Clinical Abbreviations Part 3

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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 327
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Clinical Abbreviations Part 3 - Quiz


nursing abbreviations


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Ml

    Explanation
    The given answer, "milliliter," is the correct answer. A milliliter is a unit of measurement in the metric system used to measure volume. It is equal to one-thousandth of a liter. In this context, "ml" is the abbreviation for milliliter. Therefore, milliliter is the appropriate answer for this question.

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  • 2. 

    Mod.

    Explanation
    "mod." is an abbreviation for the word "moderate". In this context, "moderate" means to keep within reasonable limits or to avoid extremes. Therefore, "moderate" is the correct answer as it is the full form of the abbreviation "mod."

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  • 3. 

    NC or nc

    Explanation
    The correct answer for "NC or nc" is "nasal cannula". A nasal cannula is a medical device used to deliver supplemental oxygen to patients. It consists of two small prongs that are inserted into the patient's nostrils, with tubing that connects to an oxygen source. The nasal cannula is commonly used in hospitals, clinics, and home care settings to provide oxygen therapy for patients with respiratory conditions or those in need of increased oxygen levels.

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  • 4. 

    NG

    Explanation
    The abbreviation "NG" stands for "nasogastric." A nasogastric tube is a medical device that is inserted through the nose and into the stomach. It is used for various purposes, such as removing excess fluids or air from the stomach, administering medication or nutrition, or obtaining samples for testing. The correct answer, "nasogastric," accurately represents the meaning of the abbreviation "NG."

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  • 5. 

    NKA

    Explanation
    The abbreviation "NKA" stands for "no known allergies." This means that the person in question does not have any allergies that are currently known or documented.

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  • 6. 

    Noct.

    Explanation
    The term "Noct." is an abbreviation for "nocturnal," which refers to activities or events that occur during the night. Therefore, the correct answer, "night time," aligns with the meaning of "nocturnal" and accurately represents the given abbreviation.

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  • 7. 

    NPO

    Explanation
    The abbreviation "NPO" stands for "nothing by mouth." This term is commonly used in medical settings to indicate that a patient should not consume any food or liquids orally. This may be due to various reasons such as preparing for a medical procedure or surgery, or to allow the digestive system to rest and recover. The patient is typically provided with alternative methods of nutrition and hydration, such as intravenous fluids or tube feeding, to ensure their nutritional needs are met while avoiding oral intake.

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  • 8. 

    NSR

    Explanation
    NSR stands for normal sinus rhythm, which refers to the normal electrical activity of the heart. In NSR, the heart's electrical signals originate from the sinus node, which is the natural pacemaker of the heart. This rhythm is characterized by a regular heart rate, with a consistent pattern of P waves, QRS complexes, and T waves on an electrocardiogram (ECG). NSR indicates that the heart is functioning normally and efficiently, maintaining an appropriate heart rate and rhythm.

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  • 9. 

    Nsy

  • 10. 

    N & V

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "nausea and vomiting." This is because the question provides two letters, "N" and "V," which are commonly used as abbreviations for "nausea" and "vomiting." Therefore, the answer is the full phrase "nausea and vomiting," which represents the given letters.

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  • 11. 

    NWB

  • 12. 

    O or os

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "orally, by mouth" because both terms refer to the same method of administering medication or substances. "Orally" means taking something through the mouth, usually in the form of swallowing a pill or liquid. "By mouth" is another way to describe the same process, emphasizing that the substance is ingested through the mouth rather than being injected or applied topically.

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  • 13. 

    O2

    Explanation
    The answer "oxygen" is the correct answer because O2 is the chemical formula for oxygen. Oxygen is a gas that is essential for sustaining life and is commonly found in the Earth's atmosphere. It is used by living organisms for respiration and plays a crucial role in various biological and chemical processes.

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  • 14. 

    OB

  • 15. 

    OBS

  • 16. 

    Occas.

    Explanation
    The given word "occas." is an abbreviation for "occasional". "Occasional" means happening or occurring infrequently or irregularly. Therefore, the correct answer is "occasional".

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  • 17. 

    OOB

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "out of bed, up and about." This answer is derived from the given acronym "OOB" which stands for "out of bed." Additionally, the phrase "up and about" is a common expression used to describe someone who is no longer in bed and actively moving or engaging in activities. Therefore, both "out of bed" and "up and about" accurately represent the meaning of the acronym "OOB."

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  • 18. 

    OP

    Explanation
    An outpatient is a term used in healthcare to refer to a patient who receives medical treatment or services without being admitted to a hospital or healthcare facility for an overnight stay. This could include procedures, consultations, or follow-up visits that do not require an extended stay. The abbreviation "OP" is commonly used to represent outpatient in medical records and communication.

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  • 19. 

    OR

  • 20. 

    ORIF

    Explanation
    ORIF stands for open reduction and internal fixation. It is a surgical procedure used to treat fractures. "Open reduction" refers to the surgical realignment of the fractured bones, while "internal fixation" involves the use of implants such as screws, plates, or rods to stabilize the bones and promote proper healing. This procedure is commonly performed when a fracture is severe or unstable and cannot be treated effectively with more conservative methods such as casting or splinting. ORIF helps to restore the normal alignment and function of the fractured bone, allowing for proper healing and reducing the risk of complications.

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  • 21. 

    O.T.

  • 22. 

    OTC

    Explanation
    OTC stands for "over the counter," which refers to medications or products that can be purchased without a prescription. These are typically found in pharmacies or drugstores and are easily accessible to the general public. OTC medications are considered safe for self-diagnosis and self-treatment of common ailments. They are regulated by government agencies to ensure their safety and efficacy.

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  • 23. 

    Oz.

  • 24. 

    P

  • 25. 

    P.c.

    Explanation
    The abbreviation "p.c." stands for "post cibum" which means "after meals" in Latin. This indicates that the correct answer is "after meals".

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  • 26. 

    PCN

    Explanation
    The given answer, penicillin, is the correct explanation for the acronym PCN. PCN is commonly used as an abbreviation for penicillin, which is a group of antibiotics used to treat various bacterial infections. Penicillin is one of the most widely used antibiotics and has been instrumental in saving countless lives since its discovery.

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  • 27. 

    P.E.

    Explanation
    The given answer includes three different terms: pulmonary embolism, pulmonary edema, and physical exam. Pulmonary embolism refers to a blockage in one of the pulmonary arteries in the lungs, usually caused by a blood clot. Pulmonary edema, on the other hand, is a condition characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the lungs, often caused by heart failure. Lastly, physical exam refers to the examination of a patient's body by a healthcare professional to assess their overall health and diagnose any potential medical conditions.

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  • 28. 

    PEARL

    Explanation
    This answer suggests that the term "PEARL" is an acronym used in medical settings to describe the condition of pupils being reactive and equal to light. In other words, when a light is shined into the eyes, the pupils should constrict (reactive) and be the same size (equal). This response is important for assessing the neurological function of a patient.

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  • 29. 

    Ped.

  • 30. 

    Per

  • 31. 

    PERRL

    Explanation
    PERRL is an acronym used to assess the condition of a person's pupils. It stands for pupils equal, round, reactive to light. When the pupils are equal, it means that they are the same size. Round refers to the shape of the pupils, which should be circular. Reactive to light means that the pupils constrict when exposed to light. This assessment is important in determining the neurological function and responsiveness of an individual.

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  • 32. 

    PERRLA

    Explanation
    The term "PERRLA" is an acronym used in medical examinations to assess the pupillary response of a patient. It stands for pupils equal, round, reactive to light with accommodation. This means that the patient's pupils are the same size, have a circular shape, and respond appropriately to light by constricting, as well as adjusting when focusing on a near object. This assessment helps determine the normal functioning of the patient's pupillary reflexes and overall neurological health.

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  • 33. 

    P.I.D.

    Explanation
    P.I.D. stands for pelvic inflammatory disease. This is an infection of the female reproductive organs, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It is usually caused by sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, but can also result from other types of bacteria. P.I.D. can cause symptoms like pelvic pain, abnormal vaginal discharge, painful urination, and fever. If left untreated, it can lead to complications like infertility or chronic pelvic pain. Therefore, it is important to diagnose and treat P.I.D. promptly to prevent long-term complications.

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  • 34. 

    P.m.

  • 35. 

    PMH

    Explanation
    The acronym "PMH" stands for "previous medical history." It refers to a patient's past medical conditions, treatments, surgeries, and any other relevant health information that may impact their current or future healthcare decisions. Understanding a patient's PMH helps healthcare professionals provide appropriate care, avoid potential complications, and make informed treatment plans.

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  • 36. 

    P.M.I.

    Explanation
    The term "P.M.I." stands for "point of maximal impulse." It refers to the location on the chest where the heartbeat can be felt or heard most strongly. This point is typically found at the fifth intercostal space, midclavicular line. By locating the point of maximal impulse, healthcare professionals can assess the strength and regularity of the heartbeat, which can provide important information about a person's cardiovascular health.

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  • 37. 

    PND

    Explanation
    Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND) is a medical condition characterized by sudden episodes of severe shortness of breath that occur during sleep. These episodes can cause the individual to wake up gasping for air and struggling to breathe. PND is often associated with heart failure, as the fluid accumulates in the lungs when lying down, leading to the symptoms. The term "paroxysmal" refers to the sudden and intense nature of the episodes, while "nocturnal" indicates that they occur during the night. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea.

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  • 38. 

    P.O.

    Explanation
    P.O. is an abbreviation for "phone order". This term is commonly used in retail or customer service industries to refer to orders that are placed over the phone. It indicates that the customer has made a purchase by providing their order details via a phone call rather than through other means such as online or in-person.

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  • 39. 

    Po

    Explanation
    The abbreviation "po" stands for "per os," which is a Latin term meaning "by mouth." This indicates that the medication or treatment should be taken orally, typically by swallowing it.

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  • 40. 

    POD

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "postoperative day." In medical terminology, "POD" stands for postoperative day, which refers to the number of days after a surgical procedure. It is commonly used to track the progress and recovery of patients following surgery.

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  • 41. 

    Postop

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "postoperative" because it is a term commonly used in medical contexts to refer to the period following a surgical operation. It describes the time after a surgery when a patient is recovering and receiving medical care. "Postop" is a shortened form of "postoperative" that is also used in medical jargon. Therefore, "postoperative" is the most appropriate term in this context.

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  • 42. 

    PP

  • 43. 

    PPD

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "postpartal days." This is because PPD is an acronym that stands for "postpartal days." "Postpartal" refers to the period of time immediately following childbirth, typically lasting up to six weeks. Therefore, PPD is used to denote the number of days that have passed since the birth of a child.

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  • 44. 

    Prep

  • 45. 

    Prn

  • 46. 

    Psych.

    Explanation
    The word "psychiatric" is the correct answer because it directly relates to the given clue "Psych." which is short for psychology or psychiatry. The word "psychiatric" is an adjective that describes anything related to mental health or the treatment of mental disorders. Therefore, it is the most suitable answer based on the given context.

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  • 47. 

    Pt

  • 48. 

    Pt.

  • 49. 

    P.T.

    Explanation
    P.T. stands for physical therapy. Physical therapy is a branch of healthcare that uses exercises, stretches, and other techniques to help patients recover from injuries, manage pain, improve mobility, and enhance overall physical function. It is commonly used to treat conditions such as muscle and joint pain, sports injuries, and post-surgical rehabilitation. Physical therapists work closely with patients to develop personalized treatment plans and provide hands-on care to help them regain strength, flexibility, and independence.

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  • 50. 

    PT

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  • Current Version
  • Jun 20, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 08, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Aiw2064
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