CRCST Chapter 6 Review Quiz

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CRCST Chapter 6 Review Quiz - Quiz

Infection Prevention and Control


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Each year, approximately _______ patients develop a Healthcare-associated infection.

    • A.

      1 million

    • B.

      1.7 million

    • C.

      5 million

    • D.

      20 million

    Correct Answer
    B. 1.7 million
    Explanation
    Each year, approximately 1.7 million patients develop a healthcare-associated infection. This suggests that a significant number of individuals acquire infections while receiving medical care, highlighting the importance of infection control measures in healthcare settings. The high number of cases emphasizes the need for improved hygiene practices, proper sterilization of medical equipment, and adherence to infection prevention protocols to minimize the risk of these infections.

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  • 2. 

    Watches and other jewelry should not be worn in the Central Service department work areas because:

    • A.

      They harbor bacteria

    • B.

      They are expensive

    • C.

      They may be damaged

    • D.

      They may be misplaced or stolen

    Correct Answer
    A. They harbor bacteria
    Explanation
    Watches and other jewelry should not be worn in the Central Service department work areas because they harbor bacteria. Jewelry can easily accumulate dirt, sweat, and other substances, creating a breeding ground for bacteria. This can pose a risk to the cleanliness and hygiene of the work environment, potentially leading to the spread of infections or illnesses. Therefore, it is important to avoid wearing jewelry in such areas to maintain a clean and safe working environment.

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  • 3. 

    During handwashing, hands should be lathered and scrubbed for at least:

    • A.

      10 seconds

    • B.

      20 seconds

    • C.

      1 minute

    • D.

      2 minutes

    Correct Answer
    B. 20 seconds
    Explanation
    During handwashing, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that hands should be lathered and scrubbed for at least 20 seconds to effectively remove germs.

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  • 4. 

    To protect themselves from splashes and spills, Central Service Techs assigned to the decontamination area should wear:

    • A.

      Double-cloth gowns

    • B.

      Blue Surgical Scrubs

    • C.

      Fluid-Resistant Gowns

    • D.

      Sterile Operating Room Gowns

    Correct Answer
    C. Fluid-Resistant Gowns
    Explanation
    Central Service Techs assigned to the decontamination area should wear fluid-resistant gowns to protect themselves from splashes and spills. Fluid-resistant gowns are designed to repel fluids, preventing them from soaking through and coming into contact with the technician's skin or clothing. This helps to minimize the risk of contamination and exposure to potentially harmful substances. Double-cloth gowns, blue surgical scrubs, and sterile operating room gowns may not provide the same level of protection against fluid splashes and spills.

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  • 5. 

    The main theory of Standard Precautions is that:

    • A.

      Patients in high-risk categories may be infectious

    • B.

      Patients in diagnosed with a specific disease may be infectious

    • C.

      Patients are generally healthy unless they show symptoms of an infectious disease

    • D.

      Patients may pose a risk of infection whether they have been diagnosed with an infectious disease or not

    Correct Answer
    D. Patients may pose a risk of infection whether they have been diagnosed with an infectious disease or not
    Explanation
    The main theory of Standard Precautions is that patients may pose a risk of infection whether they have been diagnosed with an infectious disease or not. This means that all patients should be treated as potentially infectious, regardless of their health status or the presence of symptoms. Standard Precautions aim to prevent the transmission of infections in healthcare settings by implementing a set of guidelines and practices that include hand hygiene, the use of personal protective equipment, safe injection practices, and proper handling and disposal of sharps and waste. By assuming that all patients could potentially transmit infections, healthcare workers can take the necessary precautions to protect themselves and other patients from the spread of diseases.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is NOT a requirement of the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard?

    • A.

      Provide hepatitis B vaccine to employees at no cost

    • B.

      Observe standard precautions

    • C.

      Keep biohazards areas locked

    • D.

      Use engineering controls to prevent biohazard exposures

    Correct Answer
    C. Keep biohazards areas locked
    Explanation
    The OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard requires employers to provide hepatitis B vaccines to employees at no cost, observe standard precautions, and use engineering controls to prevent biohazard exposures. However, it does not specifically require employers to keep biohazard areas locked.

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  • 7. 

    Following Standard Precautions protocols is required by:

    • A.

      The FDA

    • B.

      The NFPA

    • C.

      The EPA

    • D.

      OSHA

    Correct Answer
    D. OSHA
    Explanation
    OSHA, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, requires the adherence to Standard Precautions protocols. These protocols are essential for protecting workers from potential hazards and ensuring a safe working environment. OSHA sets and enforces standards to promote workplace safety and health, making it responsible for mandating the implementation of Standard Precautions. The FDA (Food and Drug Administration), NFPA (National Fire Protection Association), and EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) may have their own regulations and guidelines, but they do not specifically require the adherence to Standard Precautions protocols.

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  • 8. 

    Departmental dress code apply to:

    • A.

      Everyone entering the Central Service department

    • B.

      Only hospital employees

    • C.

      Only persons who will be spending more than 10 minutes in the Central Service work area

    • D.

      Only visitors such as sales reps, maintenance personnel, etc

    Correct Answer
    A. Everyone entering the Central Service department
    Explanation
    The correct answer is everyone entering the Central Service department. This means that all individuals who enter the department, regardless of their role or purpose, are required to adhere to the dress code. This could include hospital employees, visitors, sales reps, maintenance personnel, or anyone else who needs to access the Central Service work area. The dress code is applicable to everyone in order to maintain a consistent and professional appearance within the department.

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  • 9. 

    Inanimate objects that can transmit bacteria are called:

    • A.

      Transmission devices

    • B.

      Fomites

    • C.

      Carriers

    • D.

      Framiseals

    Correct Answer
    B. Fomites
    Explanation
    Fomites are inanimate objects that can transmit bacteria. These objects, such as doorknobs, phones, or clothing, can harbor and transfer bacteria from one person to another. The term "fomites" is commonly used in the field of epidemiology to describe the role of inanimate objects in the spread of infectious diseases.

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  • 10. 

    Floors in the Central Service department should be:

    • A.

      Wet-mopped daily

    • B.

      Wet-mopped weekly

    • C.

      Swept daily and wet-mopped weekly

    • D.

      Swept daily

    Correct Answer
    A. Wet-mopped daily
    Explanation
    The floors in the Central Service department should be wet-mopped daily because this is the most effective way to ensure that they are kept clean and free of dirt, dust, and other debris. Wet-mopping helps to remove any stains or spills that may have occurred during the day and also helps to maintain a hygienic environment. Additionally, wet-mopping daily can help to prevent the buildup of bacteria or germs on the floors, which is especially important in a department that may have a high level of foot traffic.

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  • 11. 

    The absence of microorganisms that cause disease is called:

    • A.

      Infection prevention

    • B.

      Infection control

    • C.

      Asepsis

    • D.

      HIA-control

    Correct Answer
    C. Asepsis
    Explanation
    Asepsis refers to the absence of microorganisms that cause disease. It involves practices and procedures that prevent the introduction of harmful microorganisms into a person or a sterile environment. This can be achieved through measures such as hand hygiene, sterilization of equipment, and maintaining a clean and controlled environment. Infection prevention and infection control are related concepts but do not specifically refer to the complete absence of disease-causing microorganisms. HIA-control is not a recognized term in the context of this question.

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  • 12. 

    Know what is dirty, know what is clean, know what is sterile, keep the three conditions separate, and remedy contamination immediately are:

    • A.

      The principles of asepsis

    • B.

      The basics of the bloodborne pathogen standard

    • C.

      The principles of infection prevention and control

    • D.

      The basics of environmental control

    Correct Answer
    A. The principles of asepsis
    Explanation
    The principles of asepsis involve understanding what is dirty, what is clean, and what is sterile, and keeping these conditions separate. It also emphasizes the importance of promptly addressing contamination. Asepsis is a set of practices aimed at preventing the introduction or spread of infection. This answer aligns with the description of asepsis and accurately summarizes its principles.

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  • 13. 

    What color should biohazard labels/signs be?

    • A.

      Red/orange

    • B.

      Orange/yellow

    • C.

      Orange/blue

    • D.

      Green/black

    Correct Answer
    A. Red/orange
    Explanation
    Biohazard labels/signs should be red/orange in color because these colors are universally recognized as symbols of danger and warning. Red is associated with danger and urgency, while orange is often used to indicate caution. Combining these colors on biohazard labels helps to quickly and clearly communicate the potential hazards associated with biological materials, such as infectious substances or toxins. The red/orange color combination is widely used in various industries and settings to ensure the safety of individuals and to prevent accidents or exposure to dangerous substances.

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  • 14. 

    The decontamination area of the Central Service department should have:

    • A.

      10 air exchanges per hour

    • B.

      15 air exchanges per hour

    • C.

      20 air exchanges per hour

    • D.

      No air exchanges because it is a biohazard area

    Correct Answer
    A. 10 air exchanges per hour
    Explanation
    The decontamination area of the Central Service department should have 10 air exchanges per hour. This is necessary to ensure proper ventilation and circulation of clean air in the area. Adequate air exchanges help to remove any potential contaminants or airborne particles, maintaining a safe and sterile environment for decontamination processes. Having a higher number of air exchanges per hour would not be necessary and could potentially lead to unnecessary energy consumption. Conversely, having no air exchanges would create a stagnant and potentially hazardous environment.

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  • 15. 

    Which of these traffic control/dress code requirements applies to the Operating Room?

    • A.

      Biohazard

    • B.

      Unrestricted

    • C.

      Semi-Restricted

    • D.

      Restricted

    Correct Answer
    D. Restricted
    Explanation
    In the Operating Room, a restricted traffic control/dress code requirement applies. This means that there are specific rules and regulations in place regarding who can enter the Operating Room and what attire is required. These restrictions are put in place to maintain a sterile and safe environment for surgical procedures.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 15, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 20, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Mary Jones
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