Chapter 8 Hour 7th American History

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Chapter 8 Hour 7th American History - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. What is Gilded Age?

    • A.

      A law that was made in 1883.

    • B.

      A payment made by the government to encourage the development of certain key industries.

    • C.

      Term coined by Mark Twain to describe the post-Reconstruction era.

    • D.

      The governments non elected workers.

    Correct Answer
    C. Term coined by Mark Twain to describe the post-Reconstruction era.
    Explanation
    The term "Gilded Age" was coined by Mark Twain to describe the post-Reconstruction era in the United States. This period, which occurred from the late 19th century to the early 20th century, was characterized by rapid industrialization, economic growth, and technological advancements. However, beneath the surface of prosperity and progress, there were also significant social and economic inequalities, political corruption, and exploitation of workers. The term "gilded" refers to the idea that the era appeared golden and prosperous on the outside, but was actually marked by significant problems and disparities.

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  • 2. 

    2. Which sentence best describes immigration from eastern Europe from 1870 to 1920?

    • A.

      The number of immigrants increased steadily every decade.

    • B.

      The number of immigrants stayed constant.

    • C.

      Immigration increased steadily and then fell to near zero.

    • D.

      The number of immigrants declined steadily.

    Correct Answer
    A. The number of immigrants increased steadily every decade.
    Explanation
    From 1870 to 1920, immigration from eastern Europe experienced a consistent and steady increase in numbers. This means that the number of immigrants coming from eastern Europe grew steadily with each passing decade during this time period.

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  • 3. 

    3. Which one of these statements most briefly describes Political Divisions?

    • A.

      The city raised taxes and set up offices to deal with peoples needs.

    • B.

      People made up the population of the cities.

    • C.

      Competition among groups for control and immigrants moving in to new places.

    • D.

      Fast growing cities.

    Correct Answer
    C. Competition among groups for control and immigrants moving in to new places.
    Explanation
    This statement most briefly describes political divisions because it highlights the competition among different groups for control and the movement of immigrants into new places. This suggests that political divisions arise from the conflicts and power struggles between different groups and the influx of new populations into certain areas.

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  • 4. 

    4. What statement best describes the living conditions in a tenement apartment?

    • A.

      No food to eat and no houses to live in.

    • B.

      Big areas of land and great amounts of farmlands.

    • C.

      Very rich houses holds a lot of people.

    • D.

      Low cost apartment buildings designed to house as many families as the owner could pack in.

    Correct Answer
    D. Low cost apartment buildings designed to house as many families as the owner could pack in.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Low cost apartment buildings designed to house as many families as the owner could pack in." This description accurately reflects the living conditions in a tenement apartment, as they were typically cheap and overcrowded housing options during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Tenement apartments often lacked proper sanitation, ventilation, and basic amenities, making them difficult and uncomfortable places to live.

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  • 5. 

    5. In 1886 what did France accept as a gift?

    • A.

      Statue of Liberty

    • B.

      Liberty Bell

    • C.

      A bunch of money

    • D.

      More slaves

    Correct Answer
    A. Statue of Liberty
    Explanation
    In 1886, France accepted the Statue of Liberty as a gift. The Statue of Liberty was a symbol of friendship between France and the United States and was given to commemorate the centennial of the American Declaration of Independence. The statue was designed by French sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and its construction was completed in France before it was disassembled and shipped to the United States. It was then reassembled on Liberty Island in New York Harbor, where it stands as a symbol of freedom and democracy.

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  • 6. 

    6.  Many immigrants supported political machines because political machines?

    • A.

      Helped many immigrants find work

    • B.

      Were free of corruption

    • C.

      Fought against all discrimination

    • D.

      Opposed the sale of alcohol

    Correct Answer
    A. Helped many immigrants find work
    Explanation
    Many immigrants supported political machines because political machines helped many immigrants find work. Political machines were often involved in providing job opportunities and assistance to immigrants, which made them attractive to those seeking employment and a better life. The support from political machines allowed immigrants to secure employment, earn a living, and improve their socio-economic conditions.

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  • 7. 

    7. Navist groups supported?

    • A.

      Favoring the unions over big business

    • B.

      Favoring native born Americans over immigrants

    • C.

      Increased immigration from Europe and Asia

    • D.

      Policies favoring Native Americans

    Correct Answer
    B. Favoring native born Americans over immigrants
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "favoring native born Americans over immigrants." This answer suggests that Navist groups supported policies and ideologies that prioritized the interests and rights of native-born Americans over those of immigrants. These groups may have advocated for stricter immigration policies, protection of jobs and resources for native-born Americans, and the preservation of American culture and values.

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  • 8. 

    8. A quarter of a million Chinese immigrants come to the United States to work for what?

    • A.

      For American railroad companies

    • B.

      On western farms

    • C.

      On cotton plantations

    • D.

      In Midwestern factories

    Correct Answer
    A. For American railroad companies
    Explanation
    A quarter of a million Chinese immigrants came to the United States to work for American railroad companies. This is because during the 19th century, Chinese laborers were recruited to work on the construction of railroads, particularly in the western parts of the country. They played a significant role in connecting the east and west coasts of the United States through the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad.

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  • 9. 

    9. The interstate commerce Act was designed to?

    • A.

      Force railroad companies to keep their rates secret

    • B.

      Eliminate unfair practices by powerful railroad companies

    • C.

      Allow railroad workers to form their own unions

    • D.

      Make railroads rise wages for their workers

    Correct Answer
    B. Eliminate unfair practices by powerful railroad companies
    Explanation
    The correct answer is eliminate unfair practices by powerful railroad companies. The Interstate Commerce Act was enacted in 1887 to regulate the railroad industry and prevent unfair practices such as rate discrimination and monopolistic behavior. It aimed to create a fair and competitive environment in the industry by prohibiting practices that gave certain companies an unfair advantage over others. The Act also established the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to oversee and enforce these regulations.

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  • 10. 

    10. What court case allowed states to regulate businesses with in their borders?

    • A.

      Chinese Exclusion Act

    • B.

      Mulbery vs. Madison

    • C.

      Imigration Restriction Act

    • D.

      Munn vs. Illinois

    Correct Answer
    D. Munn vs. Illinois
    Explanation
    Munn vs. Illinois is the correct answer because it was a landmark Supreme Court case in 1877 that established the principle that states have the power to regulate businesses operating within their borders. In this case, the Supreme Court upheld a state law that regulated grain elevator rates, stating that the state had a legitimate interest in protecting the public welfare and could regulate private businesses to achieve that goal. This decision expanded the power of states to regulate various industries and set an important precedent for future cases involving state regulation of businesses.

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