Federalism, State And Local Government Test

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Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 1,162
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Federalism, State And Local Government Test - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Before the passage of the Seventeenth Amendment in 1865, identifying with one's state was often more important that national identity.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Before the passage of the Seventeenth Amendment in 1865, the focus of individuals was primarily on their state identity rather than their national identity. This suggests that people were more likely to prioritize their allegiance to their state over their allegiance to the nation as a whole. The Seventeenth Amendment, which established the direct election of senators, may have played a role in shifting the focus towards national identity by giving individuals a more direct say in national politics.

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  • 2. 

    Project grants are the restrictive type of grant issued by the federal government.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Project grants are not the restrictive type of grant issued by the federal government. In fact, project grants are the non-restrictive type of grant. This means that project grants are awarded based on a competitive application process and are not subject to specific requirements or restrictions imposed by the federal government.

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  • 3. 

    Public education today is as much a local issue as it is a state and national issue.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Public education today is considered to be both a local and a state and national issue because it involves multiple levels of governance and decision-making. While local school districts have the autonomy to make decisions about curriculum, funding, and school policies, they are also influenced by state and national education policies and regulations. The state and federal governments play a role in setting standards, providing funding, and implementing educational reforms. Therefore, public education is a complex system that requires collaboration and coordination between local, state, and national entities to ensure quality education for all students.

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  • 4. 

    Monies paid to the federal government by the states are returned in equal proportion to the states.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because monies paid to the federal government by the states are not returned in equal proportion to the states. The distribution of funds from the federal government to the states is based on various factors such as population size, economic conditions, and specific needs of each state. Therefore, some states may receive more funding than others, depending on these factors.

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  • 5. 

    Differences in tax rates often lead to discord between states as consumers from one state travel to another to shop.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Differences in tax rates between states can create a situation where consumers from one state choose to travel to another state to shop. This can cause discord between the states as it may lead to a loss of revenue for the state with higher tax rates and an increase in revenue for the state with lower tax rates. This can create tension and competition between the states, causing discord.

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  • 6. 

    The New Deal was an economic program associated with the presidency of Franklin Roosevelt.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The New Deal was indeed an economic program associated with the presidency of Franklin Roosevelt. It was a series of policies and programs implemented during the 1930s in response to the Great Depression. The New Deal aimed to provide relief, recovery, and reform to the American economy, with initiatives such as the creation of jobs, regulation of the financial sector, and the establishment of social welfare programs. Franklin Roosevelt's presidency is often closely associated with the New Deal, as it represented a significant shift in government intervention in the economy to address the devastating effects of the Great Depression.

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  • 7. 

    Traditionally, local units of government have served primarily to implement state laws.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Local units of government have historically been responsible for implementing state laws. This means that they have acted as the intermediary between the state government and the local community, ensuring that state laws are enforced and carried out at the local level. This can include various responsibilities such as enforcing regulations, collecting taxes, providing public services, and maintaining infrastructure. By implementing state laws, local units of government help to ensure consistency and compliance across different regions within a state. Therefore, the statement "Traditionally, local units of government have served primarily to implement state laws" is true.

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  • 8. 

    What term means a system in which the national and state levels are sovereign within their own spheres?

    Correct Answer
    dual federalism
    Explanation
    Dual federalism is a term that refers to a system in which both the national and state levels of government are considered sovereign within their own spheres. This means that each level of government has its own separate and distinct powers and responsibilities, and neither level can encroach upon the powers of the other. In dual federalism, the national government is limited to its enumerated powers, while the states retain their reserved powers. This concept of dual sovereignty helps to maintain a balance of power between the national and state governments, ensuring that neither level becomes too dominant or overreaching.

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  • 9. 

    Which amendment established a federal income tax?

    Correct Answer
    Sixteenth Amendment
    Explanation
    The Sixteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution established a federal income tax. This amendment was ratified in 1913 and gave Congress the power to levy and collect taxes on incomes, regardless of the source. Prior to this amendment, the federal government primarily relied on tariffs and excise taxes for revenue. The Sixteenth Amendment significantly expanded the government's ability to generate income and fund various programs and initiatives.

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  • 10. 

    What form of government is based on limiting government by disributing and dividing power among several government levels and organizations?

    • A.

      Nationalism

    • B.

      Confederacy

    • C.

      Federalism

    • D.

      Tyranny

    Correct Answer
    C. Federalism
    Explanation
    Federalism is a form of government that is based on limiting government power by distributing and dividing power among several government levels and organizations. In a federal system, power is shared between a central government and regional or state governments, allowing for a balance of power and autonomy at different levels. This system helps to prevent concentration of power and promotes cooperation and coordination between different levels of government.

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  • 11. 

    Delegated powers are those powers given to which level of government?

    • A.

      States

    • B.

      Localities

    • C.

      National

    • D.

      International

    Correct Answer
    C. National
    Explanation
    Delegated powers are powers that are given to the national level of government. This means that certain powers and responsibilities are specifically assigned to the national government by the constitution or through legislation. These powers are distinct from the powers held by the states or localities. Delegated powers allow the national government to have authority over issues that affect the entire country, such as defense, foreign policy, and interstate commerce.

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  • 12. 

    What is the source of implied powers?

    • A.

      Enumerated powers

    • B.

      Denied powers

    • C.

      Shared powers

    • D.

      Reserved powers

    Correct Answer
    A. Enumerated powers
    Explanation
    The source of implied powers is the enumerated powers. Implied powers are those powers that are not explicitly stated in the Constitution but are necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated powers. The Constitution grants certain powers to the federal government, and these powers are specifically listed in the Constitution. However, in order to effectively exercise these powers, the government may need to use additional powers that are not explicitly mentioned. These implied powers are derived from the enumerated powers and are necessary for the government to fulfill its responsibilities.

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  • 13. 

    With which level of government are the reserved powers generally associated?

    • A.

      Counties

    • B.

      National

    • C.

      Cities

    • D.

      States

    Correct Answer
    D. States
    Explanation
    Reserved powers are powers that are not specifically granted to the national government in the United States Constitution and are therefore reserved for the states. This means that the states have the authority to exercise these powers and make decisions on issues that are not explicitly given to the national government. Therefore, the correct answer is states.

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  • 14. 

    What is the source of local government?

    • A.

      State government

    • B.

      National government

    • C.

      The Constitution

    • D.

      The Bill of Rights

    Correct Answer
    A. State government
    Explanation
    The source of local government is the state government. Local governments are created and regulated by state governments, which have the authority to establish and delegate powers to local governments. This allows for the distribution of power and decision-making between the state and local levels, ensuring that local communities have a voice in governing themselves.

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  • 15. 

    Since 1913, what has provided a continuous source of money for the national government?

    • A.

      Property tax

    • B.

      Sale of public lands

    • C.

      Protective tariffs

    • D.

      Income tax

    Correct Answer
    D. Income tax
    Explanation
    The income tax has provided a continuous source of money for the national government since 1913. This tax is levied on the income of individuals and businesses, allowing the government to generate revenue to fund various programs and services. Unlike property tax, which is a tax on the value of real estate, or the sale of public lands, which is a one-time transaction, the income tax provides a consistent and ongoing source of income for the government. Protective tariffs, on the other hand, are taxes on imported goods and do not directly provide money for the national government.

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  • 16. 

    Select ALL the problems related to Federalism listed below.

    • A.

      Maintaining federal distinctions between levels of government

    • B.

      The give and take associated with federal aid

    • C.

      The increasing national debt

    • D.

      Competition among the states for funds

    • E.

      The state and national government sharing power equally

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Maintaining federal distinctions between levels of government
    B. The give and take associated with federal aid
    C. The increasing national debt
    D. Competition among the states for funds
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes maintaining federal distinctions between levels of government, the give and take associated with federal aid, the increasing national debt, and competition among the states for funds. These problems are all related to federalism because they involve the relationship and interaction between different levels of government in a federal system. Maintaining federal distinctions ensures that the powers and responsibilities of each level of government are clearly defined. The give and take associated with federal aid refers to the negotiations and compromises that take place between the federal government and the states when providing financial assistance. The increasing national debt is a problem because it can limit the ability of the federal government to provide aid to the states. Competition among the states for funds highlights the desire of each state to secure resources and funding from the federal government.

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  • 17. 

    Eligibility requirements for voting are the same for all the states.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because eligibility requirements for voting vary from state to state. Each state has its own set of criteria that individuals must meet in order to be eligible to vote. These criteria may include factors such as age, residency, citizenship, and registration. Therefore, it cannot be said that the eligibility requirements for voting are the same for all states.

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  • 18. 

    Congress determines how many counties each state may have.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Congress does not determine how many counties each state may have. The number of counties within a state is typically determined by the state government itself, based on factors such as population, geographic size, and administrative needs. Congress does not have the authority to dictate the number of counties within a state. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 19. 

    Powers that states and the federal government share are called concurrent powers?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Concurrent powers are powers that are shared by both the state and federal government. These powers allow both levels of government to exercise authority over certain areas, such as taxation, law enforcement, and regulating commerce. This division of powers helps to maintain a balance between the state and federal governments and allows them to work together in governing the country. Therefore, the statement that powers shared by states and the federal government are called concurrent powers is true.

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  • 20. 

    The Supremacy clause says state laws are superior to federal laws.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Supremacy clause actually states that federal laws are superior to state laws. This means that when there is a conflict between a federal law and a state law, the federal law takes precedence and must be followed. This clause is found in Article VI of the United States Constitution and is an important principle of federalism in the country.

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  • 21. 

    The Constitution lets Congress do what is "necessary and proper" for carrying out its powers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Constitution grants Congress the authority to take actions that are deemed "necessary and proper" in order to fulfill its powers. This means that Congress has the flexibility to pass laws and make decisions that are essential for effectively carrying out its responsibilities and duties. This provision ensures that Congress has the ability to adapt and respond to the changing needs and challenges of the country. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 22. 

    An association of independent states is called a unitary form of government.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A unitary form of government is actually a type of government where power is centralized in a single central authority, and local governments derive their powers from this central authority. In contrast, an association of independent states is called a confederal form of government, where power is decentralized and each state retains its sovereignty. Therefore, the statement that an association of independent states is called a unitary form of government is incorrect.

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  • 23. 

    A unitary form of government does not divide power between a central government and lower governments.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A unitary form of government is characterized by a central government that holds all the power and authority. In this system, there is no division of power between the central government and lower governments or regions. The central government has the ultimate decision-making authority and can delegate power to lower governments if it chooses to do so. Therefore, the statement that a unitary form of government does not divide power between a central government and lower governments is true.

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  • 24. 

    A county is smaller than a state.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement is comparing the size of a county to that of a state. Generally, a county is smaller in terms of land area, population, and governmental jurisdiction compared to a state. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 25. 

    Counties are called counties in every state.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is not true as counties are not called counties in every state. Different states may use different terms to refer to their administrative divisions, such as parishes in Louisiana or boroughs in Alaska. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 26. 

    Counties receive money from the state.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Counties receive money from the state. This statement is true because in many countries, states or provinces allocate funds to local governments or counties to support their operations and provide essential services to their residents. This funding can come from various sources such as taxes, grants, or revenue sharing programs. It is an important mechanism to ensure that counties have the necessary resources to fulfill their responsibilities and meet the needs of their communities.

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  • 27. 

    Most of a county's money comes from the state.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is "Most of a county's money comes from the state." The correct answer is false. This means that the statement is not true. It suggests that the majority of a county's money does not come from the state. The explanation for this could be that counties generate revenue from various sources such as property taxes, sales taxes, fees, and grants, in addition to any funding they may receive from the state government. Therefore, the statement is false as counties have multiple sources of income, not just the state.

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  • 28. 

    The federal government can require a county to provide a service.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The federal government has the authority to require a county to provide a service because of its power to regulate and enforce laws at a national level. This can be seen in various instances where federal laws mandate counties to provide certain services, such as education or healthcare. This ensures that essential services are uniformly provided across the country and helps maintain a consistent standard of living for all citizens.

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  • 29. 

    Dillon's Rule says that a county has its own natural power.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Dillon's Rule states that local governments, including counties, only have the powers that are explicitly granted to them by the state government. This means that counties do not have inherent or natural powers, but rather their authority is derived from the state government.

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  • 30. 

    All county governments include a county administrator.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because not all county governments include a county administrator. While some county governments may have a county administrator, it is not a requirement for all county governments. Therefore, the answer is false.

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  • 31. 

    County governments have only "executive branch" powers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    County governments do not have only "executive branch" powers. In the United States, county governments typically have both legislative and executive powers. The legislative powers allow them to pass ordinances and regulations, while the executive powers enable them to enforce laws and manage county affairs. Therefore, the statement that county governments have only "executive branch" powers is false.

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  • 32. 

    Our county system came from Germany.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is "Our county system came from Germany." The correct answer is False. This means that the county system did not originate from Germany.

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  • 33. 

    There are about 3,000 counties in the United States.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because there are indeed around 3,000 counties in the United States. Counties are administrative divisions within states, and each state can have multiple counties. The exact number of counties may vary slightly over time due to changes in boundaries or the creation of new counties, but generally, there are approximately 3,000 counties in the United States.

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  • 34. 

    California has the most counties.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    California does not have the most counties. The correct answer is False.

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  • 35. 

    The constitution gives a specific list of powers to the federal government.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the constitution indeed provides a specific list of powers to the federal government. These powers are clearly outlined in the document, granting the federal government authority in areas such as defense, taxation, and interstate commerce. This division of powers between the federal government and the states is a fundamental aspect of the United States' system of government, known as federalism.

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  • 36. 

    The Constitution gives a specific list of powers to the states.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Constitution does not give a specific list of powers to the states. Instead, it outlines the powers of the federal government and reserves all other powers to the states. This is known as the principle of federalism, where powers are divided between the national and state governments. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 37. 

    The Constitution lists some specific things states CAN'T do.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Constitution indeed includes a list of specific things that states are prohibited from doing. These limitations are outlined in various sections and amendments of the Constitution, such as the Supremacy Clause, which establishes that federal law takes precedence over state law in certain situations. Additionally, the Constitution grants certain powers exclusively to the federal government, restricting states from exercising those powers. Therefore, it is accurate to say that the Constitution lists some specific things that states cannot do.

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  • 38. 

    States do not have their own constitutions or laws.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    States do have their own constitutions and laws. In federal systems, such as the United States, each state has the power to create and enforce its own laws, as long as they do not conflict with the federal constitution. State constitutions outline the structure of state government and provide rights and protections for its citizens. These constitutions can be amended or revised by the state's legislative process. Additionally, states have the authority to create and enforce laws on a wide range of issues, including education, healthcare, and criminal justice. Therefore, the statement that states do not have their own constitutions or laws is false.

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  • 39. 

    The Constitution does not say anything about local governments.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Constitution of a country typically focuses on the structure and powers of the national government, rather than local governments. Local governments are usually established and regulated by state or provincial laws, not the Constitution. The Constitution may provide some general principles or guidelines for local governments, but it does not specifically address them in detail. Therefore, the statement is correct in stating that the Constitution does not say anything about local governments.

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  • 40. 

    Local governments have their own power to make decisions about anything.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Local governments do not have complete autonomy to make decisions about anything. They operate within the framework of state or national laws and regulations. While they have some degree of decision-making power, their authority is limited and they must adhere to higher-level laws and policies. Therefore, the statement that local governments have their own power to make decisions about anything is false.

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  • 41. 

    Laws at a lower level of government are always superior to laws at a higher level.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because laws at a higher level of government, such as federal laws, have supremacy over laws at a lower level, such as state or local laws. This concept is known as the principle of federal supremacy, which ensures that federal laws take precedence over conflicting state laws.

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  • 42. 

    The federal government can influence states by attaching rules to federal money.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The federal government can influence states by attaching rules to federal money. This is true because when the federal government provides funding to states, they often require states to follow certain guidelines or regulations in order to receive the money. By attaching these rules, the federal government can ensure that states use the funds in ways that align with their objectives or policies. This allows the federal government to have some control and influence over how states operate and make decisions.

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  • 43. 

    Which form of tax makes up the largest percentage (30 percent) of state tax revenue across all fifty states?

    • A.

      Income taxes

    • B.

      General sales taxes

    • C.

      Licenses and fees

    • D.

      Property taxes

    Correct Answer
    D. Property taxes
    Explanation
    Property taxes make up the largest percentage (30 percent) of state tax revenue across all fifty states. This is because property taxes are levied on the value of real estate and other properties owned by individuals and businesses. These taxes are typically collected by local governments and are used to fund various public services and infrastructure projects. The high percentage of revenue generated by property taxes can be attributed to the fact that real estate is a significant asset for most individuals and businesses, making it a reliable source of tax revenue for states.

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  • 44. 

    What title is given to a state's chief officer of its executive branch?

    Correct Answer
    governor
    Explanation
    The title given to a state's chief officer of its executive branch is governor. The governor is responsible for leading the state's government, implementing policies, and making executive decisions. They are elected by the people and serve as the highest-ranking official in the state. The governor's role is crucial in ensuring the smooth functioning of the state's administration and representing the interests of its citizens.

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  • 45. 

    Which term is NOT applied to the basic unit into which all states are divided?

    • A.

      Borough

    • B.

      County

    • C.

      Parish

    • D.

      Special district

    Correct Answer
    D. Special district
    Explanation
    The term "special district" is not applied to the basic unit into which all states are divided. Borough, county, and parish are commonly used terms to refer to the basic units of division within states. However, special districts are separate entities that are created to provide specific services within a defined geographic area, such as water supply or transportation, and they are not considered as the fundamental units of state division.

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  • 46. 

    The lowest divisions of political organization are called

    • A.

      County commissions

    • B.

      Precincts

    • C.

      Referendums

    • D.

      Special districts

    Correct Answer
    B. Precincts
    Explanation
    Precincts are the lowest divisions of political organization. They are geographical areas that determine the boundaries for voting and representation purposes. Precincts are used to organize and administer elections, with each precinct having its own polling location. They play a crucial role in ensuring fair and accurate representation by dividing larger territories into smaller, manageable units for governance and electoral processes. County commissions, referendums, and special districts are not the lowest divisions of political organization and serve different purposes in the political system.

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  • 47. 

    Check the powers that belong to LOCAL governments.

    • A.

      Naming Streets

    • B.

      Determining methods for selecting municipal judges

    • C.

      Setting truancy regulations

    • D.

      Issuing drivers' licenses

    • E.

      Setting minimum teacher salaries

    • F.

      Regulating taxation

    • G.

      School speed limits

    • H.

      Setting juvenile curfews

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Naming Streets
    B. Determining methods for selecting municipal judges
    C. Setting truancy regulations
    F. Regulating taxation
    G. School speed limits
    H. Setting juvenile curfews
    Explanation
    The powers that belong to LOCAL governments include naming streets, determining methods for selecting municipal judges, setting truancy regulations, regulating taxation, setting school speed limits, and setting juvenile curfews. These powers are typically delegated to local governments to allow them to govern and manage their own communities effectively.

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  • 48. 

    Select the powers that belong to State governments.

    • A.

      Summoning citizens for jury duty

    • B.

      Selecting automobiles for the highway patrol

    • C.

      Ratifying amendments to the federal Constitution

    • D.

      Paying for interstate highways

    • E.

      Conducting federal elections

    • F.

      Setting age for purchase and consumption of alcohol

    • G.

      Declaring War

    • H.

      Regulation hunting and fishing licenses

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Summoning citizens for jury duty
    B. Selecting automobiles for the highway patrol
    C. Ratifying amendments to the federal Constitution
    E. Conducting federal elections
    F. Setting age for purchase and consumption of alcohol
    H. Regulation hunting and fishing licenses
    Explanation
    The powers that belong to State governments include summoning citizens for jury duty, selecting automobiles for the highway patrol, ratifying amendments to the federal Constitution, conducting federal elections, setting age for purchase and consumption of alcohol, and regulating hunting and fishing licenses. These powers are typically delegated to the State governments as part of their authority to govern and make decisions on behalf of their respective states.

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  • 49. 

    Select the powers that belong to the FEDERAL government.

    • A.

      Appointing diplomats.

    • B.

      Regulating taxation.

    • C.

      Summoning citizens for jury duty.

    • D.

      Setting garbage regulations.

    • E.

      Collecting income tax.

    • F.

      Maintaining the postal service.

    • G.

      Issuing parking tickets.

    • H.

      Setting automobile safety standards, such as air bags.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Appointing diplomats.
    B. Regulating taxation.
    C. Summoning citizens for jury duty.
    E. Collecting income tax.
    F. Maintaining the postal service.
    H. Setting automobile safety standards, such as air bags.
    Explanation
    The powers that belong to the FEDERAL government include appointing diplomats, regulating taxation, summoning citizens for jury duty, collecting income tax, maintaining the postal service, and setting automobile safety standards, such as air bags. These powers are specifically granted to the federal government by the Constitution and are not within the jurisdiction of state or local governments.

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  • 50. 

    Does this sound like a state law or local ordinance: "No one living in the area may breed livestock of any kind."

    • A.

      State

    • B.

      Local

    Correct Answer
    B. Local
    Explanation
    This statement is likely a local ordinance because it restricts a specific activity within a specific area. State laws typically apply to a broader jurisdiction and may not be as specific as this statement.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Oct 19, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Tammy McIlvoy
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