World History Quiz: Middle Ages To Modern Period

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 77

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World History Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In the Middle Ages, people believed that the earth was the center of the universe. This theory was called the "________ theory".
  • 2. 
    _______________ came up with the heliocentric theory, which said that the sun was the center of the universe.
  • 3. 
    The Church supported which theory?
    • A. 

      Heliocentric

    • B. 

      Geocentric

  • 4. 
    What is the main event that brought the Scientific Revolution?
    • A. 

      The Reformation

    • B. 

      The Renaissance

    • C. 

      The Discovery of the Americans

    • D. 

      The Enlightenment

  • 5. 
    _________ was the one who tried to back up Copernicus's theory with evidence. His assistant, Johan Kepler, finished the scientist's work.
  • 6. 
    _________ used a telescope to study the heavens, and published the Starry Messenger and Dialogue Concerning the Two-Chief World Systems. The Church brought him infront of the Inquisition and dubbed him to be a heretic.
  • 7. 
    What were some of Galileo's revolutionary theories?
    • A. 

      The sun had spots on it

    • B. 

      The earth had two moons

    • C. 

      Jupiter has moons

    • D. 

      There were 9 planets in the solar system

    • E. 

      Saturn has rings

    • F. 

      The sun was the center of the universe

    • G. 

      The surface of the moon was not smooth

  • 8. 
    The Scientific Method was created by the ideas of ________ and ___________. (Type one of the two people)
  • 9. 
    "I think, therefore I am." Who said this quote? What does the quote mean?
  • 10. 
    Rene Descartes is to Analytical Geometry as Francis Bacon is to _______.
  • 11. 
    _____________ created the law of universal gravitation.
  • 12. 
    ____________ created the first microscope.
  • 13. 
    _________ discovered bacteria in tooth scrapings.
  • 14. 
    Which of the following inventors and their inventions are matched correctly?
    • A. 

      Galileo, Telescope

    • B. 

      Robert Boyle, Small Pox Vaccine

    • C. 

      Anders Celsius, First Glass Mercury Thermometer

    • D. 

      Evangelista Torricelli, 1st Mercury Barometer

  • 15. 
    The Scientific Revolution led to the ___________. (period of time)
  • 16. 
    __________________ wrote Leviathan and believed in a strong, centralized government. His ideal government was like an absolute monarchy.
  • 17. 
    What is the "Social Contract" acording to Hobbs?
  • 18. 
    __________________ believed in self-government, where the government's only purpose was to protect every person's basic natural rights: life, liberty, and property.
  • 19. 
    _________ were French philosophers. They strongly believed in reason.
  • 20. 
    __________ used satire and was often critisized for his writings about freedom of speech. He said "I do not agree with a single word you say, but will defend to the death your right to say it."
  • 21. 
    ______________ believed in the separation of powers in a government, or checks and balances. He thought Britain's government was a great example of this.
  • 22. 
    ______________ believed in individual freedom, and that society corrupted a humans natural goodness. He said, "Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains." His idea of a social contract was different from Hobbs's vision.
  • 23. 
    _____________ believed that laws existed to preserve order in society, not to punish. He also argued that torture should never be used.
  • 24. 
    __________ used Rousseau's argument to make her own case about women's rights. She said "If all men are born free, why are women born slaves?". She spread her ideas through salons, or social gatherings.
  • 25. 
    Name and describe all three of the legacies brought by the Enlightenment. Please answer fully and in complete sentences.