The History Of The Zhou Dynasty Quiz

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The History Of The Zhou Dynasty Quiz - Quiz

Do you have any idea about the history of the Zhou dynasty? The Zhou dynasty lasted longer than any dynasty in Chinese history. The military control of China by the royal house lasted from 1046 to 771 BC. During the Zhou dynasty, centralized power diminished throughout the Spring and Autumn period until the Warring States period in the last two centuries. This regal quiz will help you know more about the Zhou dynasty.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Phoenicia was located in

    • A.

      The Americas

    • B.

      Mesopotamia

    • C.

      The Eastern Mediterranean

    • D.

      Sub-Saharan Africa

    Correct Answer
    C. The Eastern Mediterranean
    Explanation
    Phoenicia was located in the Eastern Mediterranean. This region, also known as the Levant, encompassed the coastal areas of modern-day Lebanon, Syria, and Israel. Phoenicia was a maritime civilization that flourished from around 1500 to 300 BCE. It was known for its skilled seafaring and trading activities, particularly in the production and distribution of purple dye, timber, and glass. The Phoenicians established numerous city-states along the coast, including famous ones like Tyre, Sidon, and Byblos. Their influence extended throughout the Mediterranean, and they played a significant role in the development of ancient civilization through their trade networks and cultural exchanges.

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  • 2. 

    What are two factors that caused Greece and Phoenicia to create overseas colonies?

    • A.

      Seafaring and slavery

    • B.

      Warfare and trade

    • C.

      Religion and agriculture

    • D.

      Trade and seafaring

    Correct Answer
    D. Trade and seafaring
    Explanation
    The correct answer is trade and seafaring. Both Greece and Phoenicia were known for their strong maritime traditions and skills in navigation, which allowed them to engage in extensive trade networks across the Mediterranean Sea. Trade was a major driving force behind the establishment of overseas colonies, as it provided economic opportunities and access to valuable resources. Seafaring was essential for these civilizations to explore and establish colonies in distant lands, expanding their influence and control over trade routes. Therefore, the combination of trade and seafaring were the two factors that motivated Greece and Phoenicia to create overseas colonies.

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  • 3. 

    A colony that would later become an imperial power itself was

    • A.

      Acre

    • B.

      Carthage

    • C.

      Rome

    • D.

      Tarentum

    Correct Answer
    B. Carthage
    Explanation
    Carthage was a colony that eventually became an imperial power itself. Originally founded by Phoenician settlers, Carthage grew to become a dominant maritime and commercial power in the Mediterranean. Through its extensive trade networks and powerful navy, Carthage established colonies and controlled territories across North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, and Sicily. Eventually, Carthage clashed with Rome in a series of wars known as the Punic Wars, which resulted in the destruction of Carthage and the rise of Rome as the dominant imperial power in the region.

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  • 4. 

    The basis for the alphabet developed by the Greeks came from

    • A.

      Egypt

    • B.

      Phoenicia

    • C.

      Mesopotamia

    • D.

      The Greeks themselves

    Correct Answer
    B. Phoenicia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Phoenicia. The Greeks adopted their alphabet from the Phoenicians, who were skilled seafarers and traders. The Phoenicians had developed a writing system using a set of symbols representing sounds, which the Greeks modified and adapted to create their own alphabet. This alphabet became the basis for the Western alphabets that are used today.

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  • 5. 

    Assyria's empire was held together by

    • A.

      Fear

    • B.

      Love

    • C.

      Generosity

    • D.

      Good government

    Correct Answer
    A. Fear
    Explanation
    Assyria's empire was held together by fear. Fear can be a powerful tool for maintaining control and obedience among subjects. The Assyrians were known for their brutal and ruthless tactics, such as public displays of violence and mass deportations, which instilled fear in their subjects. This fear ensured that the empire remained united and that rebellions or uprisings were less likely to occur.

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  • 6. 

    Aside from their dominance in warfare, the Assyrians were also remarkable

    • A.

      Poets

    • B.

      Builders

    • C.

      Philosophers

    • D.

      Scientists

    Correct Answer
    B. Builders
    Explanation
    The Assyrians were known for their remarkable architectural achievements and construction projects. They built grand palaces, temples, and other impressive structures that showcased their power and wealth. These buildings were not only functional but also highly decorative, with intricate carvings and reliefs. The Assyrians used advanced engineering techniques, such as the use of arches and vaults, to create large and durable structures. Their architectural prowess was a testament to their advanced civilization and their ability to mobilize resources and labor for monumental building projects.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the famous Seven Wonders of the ancient world was located in Babylon?

    • A.

      Pyramids

    • B.

      Colossus

    • C.

      Mausoleum

    • D.

      Hanging Gardens

    Correct Answer
    D. Hanging Gardens
    Explanation
    The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were one of the famous Seven Wonders of the ancient world. They were located in Babylon, an ancient city in Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq). The gardens were known for their lush greenery and were considered a marvel of engineering and horticulture. It is believed that they were built by King Nebuchadnezzar II in the 6th century BC as a gift to his wife. The gardens were terraced and had a complex irrigation system to supply water to the plants. Despite being lost to history, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon continue to captivate people's imaginations.

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  • 8. 

    In Greek democracies,

    • A.

      All males were citizens

    • B.

      Only privileged males could vote

    • C.

      Privileged women had some political rights

    • D.

      Women and slaves could only vote when the men were away at war

    Correct Answer
    B. Only privileged males could vote
    Explanation
    In Greek democracies, the right to vote was limited to privileged males. This means that only those men who held a certain level of social status and had certain privileges were allowed to participate in the democratic process and cast their vote. Other groups such as women and slaves were excluded from this right, and could only vote in exceptional circumstances when the men were away at war.

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  • 9. 

    Aristotle said that cities originated from

    • A.

      Families

    • B.

      Warfare

    • C.

      Religious associations

    • D.

      Trade

    Correct Answer
    A. Families
    Explanation
    Aristotle believed that cities originated from families because he considered the family unit as the fundamental building block of society. He argued that families naturally come together to form larger communities, which eventually lead to the establishment of cities. According to Aristotle, the bonds and relationships formed within families create a sense of belonging and cooperation that are essential for the development and organization of cities.

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  • 10. 

    The Garamantes lived in

    • A.

      The Adriatic region

    • B.

      The Aegean region

    • C.

      The Iberian peninsula

    • D.

      The Sahara desert

    Correct Answer
    D. The Sahara desert
    Explanation
    The Garamantes lived in the Sahara desert. This can be inferred from the fact that the other options, such as the Adriatic region, the Aegean region, and the Iberian peninsula, are not known for being inhabited by the Garamantes. The Sahara desert, on the other hand, is a well-known region where the Garamantes civilization thrived.

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  • 11. 

    Much of what we know about early Illyrian and Thracian culture comes from

    • A.

      Archaeology

    • B.

      Their own writings

    • C.

      Roman historians

    • D.

      The Phoenicians

    Correct Answer
    A. Archaeology
    Explanation
    Archaeology is the correct answer because it is the study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of artifacts, structures, and other physical remains. In the case of early Illyrian and Thracian culture, archaeology has provided valuable insights and evidence about their way of life, customs, and beliefs. Through the analysis of archaeological findings such as pottery, tools, and burial sites, researchers have been able to reconstruct and understand these ancient cultures. Other options like their own writings, Roman historians, and the Phoenicians may provide some information, but archaeology is the primary source for our knowledge about early Illyrian and Thracian culture.

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  • 12. 

    Wall paintings from Etruscan tombs present a society that was seemingly

    • A.

      Austere and sexually repressed

    • B.

      Segregated with regard to gender

    • C.

      Sexually open

    • D.

      Simple and rarely depicting the human form

    Correct Answer
    C. Sexually open
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sexually open". This can be inferred from the phrase "wall paintings from Etruscan tombs present a society that was seemingly" which suggests that the paintings depict the society's characteristics. If the paintings depict sexual openness, it implies that the society was not sexually repressed or segregated with regard to gender. Additionally, the phrase "seemingly" suggests that this conclusion is based on the interpretation of the paintings.

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  • 13. 

    Most of the history of the Zhou dynasty may be characterized as

    • A.

      A period filled with war

    • B.

      A period of peaceful expansion

    • C.

      A period without new schools of thought

    • D.

      A period when China developed into a centralized state

    Correct Answer
    A. A period filled with war
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a period filled with war." This is because the Zhou dynasty, which lasted for over 800 years, was marked by frequent conflicts and wars. The dynasty faced numerous internal rebellions and external invasions, leading to a constant state of warfare. The Zhou rulers struggled to maintain control over their vast territory, resulting in a turbulent period of history filled with military campaigns and power struggles.

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  • 14. 

    One of the benefits of political instability in China was

    • A.

      Increased trade

    • B.

      Greater agricultural output

    • C.

      New philosophies

    • D.

      Greater political centralizatoin

    Correct Answer
    C. New philosophies
    Explanation
    Political instability in China often leads to a period of intellectual and philosophical exploration. During times of uncertainty and change, individuals and scholars tend to question existing beliefs and systems, leading to the development of new philosophies. This can result in a flourishing of intellectual ideas and debates, which can have long-lasting impacts on society and culture. Therefore, the emergence of new philosophies can be considered a benefit of political instability in China.

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  • 15. 

    The supreme god in the Upanishads is

    • A.

      Brahman

    • B.

      Ganges

    • C.

      Maduru Oya

    • D.

      Veda

    Correct Answer
    A. Brahman
    Explanation
    The Upanishads, which are ancient Hindu texts, describe Brahman as the supreme god. Brahman is considered to be the ultimate reality, the source of all existence, and the essence of the universe. It is believed to be formless, infinite, and eternal. The Upanishads emphasize the importance of realizing one's true self, which is identified with Brahman, through self-inquiry and meditation. Brahman is considered the ultimate goal of spiritual seekers, as attaining union with Brahman leads to liberation and enlightenment.

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  • 16. 

    The chief reason that we know less about many American of African cultures than many of those in Eurasia is

    • A.

      Their lack of an archaeological record

    • B.

      Their lack of a written record

    • C.

      The prejudice of modern historians

    • D.

      Our own lack of interest in the subject

    Correct Answer
    B. Their lack of a written record
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "their lack of a written record". This means that many American African cultures did not have a system of writing or written documentation, which makes it difficult for historians to gather information about them. Unlike Eurasian cultures, which often had written records that provide valuable insights into their history, traditions, and beliefs, the absence of a written record in many American African cultures limits our understanding of their past.

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  • 17. 

    Civilization in the Americas and in sub-Saharan Africa was isolated from Eurasia mostly because of

    • A.

      Culture

    • B.

      Geography

    • C.

      Language

    • D.

      Lack of trade goods

    Correct Answer
    B. Geography
    Explanation
    Civilization in the Americas and sub-Saharan Africa was isolated from Eurasia primarily due to geography. The vast oceans and deserts acted as natural barriers, making it difficult for these regions to have direct contact and exchange with Eurasia. The geographical features such as mountains, rivers, and dense forests also hindered the spread of ideas, technologies, and trade between these regions. As a result, the civilizations in the Americas and sub-Saharan Africa developed independently, with unique cultural, social, and technological advancements, distinct from those in Eurasia.

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  • 18. 

    Monsoon winds provided navigational links for

    • A.

      Southern Asia

    • B.

      Northern Asia

    • C.

      The Caribbean

    • D.

      The Mediterranean

    Correct Answer
    A. Southern Asia
    Explanation
    Monsoon winds provided navigational links for southern Asia because the monsoon system brings seasonal winds that blow from the southwest in summer and from the northeast in winter. These winds facilitated maritime trade and navigation in the Indian Ocean region, connecting southern Asia with other parts of the world. The monsoon winds were crucial for the movement of ships and allowed for the establishment of trade routes and cultural exchanges between southern Asia and neighboring regions.

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  • 19. 

    The types of crops grown by the peoples of the American Southwest included

    • A.

      Yams

    • B.

      Potatoes

    • C.

      Sugar

    • D.

      Squash

    Correct Answer
    D. Squash
    Explanation
    The types of crops grown by the peoples of the American Southwest included squash. Squash was a staple crop for these communities and played a significant role in their diet. It was a versatile crop that could be stored for long periods of time and provided essential nutrients. The Native American tribes in the Southwest region cultivated different varieties of squash, such as winter squash and summer squash, which were used in various culinary preparations. Squash was an important part of their agricultural practices and contributed to their food security and cultural traditions.

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  • 20. 

    One of the most distinguishing features of Native American societies in the Mississippi River Valley was the building of

    • A.

      Pyramids

    • B.

      Complex irrigation systems

    • C.

      Mounds

    • D.

      Ziggurats

    Correct Answer
    C. Mounds
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mounds. Native American societies in the Mississippi River Valley were known for constructing mounds. These mounds served various purposes such as burial sites, ceremonial platforms, and residential areas. They were often made of earth and were built in different shapes and sizes. Mounds were significant cultural and religious symbols for these societies, reflecting their social organization and spiritual beliefs. They also provided elevated platforms for observing the surrounding landscape and were important landmarks in the region.

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  • 21. 

    A key technological development that began around 500 B.C.E. in Sub-Saharan Africa was

    • A.

      Yam cultivation

    • B.

      Iron smelting

    • C.

      Monumental architecture

    • D.

      Writing

    Correct Answer
    B. Iron smelting
    Explanation
    Iron smelting is the correct answer because it was a significant technological development that began around 500 B.C.E. in Sub-Saharan Africa. Iron smelting allowed for the production of iron tools and weapons, which greatly improved agricultural practices, warfare capabilities, and overall societal development. This advancement in metallurgy had a profound impact on the region, leading to increased productivity, trade, and cultural exchange. Iron smelting was a crucial development that helped shape the history and progress of Sub-Saharan Africa during this time period.

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  • 22. 

    The decline of the Egyptian kingdom affected what sub-Saharan civilization the most?

    • A.

      Nubia

    • B.

      Niger

    • C.

      Bantu

    • D.

      Garamantes

    Correct Answer
    A. Nubia
    Explanation
    The decline of the Egyptian kingdom affected Nubia the most. Nubia, also known as Kush, was located south of Egypt and had close political and economic ties with Egypt. As Egypt's power declined, Nubia took advantage of the situation and expanded its own influence. Nubia adopted many aspects of Egyptian culture, including religion and writing, and even conquered Egypt for a period of time. Therefore, the decline of the Egyptian kingdom had a significant impact on Nubia, leading to its rise as a powerful civilization in the region.

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  • 23. 

    A primary trade product of the early state of Yemen was

    • A.

      Textiles

    • B.

      Agricultural products

    • C.

      Slaves

    • D.

      Incense

    Correct Answer
    D. Incense
    Explanation
    Incense is the correct answer because during the early state of Yemen, incense was one of the primary trade products. Incense was highly valued and in demand due to its use in religious rituals, as a perfume, and for medicinal purposes. Yemen's location on the Arabian Peninsula made it a crucial hub for the trade of incense, which was sourced from trees that grew in the region. The trade of incense brought wealth and prosperity to Yemen, making it a significant part of their economy during that time.

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  • 24. 

    Communication between peoples in Africa and the Americas was hindered by

    • A.

      Differences in climatic zones

    • B.

      The failure of people to develop the wheel

    • C.

      The lack of seaborne transport

    • D.

      The lack of written languages

    Correct Answer
    A. Differences in climatic zones
    Explanation
    The correct answer is differences in climatic zones. The vast geographical distance between Africa and the Americas resulted in significant differences in climate, which made communication and travel between the two regions difficult. The extreme variations in temperature, rainfall patterns, and vegetation hindered the exchange of goods, ideas, and people. This limited interaction and hindered the development of extensive communication networks between the two continents.

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  • 25. 

    The area most isolated from the rest of the world during the first millennium B.C.E. was

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      India

    • C.

      North America

    • D.

      Africa

    Correct Answer
    C. North America
    Explanation
    During the first millennium B.C.E., North America was the area most isolated from the rest of the world. This is because North America was geographically separated from other continents by vast oceans, making it difficult for regular contact or exchange of ideas and resources with other regions. Additionally, the indigenous civilizations in North America developed independently from those in other parts of the world, further contributing to its isolation during this time period.

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  • 26. 

    Political instability between competing states during the period from 1000 to 500 B.C.E. led to

    • A.

      A decrease in trade

    • B.

      Advances in technology

    • C.

      Fewer opportunities for new ideas about society

    • D.

      A decline in new religious practices

    Correct Answer
    B. Advances in technology
    Explanation
    During the period from 1000 to 500 B.C.E., political instability between competing states likely led to advances in technology. In times of conflict and competition, societies often look for ways to gain an advantage over their rivals. This can drive innovation and the development of new technologies. Additionally, political instability may have disrupted traditional trade routes, forcing societies to develop new technologies and methods for communication, transportation, and warfare. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that political instability during this period would have spurred advances in technology.

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  • 27. 

    From 1000 to 500 B.C.E. the peoples of which parts of the world most regularly exchanged ideas with each other?

    • A.

      North and South America

    • B.

      Europe and Asia

    • C.

      Africa and Asia

    • D.

      Europe and North America

    Correct Answer
    B. Europe and Asia
    Explanation
    During the time period from 1000 to 500 B.C.E., the peoples of Europe and Asia most regularly exchanged ideas with each other. This can be attributed to the close geographical proximity between these two regions and the presence of trade routes, such as the Silk Road, that facilitated cultural and intellectual exchanges. The Silk Road, in particular, connected Europe and Asia, allowing for the exchange of goods, technologies, and ideas between these two continents. Additionally, the ancient civilizations of Greece, Persia, and China, among others, played significant roles in promoting cultural and intellectual exchanges between Europe and Asia during this period.

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