Constitution And Federalism Test Period 4

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 97

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Chapters 3 and 4 in your textbook


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of the Articles of Confederation?
    • A. 

      They vested all meaningful power in the states.

    • B. 

      They represented a “league of friendship” among the states.

    • C. 

      They provided for no judiciary.

    • D. 

      They gave the president too much power.

    • E. 

      They provided for a unicameral national legislature.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of the United States government under the Articles of Confederation?
    • A. 

      Each state had only one vote in Congress.

    • B. 

      Most authority rested with the United States Congress rather than the state governments

    • C. 

      The Congress had only one house.

    • D. 

      There was no president.

    • E. 

      All of these are false.

  • 3. 
    On the issue of slaves, the Constitution specified
    • A. 

      That a gradual end to slavery must be worked out by Congress and the states within ten years

    • B. 

      That slavery would be banned beginning in 1800

    • C. 

      A boundary, known as the Mason-Dixon line, south of which slavery would be legal.

    • D. 

      Nothing; it was too controversial a subject, and the delegates could not agree on anything regarding it.

    • E. 

      That slaves would count as three-fifths of a person for counting the nation’s population and determining seats in the House.

  • 4. 
    The Connecticut Compromise at the Constitutional Convention
    • A. 

      Resolved the impasse between those who favored the New Jersey Plan and those who preferred the Virginia Plan.

    • B. 

      Added the Bill of Rights to the Constitution in order to lessen concerns about too much power for the new government.

    • C. 

      Settled the dispute about whether slavery should be permitted in the final Constitution.

    • D. 

      Threw out the idea of having a monarch in the United States, opting instead for an indirectly elected president.

    • E. 

      Involved their own states.

  • 5. 
    Regarding the right to vote in national elections, the Framers of the Constitution
    • A. 

      Required that all free, adult males with property worth at least $50 be allowed to vote.

    • B. 

      Decided to leave it up to the individual states to determine voter qualifications in their own states.

    • C. 

      Finally granted women the right to vote.

    • D. 

      Included a requirement that all free, adult males be allowed to vote.

    • E. 

      Provided that free men and women over the age of 20 be allowed to vote.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following was NOT a power given to Congress by the Constitution in terms of the economy?
    • A. 

      The ability to levy taxes

    • B. 

      The ability to pay debts

    • C. 

      The ability to force states to abolish slavery

    • D. 

      The ability to borrow money

    • E. 

      The ability to regulate interstate and intrastate foreign commerce

  • 7. 
    The Framers of the Constitution gave chief economic policymaking power to the
    • A. 

      Courts

    • B. 

      States.

    • C. 

      U.S. Congress

    • D. 

      President.

    • E. 

      Federal Reserve Board

  • 8. 
    Ratification of the Constitution
    • A. 

      Needed the approval of nine states.

    • B. 

      Needed the approval of a majority of the people.

    • C. 

      Occurred when it was approved by the delegates to the Constitutional Convention

    • D. 

      Needed the approval of all the states.

    • E. 

      Was by a two-thirds vote of the Continental Congress

  • 9. 
    Which of these has no formal role in amending the Constitution?
    • A. 

      The states

    • B. 

      The House of Representatives

    • C. 

      The president

    • D. 

      The Senate

    • E. 

      None of the above; they all have a formal role in amending the Constitution.

  • 10. 
    The power of the courts to determine whether acts of Congress and the executive branch are constitutional is called
    • A. 

      Judicial review

    • B. 

      Stare decisis

    • C. 

      Precedent.

    • D. 

      Laissez-faire.

    • E. 

      Liberalism.

  • 11. 
    Judicial review was established in
    • A. 

      Marbury v. Madison

    • B. 

      McCulloch v. Maryland

    • C. 

      Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.

    • D. 

      U.S. v. Lopez

    • E. 

      Dred Scott v. Sandford

  • 12. 
    Some scholars have suggested that a consequence of separation of powers and checks and balances has been
    • A. 

      An inability of groups to get their grievances heard.

    • B. 

      Gridlock and inadequate policy.

    • C. 

      Tyranny of the majority

    • D. 

      Streamlined but hasty government decision making

    • E. 

      Political instability

  • 13. 
    The Constitution’s provision that Congress has the right to “make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution” its powers is often referred to as the
    • A. 

      Enumerated powers

    • B. 

      Heart of fiscal federalism

    • C. 

      Unwritten Amendment

    • D. 

      Elastic clause

    • E. 

      Privileges and immunities

  • 14. 
    Enumerated powers are those that are
    • A. 

      Reserved for the states

    • B. 

      Stated in the Constitution

    • C. 

      Implied in the Constitution

    • D. 

      Involving money matters

    • E. 

      Granted specifically to the president

  • 15. 
    The Defense of Marriage Act
    • A. 

      Permits states to disregard same-sex marriages or civil unions of same-sex partners issued in other states

    • B. 

      Prohibits states from issuing same-sex marriages or civil unions to same-sex partners.

    • C. 

      Requires states to issue same-sex marriages and civil unions to same-sex partners.

    • D. 

      Requires states to recognize same-sex marriage or civil unions issued in other states for same-sex partners.

    • E. 

      Requires states to provide the same rights to same-sex couples that they provide to heterosexual couples.

  • 16. 
    Cooperative federalism refers to a system in which
    • A. 

      The national government and the state governments share powers and policy assignments.

    • B. 

      The national government and the state governments have clearly defined, distinct powers and policy assignments.

    • C. 

      The national government reigns supreme over the state governments.

    • D. 

      The state governments reign supreme over the national government

    • E. 

      None of the above is true.

  • 17. 
    Devolution refers to
    • A. 

      Transferring responsibility for policies from the state governments to the national government.

    • B. 

      Transferring responsibility for policies from the national government to state governments.

    • C. 

      Returning to the politics of nineteenth-century federalism.

    • D. 

      Unwinding federalism and moving toward a unitary system.

    • E. 

      A movement among liberal activist judges to expand Congress’ interstate commerce power.

  • 18. 
    The main instrument the national government uses to influence state governments is
    • A. 

      Grants-in-aid.

    • B. 

      Mandates.

    • C. 

      Judicial review.

    • D. 

      The Tenth Amendment.

    • E. 

      Presidential decrees.

  • 19. 
    Grants for specific programs distributed according to community demographic factors, such as population or income, are
    • A. 

      Formula grants.

    • B. 

      Categorical grants

    • C. 

      Revenue-sharing grants

    • D. 

      Project grants.

    • E. 

      Block grants.

  • 20. 
    When Congress passes a law creating financial obligations for the states but provides no funds for states to meet those obligations, it is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Crossover sanction.

    • B. 

      Crosscutting requirement.

    • C. 

      Unfunded mandate.

    • D. 

      Categorical grant.

    • E. 

      Block grant.

  • 21. 
    Federalism is a way of organizing a nation so that
    • A. 

      Power is centralized in state and local government

    • B. 

      Both national and state levels of government have some authority over the same land and people

    • C. 

      There is one federal government, and all regional governments are administrative subunits of it.

    • D. 

      Power is centralized in the national government.

    • E. 

      There are three branches of government and a system of checks and balances.

  • 22. 
    The thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments are collectively known as the
    • A. 

      Equal rights amendments

    • B. 

      Reconstruction amendments

    • C. 

      Civil War amendments

    • D. 

      Women’s rights amendments

    • E. 

      Failure of prohibition

  • 23. 
    The supremacy clause
    • A. 

      Establishes the Constitution, laws of the national government, and treaties as the supreme law of the land.

    • B. 

      Establishes the Supreme Court as the final arbiter in all civil and criminal disputes.

    • C. 

      . declares that the national government is superior to the states in every concern.

    • D. 

      States that powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by the states, are reserved to the states.

    • E. 

      States that the people are the supreme authority in the United States and that the government shall be subservient to them.

  • 24. 
    The Fifteenth, Nineteenth, Twenty-third, Twenty-fourth, and Twenty-fifth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution have what in common?
    • A. 

      They each pertain to the voting rights of African Americans.

    • B. 

      They each were a direct result of the Civil War.

    • C. 

      They each contributed to the expansion of the electorate.ns.

    • D. 

      They each contributed to the shrinkage of the electorate.ns.

    • E. 

      They each are part of the Bill of Rights.

  • 25. 
    Over time, there has been a gradual change from a dual federalism to a(n) ________ federalism.
    • A. 

      Unitary

    • B. 

      Single

    • C. 

      Tripartite

    • D. 

      Cooperative

    • E. 

      Fiscal

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