The girl belonged to a class—unhappily but too extensive—the very existence of which, should make men's hearts bleed. Barely past her childhood, it required but a glance to discover that she was one of those children, born and bred in neglect and vice, who have never known what childhood is: who have never been taught to love and court a parent's smile, or to dread a parent's frown.
The stench of the hold, while we were on the coast, was so intolerably loathsome, that it was dangerous to remain there for any time, and some of us had been permitted to stay on the deck for the fresh air; but now that the whole ship's cargo were confined together, it became absolutely pestilential. The closeness of the place, and the heat of the climate, added to the number in the ship, being so crowded that each had scarcely room to turn himself, almost suffocated us.
It is possible for a race or an individual to have mental development and yet be so handicapped by custom, prejudice, and lack of employment as to dwarf and discourage the whole life. This is the condition that prevails among the race in many of the large cities of the North; and it is to prevent this same condition in the South that I plead with all the earnestness of my heart.
A resistless feeling of depression falls slowly upon us, despite the gaudy sunshine and the green cotton-fields. This, then, is the Cotton Kingdom,—the shadow of a marvellous dream. And where is the King? Perhaps this is he,—the sweating ploughman, tilling his eighty acres with two lean mules, and fighting a hard battle with debt. So we sit musing, until . . . there comes a fairer scene suddenly in view,—a neat cottage snugly ensconced by the road, and near it a little store.
Nouveau roman or "new novel"
Bildungsroman or "novel of formation"
Describing the unique physical landscape of a place and the distinctive customs, dialect, and way of thinking of those who live there
Explaining the special appeal of a geographic area and the reasons that people have for deciding to settle and work there
Inspiring those who live in rural areas to venture beyond their isolated communities and explore diverse people, places, and cultures
Promoting a simple, agrarian lifestyle, the importance of family, and a focus on personal happiness rather than material wealth
A fondness for satire and an inclination to make generalizations about the world in the form of aphoristic verse
The use of stock imagery and alliterative verse to tell tales of kings, knights, and epic battles
An idealistic view of the world and a preoccupation with the close examination of inner feelings and emotions
The use of symbolism and an impressionistic, broad-stroke style to express ideas indirectly
Explore the various educational and professional choices that people make rather than the particular skills and interests that led them to pursue their goals
Focus on the thoughts and experiences of an individual character and convey a sense of immediacy rather than nostalgia.
Provide a straightforward approach for solving a social problem rather than a long explication of the roots and complexities of the problem.
Inquire into the motivations and actions of a wide range of characters and convey a sense of levity rather than deep seriousness.
A belief in the power of human reasoning to reveal truth
The spread and growing acceptance of the scientific method
The erosion of unquestioning acceptance of religious doctrine
A faith that humanity necessarily progresses toward perfection
Illustrate the essentially illogical, purposeless nature of the human condition.
Re-create the workings of the subconscious.
Mock the exaggerated dignity and wisdom of modern, self-professed intellectuals.
Reinforce the comedic action of farcical plots.
Personification is used to portray the ocean as an unsympathetic creature intent on destroying the men in the boat.
Metaphors related to industry and machinery are used to compare the ocean to a never-ending production line.
Words connoting dizziness and disorientation are used to illustrate the desperate situation of the men in the boat.
Hyperbole is used to emphasize the the vastness of the ocean and the relative insignificance of the men in the boat.
Comparing and contrasting the earth's ecosystems and biomes.
Constructing a hypothesis about the ocean ecosystem.
Illustrating the characteristics of ecosystems and biomes.
Presenting an extended definition of the ocean ecosystem.
The connection drawn between the character's ideas and the lights in her room suggests that reason illuminates the truth while emotion obscures it.
The references to the movements of dancers and birds implies that the character is incapable of serious, sustained intellectual inquiry.
The description of the character's mind as "full of locked drawers" illustrates the degree to which she represses disagreeable thoughts.
The implied comparison between the character's mind and a pearl hidden inside an oyster suggests that intelligence is a commodity.
Because I was so nervous,
After I settled down at my desk,
When I realized how foolish I'd been,
As I strolled through the door,