AP Review Ch 3 Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Vbplayer6000
V
Vbplayer6000
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 14 | Total Attempts: 6,941
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 397

SettingsSettingsSettings
AP Quizzes & Trivia

We hope you’ve been studying hard, because it’s time for your review! In this quiz we’ll be testing you on all things you’ve learned from chapter 3 of your studies, including elements such as federalism, economic activity, block grants, unitary systems and much more! Good luck as you take on the “AP Review Ch 3 Quiz”!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Federalism involves two levels of government, both which are

    • A.

      Dependent.

    • B.

      Democratic.

    • C.

      Representative.

    • D.

      Bicameral.

    • E.

      Sovereign.

    Correct Answer
    E. Sovereign.
    Explanation
    Federalism involves two levels of government, both of which are sovereign. Sovereignty refers to the supreme power or authority that a government possesses within its own territory. In a federal system, power is divided between the central government and regional or state governments, and both levels of government have their own spheres of authority. This means that neither level of government is subordinate to the other, and they both have the ability to make decisions and exercise their powers independently within their respective jurisdictions. Therefore, the correct answer is sovereign.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Most forms of economic activity are now included under

    • A.

      First Amendment freedoms.

    • B.

      Interstate commerce.

    • C.

      The doctrine of implied powers.

    • D.

      The reserved powers of the states.

    • E.

      Compact theory.

    Correct Answer
    B. Interstate commerce.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is interstate commerce because the question is asking about the category under which most forms of economic activity are included. Interstate commerce refers to the buying, selling, and transportation of goods and services across state lines. This category encompasses a wide range of economic activities and is regulated by the federal government.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    A block grant is essentially a

    • A.

      Grant that benefits a single, local unit (block).

    • B.

      Group of categorical or project grants.

    • C.

      Reverse grant-in-aid money flows back from the states to the federal government.

    • D.

      Project grant with tighter restrictions.

    • E.

      A project grant with less federal support.

    Correct Answer
    B. Group of categorical or project grants.
    Explanation
    A block grant is a type of grant that consists of a group of categorical or project grants. This means that instead of a single grant, it includes multiple grants that are categorized or focused on specific projects. Unlike a single project grant, a block grant provides more flexibility in how the funds can be used within the designated categories or projects. This allows for a broader range of initiatives and programs to be supported by the grant.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Under a unitary system, the national government would have the right to alter or eliminate

    • A.

      Elections.

    • B.

      The judiciary.

    • C.

      Lower levels of government.

    • D.

      The constitution.

    • E.

      Constitutional amendments.

    Correct Answer
    C. Lower levels of government.
    Explanation
    Under a unitary system, the national government has the authority to change or abolish lower levels of government. In a unitary system, power is concentrated at the national level, and the central government has the ability to restructure or dissolve local governments as it sees fit. This allows for greater control and uniformity in governance across the country.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The McCulloch v. Maryland decision established

    • A.

      Judicial review by the Supreme Court.

    • B.

      State sovereignty in interstate commerce.

    • C.

      National government supremacy over the states.

    • D.

      The legality of the slave trade

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. National government supremacy over the states.
    Explanation
    The McCulloch v. Maryland decision established national government supremacy over the states. This landmark case, decided by the Supreme Court in 1819, involved a dispute over the constitutionality of a Maryland law that imposed taxes on the Bank of the United States. The Court ruled that the federal government had the authority to establish a national bank and that state laws interfering with the exercise of federal powers were unconstitutional. This decision affirmed the principle of federal supremacy over state governments and strengthened the power of the national government.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The effort to pass on to the states many federal functions has been called __________.

    • A.

      Evolution

    • B.

      Third-order devolution

    • C.

      Enhancement

    • D.

      Entitlement

    • E.

      Devolution

    Correct Answer
    E. Devolution
    Explanation
    Devolution refers to the process of transferring power and responsibilities from a central government to regional or local governments. In this context, the effort to pass on federal functions to the states is referred to as devolution. This term implies a shift towards decentralization and a redistribution of power, allowing states to have more control over certain functions that were previously handled by the federal government.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    A federal grant designed for a specific purpose defined by federal law is called

    • A.

      A categorical grant.

    • B.

      A land grant.

    • C.

      A block grant.

    • D.

      Revenue sharing

    • E.

      A project enhancement grant.

    Correct Answer
    A. A categorical grant.
    Explanation
    A federal grant designed for a specific purpose defined by federal law is called a categorical grant. This type of grant is given to states or local governments to fund specific programs or projects that align with the objectives outlined in federal legislation. Unlike block grants or revenue sharing, which provide more flexibility in how funds are used, categorical grants have stricter guidelines and requirements to ensure that the money is used for its intended purpose. A land grant, on the other hand, refers to the transfer of land from the federal government to an individual or organization. A project enhancement grant is not a commonly used term in the context of federal grants.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    By ruling that the government cannot require local police to conduct background checks on all gun purchases, it held that to do so would be a violation of the _____________ Amendment.

    • A.

      Fifth

    • B.

      Sixth

    • C.

      Tenth

    • D.

      Fourteenth

    • E.

      None of the Above

    Correct Answer
    C. Tenth
    Explanation
    The Tenth Amendment to the United States Constitution states that powers not delegated to the federal government are reserved for the states or the people. In this case, the government requiring local police to conduct background checks on all gun purchases would be an exercise of power that is not delegated to the federal government. Therefore, it would be a violation of the Tenth Amendment.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    States cannot declare acts of Congress unconstitutional. In other words, states do have the right of 

    • A.

      Nullification

    • B.

      Local mandate

    • C.

      Dual federalism

    • D.

      Habeas corpus

    • E.

      Recall

    Correct Answer
    A. Nullification
    Explanation
    Nullification refers to the idea that states have the right to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional and therefore refuse to enforce them within their borders. This concept was popularized during the early 19th century, particularly by Southern states, as a means to resist federal laws they deemed unconstitutional, particularly those related to tariffs and slavery. However, the Supreme Court has consistently held that states do not have the power to nullify federal laws, as the Constitution grants ultimate authority to the federal government. Therefore, nullification is not a valid right of states.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The term intergovernmental lobby is used in the text to refer to lobbying activities by

    • A.

      State & local officials at the national government.

    • B.

      One branch of the national government at another branch.

    • C.

      Foreign governments in Washington D.C.

    • D.

      Federal agencies at statehouses & city halls.

    • E.

      Governmental units with ties to interest groups.

    Correct Answer
    A. State & local officials at the national government.
    Explanation
    The term "intergovernmental lobby" refers to lobbying activities carried out by state and local officials at the national government. This means that officials from lower levels of government, such as states and cities, are engaging in lobbying efforts to influence the decisions and policies of the national government. This can include advocating for the interests of their constituents, seeking federal funding or support for local projects, or influencing national legislation that may impact their jurisdictions.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Block grants were designed to remedy a common criticism of categorical grants, namely

    • A.

      Their lack of specificity.

    • B.

      The lack of conditions under which such grants were made.

    • C.

      The difficulty of adapting categorical grants to local needs.

    • D.

      Their discriminatory nature....decisions are too often based on politics.

    • E.

      Their lack of relevance to problems that were perceived to be "national" in nature.

    Correct Answer
    C. The difficulty of adapting categorical grants to local needs.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the difficulty of adapting categorical grants to local needs. Block grants were created to address the criticism that categorical grants were not flexible enough to meet the specific needs of local communities. Unlike categorical grants, which come with strict guidelines and requirements, block grants provide more discretion to local governments to allocate funds according to their specific needs and priorities. This allows for greater flexibility and customization in addressing local issues.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    This procedure in effect in about one-third of the states permits voters to remove an elected official from office.

    • A.

      Initiative

    • B.

      Referendum

    • C.

      Recall

    • D.

      Logrolling

    • E.

      Rollback

    Correct Answer
    C. Recall
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "recall." This procedure allows voters to remove an elected official from office.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The early chief justice whose decisions generally gave the broadest possible sweep to federal power was

    • A.

      Roger Taney.

    • B.

      Frederick Vinson.

    • C.

      John Marshall.

    • D.

      Alexander Hamilton.

    • E.

      John Harlan.

    Correct Answer
    C. John Marshall.
    Explanation
    John Marshall is the correct answer because he served as the Chief Justice of the United States from 1801 to 1835 and is widely regarded as one of the most influential justices in Supreme Court history. Marshall's decisions, such as in the landmark case Marbury v. Madison, established the principle of judicial review and strengthened the power of the federal government. He consistently interpreted the Constitution broadly, expanding federal power and establishing the supremacy of federal law over state law. His rulings laid the foundation for a strong and centralized federal government.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    The Civil War settled one part of the issue of national supremacy versus state's rights, namely, that

    • A.

      State governments are supreme over the national government.

    • B.

      The national government derives it sovereignty from the states.

    • C.

      The national government derives its sovereignty from the people.

    • D.

      The national government derives its sovereignty from both the people an the states.

    • E.

      State government derived their power from each other

    Correct Answer
    C. The national government derives its sovereignty from the people.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the national government derives its sovereignty from the people. This means that the power and authority of the national government come from the consent and support of the people it governs. This concept is rooted in democratic principles, where the government exists to serve and represent the interests of the people. The Civil War helped establish this idea by affirming that the national government's authority is not derived from the states or state governments, but from the people themselves.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Among the Founders, the most prominent and consistent defender of the power of the national government was

    • A.

      Thomas Jefferson.

    • B.

      Patrick Henry.

    • C.

      James Madison.

    • D.

      George Washington.

    • E.

      Alexander Hamilton.

    Correct Answer
    E. Alexander Hamilton.
    Explanation
    Alexander Hamilton was the most prominent and consistent defender of the power of the national government among the Founders. He believed in a strong central government and was a key figure in the drafting of the United States Constitution. Hamilton played a crucial role in advocating for the ratification of the Constitution and was one of the authors of the Federalist Papers, which argued in favor of a strong national government. He also served as the first Secretary of the Treasury under President George Washington, where he implemented policies that strengthened the federal government's authority and economic power.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    The Founders did not include in the U.S. Constitution an explicit statement of state powers but added it later in the

    • A.

      Second Amendment.

    • B.

      Seventh Amendment.

    • C.

      Tenth Amendment.

    • D.

      Fourteenth Amendment.

    • E.

      None of the Above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Tenth Amendment.
    Explanation
    The Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was added later to explicitly state the powers of the states. It was included to clarify that any powers not specifically granted to the federal government are reserved for the states. This amendment was important in maintaining a balance between the federal government and the states, ensuring that the states have autonomy and can govern themselves within their own jurisdictions.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    For the Founders, federalism was a device to

    • A.

      Protect liberty.

    • B.

      Provide efficient local administration.

    • C.

      Encourage citizen participation.

    • D.

      Guarantee equality.

    • E.

      Protect against foreign invasion.

    Correct Answer
    A. Protect liberty.
    Explanation
    The Founders believed that federalism was a means to protect liberty. By dividing power between the national government and the states, they aimed to prevent the concentration of power in one central authority. This system of government allows for checks and balances, ensuring that no single entity can infringe upon the rights and freedoms of the citizens. Federalism also allows for the protection of individual liberties by allowing local governments to address the specific needs and concerns of their communities.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Until recently, the interstate commerce that the federal government can regulate is now interpreted to include

    • A.

      Almost any kind of economic activity.

    • B.

      Only the movement of goods between states.

    • C.

      Almost any commerce in goods, but not labor transactions.

    • D.

      Commerce between states and a handful of transactions within states.

    • E.

      Shipping and handling, but not production

    Correct Answer
    A. Almost any kind of economic activity.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "almost any kind of economic activity." This is because the interpretation of interstate commerce that the federal government can regulate has expanded over time. It now includes not only the movement of goods between states but also almost any economic activity, regardless of whether it involves goods or services. This broad interpretation gives the federal government significant authority to regulate various aspects of the economy.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    This is a procedure that enables voters to reject a measure adopted by the legislature.

    • A.

      Initiative

    • B.

      Referendum

    • C.

      Recall

    • D.

      Logrolling

    • E.

      Reciprocity

    Correct Answer
    B. Referendum
    Explanation
    A referendum is a process that allows voters to reject a measure that has been adopted by the legislature. It gives citizens the power to directly vote on a specific issue or law. This allows for direct democracy and ensures that the voice of the people is heard in important decision-making processes. Referendums are often used to gauge public opinion and provide a way for citizens to have a say in the laws that affect them.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    When a locality is required by federal law to do something, regardless of whether it receives federal funding for that purpose or not, it is called a

    • A.

      Condition of aid

    • B.

      Mandate

    • C.

      Edict

    • D.

      Court decision

    • E.

      Federal demand

    Correct Answer
    B. Mandate
    Explanation
    When a locality is required by federal law to do something, regardless of whether it receives federal funding for that purpose or not, it is called a mandate. A mandate is a directive or instruction that must be followed, often imposed by a higher authority. In this case, the federal law is compelling the locality to take a specific action, irrespective of any financial assistance provided by the federal government.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 15, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Vbplayer6000
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.