Chapter 9 Urban China

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Chapter 9 Urban China - Quiz

Urban China


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    During which dynasty did the first urban centers appear in China?

    • A.

      Qin Dynasty

    • B.

      Shang Dynasty

    • C.

      Yuan Dynasty

    • D.

      Song Dynasty

    Correct Answer
    B. Shang Dynasty
    Explanation
    The Shang Dynasty is known for being the first dynasty in China to have urban centers. They established their capital city in Anyang, which was a major urban center during that time. The Shang Dynasty is also recognized for its advancements in bronze casting, oracle bone script, and the use of chariots in warfare. Therefore, the Shang Dynasty is the most appropriate answer for the question.

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  • 2. 

    Where did China's first city originate?

    • A.

      Next the yellow River in Northern China

    • B.

      Next to the Helongjiang in Northeast China

    • C.

      Next to the Pearl River in Southern China

    • D.

      Next to the Yangtse River

    Correct Answer
    A. Next the yellow River in Northern China
    Explanation
    China's first city originated next to the Yellow River in Northern China. The Yellow River, also known as the Huang He, is one of the major rivers in China and has played a significant role in the country's history and development. Its fertile plains and abundant water supply made it an ideal location for early settlements and the birth of civilization in China. The Yellow River basin is often referred to as the cradle of Chinese civilization, and it is where the first cities in China emerged.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following statements is right about population movement between urban and rural China before 1949?

    • A.

      People could not move at all

    • B.

      People could move only after getting respective Hukou

    • C.

      None of the othet options

    • D.

      People could move freely

    Correct Answer
    D. People could move freely
    Explanation
    Before 1949, the correct statement about population movement between urban and rural China was that people could move freely. This means that individuals were not restricted in their ability to relocate between urban and rural areas without any specific requirements or limitations such as obtaining a Hukou.

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  • 4. 

    After which war were the Treaty Ports started in China?

    • A.

      The Sino-Japnese war in 1895

    • B.

      The Opium War in 1840

    • C.

      The Civil War between 1945-1948

    • D.

      The World War II

    Correct Answer
    B. The Opium War in 1840
    Explanation
    The Treaty Ports started in China after the Opium War in 1840. This war was fought between China and Britain, and it resulted in China's defeat. As a result of the war, China was forced to sign the Treaty of Nanking in 1842, which opened up several ports to foreign trade. These ports, known as Treaty Ports, allowed foreign powers to establish a presence and conduct trade in China. This marked a significant turning point in China's history and led to increased foreign influence in the country.

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  • 5. 

    When did large industrial cities first begin to appear in China?

    • A.

      During the occupations of China by Russia and Japan in the early 20th century

    • B.

      During the Shang Dynasty

    • C.

      During the Song Dynasty

    • D.

      During the Reform Era (1978)

    Correct Answer
    A. During the occupations of China by Russia and Japan in the early 20th century
    Explanation
    Large industrial cities first began to appear in China during the occupations of China by Russia and Japan in the early 20th century. This period saw the introduction of modern industrialization and urbanization in China, with the establishment of factories, railways, and other infrastructure. The occupations by Russia and Japan brought significant changes to China's economic and political landscape, leading to the emergence of large industrial cities as centers of manufacturing and trade.

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  • 6. 

    In Socialist China between 1949 and 1976, CCP wanted to

    • A.

      Transform Chinese cities from producer cities to consumer cities

    • B.

      Keep the status quo

    • C.

      Transform Chinese cities from consumer cities to producer cities

    • D.

      Further promote consumptions

    Correct Answer
    C. Transform Chinese cities from consumer cities to producer cities
    Explanation
    During the period of Socialist China between 1949 and 1976, the CCP aimed to transform Chinese cities from consumer cities to producer cities. This means that the focus was on shifting the emphasis from consuming goods to producing goods. This was likely done to prioritize industrialization and economic growth, as well as to strengthen the country's self-sufficiency and reduce reliance on imports. By transforming cities into centers of production, the CCP aimed to stimulate economic development and increase productivity within China.

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  • 7. 

    Before reforms, China's official policies on small cities and towns was

    • A.

      Moderately development

    • B.

      Strict control

    • C.

      Active promtion

    • D.

      None of the other options

    Correct Answer
    C. Active promtion
    Explanation
    Before reforms, China's official policies on small cities and towns were focused on active promotion. This means that the government actively encouraged and supported the development and growth of small cities and towns. This could include providing incentives for businesses to establish themselves in these areas, investing in infrastructure and public services, and implementing policies to attract residents and stimulate economic activity. This approach aimed to decentralize development and alleviate the pressure on larger cities, promoting balanced regional growth and improving the overall quality of life in smaller urban areas.

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  • 8. 

    Housing was allocated according to a set of nonmonetary criteria suh as: marital status, family size, seniority, and __________ before reforms.

    • A.

      IQ

    • B.

      Ethnicity

    • C.

      Athleticism

    • D.

      Job Rank

    Correct Answer
    D. Job Rank
    Explanation
    Before reforms, housing was allocated according to a set of nonmonetary criteria such as marital status, family size, seniority, and job rank. This means that the allocation of housing was based on the rank or position of an individual's job, rather than factors like intelligence (IQ), ethnicity, or athleticism.

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  • 9. 

    Under socialist China before reforms, China's cities internal strcuture

    • A.

      Was highly mobile

    • B.

      Was relatively homogenous

    • C.

      Witnessed serious spatial segregation

    • D.

      Witnessed high degree of heterogeneity

    Correct Answer
    B. Was relatively homogenous
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "was relatively homogenous." This means that under socialist China before reforms, China's cities had a relatively uniform or similar internal structure. This suggests that there was less variation or diversity in terms of the layout, organization, and composition of the cities, indicating a certain level of uniformity or similarity across different urban areas in China during that time.

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  • 10. 

    Under-urbanization refers to

    • A.

      Slow urbanization accompanied with slow industrialization

    • B.

      Slow urbanization accompanied with fast industrialization

    • C.

      Fast uranization with fast industrialization

    • D.

      Fast urbanization accompanied with fast industrialization

    Correct Answer
    B. Slow urbanization accompanied with fast industrialization
    Explanation
    Under-urbanization refers to slow urbanization accompanied with fast industrialization. This means that while industrialization is happening rapidly, the growth and development of urban areas is happening at a slower pace. This can lead to various issues such as inadequate infrastructure, overcrowding, and unequal distribution of resources. It indicates a mismatch between the pace of industrialization and the ability of urban areas to absorb and accommodate the resulting population and economic growth.

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  • 11. 

    Over-urbanization refers to

    • A.

      Fast urbanization accompanied with fast industrialization

    • B.

      Fast uranization with relatively industrialization

    • C.

      Slow urbanization accompanied with slow industrialization

    • D.

      Slow urbanization accompanied with fast industrialization

    Correct Answer
    B. Fast uranization with relatively industrialization
    Explanation
    Over-urbanization refers to fast urbanization accompanied by relatively slower industrialization. This means that the process of urbanization is happening rapidly, with cities growing and expanding at a fast pace. However, the development of industries and the establishment of industrial infrastructure is not keeping up with the speed of urbanization. This can lead to various issues such as overcrowding, inadequate infrastructure, and unequal distribution of resources within urban areas.

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  • 12. 

    De-urbanization refers to

    • A.

      Declining level of urbanization

    • B.

      People moving from urban to rural areas

    • C.

      People moving from small cities to big cities

    • D.

      People moving from high density areas to low density areas

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Declining level of urbanization
    B. People moving from urban to rural areas
    Explanation
    De-urbanization refers to the declining level of urbanization and people moving from urban to rural areas. This means that there is a decrease in the proportion of the population living in urban areas and an increase in the number of people relocating from cities to rural regions. This trend could be influenced by various factors such as economic opportunities, lifestyle preferences, and the desire for a slower pace of life.

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  • 13. 

    When did the the Hukou system in China start?

    • A.

      Qing dynasty

    • B.

      After the reforms by the CCP

    • C.

      In early 20th century by Kuomingdang (KMT)

    • D.

      In the late 1950s by the CCP

    Correct Answer
    D. In the late 1950s by the CCP
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "in the late 1950s by the CCP." The Hukou system in China was implemented by the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in the late 1950s. This system is a household registration system that determines a person's official residency and grants them access to social services and benefits. It was used as a means of controlling population movement and enforcing social and economic policies during that time.

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  • 14. 

    Before reforms, China's official policies on urban development was to

    • A.

      None of the other options

    • B.

      Strictly control the growth of big cities

    • C.

      Promote the growth of big cities

    • D.

      Strictly control the growth of small and medium cities

    Correct Answer
    B. Strictly control the growth of big cities
    Explanation
    Before reforms, China's official policies on urban development aimed to strictly control the growth of big cities. This means that the government had measures in place to limit the expansion and development of large cities. This policy was likely implemented to prevent overcrowding, manage resources, and maintain a more balanced distribution of population and economic activity across the country. By controlling the growth of big cities, the government could also focus on promoting the development of smaller and medium-sized cities, ensuring a more equitable distribution of resources and opportunities.

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  • 15. 

    Before reforms, China's official policies on middle-size cities

    • A.

      Moderately development

    • B.

      None of the other options

    • C.

      Active promtion

    • D.

      Strict control

    Correct Answer
    A. Moderately development
    Explanation
    Before reforms, China's official policies on middle-size cities focused on moderately developing these cities. This means that the government aimed to promote growth and development in these cities, but not to an extreme or excessive extent. The policies aimed to strike a balance between promoting economic development and maintaining control over urban expansion. This approach allowed for controlled and sustainable growth in middle-size cities, ensuring that they could contribute to the overall development of the country without overwhelming resources or causing social and environmental issues.

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  • 16. 

    What percent of Chinese populration live in citis according to its recent census in 2010?

    • A.

      About 40%

    • B.

      About 50%

    • C.

      About 30%

    • D.

      About 20%

    Correct Answer
    B. About 50%
    Explanation
    According to the recent census in 2010, approximately 50% of the Chinese population live in cities.

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  • 17. 

    What is the average urban housing per person in current China?

    • A.

      About 20 sq. m

    • B.

      About 30 sq. m

    • C.

      About 5 Sq. m

    • D.

      About 10 sq. m

    Correct Answer
    B. About 30 sq. m
    Explanation
    The average urban housing per person in current China is about 30 sq. m. This means that on average, each person in urban areas in China has around 30 square meters of living space.

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  • 18. 

    The Four Special Economic Zones are located in

    • A.

      Southern China

    • B.

      Northeast China

    • C.

      Northern China

    • D.

      Western China

    Correct Answer
    A. Southern China
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Southern China because it is the region where the Four Special Economic Zones are located. These zones were established by the Chinese government in the late 1970s and early 1980s to attract foreign investment and promote economic development. The four zones are Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Shantou, and Xiamen, all of which are located in Southern China. These zones have been successful in attracting foreign investment, promoting exports, and driving economic growth in the region.

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  • 19. 

    Floating population in China refer to

    • A.

      None of the other options

    • B.

      Rural residents working on non-agricultural jobs

    • C.

      Temporary migrants from rural to urban areas

    • D.

      Urban resident with no jobs

    Correct Answer
    C. Temporary migrants from rural to urban areas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Temporary migrants from rural to urban areas." Floating population in China refers to individuals who leave their rural homes and migrate to urban areas in search of better employment opportunities. These individuals do not have permanent residence in the urban areas and often live in temporary housing. They are considered temporary migrants as they may return to their rural homes after a certain period. This phenomenon is common in China due to the significant rural-urban divide and the availability of more job opportunities in urban areas.

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  • 20. 

    Housing in urban China after reforms has been

    • A.

      Under state ownership

    • B.

      Graduately privatized

    • C.

      None of the other options

    • D.

      Under strict collective ownership

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Graduately privatized
    C. None of the other options
    Explanation
    After the reforms in urban China, the housing system has undergone a gradual privatization process. This means that the state ownership of housing has been reduced over time, allowing individuals to have more control and ownership over their own properties. The other options, such as remaining under state ownership or strict collective ownership, are not applicable as they do not accurately describe the changes that have occurred in the housing system in urban China.

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