Classical And Operant Conditioning

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 497

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Classical Conditioning Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following would be an example of learning?
    • A. 

      A newborn infant sucks on a nipple filled with milk.

    • B. 

      A teenager falls asleep after staying awake for 96 hours.

    • C. 

      A rat presses a lever to obtain a food pellet.

    • D. 

      A patient clenches his teeth when he sees the dentist's drill, even though he has never had a tooth filled.

    • E. 

      A student umps when she hears someone drop a book in the library stacks.

  • 2. 
    While walking down a dark alley, you jump at a loud noise. This would not be considered learning because
    • A. 

      It is not a behavior.

    • B. 

      Jumping is a difficult skill, biologically speaking.

    • C. 

      Jumping is only done for survival purposes.

    • D. 

      Jumping is merely a reflex.

    • E. 

      Not everyone would jump in this situation.

  • 3. 
    If you salivate when your mother calls you to dinner, we can attribute your reaction to
    • A. 

      Stimulus generalization.

    • B. 

      Olfactory hallucinations.

    • C. 

      Operant conditioning.

    • D. 

      Observational learning.

    • E. 

      Classical conditioning.

  • 4. 
    In order for the UCS to cause a UCR in Pavlov's study,
    • A. 

      The participant must receive either punishment or reinforcement.

    • B. 

      The dog must salivate at the sound of the bell.

    • C. 

      There must be no learning.

    • D. 

      The participant receiving the UCS must be hungry.

    • E. 

      There must be a critical impact of insight.

  • 5. 
    In Pavlov's experiments, a tone was the ______, and food was the _____.
    • A. 

      A CR is to an operant stimulus

    • B. 

      A CS is to an UCS

    • C. 

      An orienting response is to a CS

    • D. 

      An UCS is to an UCR

    • E. 

      A neutral stimulus is to a CR

  • 6. 
    If Pavlov's dogs had been adopted by a nice family after the experiments ended and they eventually stopped salivating to a bell, but then suddenly when the door bell rang they began salivating again, they would be demonstrating
    • A. 

      An unconditioned response.

    • B. 

      Stimulus discrimination.

    • C. 

      Extinction.

    • D. 

      Spontaneous recovery.

    • E. 

      A neutral response.

  • 7. 
    Robert's dog, Fuzzy, runs to Robert when he says, "Come." If one day, Fuzzy comes running when Robert says, "Dumb," we might say that Fuzzy has demonstrated
    • A. 

      Insight learning.

    • B. 

      Spontaneous recovery.

    • C. 

      Social learning.

    • D. 

      Stimulus generalization.

    • E. 

      Intermittent reinforcement.

  • 8. 
    Meredith is an expert on wine, In a fine restaurant, she orders a glass of Santa Margarita pinot grigio. When the wine comes out she tastes it and claims that she received Mezzacorona pinot grigio instead. Merideth is demonstrating
    • A. 

      Stimulus discrimination.

    • B. 

      Stimulus generalization.

    • C. 

      Extinction.

    • D. 

      Spontaneous recovery.

    • E. 

      An unconditioned response.

  • 9. 
    In the Little Albert experiment when the rat was presented with the loud noise, the rat was the _______ and the noise was the ______.
    • A. 

      UCS; CS

    • B. 

      CS; UCS

    • C. 

      CS; CR

    • D. 

      UCS; NS

    • E. 

      CR; UCS

  • 10. 
    In operant conditioning, behavioral change is brought about by the manipulation of
    • A. 

      Consequences

    • B. 

      Motives

    • C. 

      Goals

    • D. 

      Reflexes

    • E. 

      Thoughts

  • 11. 
    Operant behaviors are different from those in classical conditioning because, in classical conditioning, the behaviors are
    • A. 

      Observed

    • B. 

      Voluntary

    • C. 

      Reinforced

    • D. 

      Cognitive

    • E. 

      Involutary

  • 12. 
    ___________ are consequences that alter the likelihood of behaviors.
    • A. 

      Successive approximations

    • B. 

      Discrimination and generalization

    • C. 

      Conditioned and unconditioned stimuli

    • D. 

      Rewards and punishments

    • E. 

      Conditioned and unconditioned reflexes

  • 13. 
    Negative and positive reinforcers are similar in that these always ______ the likelihood of ensuing responses.
    • A. 

      Increase

    • B. 

      Extinguish

    • C. 

      Decrease

    • D. 

      Eliminate

    • E. 

      Have no effect on

  • 14. 
    Negative reinforcement involves
    • A. 

      Providing an unpleasant stimulus periodically during the day.

    • B. 

      The learning of a new response.

    • C. 

      The removal of an aversive stimulus

    • D. 

      Decreasing the likelihood of certain future behaviors.

    • E. 

      Pairing an old reflex with a new stimulus.

  • 15. 
    A positive reinforcer is used to ______ desired behavior. A negative reiforcer is used to _______ desired behavior.
    • A. 

      Increase; increase

    • B. 

      Increase; decrease

    • C. 

      Decrease; decrease

    • D. 

      Decrease; increase

    • E. 

      None of the above