Chapter 8 Quiz : The Unification Of China

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Chapter 8 Quiz : The Unification Of China - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Confucius left an enduring mark on Chinese society as an educator and political advisor.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Confucius is widely recognized as a highly influential figure in Chinese history, known for his teachings and political insights. As an educator, he emphasized the importance of moral values, ethics, and the pursuit of knowledge. He also served as a political advisor, offering guidance to rulers on how to govern effectively and maintain social harmony. His teachings and advice had a lasting impact on Chinese society, making the statement that Confucius left an enduring mark on Chinese society as an educator and political advisor true.

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  • 2. 

    Sima Qian, suffered from castration because he was a Legalist.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    right answer: his view contradicted the emperor's judgment.

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  • 3. 

    Ren: filial piety, or unconditional obligation to respect parents and grandparents.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because filial piety refers to the cultural value of showing respect and obedience towards one's parents and grandparents. It is considered a moral duty in many societies, particularly in East Asian cultures such as China, Japan, and Korea. This concept emphasizes the importance of family and maintaining harmonious relationships within the family unit. Therefore, the given statement accurately reflects the meaning of filial piety.

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  • 4. 

    Xiao: respecting and taking care of parents and grandparents when they are still alive and worshipping them after they have died.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that Xiao believes in the importance of respecting and taking care of parents and grandparents while they are alive and continuing to worship them after they have passed away. This aligns with traditional values and practices in many cultures, where filial piety and ancestor worship are highly valued. Therefore, the correct answer is True.

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  • 5. 

    Mencius, the principal spokesman for the Confucian school, advocated that government should be organized through benevolence and humane action.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Mencius, the principal spokesman for the Confucian school, believed that government should be organized through benevolence and humane action. This means that rulers should prioritize the well-being and welfare of their people, treating them with kindness and compassion. Mencius argued that when rulers govern with benevolence, the people will be inspired to be virtuous and society will flourish. Therefore, the statement "government should be organized through benevolence and humane action" aligns with Mencius' teachings and is considered true.

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  • 6. 

    "dao" means living according to ren, li, and xia.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Correct answer: the original force of the cosmos, an eternal and unchanging principle that governs all the workings of the world.

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  • 7. 

    An individual who practiced the Daoist virtue of wuwei would follow high ethical standards and strive for success.  

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    correct answer : go with the flow of the cosmos and live in harmony with nature.

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  • 8. 

    Legalist ministers encouraged agricultural cultivation and military service.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Legalist ministers encouraged agricultural cultivation and military service because they believed that a strong and prosperous state could only be achieved through a well-organized and disciplined society. They saw agriculture as the foundation of the economy and military service as essential for defending the state and expanding its territory. By promoting these activities, Legalist ministers aimed to increase the wealth and power of the state, ultimately strengthening its control and influence.

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  • 9. 

    The First Emperor Qin Shihuangdi sentenced scholars to be buried alive.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the reign of the First Emperor Qin Shihuangdi, he implemented strict measures to consolidate his power and control over the empire. As part of his efforts, he ordered the burning of books and the burial alive of scholars who opposed his rule or criticized his policies. This brutal act was intended to suppress dissent and eliminate any potential threats to his authority. Therefore, the statement that the First Emperor Qin Shihuangdi sentenced scholars to be buried alive is true.

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  • 10. 

    The excavation site of the First Emperor's tomb nearby Xi'an is a great tourist attraction. When you visit the tomb, you can see sacrificed slaves, concubines, and craftsmen who designed and built the tomb.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given answer is true because the excavation site of the First Emperor's tomb near Xi'an is indeed a popular tourist attraction. Visitors to the tomb can witness the remains of sacrificed slaves, concubines, and craftsmen who played a role in designing and constructing the tomb.

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  • 11. 

    The great Qin empire only lasted a over a hundred years. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    correct answer: only lasted a few years

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  • 12. 

    The Qin Empire declined by a deadly epidemic

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    correct answer: waves of revolts

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  • 13. 

    Liu Bang constructed the most highly decentralized state in China's history up to that point.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Liu Bang did not construct the most highly decentralized state in China's history up to that point.

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  • 14. 

    Han Wudi was the greatest and most energetic emperor.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Han Wudi was considered the greatest and most energetic emperor because of his notable achievements during his reign. He expanded the territory of the Han Dynasty, established a centralized government, implemented various reforms, and promoted cultural advancements. His military campaigns and diplomatic strategies helped strengthen the empire and solidify its dominance in East Asia. Han Wudi's reign marked a period of prosperity and progress, making him one of the most revered emperors in Chinese history.

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  • 15. 

    Han enrolled more than three thousand students, with its curriculum primarily based on Daoism.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    correct answer: Confucianism

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  • 16. 

    Chinese silk thread was made from unraveling silkworm cocoons.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Chinese silk thread was made from unraveling silkworm cocoons. This statement is true. Silk thread is obtained from the cocoons of silkworms, which are the larvae of silk moths. The cocoons are carefully unraveled to extract the silk fibers, which are then spun into thread. This process has been practiced in China for thousands of years, and Chinese silk has been highly prized for its quality and beauty.

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  • 17. 

    Papyrus was what Chinese writing was on after 100 C.E.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    correct answer: paper

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  • 18. 

    After Wang Mang took the throne of the Han, he attempted restore land that had been taken from the royal family.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    After Wang Mang took the throne of the Han, he attempted to restore land that had been taken from the royal family. This implies that the statement is true. Wang Mang, who ruled from 9 to 23 AD, implemented land reforms that aimed to redistribute land and reduce the power of large landowners. As part of these reforms, he also sought to return land that had been confiscated from the royal family. This was done in an effort to consolidate his power and gain support from the royal family and their allies.

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  • 19. 

    The collapse of the Han dynasty was followed by the Yellow Turban Uprising.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The collapse of the Han dynasty indeed led to the Yellow Turban Uprising. The Han dynasty, which ruled China for over four centuries, experienced internal conflicts and external threats that weakened its power. As a result, the central government lost control, leading to widespread social unrest. The Yellow Turban Uprising was a peasant rebellion that emerged during this period of instability, fueled by economic hardships and dissatisfaction with the ruling class. Thus, it is true that the collapse of the Han dynasty was followed by the Yellow Turban Uprising.

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  • 20. 

    Qin Shihuangdi solved the problems of court factions.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    correct answer: Wang Mang

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