Chapter 6 Test - Progressivism

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Chapter 6 Test - Progressivism

This test will assess your knowledge on materials regarding chapter 6 and the Progressive Movement during the turn of the Century.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    How did muckrakers prepare the way for political reforms?
    • A. 

      The organized labor strikes.

    • B. 

      The exposed corruption by writing about it.

    • C. 

      The testified in Senate hearings.

    • D. 

      They hired lawyers to settle disputes about safety.

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Owners and families went to court to determine the amount of damages owed.

    • B. 

      The tragedy gave labor an edge in contract negotiations.

    • C. 

      The fire set off strikes across the nation.

    • D. 

      The tragedy led to New York State reforms of safety measures, factory inspections, and sanitation standards that became a nationwide model.

  • 3. 
    What political reform was introduced by the 17th Amendment?
    • A. 

      The creation of the posts of city commissioners

    • B. 

      The elimination of the position of city manager

    • C. 

      The direct election of U.S. senators

    • D. 

      The abolishment (giving up) of jail time for failure to pay debt

  • 4. 
    In the garment industry, why were women paid less than men were?
    • A. 

      It took more time to train women for the garment industry than it did to train men.

    • B. 

      Women were usually less well educated than men.

    • C. 

      Employees assumed women were supported by their fathers or husbands.

    • D. 

      The work required more strength than most women had.

  • 5. 
    "Conservation is the foresighted utilization, preservation, and/or renewal of forests, waters, lands and minerals, of the greatest good, for the greatest number, for the longest time.” Which of the people below probably made this statement?
    • A. 

      Carry Nation

    • B. 

      Gifford Pinchot

    • C. 

      Billy Sunday

    • D. 

      William Howard Taft

  • 6. 
    Reformers called for prohibition because they believed that alcohol
    • A. 

      Was responsible for crime, poverty, and violence against women.

    • B. 

      Was produced under unsanitary conditions.

    • C. 

      Caused health problems.

    • D. 

      Production lines were liable to burst into flames under the right conditions.

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      President McKinley was assassinated.

    • B. 

      Roosevelt was too inexperienced to listen to party bosses.

    • C. 

      Roosevelt's health kept him from pushing through reforms.

    • D. 

      He refused to use the "bully pulpit," even after he became president.

  • 8. 
    Upton Sinclair's shocking novel The Jungle sparked and investigation that led to
    • A. 

      The creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission.

    • B. 

      Anti-trust legislation.

    • C. 

      The passage of the Meat Inspection Act.

    • D. 

      The passage of the Elkins Act

  • 9. 
    ____________ AND _____________ = Opposed Women's Right to Vote
    • A. 

      Liquor industry, church leaders

    • B. 

      Suffragists, business leaders

    • C. 

      NACW, business leaders

    • D. 

      Business leaders, supporters of Susan B. Anthony

  • 10. 
    Theodore Roosevelt created the U.S. Forest Service and the National Park Service because
    • A. 

      He recognized that natural resources were limited and believed that their use needed to be controlled.

    • B. 

      He thought that the land could be developed more efficiently and profitably by government.

    • C. 

      He feared the consequences for industry if the open forests were under the care of only conservationists.

    • D. 

      He realized that limber was too valuable a commodity to kept inaccessible to business.

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Demand in-home childcare while they went to the polls.

    • B. 

      Repeal alcohol taxes since they used alcohol for many medicinal purposes.

    • C. 

      Ignore their duties at home.

    • D. 

      Vote for passage of more health-care measures and thus have more babies.

  • 12. 
    Theodore Roosevelt’s administration filed hundreds of lawsuits against ___________ .
    • A. 

      Monopolies

    • B. 

      Arbitrators

    • C. 

      Capitalists

    • D. 

      Socialists

  • 13. 
    The _______________________ caused Roosevelt to withdraw his support of President Taft.
    • A. 

      Brownsville Incident

    • B. 

      Ballinger-Pinchot affair

    • C. 

      Johnson event

    • D. 

      Woodhall-Huff Incident

  • 14. 
    The Federal Trade Commission was tough on companies that used ___________ .
    • A. 

      Deceptive advertising

    • B. 

      Impure ingredients

    • C. 

      Illegal immigrants

    • D. 

      Foreign labor force

  • 15. 
    The 1905 Antiquities Act created 18 national _____________ .
    • A. 

      Monuments

    • B. 

      Museums

    • C. 

      Parks

    • D. 

      Sea shores

  • 16. 
    The split within the Republican Party in the 1912 presidential election allowed _______________________ to win.
    • A. 

      W. H. Taft

    • B. 

      W. Wilson

    • C. 

      T. Roosevelt

    • D. 

      R. Buckler

  • 17. 
    In 1910 one third of U.S. workers lived in poverty.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE

  • 18. 
    African American soldiers wrongly accused in the Brownsville incident were honorably discharged in 1906.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE

  • 19. 
    President Woodrow Wilson called for higher tariffs and the repeal of most anti-trust legislation.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE

  • 20. 
    The Roosevelt administration pursued and dissolved trusts that competed unfairly.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE

  • 21. 
    By 1912 most states had laws prohibiting children from full-time work.
    • A. 

      TRUE

    • B. 

      FALSE

  • 22. 
    Journalist who exposed Rockefeller’s underhanded tactics at Standard Oil.
    • A. 

      John Muir

    • B. 

      Alice Paul

    • C. 

      Ida Tarbell

    • D. 

      Jacob Riis

  • 23. 
    Plan that called for tariff reductions, banking reforms, and stronger anti-trust laws.
    • A. 

      Square Deal

    • B. 

      New Freedom

    • C. 

      Old School

    • D. 

      Trust Buster 1910

  • 24. 
    Roosevelt’s plan to limit the power of trusts and promote public health and safety.
    • A. 

      Square Deal

    • B. 

      New Freedom

    • C. 

      Fair Deal

    • D. 

      Healthcare for All

  • 25. 
    Cabinet member who allowed business leaders to purchase public land in Alaska.
    • A. 

      John Muir

    • B. 

      Richard Ballinger

    • C. 

      Alexander Richardson

    • D. 

      Bradford Chadsey

  • 26. 
    Union that organized unskilled laborers.
    • A. 

      WFFET

    • B. 

      ILGWU

    • C. 

      NWSA

    • D. 

      IWW

  • 27. 
    Naturalist who wanted the entire wilderness preserved in its natural state.
    • A. 

      Theodore Roosevelt

    • B. 

      John Muir

    • C. 

      Richard Ballinger

    • D. 

      Alice Paul

  • 28. 
    Women’s suffrage activist arrested for voting.
    • A. 

      Alice Paul

    • B. 

      Carry Nation

    • C. 

      Susan B. Anthony

    • D. 

      Elisabeth Cady Stanton

  • 29. 
    Amendment giving women the right to vote.
    • A. 

      16th

    • B. 

      17th

    • C. 

      18th

    • D. 

      19th

  • 30. 
    Helped found the National Woman’s Party.
    • A. 

      Susan B. Anthony

    • B. 

      Ida Tarbell

    • C. 

      Alice Paul

    • D. 

      Carry Nation

  • 31. 
    Amendment that allowed Congress to levy taxes based on an individual’s income.
    • A. 

      14th

    • B. 

      15th

    • C. 

      16th

    • D. 

      17th

  • 32. 
    Some very active work has been carried on this summer in the Third Assembly District of the Borough of Manhattan by the Woman Suffrage Party . . . Beginning at St. Mark’s Place we have moved south through the district until last Tuesday we held a stirring meeting near the southern boundary of the district, which is at the corner of Mott and Pell streets. This includes rough sections of the city, and Chinatown is one of the roughest. Many good friends warned us against going there, but our party, which aims to reach every section, sternly disallowed that any street, by- way, court or alley shall be closed to us. We suffragists are implacably against restricted districts of any kind . . . We expected a polyglot and varied crowd at the meeting at Mott and Pell streets. We took with us literature in Yiddish, Italian, and notices were written in Chinese. We were sure the politicians from the surrounding district political clubs would come out. We knew that many voters would be there whom we could reach, . . . that many a white-faced despairing woman could hear our message, that many struggling mothers and children would listen to us, that many of the respectable merchants and business men, both American and Chinese, who want better conditions, would welcome us, and that some of the social workers of the district would co-operate—to make our meeting successful. But we were not prepared to see the great orderly throng that greeted us. Many efficient police officers were stationed about, and any slight disturbances were immediately quelled. —Harriet Burton Laidlaw, suffragist The Woman’s Journal, July 13, 1912 Question: What does the word polyglot mean?
    • A. 

      A person that speaks many languages

    • B. 

      A person that causes trouble

    • C. 

      A person of color

    • D. 

      A person who curses all the time

  • 33. 
    "Mrs. Brannan describes the scene that took place in the reception room on Nov. 14, following the arrests . . . “The guards fell upon us. I saw Miss Lincoln, a slight young girl, thrown to the floor. Mrs. Nolan, a delicate old lady of 73, was mastered by two men. The furniture was overturned and the room was a scene of havoc. The whole group of women were thrown, dragged and hurled out of the office . . . I was thrown, with four others, in a cell with a narrow bed and dirty blankets.” —Lawrence, Massachusetts, Telegram, December 3, 1917 Why were the women treated this way? What did they petition for?
    • A. 

      Children's rights

    • B. 

      Prohibition

    • C. 

      Suffrage

    • D. 

      Sufferage

  • 34. 
    Roosevelt is wrestling with the railroad industry. What two acts came as a result of this "wrestling match"?
    • A. 

      Johnson & Small Acts

    • B. 

      Elkins & Hepburn Acts

    • C. 

      Mead & Hope Acts

    • D. 

      Derringer & Richardson Acts

  • 35. 
    This was a controversial political cartoon when first published, but controversial to whom?
    • A. 

      Men

    • B. 

      Women

    • C. 

      Children

    • D. 

      Immigrants

    • E. 

      Factory Workers

  • 36. 
    This image of women and kids cutting string beans in a factory is a good representation of...
    • A. 

      Progressivism

    • B. 

      Industrialization

    • C. 

      Informanism

    • D. 

      Factorization

  • 37. 
    What's the word?"voters select a party's candidates for public office"
    • A. 

      General consensus

    • B. 

      Indirect primary

    • C. 

      Direct primary

    • D. 

      Primo electo

  • 38. 
    What's the amendment?"voters elect their senators directly"
    • A. 

      15th

    • B. 

      16th

    • C. 

      17th

    • D. 

      18th

  • 39. 
    What's the word?"people vote privately without fear of coercion"
    • A. 

      Secret ballot

    • B. 

      Open ballot

    • C. 

      Free ballot

    • D. 

      Hidden elections

  • 40. 
    What's the word?"allows citizens to propose new laws"
    • A. 

      Public proposal

    • B. 

      Directive

    • C. 

      Elective superiority

    • D. 

      Initiative

  • 41. 
    What's the word?"allows citizens to vote on a proposed law or existing law"
    • A. 

      Referendum

    • B. 

      Adendum

    • C. 

      Duodenum

    • D. 

      Re-vote

  • 42. 
    What's the word?"allows voters to remove an elected official from office"
    • A. 

      Removal Act of 1912

    • B. 

      Recall

    • C. 

      Referendum

    • D. 

      Removal

  • 43. 
    Which of the following best describes the movement known as progressivism?
    • A. 

      The attempt to improve the lives of the working class and to regulate the unchecked power of business.

    • B. 

      The attempt to limit the size of government.

    • C. 

      The attempt to encourage business growth and to build a strong middle class.

    • D. 

      The attempt to safeguard the upper class from crime and labor unrest.

  • 44. 
    What were journalists working for reform called?
    • A. 

      Organizers

    • B. 

      Strike breakers

    • C. 

      Muckrakers

    • D. 

      Scalawags

  • 45. 
    Which of the following refers to the proposed ban on making, selling, and distributing alcoholic beverages?
    • A. 

      Referendum

    • B. 

      Suffrage

    • C. 

      Prohibition

    • D. 

      Preservation

  • 46. 
    Why were suffragists upset over the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment?
    • A. 

      It allowed African American men to vote but not women.

    • B. 

      It specifically stated that women could not vote.

    • C. 

      It gave civil rights to men but not to women.

    • D. 

      It ended slavery for men but not for women.

  • 47. 
    The Federal Reserve Act focused on which of the following Progressive goals?
    • A. 

      Tariff reductions

    • B. 

      Banking reform

    • C. 

      Stronger antitrust legislation

    • D. 

      Environmental protection

  • 48. 
    "lacking worldly experience and understanding"
    • A. 

      Elusive

    • B. 

      Naive

    • C. 

      Abetting

    • D. 

      Impoverished

  • 49. 
    "constituting a very large, indefinite number; innumerable"
    • A. 

      Alltruistic

    • B. 

      Immense

    • C. 

      Huge

    • D. 

      Myriad

  • 50. 
    "the foremost or leading position in a trend or movement"
    • A. 

      Point

    • B. 

      Vanguard

    • C. 

      Fulcrum

    • D. 

      Hord

  • 51. 
    "made up of distinct characteristics, qualities, or elements"
    • A. 

      Special

    • B. 

      Sustained

    • C. 

      Diverse

    • D. 

      Wielded

  • 52. 
    "steady and persistent; unremitting"
    • A. 

      Relentless

    • B. 

      Wielding

    • C. 

      Elusive

    • D. 

      Abetting