Chapter 6: Enlightenment & Revolution

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Mbart1
M
Mbart1
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 98
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 98

SettingsSettingsSettings
Chapter 6: Enlightenment & Revolution - Quiz


This on World History; The Enlightenment and French Revolution


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Founder of modern Chemistry

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Ptolemy

    • C.

      Johannes Kepler

    • D.

      Galileo

    • E.

      Bacon & Descartes

    • F.

      Isaac Newton

    • G.

      Vesalius

    • H.

      Edward Jenner

    • I.

      Robert Boyle

    Correct Answer
    I. Robert Boyle
    Explanation
    Robert Boyle is considered the founder of modern chemistry because of his significant contributions to the field. He is best known for Boyle's Law, which describes the relationship between the pressure and volume of a gas. Boyle's experiments and observations paved the way for the development of the scientific method and the understanding of chemical elements and compounds. His work laid the foundation for the study of gases and the quantitative approach to chemistry, making him a key figure in the establishment of modern chemistry as a scientific discipline.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Made world's first vaccine

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Ptolemy

    • C.

      Johannes Kepler

    • D.

      Galileo

    • E.

      Bacon & Descartes

    • F.

      Isaac Newton

    • G.

      Vesalius

    • H.

      Edward Jenner

    • I.

      Robert Boyle

    Correct Answer
    H. Edward Jenner
    Explanation
    Edward Jenner is the correct answer because he is known for making the world's first vaccine. Jenner developed the smallpox vaccine in the late 18th century, using material from cowpox lesions to immunize against smallpox. This groundbreaking discovery paved the way for the development of modern vaccines and revolutionized the field of immunology.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Studied human anatomy, and published findings

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Ptolemy

    • C.

      Johannes Kepler

    • D.

      Galileo

    • E.

      Bacon & Descartes

    • F.

      Isaac Newton

    • G.

      Vesalius

    • H.

      Edward Jenner

    • I.

      Robert Boyle

    Correct Answer
    G. Vesalius
    Explanation
    Vesalius is the correct answer because he studied human anatomy and published his findings. This suggests that he made significant contributions to the field of anatomy, possibly through research and observation of the human body. The other options listed do not specifically mention studying human anatomy and publishing findings, making Vesalius the most appropriate choice.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Made laws of motion, and gravity

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Ptolemy

    • C.

      Johannes Kepler

    • D.

      Galileo

    • E.

      Bacon & Descartes

    • F.

      Isaac Newton

    • G.

      Vesalius

    • H.

      Edward Jenner

    • I.

      Robert Boyle

    Correct Answer
    F. Isaac Newton
    Explanation
    Isaac Newton is the correct answer because he made significant contributions to the laws of motion and gravity. Newton's laws of motion describe the relationship between the motion of an object and the forces acting upon it. His law of universal gravitation explains the force of attraction between two objects with mass. These laws revolutionized the field of physics and had a profound impact on our understanding of the natural world. Newton's work laid the foundation for classical mechanics and his discoveries continue to be fundamental principles in physics today.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Developed the scientific method

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Ptolemy

    • C.

      Johannes Kepler

    • D.

      Galileo

    • E.

      Bacon & Descartes

    • F.

      Isaac Newton

    • G.

      Vesalius

    • H.

      Edward Jenner

    • I.

      Robert Boyle

    Correct Answer
    E. Bacon & Descartes
    Explanation
    Bacon and Descartes are known for their contributions to the development of the scientific method. Francis Bacon, an English philosopher, emphasized the importance of empirical observation and experimentation in acquiring knowledge. René Descartes, a French philosopher and mathematician, emphasized the use of deductive reasoning and skepticism in the pursuit of scientific knowledge. Together, their ideas laid the foundation for the scientific method, which is a systematic approach to acquiring knowledge through observation, experimentation, and logical reasoning.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Made telescope, proved heliocentrical theory right, and was put in house arrest until death for his conflicts with church

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Ptolemy

    • C.

      Johannes Kepler

    • D.

      Galileo

    • E.

      Bacon & Descartes

    • F.

      Isaac Newton

    • G.

      Vesalius

    • H.

      Edward Jenner

    • I.

      Robert Boyle

    Correct Answer
    D. Galileo
    Explanation
    Galileo is the correct answer because he made a telescope and used it to observe the planets and stars, providing evidence for the heliocentric theory proposed by Copernicus. His observations contradicted the geocentric model proposed by Ptolemy and supported the idea that the Earth revolves around the Sun. However, his conflicts with the church led to his house arrest until his death, as his ideas challenged the religious beliefs of the time.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Said planets revolved in elliptical orbits, and demonstrated mathematically that planets revolve around the sun

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Ptolemy

    • C.

      Johannes Kepler

    • D.

      Galileo

    • E.

      Bacon & Descartes

    • F.

      Isaac Newton

    • G.

      Vesalius

    • H.

      Edward Jenner

    • I.

      Robert Boyle

    Correct Answer
    C. Johannes Kepler
    Explanation
    Johannes Kepler is the correct answer because he was the one who mathematically demonstrated that planets revolve around the sun and proposed the idea of elliptical orbits. Kepler's laws of planetary motion revolutionized our understanding of the solar system and laid the foundation for Isaac Newton's laws of motion. Kepler's work was a significant departure from the geocentric model proposed by Ptolemy and supported by Copernicus. Galileo, Bacon & Descartes, Vesalius, Edward Jenner, and Robert Boyle made important contributions in their respective fields, but they did not specifically address the revolution of planets around the sun.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Showed better understanding of science, and question and make new ideas in science 

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Ptolemy

    • C.

      Johannes Kepler

    • D.

      Galileo

    • E.

      Bacon & Descartes

    • F.

      Isaac Newton

    • G.

      Vesalius

    • H.

      Edward Jenner

    • I.

      Robert Boyle

    Correct Answer
    E. Bacon & Descartes
    Explanation
    Bacon and Descartes showed better understanding of science, questioned existing beliefs, and introduced new ideas in science. Francis Bacon is known for developing the scientific method, emphasizing the importance of observation and experimentation in scientific inquiry. René Descartes is known for his rationalist philosophy and his contributions to mathematics and physics, such as the development of Cartesian coordinates. Both Bacon and Descartes played significant roles in the scientific revolution, challenging traditional views and paving the way for the advancement of scientific knowledge.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Believed in Heliocentric theory

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Ptolemy

    • C.

      Johannes Kepler

    • D.

      Galileo

    • E.

      Bacon & Descartes

    • F.

      Isaac Newton

    • G.

      Vesalius

    • H.

      Edward Jenner

    • I.

      Robert Boyle

    Correct Answer
    A. Copernicus
    Explanation
    Copernicus believed in the heliocentric theory, which states that the Sun is at the center of the universe and that the Earth and other planets revolve around it. This theory challenged the prevailing belief at the time, which was the geocentric theory proposed by Ptolemy. Copernicus' heliocentric theory laid the foundation for modern astronomy and had a profound impact on our understanding of the universe.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Believed in geocentric theory

    • A.

      Copernicus

    • B.

      Ptolemy

    • C.

      Johannes Kepler

    • D.

      Galileo

    • E.

      Bacon & Descartes

    • F.

      Isaac Newton

    • G.

      Vesalius

    • H.

      Edward Jenner

    • I.

      Robert Boyle

    Correct Answer
    B. Ptolemy
    Explanation
    Ptolemy is the correct answer because he is known for his belief in the geocentric theory, which states that the Earth is the center of the universe and all other celestial bodies revolve around it. Ptolemy's geocentric model was widely accepted for centuries until it was challenged by Copernicus and later disproven by Kepler's laws of planetary motion. Ptolemy's work, "Almagest," was a comprehensive treatise on astronomy and was highly influential in medieval and Renaissance Europe.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.