Cultural Revolution In China

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| By CiXi
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CiXi
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 905
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 905

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Chinese Culture Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who was the head of the Communist Party in China at the time of the Cultural Revolution?

    • A.

      Sun Yat-Sen

    • B.

      Deng Xiaoping

    • C.

      Mao Zedong

    • D.

      Zhou Enlai

    Correct Answer
    C. Mao Zedong
    Explanation
    Mao Zedong was the head of the Communist Party in China during the Cultural Revolution. He was a key figure in Chinese history and played a significant role in the establishment of the People's Republic of China. Mao's leadership during the Cultural Revolution was characterized by a radical ideology and a desire to eliminate perceived counter-revolutionary elements within Chinese society. His policies and actions during this time had a profound impact on China's political, social, and cultural landscape.

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  • 2. 

    In what year did the Cultural Revolution start?

    • A.

      1966

    • B.

      1961

    • C.

      1970

    • D.

      1959

    Correct Answer
    A. 1966
    Explanation
    The Cultural Revolution started in 1966. This was a sociopolitical movement in China initiated by Mao Zedong, the Chairman of the Communist Party of China. The movement aimed to enforce communist ideology and eliminate capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society. It involved mass mobilization, political purges, and widespread violence. The Cultural Revolution had a profound impact on Chinese society, causing significant social and economic disruption.

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  • 3. 

    In what year did the Cultural Revolution end?

    • A.

      1970 or 1971

    • B.

      1973 or 1974

    • C.

      1968 or 1967

    • D.

      1976 or 1977

    Correct Answer
    D. 1976 or 1977
    Explanation
    The Cultural Revolution in China ended in 1976 or 1977. The exact year is uncertain because the revolution's end was marked by the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, but the political and social effects continued into 1977. The Cultural Revolution was a period of political and social upheaval in China that lasted from 1966 to the mid-1970s. It was characterized by mass mobilization, political purges, and the suppression of intellectuals and traditional Chinese culture. The end of the Cultural Revolution marked a significant shift in China's political landscape.

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  • 4. 

    What were Mao's young activists called?

    • A.

      The Defenders

    • B.

      Red Guards

    • C.

      Counterrevolutionaries

    • D.

      China's Fighters

    Correct Answer
    B. Red Guards
    Explanation
    Mao's young activists were called Red Guards. The Red Guards were groups of students who were fervently loyal to Mao and his communist ideology. They were encouraged by Mao to challenge and criticize anyone who was perceived as a threat to the communist regime, including teachers, intellectuals, and party officials. The Red Guards played a significant role in the Cultural Revolution in China, carrying out mass demonstrations, engaging in violent confrontations, and promoting Mao's revolutionary agenda.

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  • 5. 

    What was the name of the book of Mao's quotes?

    • A.

      Flowers From China

    • B.

      Communist China

    • C.

      The Little Red Book

    • D.

      The Great and Powerful Mao

    Correct Answer
    C. The Little Red Book
    Explanation
    "The Little Red Book" is the correct answer because it is widely known as the book of Mao's quotes. It is a collection of quotations from Mao Zedong, the former leader of the Communist Party of China. The book was widely distributed during the Cultural Revolution in China and became an important tool for promoting Mao's ideology and teachings. Its red cover and small size made it easily portable and accessible to the masses, further contributing to its popularity and influence.

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  • 6. 

    What was strictly criticized against during the Cultural Revolution?

    • A.

      Literature

    • B.

      Western Culture

    • C.

      Things from China in the past

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    During the Cultural Revolution, all of the above options (literature, Western culture, and things from China in the past) were strictly criticized. This period in China aimed to eliminate traditional and bourgeois elements from society, and any form of literature, cultural influence from the West, or artifacts from China's past were seen as symbols of the old and were harshly denounced. The Cultural Revolution sought to establish a new revolutionary culture and ideology, and anything that deviated from it was met with severe criticism.

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  • 7. 

    About how many people died during the Cultural Revolution?

    • A.

      Millions

    • B.

      Thousands

    • C.

      Hundreds

    • D.

      Tens

    Correct Answer
    A. Millions
    Explanation
    During the Cultural Revolution, millions of people died. This was a period of political and social upheaval in China from 1966 to 1976, led by Mao Zedong. The revolution resulted in widespread violence, persecution, and mass killings. The exact number of deaths is difficult to determine, but estimates suggest that millions of people lost their lives during this tumultuous period in Chinese history.

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  • 8. 

    In what year did Mao die?

    • A.

      1977

    • B.

      1976

    • C.

      1984

    • D.

      1981

    Correct Answer
    B. 1976
    Explanation
    Mao Zedong, the Chinese communist leader, died in 1976. He was the founding father of the People's Republic of China and had a significant impact on the country's history. Mao's death marked the end of an era in Chinese politics and led to a power struggle within the Communist Party. The correct answer is 1976.

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  • 9. 

    What country did China interact with most during the Cultural Revolution?

    • A.

      USA

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Japan

    • D.

      Soviet Union

    Correct Answer
    D. Soviet Union
    Explanation
    During the Cultural Revolution, China interacted the most with the Soviet Union. This was because both countries were communist nations and had signed a treaty of friendship in 1950. The Soviet Union provided significant economic and military aid to China during this time, and the two countries worked closely together on various political and ideological issues. However, the relationship between China and the Soviet Union deteriorated in the late 1960s, leading to a split and the end of their close interaction.

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  • 10. 

    Who were in Mao's "Gang of Four"?

    • A.

      Zhe Shi Hao

    • B.

      Zhang Chunqiao

    • C.

      Yao Wenyuan

    • D.

      Li Cunxin

    • E.

      Wang Hongwen

    • F.

      Jiang Qing

    • G.

      Liu Shoqi

    • H.

      Chiang Kai-Shek

    • I.

      Mao Zedong

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Zhang Chunqiao
    C. Yao Wenyuan
    E. Wang Hongwen
    F. Jiang Qing
    Explanation
    The Gang of Four refers to a group of Chinese Communist Party officials who were closely associated with Mao Zedong during the Cultural Revolution in China. They were influential figures in the Chinese government and played a significant role in implementing Mao's policies. Zhang Chunqiao, Yao Wenyuan, Wang Hongwen, and Jiang Qing were all members of the Gang of Four. They were known for their radical ideology and were involved in promoting Mao's revolutionary agenda.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 04, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    CiXi
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