CRCST Chapter 2 Review Quiz

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Mary Jones
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CRCST Quizzes & Trivia

Medical Terminology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The term "hemi" is a

    • A.

      Prefix

    • B.

      Root

    • C.

      Suffix

    • D.

      Noun

    Correct Answer
    A. Prefix
    Explanation
    The term "hemi" is a prefix because it is a word element added to the beginning of a base word to create a new word with a different meaning. In this case, "hemi" is added to words like "sphere" or "demi" to indicate half or partial. Therefore, it functions as a prefix in this context.

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  • 2. 

    The term "excise" means

    • A.

      To repair

    • B.

      To open

    • C.

      To cut out

    • D.

      Examine

    Correct Answer
    C. To cut out
    Explanation
    The term "excise" refers to the act of cutting out or removing something, typically in a surgical or medical context. It involves the removal of a specific part or portion, often to eliminate a diseased or unwanted area. In a broader sense, "excise" can also be used to describe the removal or elimination of any undesirable or unnecessary element.

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  • 3. 

    What means "beside or near"?

    • A.

      Para

    • B.

      Peri

    • C.

      Parta

    • D.

      Pana

    Correct Answer
    A. Para
    Explanation
    The word "para" means "beside or near" in this context.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following surgical abbreviations might be used relating to a fractured bone?

    • A.

      CABG

    • B.

      BSO

    • C.

      ORIF

    • D.

      TAH

    Correct Answer
    C. ORIF
    Explanation
    ORIF stands for Open Reduction and Internal Fixation, which is a surgical procedure used to treat fractures. In this procedure, the fractured bone is surgically opened up (open reduction) and the bone fragments are realigned and held together with internal fixation devices such as plates, screws, or rods. ORIF is commonly used for complex fractures that cannot be treated with non-surgical methods alone. Therefore, ORIF is the correct abbreviation that might be used relating to a fractured bone.

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  • 5. 

    The term ""intercosto" means

    • A.

      Within the colon

    • B.

      Between the toes

    • C.

      Within the bladder

    • D.

      Between the ribs

    Correct Answer
    D. Between the ribs
    Explanation
    The term "intercosto" refers to the space or area between the ribs. It is derived from the Latin words "inter" meaning between and "costa" meaning rib. This term is commonly used in anatomy to describe the anatomical structures, such as muscles, nerves, and blood vessels, that are located between the ribs.

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  • 6. 

    The term "hypo" means

    • A.

      Quickly

    • B.

      Above

    • C.

      Below

    • D.

      Measured

    Correct Answer
    C. Below
    Explanation
    The term "hypo" means below.

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  • 7. 

    The majority of medical terms are of either ___ or ___ orgin.

    • A.

      Greek or French

    • B.

      Greek or Latin

    • C.

      Latin or French

    • D.

      Latin or English

    Correct Answer
    B. Greek or Latin
    Explanation
    The majority of medical terms are of Greek or Latin origin. This is because ancient Greek and Latin were the languages of science and medicine in the Western world. Many medical terms are derived from Greek or Latin words, as these languages were used to name anatomical structures, diseases, and medical procedures. The use of Greek and Latin in medical terminology allows for standardized and universal communication among healthcare professionals globally.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following tells a primary meaning of a word?

    • A.

      Prefix word element

    • B.

      Root word element

    • C.

      Suffix word element

    • D.

      Combining vowel

    Correct Answer
    B. Root word element
    Explanation
    The primary meaning of a word is conveyed by its root word element. The root is the core part of a word that carries the main idea or concept. It is the foundation upon which the word is built, and other word elements such as prefixes and suffixes modify or enhance its meaning. Therefore, understanding the root word element is crucial in comprehending the primary meaning of a word.

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  • 9. 

    The purpose of a combining vowel is to:

    • A.

      Tell the primary meaning of a word

    • B.

      Suggest the meaning of the root word element

    • C.

      Ease pronunciation

    • D.

      Ease spelling

    Correct Answer
    C. Ease pronunciation
    Explanation
    The purpose of a combining vowel is to ease pronunciation. Combining vowels are used to connect word parts or roots together in medical terminology. They are typically the letter "o" or "i" and are used to make it easier to pronounce complex medical terms by creating a smooth flow between the word parts. By using a combining vowel, the pronunciation of the word becomes more fluid and natural.

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  • 10. 

    The last word element in a medical term is the:

    • A.

      Prefix

    • B.

      Suffix

    • C.

      Root

    • D.

      Analog

    Correct Answer
    B. Suffix
    Explanation
    In medical terminology, the last word element is referred to as the suffix. A suffix is a word part that is added at the end of a medical term to modify its meaning or to indicate a condition, disease, or procedure. It usually follows the root word, which provides the main meaning of the term, and the prefix, which is added at the beginning of the term. Therefore, the correct answer is suffix.

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  • 11. 

    The root element, "gastro," refers to the:

    • A.

      Colon

    • B.

      Heart

    • C.

      Muscles

    • D.

      Stomach

    Correct Answer
    D. Stomach
    Explanation
    The root element "gastro" refers to the stomach. This is because "gastro" is derived from the Greek word "gaster," which means stomach. Therefore, the correct answer is stomach.

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  • 12. 

    The suffix, "ectomy," refers to:

    • A.

      Surgical removal

    • B.

      Inflammation

    • C.

      Surgical revision

    • D.

      Visual examination of organs

    Correct Answer
    A. Surgical removal
    Explanation
    The suffix "-ectomy" is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to the surgical removal of a specific organ or part of the body. It is derived from the Greek word "ektomē," which means "excision" or "removal." Therefore, when the suffix "-ectomy" is added to a word, it indicates that a surgical procedure is being performed to remove a particular structure or tissue from the body.

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  • 13. 

    "Hyperglycemia" refers to:

    • A.

      A malignant tumor

    • B.

      Tissue death of an artery

    • C.

      High blood sugar

    • D.

      Enlargement of the heart

    Correct Answer
    C. High blood sugar
    Explanation
    Hyperglycemia refers to high blood sugar levels. It is a condition characterized by an excessive amount of glucose in the bloodstream. This can occur when the body does not produce enough insulin or when the cells in the body do not respond properly to insulin. Hyperglycemia is commonly associated with diabetes and can lead to various symptoms and complications if not properly managed.

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  • 14. 

    The term "rhinoplasty," refers to:

    • A.

      Surgery of a muscle wound

    • B.

      Surgical repair of the nose

    • C.

      Removal of a cyst

    • D.

      Incision of the stomach

    Correct Answer
    B. Surgical repair of the nose
    Explanation
    Rhinoplasty is a term used to describe the surgical repair of the nose. It involves reshaping or resizing the nose to improve its appearance or to correct any functional issues such as breathing difficulties. This procedure is commonly performed to address aesthetic concerns or to correct birth defects, injuries, or breathing problems caused by structural abnormalities in the nose.

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  • 15. 

    "Dermopathy" is a (an):

    • A.

      Skin disease

    • B.

      Inflammation of the liver

    • C.

      Fluid-filled sack

    • D.

      Inflammation of a joint

    Correct Answer
    A. Skin disease
    Explanation
    Dermopathy is a term that specifically refers to a skin disease or disorder. It is not related to inflammation of the liver, a fluid-filled sack, or inflammation of a joint.

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  • 16. 

    "Lithotripsy" refers to:

    • A.

      Aspiration of fatty tissue

    • B.

      Surgical removal of the ovary

    • C.

      Crushing of a stone

    • D.

      Visual examination of a joint

    Correct Answer
    C. Crushing of a stone
    Explanation
    Lithotripsy refers to the process of crushing a stone. This medical procedure is commonly used to treat kidney stones, where high-energy shock waves are used to break the stones into smaller fragments that can be easily passed out of the body through urine. It is a non-invasive alternative to surgery, allowing patients to avoid the need for surgical removal of the stone.

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  • 17. 

    "Subcutaneous" refers to:

    • A.

      Low sugar content in the blood

    • B.

      Displacement of the pelvic joint

    • C.

      Beneath the skin

    • D.

      Without infection; sterile

    Correct Answer
    C. Beneath the skin
    Explanation
    The term "subcutaneous" refers to something that is located beneath the skin. This term is commonly used in medical contexts to describe the administration of medications or injections directly into the fatty tissue layer beneath the skin. By understanding the meaning of "subcutaneous," healthcare professionals can accurately communicate and understand the specific location of certain medical conditions or procedures.

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  • 18. 

    The term, "periosteal elevator," refers to:

    • A.

      Surgical removal of tissue near the thyroid

    • B.

      Surgical removal of one-half of the stomach

    • C.

      An instrument for cutting skin

    • D.

      An instrument used to remove tissue around the bone

    Correct Answer
    D. An instrument used to remove tissue around the bone
    Explanation
    A periosteal elevator is a surgical instrument that is specifically designed to separate and lift the periosteum, which is the outer layer of tissue that covers bones. It is used to remove tissue around the bone during surgical procedures, such as bone grafting or orthopedic surgeries. The periosteal elevator helps to create space and provide access to the bone surface without damaging the underlying bone or surrounding tissues.

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  • 19. 

    The term, BKA," refers to a surgical procedure involving:

    • A.

      Treatment of a fractured bone without a surgical incision

    • B.

      Surgical removal of both the fallopian tubes and ovaries

    • C.

      Surgical removal of the leg below the knee

    • D.

      A type of hip joint reconstruction

    Correct Answer
    C. Surgical removal of the leg below the knee
    Explanation
    The term "BKA" stands for "below knee amputation," which is a surgical procedure involving the removal of the leg below the knee. This procedure is typically performed when there is severe damage or disease in the lower leg that cannot be effectively treated through other means. It is a common procedure in cases of trauma, cancer, or severe infections. The removal of the leg below the knee allows for improved mobility and function with the use of prosthetics.

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  • 20. 

    The term, "CR," relates to a surgical procedure for:

    • A.

      Treating a fractured bone without a surgical incision.

    • B.

      Creating a new blood supply to an area of the heart

    • C.

      Surgical removal of the uterus

    • D.

      Surgical removal of part of the prostate gland

    Correct Answer
    A. Treating a fractured bone without a surgical incision.
    Explanation
    The term "CR" stands for Closed Reduction, which is a surgical procedure used to treat a fractured bone without making a surgical incision. This procedure involves manipulating the fractured bone back into its proper position using external manipulation or traction, without the need for open surgery. Closed reduction is often followed by immobilization with a cast or splint to allow the bone to heal properly.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 05, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Mary Jones
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