Clinical Abbreviations Part 4

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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 327
Questions: 63 | Attempts: 42

Clinical Abbreviations Part 4 - Quiz

Nursing abbreviations

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 


    The acronym "RUQ" stands for "right upper quadrant." This term is commonly used in medical contexts to refer to the area of the abdomen located on the right side, above the belly button and below the rib cage. The right upper quadrant contains various organs, including the liver, gallbladder, and part of the small intestine.

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  • 2. 


    The given answer "prescription, treatment" suggests that the term "Rx" is commonly used as an abbreviation for "prescription" in medical contexts. It implies that when someone refers to "Rx," they are indicating a written order from a healthcare professional for a specific treatment or medication. Therefore, the answer implies that "Rx" is associated with the process of prescribing and receiving medical treatment.

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    SGOT stands for serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase. It is an enzyme found in various tissues, particularly the liver and heart. SGOT levels in the blood can be used as a diagnostic tool to assess liver function and detect liver damage or disease. Elevated SGOT levels may indicate liver inflammation, hepatitis, or other liver conditions. Therefore, serum glucose oxalacetic transaminase is an incorrect explanation for SGOT.

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  • 5. 


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    The term "sublingual" refers to a method of administration in which medication is placed under the tongue. This allows for the drug to be absorbed directly into the bloodstream through the sublingual gland, bypassing the digestive system. It is often used for medications that need to be quickly absorbed and have a rapid onset of action.

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    Shortness of breath (SOB) refers to the feeling of being unable to breathe deeply or get enough air. It is a common symptom of various medical conditions such as asthma, pneumonia, heart problems, or anxiety. When a person experiences SOB, they may feel breathless, have difficulty taking deep breaths, or feel like they are suffocating. Therefore, the correct answer, "shortness of breath," accurately describes the meaning of the abbreviation SOB.

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    The word "specimen" is a noun that refers to an individual or single item that represents a larger group or category. In this context, "spec." is an abbreviation for "specimen." Therefore, the correct answer is "specimen" because it is the full form of the abbreviation provided.

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  • 12. 

    SR (arrow sign down)

    The given answer "side rail down" is the correct explanation for the symbol "SR" with an arrow pointing downwards. This symbol is commonly used in medical settings to indicate that the side rail of a bed should be lowered or brought down. Lowering the side rail is important for patient safety and ease of access for healthcare providers. Therefore, "side rail down" is the appropriate action to be taken when encountering this symbol.

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  • 13. 

    SR (arrow sign up)

    The correct answer is "side rail up" because the given abbreviation "SR" is followed by the arrow sign pointing upwards. This indicates that the side rail should be raised or put in an upward position.

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  • 14. 


  • 15. 

    S & S or S/S

    The correct answer is "signs and symptoms" because the abbreviation "S & S" or "S/S" is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to the signs and symptoms of a particular condition or disease. This abbreviation is often used in medical charts or reports to indicate the various manifestations or indicators of a patient's illness or disorder. It is important for healthcare professionals to accurately document and communicate the signs and symptoms experienced by a patient in order to make an accurate diagnosis and provide appropriate treatment.

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  • 16. 


    The answer "Staphylococcus" is a short form of the word "Staphylococcus," which is a type of bacteria commonly found on the skin and in the nose of humans. Staphylococcus can cause various infections, including skin infections, pneumonia, and bloodstream infections. It is important to note that Staphylococcus can be both harmless and pathogenic, depending on the strain and the individual's immune system.

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  • 17. 


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    A suppository is a type of medication that is inserted into the rectum or vagina for localized treatment. It is usually in a solid form that melts at body temperature, allowing the medication to be absorbed by the surrounding tissues. The given answer "suppository" is correct because it is a term related to the word "supp." which is likely an abbreviation for "suppository".

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  • 19. 


  • 20. 


    The word "symmetrical" is derived from the root word "sym," which means "together" or "same." Therefore, "symmetrical" refers to something that is balanced or has equal proportions on both sides. It suggests that there is a mirror image or reflection present, creating a sense of harmony and equilibrium.

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  • 21. 

    T or tbs

    The correct answer is "tablespoon" because "T" is the abbreviation for tablespoon and "tbs" is also commonly used as an abbreviation for tablespoon.

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  • 22. 


    The correct answer is "tablet" because it is a device that is similar to a small portable computer, typically with a touchscreen display. It is commonly used for browsing the internet, reading e-books, watching videos, and playing games. The word "tab" is often used as a shortened form of "tablet", so the answer "tablet" is the most appropriate choice.

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  • 23. 


    TAH stands for total abdominal hysterectomy, which is a surgical procedure to remove the uterus through an incision in the abdomen. This procedure is typically performed to treat conditions such as uterine fibroids, endometriosis, or certain types of cancer. It involves the complete removal of the uterus, including the cervix. TAH may also involve the removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries, depending on the patient's condition and medical history.

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  • 24. 


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  • 26. 

    TED hose

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    A transient ischemic attack (TIA) refers to a temporary disruption of blood flow to the brain, resulting in temporary neurological symptoms. It is often considered a warning sign for a potential stroke. During a TIA, the blood supply to a particular part of the brain is briefly interrupted, causing symptoms such as sudden weakness, numbness, or difficulty speaking. These symptoms usually resolve within a few minutes to hours. Although TIAs are not as severe as strokes, they should not be ignored as they indicate an increased risk of a future stroke. Therefore, prompt medical attention is necessary to prevent further complications.

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  • 30. 


    The word "tid" is a medical abbreviation for "three times a day." This means that a medication or treatment should be taken or performed three times within a 24-hour period.

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  • 31. 

    TKO or KVO

    TKO or KVO stands for "To Keep Open" or "Keep Vein Open" respectively. It refers to a medical procedure where a small amount of fluid, usually saline solution, is administered through an intravenous (IV) line to ensure that the vein remains open and prevent clotting. This is commonly done when a patient is not actively receiving medication or fluids but still requires the IV line to be maintained for potential future use.

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  • 32. 


    The acronym TLC stands for "tender loving care." This phrase is often used to describe the compassionate and affectionate attention given to someone or something. TLC implies a nurturing and gentle approach, showing kindness and concern. It is often used in healthcare settings to emphasize the importance of providing personalized and attentive care to patients.

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  • 33. 


    The given answer "tympanic membranes" is correct because TM is the abbreviation for tympanic membranes. Tympanic membranes are thin, semi-transparent membranes that separate the external ear from the middle ear. They play a crucial role in transmitting sound vibrations from the external ear to the middle ear, where they are further amplified and transmitted to the inner ear.

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  • 34. 

    T & M

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  • 36. 


    The acronym TPR stands for temperature, pulse, and respirations. These are the vital signs that are commonly measured to assess a person's overall health and well-being. Temperature refers to the body's internal temperature, pulse measures the heart rate, and respirations indicate the rate of breathing. Monitoring these vital signs helps healthcare professionals evaluate a person's physiological status and identify any abnormalities or potential health issues.

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  • 37. 

    T or tsp.

    The given answer "teaspoon" is the correct answer because "t" or "tsp" is a commonly used abbreviation for teaspoon. In cooking and baking measurements, teaspoon is used to refer to a small unit of volume. Therefore, "teaspoon" is the appropriate term to represent the abbreviation "t" or "tsp".

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  • 38. 


    TURP stands for transurethral resection of the prostate, which is a surgical procedure used to treat an enlarged prostate gland. During the procedure, a surgeon removes excess prostate tissue that is blocking the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. This helps to relieve symptoms such as frequent urination, weak urine flow, and difficulty emptying the bladder. TURP is a common and effective treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a non-cancerous condition that causes prostate enlargement.

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  • 39. 


  • 40. 

    TWB or TDWB

    The acronym "TWB" or "TDWB" stands for "touchdown and weight bearing." This refers to the process of a person landing on their foot and putting weight on it after a jump or fall. It is commonly used in medical contexts to describe the initial contact of the foot with the ground and the subsequent distribution of weight on the foot.

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  • 41. 


  • 42. 


    Urinalysis refers to the examination of urine to detect and diagnose various medical conditions. It involves analyzing the physical, chemical, and microscopic properties of urine. This diagnostic test can provide valuable information about kidney function, urinary tract infections, liver disease, diabetes, and other health issues. By examining the components of urine, such as pH, specific gravity, protein levels, glucose levels, and the presence of red or white blood cells, urinalysis helps healthcare professionals in assessing a patient's overall health and determining the appropriate course of treatment.

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  • 43. 


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  • 45. 


    The given answer "upper respiratory infection" is the correct explanation for the term "URI." URI stands for upper respiratory infection, which refers to an infection that affects the upper respiratory tract, including the nose, throat, and sinuses. This type of infection is commonly caused by viruses and can result in symptoms such as coughing, sneezing, congestion, and sore throat. The term URI is often used in medical contexts to describe this specific type of infection.

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  • 46. 


  • 47. 

    Vit. (when followed by a specific letter)

    The abbreviation "vit." followed by a specific letter is commonly used to refer to the word "vitamin".

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  • 48. 

    V.O. or v.o.

    The abbreviation "V.O." or "v.o." stands for "verbal order." This term is commonly used in medical settings to refer to a prescription or medication order that is given verbally by a healthcare professional, rather than being written down. Verbal orders are often used in urgent or emergency situations when there is not enough time to write a formal prescription.

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