myalgia, muscle cramps, gastrointestinal problems, and rash?

    • A.

      Anti-lipemic

    • B.

      Anti-thrombotic

    • C.

      Anti-arrhythmia

    • D.

      Anti-platelet

    Correct Answer
    A. Anti-lipemic
    Explanation
    (Source) The Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Section session “Cardiac Comorbidities in Outpatient Settings: Implications for Assessment and Treatment.” In addition, Lynn Miller, PT, Ph.D., FACSM, said that cardiac conditions are the second-most-common limit to activity and the leading cause of premature permanent disability. “Coronary heart disease, hypertension, heart failure, and vascular disease are conditions you will see in your outpatient setting.”

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  • 6. 

    A researcher from the University of Kansas offered 5 “rules” for obtaining and maintaining a research grant. Which of these was not one of the rules?

    • A.

      People have to care about the problem. The problem must be important to a sufficient number of people.

    • B.

      Know if your idea is novel. Researchers themselves can do an initial patent search.

    • C.

      You can’t do it all. Seek assistance as needed for the patent application, market analysis, business plan, and other activities.

    • D.

      If you’ve done the proper planning and research, you can expect success the first time.

    Correct Answer
    D. If you’ve done the proper planning and research, you can expect success the first time.
    Explanation
    (Source) The Education Section program “Intellectual Property and Partnerships: The Value of Your Ideas.” In addition, Lisa Stehno-Bittel, PT, Ph.D., explained that, prior to developing a successful method to collect pancreatic islets for a diabetes project, the Kansas researchers had 5 failures. “Each resulted in a publishable paper but didn’t work commercially. So, there are 2 ways (research vs commercial) to think about success and failure.”

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  • 7. 

    Traditional views on development and learning include all the following constructs except:

    • A.

      constructivism

    • B.

      interactionism

    • C.

      Nonlinear dynamic systems theory

    • D.

      maturation

    Correct Answer
    C. Nonlinear dynamic systems theory
    Explanation
    (Source) The Health Policy and Administration Section session “Leading Chaos: Harnessing the Power of Disorganization to You and Your Patients’ Advantage.” In addition, Stacey Zeigler, PT, DPT, said, “A therapist does not motivate. Rather, a PT discovers the patient’s motives and helps that patient act in line with those motives. We are leaders of change for our patients every single day. If a patient appears noncompliant, it means that you’re not understanding the complexity of the client.”

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following statements is not true of clinical prediction rules?

    • A.

      Diagnostic/prognostic CPRs generally are better than prescriptive CPRs.

    • B.

      CPRs typically outperform paternalistic care.

    • C.

      All derived prescriptive CPRs are a reflection of treatment effect.

    • D.

      CPRs have been used effectively in clinical care.

    Correct Answer
    C. All derived prescriptive CPRs are a reflection of treatment effect.
    Explanation
    (Source) A Private Practice Section session on the use and usefulness of clinical prediction rules. In addition, Chad Cook, PT, PhD, MBA, OCS, FAAOMPT, panel moderator, noted that CPR derivation/validation requires a form of research design, as do comparative studies such as randomized controlled trials (RTCs). And just as RTCs are not “bad,” but there are bad RTCs, there can be bad CPRs. But that doesn’t mean CPRs in general are not useful.

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