Chapter 20.1-7 African Americans At Mid-century

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How much had the population of the United States grown by 1850?

    • A.

      12,000,000

    • B.

      23,000,000

    • C.

      60,000,000

    • D.

      25,000,000

    Correct Answer
    B. 23,000,000
    Explanation
    The population of the United States had grown by 23,000,000 by 1850.

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  • 2. 

    How many free blacks were there by mid-century?

    • A.

      500,000

    • B.

      1,000,000

    • C.

      20,000

    • D.

      100,000

    • E.

      750,000

    Correct Answer
    A. 500,000
    Explanation
    By mid-century, there were approximately 500,000 free blacks.

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  • 3. 

    How were the African-Americans treated by whites?

    • A.

      Whites treated blacks with respect.

    • B.

      Whites felt sympathy for the blacks and gave them food.

    • C.

      Whites treated blacks equally and let them vote.

    • D.

      Whites were racist towards the blacks.

    Correct Answer
    D. Whites were racist towards the blacks.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Whites were racist towards the blacks." This answer is supported by historical evidence and accounts of the treatment of African-Americans by whites during various periods of history, particularly during times of slavery, segregation, and discrimination. African-Americans faced systemic racism, oppression, and violence at the hands of whites, which included denying them basic rights, segregating them, and perpetuating harmful stereotypes and discrimination.

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  • 4. 

    Was there a limit to what slave owners could do to slaves?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    The answer "No" suggests that there was no limit to what slave owners could do to slaves. This implies that slave owners had complete control and authority over their slaves, and there were no legal or societal restrictions on their treatment or actions towards slaves. This answer aligns with the historical reality of slavery, where slaves were considered property and subjected to various forms of abuse, exploitation, and mistreatment by their owners.

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  • 5. 

    What does segregation mean?

    • A.

      Including everyone in everything

    • B.

      Separating people by their interest in music

    • C.

      Putting lines into segments

    • D.

      Separating people by their race

    • E.

      Both Options 2 and 4

    Correct Answer
    E. Both Options 2 and 4
    Explanation
    Segregation refers to the act of separating people based on certain characteristics or qualities. In this case, the correct answer is both options 2 and 4, as segregation can involve separating people based on their interests in music as well as their race.

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  • 6. 

    Why did the South remain so loyal to slavery?

    • A.

      Steamboats made it necessary to buy slaves to load cargo onto the boats.

    • B.

      They had to assert their dominance as white males.

    • C.

      The cotton gin made slavery necessary.

    • D.

      They liked slavery.

    Correct Answer
    C. The cotton gin made slavery necessary.
    Explanation
    The cotton gin made slavery necessary because it significantly increased the efficiency of cotton production. This led to a higher demand for cotton and, in turn, a greater need for slave labor to cultivate and harvest the crop. The South, heavily reliant on cotton as a key economic driver, therefore remained loyal to slavery as it was essential for their economic prosperity and maintaining their way of life.

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  • 7. 

    What cash crop did the South rely on in the 1800s?

    • A.

      Tobacco

    • B.

      Cotton

    • C.

      Indigo

    • D.

      Rice

    Correct Answer
    B. Cotton
    Explanation
    In the 1800s, the South relied heavily on cotton as a cash crop. Cotton was in high demand due to the rise of the textile industry, both domestically and internationally. The warm climate and fertile soil of the southern states made it an ideal region for cotton production. The profitability of cotton led to the expansion of plantation agriculture and the widespread use of slave labor, contributing to the growth of the southern economy and the institution of slavery.

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  • 8. 

    What happened to the price of slaves after the cotton gin was invented?

    • A.

      It went up.

    • B.

      It went down.

    • C.

      It stayed the same.

    Correct Answer
    A. It went up.
    Explanation
    After the invention of the cotton gin, the price of slaves went up. This is because the cotton gin made the process of separating cotton fibers from the seeds much faster and more efficient. As a result, the demand for cotton increased significantly, leading to a higher demand for slave labor to cultivate and harvest cotton. The increased demand for slaves caused their prices to rise as well.

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  • 9. 

    What were overseers hired for?

    • A.

      They gave the slaves food.

    • B.

      They looked over the slaves.

    • C.

      They oversaw the Underground Railroad.

    • D.

      They acted as a maid.

    Correct Answer
    B. They looked over the slaves.
    Explanation
    Overseers were hired to supervise and monitor the activities of the slaves. They were responsible for ensuring that the slaves were working efficiently and following the orders of their owners. The overseers acted as a form of control and authority, maintaining discipline and enforcing punishment if necessary. They played a crucial role in maintaining the system of slavery by overseeing the labor and productivity of the enslaved individuals.

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  • 10. 

    Was the slave's workday over after "supper"?

    • A.

      Yes, he could sleep then.

    • B.

      No, he had to keep working.

    Correct Answer
    B. No, he had to keep working.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "No, he had to keep working." This is because the question asks if the slave's workday was over after "supper," implying that there was still work to be done even after eating. The answer choice "Yes, he could sleep then" is incorrect as it contradicts the notion that the slave had to continue working.

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  • 11. 

    What did slaves that didn't work in the fields do?

    • A.

      They were seamstresses

    • B.

      They were carpenters

    • C.

      They were blacksmiths

    • D.

      They were cooks

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Slaves who didn't work in the fields had various roles and occupations. Some were seamstresses, responsible for sewing and making clothes. Others were carpenters, skilled in woodworking and construction. There were also slaves who worked as blacksmiths, specializing in metalwork and forging. Additionally, some slaves were assigned as cooks, preparing meals for their owners and fellow slaves. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above," as slaves who didn't work in the fields could be engaged in any of these occupations.

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  • 12. 

    How did slavemasters view their slaves?

    • A.

      Property

    • B.

      People

    • C.

      Friends

    • D.

      Servants

    Correct Answer
    A. Property
    Explanation
    Slavemasters viewed their slaves as property. Slaves were considered as possessions that could be bought, sold, and owned by the slavemasters. They were seen as a means of labor and economic value rather than as individuals with their own rights and humanity. Slavemasters had complete control over their slaves, treating them as objects to be used and exploited for their own benefit. This dehumanizing perspective allowed slavemasters to justify the cruel treatment and harsh conditions that slaves endured.

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  • 13. 

    What did masters feed their slaves?

    • A.

      Nothing

    • B.

      Buffets

    • C.

      Cornmeal, bacon, and molasses

    Correct Answer
    C. Cornmeal, bacon, and molasses
    Explanation
    Masters fed their slaves cornmeal, bacon, and molasses. This was a common diet for slaves during the time of slavery. Cornmeal was a staple food and provided sustenance, while bacon and molasses provided additional flavor and nutrients. Slaves were typically given meager rations, and this diet was a reflection of the limited resources and poor living conditions they endured.

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  • 14. 

    What did slaves wear?

    • A.

      Nothing, they worked naked.

    • B.

      Very comfortable clothing.

    • C.

      "Negro cloth"

    • D.

      Only the slaves not working in the fields wore clothing.

    Correct Answer
    C. "Negro cloth"
    Explanation
    The answer "Negro cloth" suggests that slaves wore a specific type of clothing known as "Negro cloth." This implies that slaves were provided with some form of clothing, which was likely made specifically for them. The term "Negro cloth" may refer to a type of fabric or garment commonly worn by slaves during that time period.

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  • 15. 

    What did slaveholders do to slaves to keep them under their control?

    • A.

      Beat them

    • B.

      Whip them

    • C.

      Brand them

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Slaveholders used various methods to keep slaves under their control. One of these methods was physical abuse, which included beating and whipping the slaves. Additionally, slaveholders would often brand their slaves as a means of marking them as their property and ensuring their ownership. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" as slaveholders utilized all of these tactics to maintain control over their slaves.

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  • 16. 

    What did slavebreakers do?

    • A.

      They escorted slaves to and from plantations

    • B.

      They were the only people who treated the slaves with respect

    • C.

      They led the orientation meetings

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    Slavebreakers did not escort slaves to and from plantations, treat slaves with respect, or lead orientation meetings. Slavebreakers were individuals who were hired to capture and return escaped slaves to their owners, often using force or coercion. They were responsible for tracking down and apprehending runaway slaves, enforcing the institution of slavery. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of the above."

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  • 17. 

    Did slavebreaking work?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
  • 18. 

    How did most rebellions take place?

    • A.

      Quiet acts of rebellion

    • B.

      Open defiance

    Correct Answer
    A. Quiet acts of rebellion
    Explanation
    Most rebellions took place through quiet acts of rebellion rather than open defiance. This suggests that people were more likely to resist authority or express their dissent in subtle and covert ways rather than openly challenging those in power. This could be due to fear of reprisal or a desire to avoid direct confrontation. Quiet acts of rebellion may include passive resistance, subversive actions, or covert forms of protest that allow individuals to resist without drawing too much attention or risking severe consequences.

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  • 19. 

    What were some of the things that slave owners could to their slaves? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Buy and sell them

    • B.

      Leave them to heirs

    • C.

      Give them away to settle a bet

    • D.

      Set them free

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Buy and sell them
    B. Leave them to heirs
    C. Give them away to settle a bet
    Explanation
    Slave owners had complete control over their slaves and could treat them as property. They could buy and sell slaves, treating them as commodities. They could also leave their slaves as inheritance to their heirs, passing down ownership from one generation to another. Additionally, slave owners had the power to give away their slaves as a form of settlement for bets or other obligations. However, setting slaves free was not a common practice among slave owners, as it went against the economic interests and social norms of the time.

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  • 20. 

    Which are examples of quiet acts of rebellion? (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Pulling down fences

    • B.

      Pretend to be blind

    • C.

      Doing work extremely diligently

    • D.

      Pretend to be insane

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Pulling down fences
    B. Pretend to be blind
    D. Pretend to be insane
    Explanation
    The examples of quiet acts of rebellion include pulling down fences, pretending to be blind, and pretending to be insane. These actions can be seen as acts of defiance against societal norms or expectations. Pulling down fences symbolizes breaking free from restrictions and boundaries. Pretending to be blind or insane challenges the perception of normalcy and conformity. These acts may not be loud or overt, but they still carry a rebellious undertone.

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  • 21. 

    What were some examples of open defiance?

    • A.

      Peacefully protest

    • B.

      Light the plantation on fire

    • C.

      Reject orders

    • D.

      Beat up the masters

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Light the plantation on fire
    C. Reject orders
    D. Beat up the masters
    Explanation
    The examples given in the answer all involve acts of open defiance. Lighting the plantation on fire, rejecting orders, and beating up the masters are all actions that directly challenge authority and demonstrate a refusal to comply with rules or commands. These acts go beyond peaceful protest and involve more aggressive and confrontational behavior.

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