Robinson Ush2 H Progressivism Test

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 256

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The primary emphasis of the progressive movement was on
    • A. 

      Freeing individuals and business from federal control

    • B. 

      Protecting farmers and small business from corporate power

    • C. 

      Strengthening government as an instrument of social betterment

    • D. 

      Organizing workers into a unified and class-conscious political party

  • 2. 
    Prominent among those who aroused the progressive movement by stirring the public's sense of concern were
    • A. 

      Socialists, social gospelers, women, and muckraking journalists

    • B. 

      Union leaders, machine politicians, immigrants, and engineers

    • C. 

      Bankers, advertisers, and scientists

    • D. 

      Athletes, entertainers, and musicians

  • 3. 
    Which of the following was not among the targets of muckraking journalistic exposes?
    • A. 

      Urban politics and government

    • B. 

      Oil and railroad industries

    • C. 

      The Army and Navy

    • D. 

      Child labor and "white slave" traffic in women

  • 4. 
    Most proggressives were
    • A. 

      Poor farmers

    • B. 

      Urban workers

    • C. 

      Urban middle-class people

    • D. 

      Wealthy people

  • 5. 
    Among the political reforms sought by progressives were
    • A. 

      Organized political parties. and direct election of representatives to congress

    • B. 

      An Equal Rights Amendment, federal financing of elections.

    • C. 

      Civil service reform, and racial integration

    • D. 

      Initiative and referendum, direct election of senators, and women's suffrage

  • 6. 
    States where progressives first gained a large influence were
    • A. 

      Massachusetts/Maine

    • B. 

      Wisconsin/Oregon/California

    • C. 

      Indiana/Texas/Nevada

    • D. 

      New York/Florida

  • 7. 
    Progressives suffered a setback in Lochner v New York when the Supreme Court ruled
    • A. 

      New York's law establishing a 10 hour work day for bakeries was unconstitutional

    • B. 

      New York could not regulate the liquor industry

    • C. 

      New York could not pass laws giving special protection to female workers

  • 8. 
    Roosevelt ended the Pennsylvania Coal Strike by
    • A. 

      Urging labor and management to negotiate a settlement

    • B. 

      Passing federal legislation legalizing unions

    • C. 

      Forcing mediation by threatening to use military force

    • D. 

      Declaring a national state of emergency

  • 9. 
    The Roosevelt-backed Elkins Act and Hepburn Act were aimed at
    • A. 

      Better protection for industrial workers

    • B. 

      More effective regulation of railroad industry

    • C. 

      Protection for consumers of beef and produce

    • D. 

      Breaking up the Oil monopoly

  • 10. 
    Two areas where Roosevelt's progressivsm made substantial headway were
    • A. 

      Agricultural and mining legislation

    • B. 

      Stock market and securities legislation

    • C. 

      Immigration and racial legislation

    • D. 

      Consumer and conservation legislation

  • 11. 
    After the election of 1908, Taft was expected to
    • A. 

      Continue and extend Teddy's progressive policies

    • B. 

      Forge a coalition with William Jennings Bryan and the Democrats

    • C. 

      Swing the Republcan Party in a radical direction

    • D. 

      Turn away from Teddy and toward the conservative wing of the Republicans

  • 12. 
    Progressive Republicans grew disillusioned with Taft over the issues of
    • A. 

      Dollar diplomacy/military intervention in the Caribbean

    • B. 

      Labor union rights and women's concerns

    • C. 

      Trust busting, tariffs, and conservation

    • D. 

      Regulation of railroad industry

  • 13. 
    Teddy decided to break with the Republicans because
    • A. 

      He had never believed in their principles

    • B. 

      He could no longer stand to be in the same party as Taft

    • C. 

      Taft used his control of the party to deny Teddy the nomination

    • D. 

      Teddy thought he'd have a better chance as a third party

  • 14. 
    Wilson won the election of 1914 because
    • A. 

      His policies were more popular with the public

    • B. 

      Taft and Teddy split the former Republican vote

    • C. 

      The Socialists took away 1 million votes from the Republicans

    • D. 

      Teddy was able to carry only the South

  • 15. 
    Wilson's primary weakness as a politician was
    • A. 

      His lack of skill in public speaking

    • B. 

      His inability to grasp the complexities of governmental issues

    • C. 

      His tendency to be inflexible and refuse to cooperate

    • D. 

      His lack of overarching political ideals

  • 16. 
    The triple wall of privelage that Wilson set out to reform consisted of
    • A. 

      Farmers, shippers, and the military

    • B. 

      Tariffs, banks, and trusts

    • C. 

      Universities, clubs, and gentry

    • D. 

      Congressional leaders, lobbyists, and lawyers

  • 17. 
    During Wilson's administrartion, Congress used the authority granted by the 16th amendment to pass
    • A. 

      Prohibition of liquor

    • B. 

      Women's suffrage

    • C. 

      Voting rights for blacks

    • D. 

      Federal income tax

  • 18. 
    The regulatory agency created by Wilson's administrarion in 1914 that attacked  monopolies accused of false advertising and consumer fraud was
    • A. 

      The Federal Trade Commission

    • B. 

      The Interstate Commerce Commission

    • C. 

      The Federal Reserve System

    • D. 

      Consumer Products Safety Comission

  • 19. 
    While it attacked business trusts, the Clayton Antitrust Act exempted from antitrust prosecution
    • A. 

      Industries essential to national defense

    • B. 

      Agricultural and labor organization

    • C. 

      Oil and steel industries

    • D. 

      Professional organization of doctors and lawyers

  • 20. 
    Wilson effectively reformed the banking and financial system by
    • A. 

      Establishing a 3rd Bank of the U.S to issue and regulate currency

    • B. 

      Take the U.S off the gold standard

    • C. 

      Establishing a publically controlled Federal Reserve Board with regional banks under the bankers' control

    • D. 

      Giving authority to regulate banking/currency to the states

  • 21. 
    Wilson's progressive measures aided all of the following groups except
    • A. 

      Women

    • B. 

      Blacks

    • C. 

      Children

    • D. 

      Farmers

  • 22. 
    According to Teddy, the government's role in labor should be to
    • A. 

      Pursue a middle ground to curb corporate/labor issues

    • B. 

      Side with labor in nearly all matters

    • C. 

      Support ownership, unless it's in violation of the Sherman Anti-trust Act

    • D. 

      Remain outside or above the issue

  • 23. 
    The most accurate depiction of Teddy's attitude towards trusts would be
    • A. 

      Some controls were necessary, but large scale industrial growth and production were natural/beneficial

    • B. 

      Trusts represented corporate abuses and worker exploitation

    • C. 

      A return to smaller scale corporate development was necessary

    • D. 

      Large trusts were desirable as long as owners recognized the rights of unions to organize/represent workers

  • 24. 
    The Hepburn Act
    • A. 

      Created the Interstate Commerce Commission

    • B. 

      Required the burden of proof of railroad company abuses upon the courts

    • C. 

      Established the Department of Commerce/Bureau of Corporations

    • D. 

      Broadened the jurisdiction/increased power of the ICC allowing it to establish maximum railroad rates

  • 25. 
    The result of the Payne-Aldrich Act in terms of political fallout was
    • A. 

      Republicans were seen to oppose wholesale tariff reduction

    • B. 

      Progressive republicans were alienated from Taft and turned towards Teddy

    • C. 

      The power of "Uncle Joe" Cannon as Speaker of the house was strengthened, stifling reform impetus

    • D. 

      Democrats supported the act, improving their imaga in future elections