Chapter 4 Vocabulary - Culture

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Dmahaley
D
Dmahaley
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 8 | Total Attempts: 3,480
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 66

SettingsSettingsSettings
Chapter 4 Vocabulary - Culture - Quiz


Choose the best answer for each of the questions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The sum total of the knowledge, attributes, and habitual behavior patterns shared and transmitted by the members of a society.

    • A.

      Hearth

    • B.

      Culture

    • C.

      Material culture

    • D.

      Custom

    Correct Answer
    B. Culture
    Explanation
    Culture refers to the collective knowledge, attributes, and habitual behavior patterns that are shared and transmitted by the members of a society. It encompasses everything from beliefs, values, and customs to language, art, and social norms. Culture shapes the way people think, behave, and interact with each other, providing a framework for social order and identity. It is a dynamic and evolving concept that is passed down from generation to generation, influencing individuals' attitudes, beliefs, and actions.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Cultural traits such as dress, diet, and music that identify and are part of today's changeable, urban-based, media-influenced western societies.

    • A.

      Popular culture

    • B.

      Hearth

    • C.

      Non-material culture

    • D.

      Local culture

    Correct Answer
    A. Popular culture
    Explanation
    Popular culture refers to the cultural traits, such as dress, diet, and music, that are prevalent in today's urban-based, media-influenced western societies. It represents the mainstream and widely accepted cultural practices and preferences of the masses. This term encompasses the trends, fads, and entertainment that are popular among the general public. Popular culture is constantly changing and evolving, influenced by media, technology, and globalization. It is distinct from local culture, which refers to the traditional customs and practices of a specific geographic region.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The art, housing, clothing, sports, dances, foods, and other similar items constructed or created by a group of people.

    • A.

      Non-material culture

    • B.

      Hearth

    • C.

      Assimilation

    • D.

      Material culture

    Correct Answer
    D. Material culture
    Explanation
    Material culture refers to the physical objects, artifacts, and creations that are made and used by a particular group of people. It includes things like art, housing, clothing, sports, dances, and food. These tangible items reflect the values, beliefs, and practices of a society and are often passed down through generations. Material culture plays a significant role in shaping the identity and traditions of a group, and studying it provides insights into their history, social structure, and way of life.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people.

    • A.

      Non-material culture

    • B.

      Assimilation

    • C.

      Hierarchical diffusion

    • D.

      Material culture

    Correct Answer
    A. Non-material culture
    Explanation
    Non-material culture refers to the intangible aspects of a group's culture, including their beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values. This includes things like religious beliefs, social norms, language, and customs. Unlike material culture, which refers to the physical objects and artifacts associated with a culture, non-material culture is more abstract and focuses on the ideas and values that shape a society. It is an important aspect of understanding and studying different cultures and how they shape the behaviors and attitudes of individuals within that group.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    A form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples. An urban hierarchy is usually involved, encouraging the leapfrogging of innovations over wide areas, with geographic distance a less important influence.

    • A.

      Local culture

    • B.

      Hierarchical diffusion

    • C.

      Folk culture

    • D.

      Hearth

    Correct Answer
    B. Hierarchical diffusion
    Explanation
    Hierarchical diffusion is the correct answer because it refers to a form of diffusion where an idea or innovation spreads by first passing among the most connected places or peoples. This process usually involves an urban hierarchy, which encourages the leapfrogging of innovations over wide areas. In hierarchical diffusion, geographic distance is less important compared to the level of connectivity or hierarchy among places or peoples.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The area where an idea or cultural trait originates.

    • A.

      Culture

    • B.

      Hearth

    • C.

      Assimilation

    • D.

      Popular culture

    Correct Answer
    B. Hearth
    Explanation
    A hearth is a term used to describe the area where an idea or cultural trait originates. It represents the place where a particular culture or idea is born and spreads from. This term is often used in anthropology to explain the source or starting point of a cultural practice or belief. The hearth is significant as it helps us understand the roots and development of different cultures and their impact on society.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The process through which people lose originally differentiating traits, such as dress, speech particularities or mannerisms, when they come into contact with another society or culture. Often used to describe immigrant adaptation to new places of residence.

    • A.

      Assimilation

    • B.

      Culture

    • C.

      Authenticity

    • D.

      Commodification

    Correct Answer
    A. Assimilation
    Explanation
    Assimilation refers to the process in which individuals lose their original distinguishing characteristics, such as clothing, speech patterns, or behaviors, when they interact with a different society or culture. This term is commonly used to describe how immigrants adapt to their new places of residence. It implies that individuals become more similar to the dominant culture or society they are exposed to, often resulting in the loss of their unique cultural traits.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Practice routinely followed by a group of people.

    • A.

      Non-material culture

    • B.

      Authenticity

    • C.

      Neolocalism

    • D.

      Custom

    Correct Answer
    D. Custom
    Explanation
    Custom refers to a practice that is routinely followed by a group of people. It is a part of their culture and is passed down from generation to generation. Customs can include various rituals, traditions, and behaviors that are unique to a particular group or society. They help to define the identity and values of a community and are often seen as an important aspect of their heritage and way of life.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The process by which cultures adopt customs and knowledge from other cultures and use them for their own benefit.

    • A.

      Cultural appropriation

    • B.

      Assimilation

    • C.

      Ethnic neighborhood

    • D.

      Hearth

    Correct Answer
    A. Cultural appropriation
    Explanation
    Cultural appropriation refers to the process in which cultures adopt customs and knowledge from other cultures and utilize them for their own benefit. This can involve borrowing elements such as fashion, music, language, or religious practices. It is often criticized when it is done without proper understanding or respect for the original culture, leading to the commodification or misrepresentation of cultural traditions.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The seeking out of the regional culture and reinvigoration of it in response to the uncertainty of the modern world.

    • A.

      Neolocalism

    • B.

      Commodification

    • C.

      Assimilation

    • D.

      Cultural landscape

    Correct Answer
    A. Neolocalism
    Explanation
    Neolocalism refers to the act of seeking out and revitalizing regional culture in response to the uncertainties of the modern world. It involves a desire to reconnect with local traditions, customs, and values, often in opposition to globalization and homogenization. Neolocalism can be seen as a way to preserve and celebrate unique regional identities and foster a sense of belonging and community.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    The process through which something is given monetary value. It occurs when a good or idea that previously was not regarded as an object to be bought and sold is turned into something that has a particular price and that can be traded in a market economy.

    • A.

      Reterritorialization

    • B.

      Distance decay

    • C.

      Commodification

    • D.

      Time-space compression

    Correct Answer
    C. Commodification
    Explanation
    Commodification refers to the process of assigning a monetary value to something that was previously not considered as a commodity. It involves transforming goods or ideas into objects that can be bought, sold, and traded in a market economy. This process allows for the exchange of goods and services based on their perceived value and creates a market where transactions can take place.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    The effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction.

    • A.

      Distance decay

    • B.

      Cultural landscape

    • C.

      Ethnic neighborhood

    • D.

      Commodification

    Correct Answer
    A. Distance decay
    Explanation
    Distance decay refers to the decreasing intensity or frequency of interaction between places as the distance between them increases. This concept suggests that the greater the distance, the less likely it is for people or ideas to interact or influence each other. This can be due to physical barriers, transportation limitations, or simply the diminishing importance of a place as distance increases. Distance decay is a fundamental principle in geography and helps explain patterns of human interaction and diffusion of ideas across space.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    With respect to popular culture, when people within a place start to produce an aspect of popular culture themselves, doing so in the context of their local culture and making it their own.

    • A.

      Diffusion routes

    • B.

      Placelessness

    • C.

      Reterritorialization

    • D.

      Glocalization

    Correct Answer
    C. Reterritorialization
    Explanation
    Reterritorialization refers to the process in which people within a specific place adopt and adapt an aspect of popular culture, incorporating it into their local culture and making it their own. This can involve modifying or adding elements to fit their cultural context. It is a form of cultural appropriation that allows for the expression of local identity within the broader framework of popular culture.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    The visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape. The layers of buildings, forms, and artifacts sequentially imprinted on the landscape by the activities of various human occupants.

    • A.

      Placelessness

    • B.

      Cultural landscape

    • C.

      Folk-housing region

    • D.

      Commodification

    Correct Answer
    B. Cultural landscape
    Explanation
    The correct answer is cultural landscape. A cultural landscape refers to the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the landscape. It includes the layers of buildings, forms, and artifacts that have been sequentially imprinted on the landscape by different human occupants. This term encompasses the physical, economic, and social aspects of a particular area, reflecting the relationship between people and their environment. It highlights the influence of human activities and cultural practices in shaping the physical characteristics of a place.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Defined by geographer Edward Relph as the loss of uniqueness of place in the cultural landscape so that one place looks like the next.

    • A.

      Cultural landscape

    • B.

      Glocalization

    • C.

      Reterritorialization

    • D.

      Placelessness

    Correct Answer
    D. Placelessness
    Explanation
    Placelessness refers to the phenomenon where the uniqueness and distinctiveness of a place are lost, resulting in a cultural landscape where one place resembles another. This concept, coined by geographer Edward Relph, highlights the homogenization and standardization of the built environment, where the characteristics that make a place special and different from others are eroded. Placelessness can be observed in the proliferation of chain stores, franchises, and generic architecture that create a sense of sameness and lack of identity in different locations.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    The process by which people in a local place mediate and alter regional, national, and global processes.

    • A.

      Hearth

    • B.

      Culture

    • C.

      Glocalization

    • D.

      Assimilation

    Correct Answer
    C. Glocalization
    Explanation
    Glocalization refers to the process in which local communities adapt and modify global processes to fit their own cultural and social contexts. It involves a combination of globalization and localization, where global ideas and practices are integrated with local values and traditions. Glocalization allows for the preservation of local identity while also embracing global influences. It is a way for people in a local place to actively engage with and shape regional, national, and global processes according to their own needs and preferences.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    The spatial trajectory through which cultural traits or other phenomena spread.

    • A.

      Culture

    • B.

      Diffusion routes

    • C.

      Material culture

    • D.

      Glocalization

    Correct Answer
    B. Diffusion routes
    Explanation
    Diffusion routes refer to the spatial trajectory through which cultural traits or other phenomena spread. It is the path or route taken by these cultural elements as they are transmitted from one place to another. This term is used to describe the spread of ideas, customs, technologies, and other cultural aspects across different regions or societies. Diffusion routes help us understand how cultural traits are transmitted and how they influence and shape different societies and regions.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Cultural traits such as dress modes, dwellings traditions, and institutions of usually small, traditional communities.

    • A.

      Hearth

    • B.

      Folk culture

    • C.

      Assimilation

    • D.

      Material culture

    Correct Answer
    B. Folk culture
    Explanation
    Folk culture refers to the cultural practices, beliefs, and customs of small, traditional communities. This includes aspects such as dress modes, dwellings, traditions, and institutions. It is characterized by its close connection to the local community and its preservation of traditional values and ways of life. Folk culture is often passed down through generations and reflects the unique identity of a particular group or region.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Group of people in a particular place who see themselves as a collective or a community, who share experiences, customs, traits, and who work to preserve those traits and customs.

    • A.

      Material culture

    • B.

      Authenticity

    • C.

      Placelessness

    • D.

      Local culture

    Correct Answer
    D. Local culture
    Explanation
    Local culture refers to a group of people in a specific location who identify themselves as a community and share common experiences, customs, and traits. They actively work towards preserving and promoting these distinct characteristics and traditions. This term encompasses the social, economic, and artistic aspects of a community, highlighting its unique identity and heritage.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    In the context of local cultures or customs, the accuracy with which a single stereotypical or typecast image or experience conveys an otherwise dynamic and complex local culture or its customs.

    • A.

      Local culture

    • B.

      Neolocalism

    • C.

      Authenticity

    • D.

      Glocalization

    Correct Answer
    C. Authenticity
    Explanation
    Authenticity refers to the degree of accuracy or genuineness in representing a local culture or its customs. It implies that a single stereotypical or typecast image or experience is able to effectively convey the dynamic and complex nature of the local culture. In other words, the more authentic the representation is, the better it captures the true essence and intricacies of the local culture or customs.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.