African American Quarterly Assessment

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African American Quarterly Assessment - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In 1787, the British established _________ as a free colony.

    • A.

      Nova Scotia

    • B.

      Jamaica

    • C.

      Upper Canada

    • D.

      Sierra Leone

    Correct Answer
    A. Nova Scotia
    Explanation
    In 1787, the British established Nova Scotia as a free colony. Nova Scotia was a British colony located in present-day Canada. It was established as a free colony, meaning that settlers were allowed to govern themselves and make their own laws. This was part of the British Empire's efforts to expand its territories and establish colonies around the world. Nova Scotia became an important trading and fishing hub, attracting settlers from various backgrounds and contributing to the development of the region.

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  • 2. 

    Northerners believed in ________ or the concept that work should be based on wages.

    • A.

      Free labor

    • B.

      Anti-slavery activist

    • C.

      Repartriation

    • D.

      Empowerment

    Correct Answer
    C. Repartriation
  • 3. 

    Rich soil from the ___________ was deposited along the banks of the Nile River during the yearly floods.

    • A.

      North Africa

    • B.

      Interior of Africa

    • C.

      West Africa

    • D.

      Mountains of Asia

    Correct Answer
    B. Interior of Africa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "interior of Africa" because the rich soil that was deposited along the banks of the Nile River during the yearly floods came from the interior of Africa. This is because the Nile River flows from south to north, starting in the interior of Africa and emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. As the river flows, it carries sediment and nutrients from the surrounding land, which are then deposited along its banks during the floods. This process has been happening for thousands of years and has contributed to the fertility of the Nile River Valley, making it an ideal location for agriculture.

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  • 4. 

    In ancient times, many of the greatest West African civilizations developed along the ________________ River.

    • A.

      Amazon

    • B.

      Congo

    • C.

      Niger

    • D.

      Nile

    Correct Answer
    C. Niger
    Explanation
    In ancient times, many of the greatest West African civilizations developed along the Niger River. The Niger River is the third-longest river in Africa and played a crucial role in the development of civilizations such as the Mali Empire and the Songhai Empire. The river provided a source of water for agriculture, transportation for trade, and served as a natural barrier for defense. The Niger River's fertile floodplains also supported the growth of crops, allowing these civilizations to thrive.

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  • 5. 

    The Empire of ___________ was the last of the three great ancient kingdoms of West Africa.

    • A.

      Mali

    • B.

      Songhay

    • C.

      Ghana

    • D.

      Kush

    Correct Answer
    B. Songhay
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Songhay because it was the last of the three great ancient kingdoms of West Africa. Mali and Ghana were also significant kingdoms in the region, but Songhay emerged as the most powerful and dominant empire in the 15th and 16th centuries. It expanded its territory through military conquests and established a strong centralized government under the leadership of powerful rulers such as Sunni Ali and Askia Muhammad. The Songhay Empire was known for its wealth, trade networks, and cultural achievements, making it a key player in the history of West Africa.

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  • 6. 

    A number of historical accounts have been written about Mansa Musa's famous trip to ___________.

    • A.

      Ghana

    • B.

      Egypt

    • C.

      Mecca

    • D.

      Greece

    Correct Answer
    C. Mecca
    Explanation
    Mansa Musa's famous trip is well-documented in historical accounts. During his reign as the emperor of Mali in the 14th century, Mansa Musa embarked on a pilgrimage to Mecca, which is considered one of the Five Pillars of Islam. This journey is particularly renowned because of the vast wealth and opulence displayed by Mansa Musa during his travels. He distributed gold and lavish gifts along the way, leaving a lasting impression on the regions he passed through. Thus, Mecca is the correct answer as it accurately reflects the historical context of Mansa Musa's famous trip.

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  • 7. 

    Most people agree that __________ was the most advanced civilization of ancient times.

    • A.

      Kemet

    • B.

      Timbuktu

    • C.

      Kush

    • D.

      Nubia

    Correct Answer
    A. Kemet
    Explanation
    Kemet, also known as Ancient Egypt, is widely considered to be the most advanced civilization of ancient times. This is due to their numerous achievements in areas such as architecture, engineering, medicine, art, and literature. The Egyptians built impressive structures like the pyramids, developed a complex writing system, made significant advancements in mathematics and astronomy, and created intricate works of art. Their civilization lasted for thousands of years and left a lasting impact on the world, making them a clear choice for the most advanced ancient civilization.

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  • 8. 

    The Niger River is known for the _______ who navigate it.

    • A.

      Merchants

    • B.

      Boat builders

    • C.

      Fishermen

    • D.

      Tourists

    Correct Answer
    A. Merchants
    Explanation
    The Niger River is known for the merchants who navigate it. This is because the Niger River has historically been an important trade route in West Africa, attracting merchants who transport goods along its waters. These merchants play a vital role in the economic activity and cultural exchange of the regions through which the river flows.

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  • 9. 

    Africa is home to the world's longest river and the world's largest ______________ .

    • A.

      Trees

    • B.

      Lake

    • C.

      Mountains

    • D.

      Desert

    Correct Answer
    D. Desert
    Explanation
    Africa is home to the world's longest river, the Nile, and the world's largest desert, the Sahara. The Sahara covers a vast area of the continent, spanning multiple countries and is known for its extreme aridity and harsh conditions. It is the largest hot desert in the world and plays a significant role in shaping the climate and geography of Africa.

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  • 10. 

    One of the largest African ethnic groups is the __________ Nigeria.

    • A.

      Akan

    • B.

      Yoruba

    • C.

      Xhosa

    • D.

      Hausa-Fulani

    Correct Answer
    D. Hausa-Fulani
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Hausa-Fulani because the Hausa-Fulani ethnic group is one of the largest African ethnic groups in Nigeria. The Hausa-Fulani people are predominantly found in the northern regions of Nigeria and they have a rich cultural heritage. They are known for their contributions to Nigerian politics, economy, and arts.

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  • 11. 

    The _________ was a period when the first Africans learned how to make pottery, grow food, and raise animals. 

    • A.

      Thinite Period

    • B.

      Old Kingdom

    • C.

      Stone Age

    • D.

      New Stone Age

    Correct Answer
    C. Stone Age
    Explanation
    The Stone Age was a period when the first Africans learned how to make pottery, grow food, and raise animals. This period is characterized by the use of stone tools and the development of basic agricultural practices. During this time, humans transitioned from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to settled communities, leading to advancements in technology and culture. The Stone Age marked a significant milestone in human history, as it laid the foundation for the development of civilizations in the future.

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  • 12. 

    Ancient _________ have led scientist to believe that Africa is the birthplace of all humans.

    • A.

      Pyramids

    • B.

      Writings

    • C.

      Fossilized skeltons

    • D.

      Stories

    Correct Answer
    C. Fossilized skeltons
    Explanation
    Fossilized skeletons have led scientists to believe that Africa is the birthplace of all humans. Fossils provide evidence of ancient human ancestors and their evolution over time. By studying these fossils, scientists can trace human origins back to Africa. The discovery of fossilized skeletons in Africa has been crucial in supporting the theory of human evolution and the African origin of Homo sapiens.

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  • 13. 

    Europeans who participated in the slave trade held the false belief that Africans were ________ and uncivilized.

    • A.

      Superior

    • B.

      Unjust

    • C.

      Inferior

    • D.

      Oppressed

    Correct Answer
    C. Inferior
    Explanation
    Europeans who participated in the slave trade held the false belief that Africans were inferior and uncivilized. This belief justified their actions of enslaving and exploiting Africans, as they saw themselves as superior and justified in their treatment of Africans. This false belief was used to dehumanize Africans and justify their mistreatment and enslavement. It was a deeply ingrained and harmful belief that perpetuated the slave trade and the oppression of African people.

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  • 14. 

    The route the slave ships took from Africa across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas is known as the  __________.

    • A.

      North American territories

    • B.

      Iberian Sea Path

    • C.

      Middle Passage

    • D.

      Migration Sea

    Correct Answer
    C. Middle Passage
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Middle Passage". The Middle Passage refers to the route that slave ships took from Africa across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas. It was a horrific journey where enslaved Africans were packed tightly into ships, enduring extreme conditions, disease, and often death. The Middle Passage played a significant role in the transatlantic slave trade and the forced migration of millions of Africans to the Americas.

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  • 15. 

    The European Slave Trade robbed Africa of its greatest resource, its __________ .

    • A.

      Gold

    • B.

      Youth

    • C.

      Ships

    • D.

      Forest

    Correct Answer
    B. Youth
    Explanation
    The European Slave Trade robbed Africa of its greatest resource, its youth. During this period, millions of African men, women, and children were captured and forcibly transported to the Americas as slaves. This resulted in a significant loss of young and able-bodied individuals from African societies, leading to a depletion of the workforce, a disruption of social structures, and a hindrance to economic development. The exploitation of African youth by European powers had devastating consequences for the continent, impacting its future generations and potential for growth and prosperity.

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  • 16. 

    Many African captives showed ______________ by participating in mutinies on the slave ships.

    • A.

      Resistance

    • B.

      Spirituality

    • C.

      Servitude

    • D.

      Domination

    Correct Answer
    A. Resistance
    Explanation
    Many African captives showed resistance by participating in mutinies on the slave ships. This means that they actively opposed and fought against their captors, refusing to accept their servitude and domination. Their acts of resistance demonstrated their strong will to regain their freedom and assert their humanity in the face of extreme oppression.

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  • 17. 

    As industries in the colonies grew, the Europeans had a great need for __________.

    • A.

      Goods

    • B.

      Customers

    • C.

      Merchandise

    • D.

      Labor

    Correct Answer
    D. Labor
    Explanation
    As industries in the colonies grew, the Europeans had a great need for labor. This is because the industries required a large workforce to operate efficiently and meet the increasing demand for goods. The Europeans relied on the labor of the local population or brought in slaves from Africa to work in the colonies. The availability of labor was crucial for the success and profitability of the industries in the colonies.

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  • 18. 

    The European Slave Trade legally enslaved and _________ Africans for the sole purpose of financial gain.

    • A.

      Employed

    • B.

      Honored

    • C.

      Dehumanized

    • D.

      Compensated

    Correct Answer
    C. Dehumanized
    Explanation
    The European Slave Trade legally enslaved and dehumanized Africans for the sole purpose of financial gain. This means that Africans were stripped of their basic human rights, treated as property, and subjected to cruel and inhumane treatment. They were seen as mere commodities to be bought, sold, and exploited for economic profit. This dehumanization allowed slave traders to justify their actions and perpetuate the system of slavery for centuries.

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  • 19. 

    Slave traders granted the _______________ were allowed to bring Africans to the Spanish colonies to work as slaves.

    • A.

      Asiento

    • B.

      Isin

    • C.

      Domination

    • D.

      Eru

    Correct Answer
    A. Asiento
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "asiento." In the context of the question, an "asiento" refers to a license or contract granted to slave traders, allowing them to bring Africans to the Spanish colonies to work as slaves. This term specifically relates to the slave trade and its historical significance in the Spanish colonies.

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  • 20. 

    In the European practice of ___________, a person acted as another's servant for seven years and then was set free with a small amount of pay.

    • A.

      Labor

    • B.

      Enslavement

    • C.

      Indentureship

    • D.

      Exploitation

    Correct Answer
    C. Indentureship
    Explanation
    Indentureship refers to the European practice where a person would serve as another's servant for seven years, after which they would be released and given a small amount of pay. This practice was a form of labor arrangement where individuals would agree to work for a specific period of time in exchange for passage to a new country or other benefits. It was common during the colonial era and was often used to bring laborers from Europe to work in colonies or plantations.

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  • 21. 

    The first Portuguese adventures to visit the African continent were searching for _____________.

    • A.

      Work

    • B.

      Enslaved Africans

    • C.

      Diamonds

    • D.

      Gold

    Correct Answer
    D. Gold
    Explanation
    The first Portuguese adventures to visit the African continent were searching for gold. This was a common motive for exploration during that time period, as gold was highly valued and sought after. The Portuguese were hoping to discover new sources of gold in Africa, which could potentially bring them great wealth and power.

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  • 22. 

    The term _________ refers to the forced removal and dispersion of Africans from their homeland.

    • A.

      Triangular Trade

    • B.

      African Mfecane

    • C.

      War captives

    • D.

      Resilience

    Correct Answer
    A. Triangular Trade
    Explanation
    The term "Triangular Trade" refers to the forced removal and dispersion of Africans from their homeland. Triangular Trade was a system of trade during the 16th to 19th centuries that involved Europe, Africa, and the Americas. African slaves were captured and transported across the Atlantic Ocean to the Americas, where they were forced to work on plantations and in mines. This forced migration and displacement of Africans from their homeland is what is referred to as Triangular Trade.

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  • 23. 

    A group of ______ raised funds to aid in the defense of the Africans aboard the Amistad.

    • A.

      Abolitionist

    • B.

      Quakers

    • C.

      Cimarrons

    • D.

      Quilombos

    Correct Answer
    A. Abolitionist
    Explanation
    The correct answer is abolitionist. Abolitionists were individuals or groups who actively campaigned for the abolition of slavery. In the context of the Amistad case, abolitionists played a crucial role in raising funds to support the legal defense of the Africans who were being held captive aboard the ship. These abolitionists believed in the fundamental rights and freedoms of all individuals, regardless of their race, and sought to end the institution of slavery.

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  • 24. 

    The Amistad rebellion was led by ______, who was a charsimatic prince of the Mende people.

    • A.

      Madison Washington

    • B.

      Cinque-Sengbe Pieh

    • C.

      Cudjoe

    • D.

      Queen Mary Thomas

    Correct Answer
    B. Cinque-Sengbe Pieh
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cinque-Sengbe Pieh. He was a charismatic prince of the Mende people who led the Amistad rebellion.

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  • 25. 

    The Amistad was a fictional story about two men who went to Africa in order to live in jungle.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The Amistad is not a fictional story about two men who went to Africa to live in the jungle. The Amistad is actually a historical account of a real-life event that occurred in 1839, involving a group of African slaves who revolted against their captors on a ship named Amistad. The story focuses on the legal battle that ensued as the slaves fought for their freedom.

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  • 26. 

    The Middle Passage is the term given to the unpleasant voyage of Africans across the Pacific Ocean.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given answer is false because the Middle Passage refers to the voyage of Africans across the Atlantic Ocean, not the Pacific Ocean. This journey was a horrific and inhumane part of the transatlantic slave trade, where enslaved Africans were transported from West Africa to the Americas. The conditions on these ships were extremely harsh, with overcrowding, disease, and high mortality rates. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 27. 

    The Olmec civilizatin located in Central Mexico showed various signs that Africans had traveled to this region as early as 1160 B.C.E.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Olmec civilization, located in Central Mexico, displayed several indications that Africans had visited the region as early as 1160 B.C.E. This suggests that there may have been contact and cultural exchange between Africans and the Olmec people during that time period.

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  • 28. 

    Unlike Nubia and Kemet the empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay were located in the western part of Africa.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because it states that the empires of Ghana, Mali, and Songhay were located in the western part of Africa. This is accurate as these empires were indeed situated in the western region of the continent.

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  • 29. 

    The Egyptians suffered greatly when the Nile River flooded.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the Egyptians did not suffer greatly when the Nile River flooded. In fact, they benefited from the annual flooding of the Nile as it brought rich silt that fertilized their farmland, allowing them to have successful agricultural harvests. The flooding of the Nile was seen as a positive and essential event for their civilization, providing them with the necessary resources for survival and prosperity.

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  • 30. 

    Kemetic history is usually divided into eight major periods.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because Kemetic history is usually divided into three major periods: the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom. These periods represent different dynasties and rulers who had significant influence and achievements in ancient Egypt. The division into eight major periods is incorrect and does not accurately represent the historical timeline of ancient Egypt.

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  • 31. 

    The civilization of Nubia came after the the Egyptian civilization.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The civilization of Nubia did not come after the Egyptian civilization. In fact, Nubia existed simultaneously with ancient Egypt and had its own distinct civilization. Nubia was located to the south of Egypt and had a long history of interaction and trade with the Egyptians. Nubia had its own powerful kingdoms, such as the Kingdom of Kush, which at times even conquered and ruled over parts of Egypt. Therefore, the statement that the civilization of Nubia came after the Egyptian civilization is false.

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  • 32. 

    The Nile River flows to the South like all other rivers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The Nile River is unique because it flows from south to north, unlike most rivers that flow from north to south. This is due to the river's location and the overall topography of the region. The Nile starts in the highlands of East Africa and flows northwards towards the Mediterranean Sea. Its flow direction has played a significant role in shaping the history, culture, and development of the civilizations along its banks.

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  • 33. 

    Present day Egypt was known in ancient times as Kemet.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In ancient times, Egypt was referred to as Kemet. This name was derived from the Egyptian word "km.t," which means "black land" and was used to describe the fertile black soil along the Nile River. The name Kemet was used by the ancient Egyptians themselves to distinguish their country from the surrounding desert areas. Over time, the name Egypt came into use, but the ancient name Kemet is still recognized and used by historians and scholars to refer to ancient Egypt. Therefore, the statement that present-day Egypt was known in ancient times as Kemet is true.

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  • 34. 

    The first documented hominids were found in Africa.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the first documented hominids, which are considered to be early human ancestors, were indeed found in Africa. Africa is widely recognized as the birthplace of humanity, as it is where the oldest known fossils and archaeological evidence of early hominids have been discovered. These findings have greatly contributed to our understanding of human evolution and the origins of our species.

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