Human Body Quizzes

64 Questions | Total Attempts: 1754

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Human Body Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter 24: Pee Pee System!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What vascular structure is found between the afferent and efferent arterioles?
    • A. 

      Peritubular capillaries

    • B. 

      Renal artery

    • C. 

      Glomerulus

    • D. 

      Renal veins

  • 2. 
    What is the major artery that supplies the kidneys?
    • A. 

      Carotid

    • B. 

      Portal

    • C. 

      Celiac axis

    • D. 

      Renal

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is correct?
    • A. 

      One kidney

    • B. 

      One ureter

    • C. 

      Two urinary bladders

    • D. 

      One urethra

  • 4. 
    The urinary tract is lined with
    • A. 

      Serous membrane

    • B. 

      The renal capsule

    • C. 

      Mucous membrane

    • D. 

      Tubular epithelium

  • 5. 
    The renal cortex descends between the pyramids as the
    • A. 

      Pelvis

    • B. 

      Collecting ducts

    • C. 

      Calyces

    • D. 

      Renal columns

  • 6. 
    The renal capsule
    • A. 

      Lines the tubules

    • B. 

      Lines the urinary bladder

    • C. 

      Surrounds the kidneys

    • D. 

      Outlines the trigone

  • 7. 
    Which blood vessels are primarily concerned with reabsorption?
    • A. 

      Renal artery

    • B. 

      Glomeruli

    • C. 

      Renal vein

    • D. 

      Peritubular capillaries

  • 8. 
    What is the urine-making strucutre of the kidney?
    • A. 

      Trigone

    • B. 

      Renal pyramid

    • C. 

      Renal capsule

    • D. 

      Nephron unit

  • 9. 
    Where does aldosterone exert its effects?
    • A. 

      Glomeruli

    • B. 

      Efferent arteriole

    • C. 

      Distal convulted tubule

    • D. 

      Ascending limb (loop of Henle)

  • 10. 
    The efferent arterioles extend to become the
    • A. 

      Peritubular capillaries

    • B. 

      Afferent arterioles

    • C. 

      Glomeruli

    • D. 

      Renal artery

  • 11. 
    The proximal convulated tubules extend to become the
    • A. 

      Peritubular capillaries

    • B. 

      Collecting duct

    • C. 

      Descending limb (loop of Henle)

    • D. 

      Glomeruli

  • 12. 
    Urine flows from the ascending limb (loop of Henle) into the
    • A. 

      Glomeruli

    • B. 

      Proximal convulated tubule

    • C. 

      Distal convulated tubule

    • D. 

      Ureter

  • 13. 
    The calyces receive urine from the
    • A. 

      Proximal convulated tubule

    • B. 

      Collecting ducts

    • C. 

      Glomeruli

    • D. 

      Peritubular capillaries

  • 14. 
    ADH exerts its effects on the
    • A. 

      Proximal convulated tubule

    • B. 

      Afferent arteriole

    • C. 

      Collecting duct

    • D. 

      Renal pelvis

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is not "plumbing"?
    • A. 

      Glomeruli

    • B. 

      Ureters

    • C. 

      Urinary bladder

    • D. 

      Urethra

  • 16. 
    The detrusor muscle is located in the
    • A. 

      Urethra

    • B. 

      Renal pelvis

    • C. 

      Urinary bladder

    • D. 

      Glomeruli

  • 17. 
    The word voiding refers to
    • A. 

      Urine formation

    • B. 

      Catherization

    • C. 

      Micturition

    • D. 

      Cystitis

  • 18. 
    Which of the following words best describes the function of the urinary bladder?
    • A. 

      Filtration

    • B. 

      Storage

    • C. 

      Reabsorption

    • D. 

      Buffering of H+

  • 19. 
    This structure is located between the renal pelvis and the urinary bladder
    • A. 

      Urethra

    • B. 

      Trigone

    • C. 

      Urinary meatus

    • D. 

      Ureter

  • 20. 
    The urinary meatus is part of the
    • A. 

      Ureter

    • B. 

      Urinary bladder

    • C. 

      Urethra

    • D. 

      Collecting duct

  • 21. 
    The detrusor muscle is concerned with
    • A. 

      Urine formation

    • B. 

      Micturition

    • C. 

      Sodium reabsorption

    • D. 

      Potassium excretion

  • 22. 
    Kaliuresis refers to the renal excretion of
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Bicarbonate

    • C. 

      Water

    • D. 

      Potassium

  • 23. 
    Natriuresis refers to the renal excretion of
    • A. 

      K+

    • B. 

      Na+

    • C. 

      Water

    • D. 

      Bicarbonate

  • 24. 
    The renal excretion of Na+ is generally accompanied by the excretion of
    • A. 

      Bocarbonate

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Albumin

    • D. 

      Renin

  • 25. 
    The juxtaglomerular apparatus (JGA) secretes
    • A. 

      Aldosterone

    • B. 

      ADH

    • C. 

      Angotensin

    • D. 

      Renin