Balanced Diet MCQ Quiz Questions And Answers

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Balanced Diet MCQ Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Test your knowledge of a balanced diet by simply taking this balanced diet MCQ quiz. A balanced diet is known as a diet that has differing kinds of foods in various measured quantities and proportions so that the requirement for calories, proteins, minerals, vitamins, and alternative nutrients is proper, and a small provision is kept for additional nutrients to compensate the short length of leanness. Let's test your knowledge now! Good luck, buddy!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Why do we need to eat a balanced diet?

    • A.

      To give us energy

    • B.

      In order for our bodies to function properly

    • C.

      To help us grow

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    A balanced diet is essential for energy, proper bodily function, and overall health. It provides the necessary nutrients for bodily processes, supports growth and development, and helps maintain a healthy weight. Consuming a variety of foods in appropriate proportions ensures that the body receives essential vitamins, minerals, and macronutrients for optimal well-being.

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  • 2. 

    Malnutrition means

    • A.

      A person is not eating properly

    • B.

      May mean undernutrition or overnutrition

    • C.

      Someone is starved

    • D.

      Someone is eating too much

    Correct Answer
    B. May mean undernutrition or overnutrition
    Explanation
    Malnutrition refers to a condition where a person's diet is inadequate or imbalanced, leading to negative health effects. This can manifest as undernutrition, which occurs when a person does not consume enough essential nutrients, or as overnutrition, which happens when someone consumes excessive amounts of food, often leading to obesity and related health issues. Therefore, malnutrition can encompass both scenarios of undernutrition and overnutrition.

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  • 3. 

    If someone is deficient in a nutrient, it means

    • A.

      They do not eat enough vitamins.

    • B.

      They do not like nuts.

    • C.

      They are not eating enough nutrient, and it is giving them symptoms.

    • D.

      They are not getting doing workout. 

    Correct Answer
    C. They are not eating enough nutrient, and it is giving them symptoms.
    Explanation
    If someone is deficient in a nutrient, it means that they are not consuming enough of that particular nutrient in their diet, and as a result, they are experiencing symptoms associated with the deficiency. This could include a wide range of symptoms depending on the specific nutrient lacking, such as fatigue, weakness, impaired cognitive function, or even more severe health issues. It is important to maintain a balanced diet and ensure an adequate intake of all essential nutrients to prevent deficiencies and maintain optimal health.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is NOT a dairy product?

    • A.

      Milk

    • B.

      Yogurt

    • C.

      Fromage frais

    • D.

      Veal

    Correct Answer
    D. Veal
    Explanation
    Veal is not a dairy product because it is the meat of a young calf, typically taken from a cow. Dairy products are derived from milk, such as milk itself, yogurt, and fromage frais. Veal, on the other hand, is considered a type of meat and is not made from milk.

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  • 5. 

    Fruit and vegetables are important because 

    • A.

      They give you energy.

    • B.

      They provide you with a wide variety of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients.

    • C.

      They are colorful.

    • D.

      They are easily available.

    Correct Answer
    B. They provide you with a wide variety of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients.
    Explanation
    Fruits and vegetables are important because they provide a wide variety of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. These essential nutrients are necessary for the proper functioning of our body and play a crucial role in maintaining good health. They help boost our immune system, support growth and development, and reduce the risk of chronic diseases. Additionally, fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants and fiber, which are beneficial for digestion and overall well-being.

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  • 6. 

    Foods containing starch and carbohydrates are important because

    • A.

      They help you grow.

    • B.

      They stop you from getting overweight.

    • C.

      They are easy to cook.

    • D.

      They give you energy and fill you up.

    Correct Answer
    D. They give you energy and fill you up.
    Explanation
    Foods containing starch and carbohydrates give you energy because they are a source of glucose, which is the primary fuel for our bodies. When we consume these foods, our bodies break down the starch and carbohydrates into glucose, which is then used by our cells for energy. Additionally, these foods fill you up because they are often high in fiber, which adds bulk to your diet and helps you feel full for longer periods of time. This can prevent overeating and aid in weight management.

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  • 7. 

    Meat, fish, and other alternatives provide the following important nutrient.

    • A.

      Carbohydrate

    • B.

      Protein

    • C.

      Sugar

    • D.

      Fiber

    Correct Answer
    B. Protein
    Explanation
    Meat, fish, and other alternatives are important sources of protein. Protein is an essential nutrient that is necessary for the growth, repair, and maintenance of body tissues. It is also involved in various metabolic processes and plays a key role in the formation of enzymes, hormones, and antibodies. Including protein-rich foods in the diet helps to meet the body's protein needs and supports overall health and well-being.

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  • 8. 

    Breastfeeding and bottle-feeding have the following important difference.

    • A.

      Breastfeeding is easy.

    • B.

      Bottle-feeding is easy.

    • C.

      Breast milk contains antibodies that protect the baby from infection.

    • D.

      Formula milk contains antibodies that protect the baby from infection.

    Correct Answer
    C. Breast milk contains antibodies that protect the baby from infection.
    Explanation
    Breast milk contains antibodies that protect the baby from infection. This is because breast milk is produced by the mother's body and is specifically tailored to meet the baby's nutritional needs. It contains antibodies that the mother has developed, which can help to boost the baby's immune system and protect against infections. On the other hand, formula milk does not contain these antibodies as it is a manufactured product and cannot replicate the unique composition of breast milk.

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  • 9. 

    It is recommended that babies are weaned at

    • A.

      6 months

    • B.

      3 months

    • C.

      4 months

    • D.

      When the baby is ready

    Correct Answer
    A. 6 months
    Explanation
    Babies are recommended to be weaned at 6 months because by this age, their digestive system is more developed and they are better able to handle solid foods. Breast milk or formula alone is sufficient for their nutritional needs until this age. Starting solids too early, such as at 3 or 4 months, can increase the risk of allergies, digestive issues, and obesity. Waiting until the baby is ready, which is typically around 6 months, ensures that they are developmentally ready to handle and benefit from solid foods.

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  • 10. 

    Adolescents need extra energy and protein in their diet due to rapid growth and bodily changes. Which of the following would you recommend to provide this

    • A.

      Extra snacks between meals

    • B.

      Extra chips

    • C.

      A Big Mac after school

    • D.

      More chocolate

    Correct Answer
    A. Extra snacks between meals
    Explanation
    Adolescents need extra energy and protein in their diet due to rapid growth and bodily changes. Extra snacks between meals would be recommended to provide this. Snacks can be a good source of additional energy and protein, especially if they are nutritious and balanced. They can help meet the increased nutritional requirements of adolescents during this phase of growth and development. Extra chips, a Big Mac, or more chocolate may provide calories but may lack the necessary nutrients needed for proper growth and development.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following foods should be avoided in pregnancy?

    • A.

      Meat

    • B.

      Fish

    • C.

      Eggs

    • D.

      Unpasteurized cheeses

    Correct Answer
    D. Unpasteurized cheeses
    Explanation
    During pregnancy, it is recommended to avoid unpasteurized cheeses. This is because these cheeses can contain harmful bacteria such as Listeria, which can lead to foodborne illnesses like listeriosis. Listeriosis can be particularly dangerous for pregnant women as it can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, or severe illness in the newborn. Pasteurization is a process that kills harmful bacteria, so consuming pasteurized cheeses is considered safe during pregnancy. Therefore, it is important for pregnant women to choose cheeses that are made from pasteurized milk to reduce the risk of foodborne infections.

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  • 12. 

    In adulthood, energy needs should balance with diet to prevent weight gain.  Why is this?

    • A.

      Because they have stopped growing.

    • B.

      Because they may not need as much food.

    • C.

      Because they may not be as active.

    • D.

      Because they are working.

    Correct Answer
    A. Because they have stopped growing.
    Explanation
    In adulthood, individuals have typically stopped growing, meaning their bodies require less energy for growth and development. Therefore, their energy needs should align with their diet to prevent weight gain. Additionally, as people age, their metabolism tends to slow down, resulting in a decreased need for calories. Furthermore, adults may not be as physically active as they were during their younger years, which can also contribute to a decrease in energy needs. Lastly, the fact that they are working implies that they may have a sedentary lifestyle, further reducing their energy requirements.

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  • 13. 

    People over the age of 65 may have a poor appetite.  This may affect

    • A.

      Their nutritional intake

    • B.

      The amount of exercise they take

    • C.

      Their sleep pattern

    • D.

      Their weight

    Correct Answer
    A. Their nutritional intake
    Explanation
    As people age, their appetite may decrease, leading to a poor appetite. This can result in a reduction in their nutritional intake, as they may not be consuming enough essential nutrients for their body's needs. This can have a negative impact on their overall health and well-being.

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  • 14. 

    The most important factors that affect our nutritional requirements are

    • A.

      Weight and appetite

    • B.

      Growth and activity

    • C.

      Weight and activity

    • D.

      Appetite and growth

    Correct Answer
    B. Growth and activity
    Explanation
    The correct answer is growth and activity. Our nutritional requirements are influenced by factors such as our growth rate and level of physical activity. During periods of growth, such as childhood or adolescence, our bodies require more nutrients to support the development of bones, muscles, and organs. Similarly, individuals who engage in high levels of physical activity, such as athletes or laborers, have increased energy and nutrient needs to fuel their performance and aid in recovery. Therefore, growth and activity are key factors that determine our nutritional requirements.

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  • 15. 

    A balanced diet will help prevent

    • A.

      Illness

    • B.

      Appetite

    • C.

      Growth

    • D.

      Malnutrition

    Correct Answer
    D. Malnutrition
    Explanation
    A balanced diet is important for maintaining good health and preventing various illnesses. It provides the body with essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that are needed for proper functioning. Malnutrition occurs when the body does not receive adequate nutrition, either due to an unbalanced diet or insufficient intake of nutrients. Therefore, a balanced diet helps prevent malnutrition by ensuring that the body receives all the necessary nutrients in the right proportions.

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