Test How Deep Your Knowledge Is On Hormones Chapters 14

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 49

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Hormone Quizzes & Trivia

Hormones are special chemical messengers in the body that are created in the endocrine glands and they control major body functions from simple to complex systems such as reproduction. Cartisol for instance, is named a stress hormone because of the way it helps the body in responding to stress. Test How Deep Your Knowledge Is On Hormones Chapters 14.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is least true of the hypothalamus?
    • A. 

      Secretes releasing hormones into the portal capillaries

    • B. 

      Composed of nervous tissue

    • C. 

      Synthesizes ADH and oxytocin

    • D. 

      Connected to the neurohypophysis by the portal capillaries

  • 2. 
    The posterior pituitary gland
    • A. 

      Is called the adenohypophysis

    • B. 

      Releases ADH and oxytocin

    • C. 

      Secretes releasing hormones

    • D. 

      Is connected to the hypothalamus by the portal capillaries

  • 3. 
    ACTH, TSH, and gonadotropins are
    • A. 

      Hypothalmaic releasing hormones

    • B. 

      Secreted by the adenohypophysis

    • C. 

      "aimed at" the adrenal cortex

    • D. 

      Steroids

  • 4. 
    Cortisol
    • A. 

      Is a catecholamine

    • B. 

      Is secreted by the adrenal cortex in response to ACTH

    • C. 

      Stimulates the secretion of ACTH

    • D. 

      Is released by the adrenal medulla in response to sympathetic nerve stimulation

  • 5. 
    The adrenal medulla
    • A. 

      Is stimulated by ACTH

    • B. 

      Secretes catecholamines

    • C. 

      Secretes steroids

    • D. 

      Causes Chushing's syndrome when it is overactive

  • 6. 
    Aldosterone
    • A. 

      Is a mineralocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex

    • B. 

      Functions in the regulation of blood glucose

    • C. 

      Is secreted by the neurohypophysis

    • D. 

      Stimulates the kidney to excrete sodium and reabsorb potassium

  • 7. 
    The pancreas
    • A. 

      Secretes steroids that are concerned with sugar, salt, and sex

    • B. 

      Is controlled by a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland

    • C. 

      Secretes both insulin and glucagon

    • D. 

      Secretes iodine-containing hormones that regulate basal metabolic rate

  • 8. 
    Which of the following best describes the function of insulin?
    • A. 

      Regulates blood volume

    • B. 

      Stimulates cells to make glucose (gluconeogenesis)

    • C. 

      A deficiency causes diabetes insipidus

    • D. 

      Lowers blood glucose

  • 9. 
    As plasma levels of calcium decrease
    • A. 

      Insulin is secreted

    • B. 

      The parathyroid glands secrete calcitonin

    • C. 

      The kidneys excrete calcium and phosphorus

    • D. 

      PTH is secreted

  • 10. 
    Hypocalcemic tetany is
    • A. 

      A consequence of a deficiency of PTH

    • B. 

      Caused by a lack of calcitionin

    • C. 

      Due to osteoclastic activity

    • D. 

      Of concern because it causes osteoporosis

  • 11. 
    Calcitonin
    • A. 

      Is secreted by the parathyroid gland

    • B. 

      Is a steroid secreted by the adrenal cortex

    • C. 

      Lowers plasma calcium

    • D. 

      Opposes the effects of insulin

  • 12. 
    T3 and T4
    • A. 

      Stimulate the adenohypophysis to secrete TSH

    • B. 

      Regulate basal metabolic rate (BMR)

    • C. 

      Stimulate osteoclastic activity, thereby elevating plasma calcium

    • D. 

      Lower blood glucose

  • 13. 
    Growth hormone, cortisol, and epinephrine
    • A. 

      Are all secreted by the adrenal gland

    • B. 

      Expand blood volume

    • C. 

      Raise blood glucose

    • D. 

      Stimulate osteoclastic activity

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is least descriptive of prolactin?
    • A. 

      Secreted by the anterior pituitary gland

    • B. 

      Also called lactogenic hormone

    • C. 

      Causes the milk let-down reflex

    • D. 

      Stimulates the mammary glands to make milk

  • 15. 
    T3 and T4
    • A. 

      Are secreted by the adenohypophysis in response to TSH

    • B. 

      Contain iodine

    • C. 

      Are secreted by the islets of Langerhans

    • D. 

      Are steroids

  • 16. 
    Epinephrine and norepinephrine
    • A. 

      Participate in the fight-or-flight response

    • B. 

      Are catecholamines

    • C. 

      Are secreted by the adrenal medulla

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is concerned with "sugar, salt, and sex"?
    • A. 

      Epinephrine, norepinephrine, adrenalin

    • B. 

      Glucagon, insulin, thymosin

    • C. 

      ICSH, FSH, LH

    • D. 

      Cortisol, aldosterone, testosterone

  • 18. 
    A deficiency of dietary iodine
    • A. 

      Lowers plasma calcium

    • B. 

      Causes low blood volume and shock

    • C. 

      Decreases the synthesis of calcitonin

    • D. 

      Impairs the synthesis of T3 and T4

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is not a function of insulin?
    • A. 

      Lower blood glucose

    • B. 

      Synthesis of protein

    • C. 

      Hepatic gluconeogenesis

    • D. 

      Fatty acid synthesis

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