African-american History T0 1877.

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| By Jgparmele
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African-american History T0 1877. - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The journey from Africa across the Atlantic Ocean was known as...

    • A.

      Triangular trade.

    • B.

      The Middle Passage.

    • C.

      The Dark Journey.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. The Middle Passage.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The Middle Passage." This term refers to the brutal journey that enslaved Africans were forced to endure across the Atlantic Ocean from Africa to the Americas. It was known as the Middle Passage because it was the middle leg of the triangular trade route, which involved the transportation of goods, enslaved Africans, and raw materials between Africa, the Americas, and Europe. The Middle Passage was marked by horrific conditions, including overcrowded and unsanitary slave ships, disease, and extreme violence, resulting in the death and suffering of millions of Africans.

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  • 2. 

    The first known sale of slaves occurred...

    • A.

      ...In Virginia, 1776.

    • B.

      ...In Massachusetts, 1818.

    • C.

      ...In New York, 1619.

    • D.

      ...In Virginia, 1619.

    Correct Answer
    D. ...In Virginia, 1619.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "In Virginia, 1619." This is because the first known sale of slaves in the United States occurred in Virginia in the year 1619. This event marked the beginning of the transatlantic slave trade in North America, which had a significant impact on the history and development of the country.

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  • 3. 

    Approximately how many people were stolen from Africa as a result of the slave trade?

    • A.

      13 Million.

    • B.

      18 Million.

    • C.

      24 Million.

    • D.

      28 Million.

    Correct Answer
    D. 28 Million.
    Explanation
    During the transatlantic slave trade, approximately 28 million people were stolen from Africa. This answer is based on historical records and estimates. The slave trade involved forcibly capturing Africans and transporting them to the Americas to work as slaves. The large number of people taken from Africa during this period had a devastating impact on the continent's population and societies.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following was the first state to abolish slavery?

    • A.

      Massachusetts.

    • B.

      New York.

    • C.

      Pennsylvania.

    • D.

      Virginia.

    Correct Answer
    C. Pennsylvania.
    Explanation
    Pennsylvania was the first state to abolish slavery. In 1780, Pennsylvania passed the Gradual Abolition Act, which enacted a gradual emancipation of enslaved individuals. Under this law, any child born to an enslaved mother after March 1, 1780, would be considered free, although they would still be required to serve an indentured servitude until a certain age. This act paved the way for the eventual abolition of slavery in the state and set an important precedent for other states to follow.

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  • 5. 

    Read the following statement and indicate if it is "true" or "false". Slavery was a flawed economic system, and it nearly disappeared from North America by the early 1790s.

    • A.

      TRUE.

    • B.

      FALSE.

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE.
    Explanation
    The statement is true because slavery was indeed a flawed economic system. It relied on the forced labor of enslaved individuals, which was morally wrong and led to numerous human rights abuses. Additionally, the economic benefits of slavery were not sustainable in the long term. As for the second part of the statement, while slavery did not completely disappear from North America by the early 1790s, there were significant movements towards its abolition during that time period. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 6. 

    The type of cotton that could be grown easily in the southern U.S (but it has LOTS of seeds) is...

    • A.

      Long Staple.

    • B.

      Short Staple.

    • C.

      Medium Staple.

    • D.

      Q-Tips.

    Correct Answer
    B. Short Staple.
    Explanation
    Short Staple cotton is the correct answer because it is known for being able to grow easily in the southern U.S. region. This type of cotton has a shorter fiber length compared to other types, but it is more resistant to the hot and humid climate of the southern states. Additionally, Short Staple cotton does have a higher seed count, which is mentioned in the question.

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  • 7. 

    The invention by Eli Whitney, the Cotton Gin (or "Jin"), proved to be ironic because...

    • A.

      Eli Whitney was allergic to cotton.

    • B.

      Eli Whitney was a tobacco farmer.

    • C.

      Eli Whitney was an abolitionist, and hoped that his invention would end slavery.

    • D.

      Eli Whitney stole the idea from a slave.

    Correct Answer
    C. Eli Whitney was an abolitionist, and hoped that his invention would end slavery.
    Explanation
    Eli Whitney's invention of the Cotton Gin was ironic because he was an abolitionist and believed that his invention would help end slavery. However, the opposite happened. The Cotton Gin made it easier and faster to separate cotton fibers from the seeds, leading to a significant increase in cotton production. This, in turn, increased the demand for slave labor to cultivate and harvest more cotton, ultimately prolonging and expanding the institution of slavery in the United States.

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  • 8. 

    Bringing African slaves into the United States became illegal in...

    • A.

      1619.

    • B.

      1776.

    • C.

      1819.

    • D.

      1865.

    Correct Answer
    C. 1819.
  • 9. 

    The most famous slave rebellion involving the United States did not take place on a plantation, but on a ship named...

    • A.

      The Amistad.

    • B.

      The Tacorra.

    • C.

      The Cinque (Cinbe).

    • D.

      La Revoluccion.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Amistad.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Amistad. The question is asking for the name of the ship involved in the most famous slave rebellion in the United States. The Amistad was a Spanish ship that was transporting a group of illegally captured Africans who revolted against their captors in 1839. The rebellion led to a legal battle and eventually the Africans were able to gain their freedom. The Amistad case became a significant event in the abolitionist movement and highlighted the brutality and injustice of the slave trade.

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  • 10. 

    The leader of the slaves on the ship from #11 was named...

    • A.

      Amistad.

    • B.

      Tacorra.

    • C.

      Cinque (Cinbe).

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Cinque (Cinbe).
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cinque (Cinbe). Cinque was the leader of the slaves on the ship from #11.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following led a slave rebellion in the United States?

    • A.

      Gabriel Prosser.

    • B.

      Denmark Vesey.

    • C.

      Nat Turner.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    All of the named individuals, Gabriel Prosser, Denmark Vesey, and Nat Turner, led slave rebellions in the United States. Gabriel Prosser planned a rebellion in Virginia in 1800, Denmark Vesey organized a planned rebellion in Charleston, South Carolina in 1822, and Nat Turner led a rebellion in Virginia in 1831. These rebellions were significant events in the history of slavery in the United States and played a role in the abolitionist movement.

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  • 12. 

    As a response to slave rebellions, southern states passed a series of harsh laws to punish slaves.  These laws were called...

    • A.

      The Black Laws.

    • B.

      The Slave Codes

    • C.

      The Law of Suffrage.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. The Slave Codes
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Slave Codes. The explanation is that in response to slave rebellions, southern states enacted a series of laws known as the Slave Codes. These laws were designed to further restrict the rights and freedoms of enslaved individuals and to maintain control over the slave population. The Slave Codes varied by state but generally included provisions that prohibited slaves from learning to read and write, limited their movement, and imposed harsh punishments for disobedience or escape attempts. These laws were a significant part of the institution of slavery in the southern United States.

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  • 13. 

    People opposed to slavery, and willing to use their own money and even violence to end it was known as...

    • A.

      Agnostics.

    • B.

      Anglo-Saxons.

    • C.

      Abolitionists.

    • D.

      Extortionists.

    Correct Answer
    C. Abolitionists.
    Explanation
    Abolitionists were individuals who strongly opposed slavery and were willing to take action, including using their own money and even resorting to violence, in order to bring an end to it. They played a significant role in the movement to abolish slavery, advocating for the emancipation of enslaved individuals and working towards the eradication of the institution as a whole.

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  • 14. 

    The most famous newspaper to oppose slavery was run by William Lloyd Garrison and called...

    • A.

      The Prognosticator.

    • B.

      The Liberator.

    • C.

      The Abolitionist Times.

    • D.

      The New York Times.

    Correct Answer
    B. The Liberator.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Liberator. William Lloyd Garrison was a prominent abolitionist and The Liberator was a newspaper that he founded and edited. It was known for its strong anti-slavery stance and played a significant role in the abolitionist movement in the United States. The Prognosticator, The Abolitionist Times, and The New York Times are not associated with William Lloyd Garrison or known for their opposition to slavery.

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  • 15. 

    In the south, the number of people who owned a single slave (or more) was...

    • A.

      25%

    • B.

      40%

    • C.

      75%

    • D.

      90%

    Correct Answer
    A. 25%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 25% because during the time of slavery in the United States, only a minority of the population in the South owned slaves. According to historical records, in 1860, approximately 25% of white families in the southern states owned slaves, while the remaining 75% did not own any slaves. This percentage indicates that slave ownership was not widespread and was limited to a minority of the population.

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  • 16. 

    The Underground Railroad was...

    • A.

      The first subway in America (in New York City).

    • B.

      A secret train that carried runaway slaves from the south to the north.

    • C.

      A series of tunnels, secret trails, caves, and safe-houses used by slaves to escape.

    • D.

      How slaves referred to the afterlife.

    Correct Answer
    C. A series of tunnels, secret trails, caves, and safe-houses used by slaves to escape.
    Explanation
    The Underground Railroad was a network of tunnels, secret trails, caves, and safe-houses that were used by slaves to escape from the south to the north. This system was operated in secret, with abolitionists and sympathetic individuals providing assistance and shelter to runaway slaves. The Underground Railroad played a crucial role in helping slaves seek freedom and escape the horrors of slavery.

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  • 17. 

    The most famous guide on the Underground Railroad was...

    • A.

      Rosa Parks.

    • B.

      Martin Luther King Jr.

    • C.

      Louisa May Alcott.

    • D.

      Harriet Tubman.

    Correct Answer
    D. Harriet Tubman.
    Explanation
    Harriet Tubman is the correct answer because she is widely recognized as the most famous guide on the Underground Railroad. She was an African-American abolitionist and political activist who played a crucial role in helping enslaved people escape to freedom. Tubman made numerous dangerous trips to the South, leading hundreds of enslaved individuals to freedom through a network of safe houses and secret routes known as the Underground Railroad. Her bravery, determination, and tireless efforts to fight against slavery have made her an iconic figure in American history.

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  • 18. 

    The first African-American former slave to publish his autobiography was...

    • A.

      Frederick Douglass.

    • B.

      Sojourner Truth.

    • C.

      Dred Scott.

    • D.

      William Lloyd Garrison.

    Correct Answer
    A. Frederick Douglass.
    Explanation
    Frederick Douglass is the correct answer because he was an African-American former slave who published his autobiography. He was a prominent abolitionist and writer, known for his powerful narratives that exposed the harsh realities of slavery. His autobiography, "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave," was published in 1845 and became a significant work in the abolitionist movement. Douglass' story of his escape from slavery and his advocacy for equal rights made him a key figure in African-American history.

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  • 19. 

    The slave who was on free land when his master died, and who sued for his freedom was named...

    • A.

      Frederick Douglass.

    • B.

      Dred Scott.

    • C.

      Sojourner Truth.

    • D.

      Nat Turner.

    Correct Answer
    B. Dred Scott.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Dred Scott. Dred Scott was a slave who resided in a free state when his master died. He sued for his freedom, arguing that since he had lived in a free territory, he should be considered a free man. However, the Supreme Court ruled against him in the landmark case of Dred Scott v. Sandford, stating that slaves were property and not entitled to citizenship or freedom. This decision further entrenched the institution of slavery and heightened tensions leading to the American Civil War.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following added to the rise in abolitionism?

    • A.

      Dred Scott Decision.

    • B.

      Uncle Tom's Cabin.

    • C.

      The Fugitive Slave Law.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because all three options mentioned - the Dred Scott Decision, Uncle Tom's Cabin, and the Fugitive Slave Law - contributed to the rise in abolitionism. The Dred Scott Decision, which stated that slaves were property and not citizens, outraged abolitionists and fueled their cause. Uncle Tom's Cabin, a novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe, depicted the harsh realities of slavery and had a significant impact on public opinion. The Fugitive Slave Law, which required the return of escaped slaves to their owners, further galvanized abolitionists to fight against the institution of slavery.

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  • 21. 

    The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 said...

    • A.

      Southern slave-owners have a right to go into free states to recapture their slaves.

    • B.

      Slavery is allowed in northern states too.

    • C.

      Slavery is abolished in Canada.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. Southern slave-owners have a right to go into free states to recapture their slaves.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 stated that Southern slave-owners have a right to go into free states to recapture their slaves. This law was part of the Compromise of 1850 and was intended to appease Southern states by ensuring the return of escaped slaves. It required citizens to assist in the capture and return of fugitive slaves and denied slaves the right to a jury trial. This law was highly controversial and further deepened the divide between the North and the South over the issue of slavery.

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  • 22. 

    Which Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guaranteed equal protection for all U.S. citizens?

    • A.

      10th Amendment.

    • B.

      13th Amendment.

    • C.

      14th Amendment.

    • D.

      15th Amendment.

    Correct Answer
    C. 14th Amendment.
    Explanation
    The 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guaranteed equal protection for all U.S. citizens. This amendment, ratified in 1868, aimed to protect the civil rights of former slaves after the Civil War. It states that no state shall deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. The 14th Amendment has been instrumental in numerous landmark Supreme Court cases, such as Brown v. Board of Education, which ended racial segregation in public schools.

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  • 23. 

    Which Amendment to the U.S. Constitution ended slavery?

    • A.

      10th Amendment.

    • B.

      13th Amendment.

    • C.

      14th Amendment.

    • D.

      15th Amendment.

    Correct Answer
    B. 13th Amendment.
    Explanation
    The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution ended slavery. It was ratified in 1865, following the end of the Civil War, and it abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. This amendment marked a significant milestone in the fight for civil rights and equality in the United States, as it officially abolished the institution of slavery and granted freedom to millions of enslaved individuals.

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  • 24. 

    Which Amendment gave African-American men the right to vote?

    • A.

      10th Amendment.

    • B.

      13th Amendment.

    • C.

      14th Amendment.

    • D.

      15th Amendment.

    Correct Answer
    D. 15th Amendment.
    Explanation
    The 15th Amendment gave African-American men the right to vote. This amendment, ratified in 1870, states that the right to vote cannot be denied based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude. It aimed to protect the voting rights of African-American men, who had previously been denied this fundamental right due to racial discrimination and oppression. The 15th Amendment played a significant role in advancing civil rights and equality in the United States.

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  • 25. 

    The agricultural economic system where the farmer rents land and equipment for 50-75% of the profits is called...

    • A.

      Jim Crow Laws.

    • B.

      Manumission.

    • C.

      Reconstruction.

    • D.

      Sharecropping.

    Correct Answer
    D. Sharecropping.
    Explanation
    Millions of African-Americans and poor whites signed contracts which essentially made them slaves to wealthy southern landowners.

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  • 26. 

    The series of state laws enacted in the south that were designed to keep African-Americans from achieving equality was known as...

    • A.

      Jim Crow Laws.

    • B.

      Slave Codes.

    • C.

      Fugitive Slave Act.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. Jim Crow Laws.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Jim Crow Laws. These laws were a series of state laws enacted in the southern United States that aimed to enforce racial segregation and limit the rights and opportunities of African-Americans. The laws were implemented between the late 19th century and the mid-20th century and included measures such as separate public facilities, education, and transportation for different races. They were intended to maintain white supremacy and prevent African-Americans from achieving equality and social advancement.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jan 11, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Feb 12, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Jgparmele
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