Intro To Sociology--Chapter 3 Culture

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 2522

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Intro To Sociology--Chapter 3 Culture

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following would not be an example of a cultural universal?
    • A. 

      Marriage

    • B. 

      The prohibition against incest

    • C. 

      Language

    • D. 

      Cigarette use

  • 2. 
    How did Ann Swidler define culture?
    • A. 

      People do not just live within a culture but use elements of that culture to inform their behavior and decision-making.

    • B. 

      Nature is much more important to the development of culture than nurture.

    • C. 

      All cultures are basically the same, due to genetic backgrounds.

    • D. 

      Universal components of culture are vastly different from culture to culture.

  • 3. 
    All cultures have the same values and norms.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    Values can change in a society over time.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    An example of a taboo in our culture would be:
    • A. 

      Singing in the shower

    • B. 

      Marrying a brother or sister

    • C. 

      Choosing a different religion than that of your parents

    • D. 

      Breaking the speed limit

  • 6. 
    What would be an example of ethnocentrism:
    • A. 

      Believing that all cultures and societies are equal

    • B. 

      Believing that the culture you live is in slightly worse off than others

    • C. 

      Believing that the culture you live in is slightly superior to that of others

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 7. 
    Most sociologists believe that both nature and nurture play a role in our development of behaviors, beliefs and cultures.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    If you moved suddenly to China tomorrow, what would you most likely experience?
    • A. 

      Culture shock

    • B. 

      Assimilation

    • C. 

      Taboos

    • D. 

      Mores

  • 9. 
    "Today’s American society is more like a salad bowl” might be referring to the term:
    • A. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • B. 

      Assimilation

    • C. 

      Cultural universal

    • D. 

      Cultural relativism

  • 10. 
     Cultures need to instill a “willingness to conform” so there is order and continuity.  How might they do this?
    • A. 

      Through social control such as discipline for breaking the rules.

    • B. 

      By making sure everyone has exactly the same “material goods”.

    • C. 

      By making sure only one language is spoken.

    • D. 

      By creating an environment in which nonconformity is never allowed.

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