World History- Ancient Egypt Knowledge Quiz

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World History- Ancient Egypt Knowledge Quiz - Quiz

Egypt is credited for the pyramids and the Sphinx. The ancient Egyptians played a major role in the Bible, as we know it, and were great mathematicians and scientists. Did you know that they used bread to help with infections? See what more you know about ancient Egypt by taking this unique quiz. Have a blast!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Also known as Menes, this man unified Upper and Lower Egypt to form the Old Kingdom.     

    • A.

      Narmer

    • B.

      Piye

    • C.

      Ramses II

    • D.

      King Tut

    Correct Answer
    A. Narmer
    Explanation
    Narmer, also known as Menes, is credited with unifying Upper and Lower Egypt to form the Old Kingdom. He is considered the first pharaoh of Egypt and is believed to have ruled around 3100 BCE. This unification brought about political stability and allowed for the development of a centralized government and the establishment of the capital at Memphis. Narmer's reign marked the beginning of a new era in Egyptian history and laid the foundation for the long-lasting civilization that would follow.

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  • 2. 

    A collection of spells and prayers to guide dead Egyptians through the after-life was called ____.

    • A.

      The Scrolls of Life

    • B.

      The Book of the Dead

    • C.

      The Book of Secrets

    • D.

      The Bible

    Correct Answer
    B. The Book of the Dead
    Explanation
    The Book of the Dead was a collection of spells and prayers that were used to guide dead Egyptians through the after-life. It was a significant part of ancient Egyptian funerary practices and was believed to provide guidance and protection to the deceased in their journey to the afterlife. The book contained various spells, rituals, and instructions that were meant to help the deceased navigate the dangers and challenges of the underworld and ensure a successful transition into the afterlife.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following best describes the meaning of a Pharaoh?

    • A.

      Process done to preserve a body

    • B.

      Means "Great House"; this person was the Egyptian god-king

    • C.

      An embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips

    • D.

      Large monuments built to bury kings in

    Correct Answer
    B. Means "Great House"; this person was the Egyptian god-king
    Explanation
    A Pharaoh refers to the Egyptian god-king and the term "Pharaoh" means "Great House". This title was used to describe the ruler of ancient Egypt, who was believed to have divine authority and was considered the highest authority in the land. The Pharaohs were considered both political and religious leaders, and their role was central to the functioning of Egyptian society. They were believed to be the intermediaries between the gods and the people, and their rule was marked by the construction of large monuments and temples.

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  • 4. 

    King Amenhotep IV tried to steer Egypt in a new direction. He closed many temples and told the people that there is now only one god - Aton. He changed his name to _____________, meaning Spirit of Aton. (He ended up losing large portions of Egyptian land to invaders due to lack of support from the people.)

    • A.

      Tutankhamen

    • B.

      Ramses II

    • C.

      Cosmibeduman

    • D.

      Akhenaton

    Correct Answer
    D. Akhenaton
    Explanation
    King Amenhotep IV changed his name to Akhenaton, meaning Spirit of Aton, as he tried to introduce a new religious belief in Egypt. He closed many temples and declared that there is only one god - Aton. However, this drastic change in religious practices led to a lack of support from the people, which ultimately resulted in the loss of large portions of Egyptian land to invaders.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following best describes the meaning of a dynasty

    • A.

      Rapids that keep boats from traveling up the Nile

    • B.

      A single country controlling many countries at once

    • C.

      Passing rule to a family member

    • D.

      World’s largest desert, located east of Egypt

    Correct Answer
    C. Passing rule to a family member
    Explanation
    A dynasty refers to the passing of rule or power from one family member to another. This means that a ruling family maintains control over a country or region for an extended period of time, with power being inherited within the family. This form of governance is often seen in monarchies or authoritarian regimes where leadership is determined by bloodline or familial ties.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following best describes the meaning of a embalming?

    • A.

      Means "Great House"; this person was the Egyptian god-king

    • B.

      Process done to preserve a body

    • C.

      Large monuments built to bury kings in

    • D.

      An embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips

    Correct Answer
    B. Process done to preserve a body
    Explanation
    Embalming is a process done to preserve a body. It involves treating the deceased person's body with chemicals and other substances to prevent decomposition and maintain its appearance. This practice has been carried out by various cultures throughout history, including ancient Egypt, where it was closely associated with their beliefs about the afterlife. Embalming allows for the body to be viewed during funerals or other ceremonies and can help to delay the natural process of decay.

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  • 7. 

    During the mummification process, how were the brains removed from a body? 

    • A.

      By pulling it out through the nose with tiny hooks

    • B.

      By heating the skull until the brain melted and ran out through the ears

    • C.

      By cutting open the skull

    • D.

      By taking out the eyes and accessing the brain through the hole where the eye used to be

    Correct Answer
    A. By pulling it out through the nose with tiny hooks
    Explanation
    During the mummification process, the brains were removed from a body by pulling it out through the nose with tiny hooks. This method allowed the embalmers to carefully extract the brain without damaging the rest of the body. The hooks would be inserted through the nostrils and used to break up and extract the brain matter. This technique was used in ancient Egyptian mummification to preserve the body for the afterlife.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following best describes the meaning of a pyramid?

    • A.

      Means "Great House"; this person was the Egyptian god-king

    • B.

      Process done to preserve a body

    • C.

      An embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips

    • D.

      Large monuments built to bury kings in

    Correct Answer
    D. Large monuments built to bury kings in
    Explanation
    A pyramid is a large monument that was built in ancient Egypt to serve as a burial place for kings. It was a grand and impressive structure that symbolized the power and status of the king. These pyramids were carefully constructed and served as tombs for the pharaohs, who were considered god-kings in Egyptian society. They were designed to house the pharaoh's body and belongings for the afterlife. The pyramids were an important part of Egyptian culture and religion, representing the belief in the afterlife and the eternal reign of the pharaoh.

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  • 9. 

    This "Boy King" returned Egypt to polytheism, but is best known because his tomb was found intact after being hidden for 3000 years. 

    • A.

      Pharoah Feltham

    • B.

      Pharaoh Amineses

    • C.

      King Aton

    • D.

      King Tutankhamun

    Correct Answer
    D. King Tutankhamun
    Explanation
    King Tutankhamun is known as the "Boy King" because he ascended to the throne at a young age. He is credited with returning Egypt to polytheism, the worship of multiple gods, after his predecessor had introduced monotheism. However, King Tutankhamun is most famous for his intact tomb, which was discovered in the Valley of the Kings in 1922 by archaeologist Howard Carter. The tomb contained a wealth of treasures and artifacts, providing valuable insights into ancient Egyptian culture and history.

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  • 10. 

    During the embalming process, the internal organs were removed from the body and were placed in jars for storage. These jars were called ____.

    • A.

      Trimmings jars

    • B.

      Canopic jars

    • C.

      Thimthar jars

    • D.

      Mason jars

    Correct Answer
    B. Canopic jars
    Explanation
    During the embalming process, the internal organs were removed from the body and stored in jars for preservation. These jars were specifically called canopic jars. Canopic jars were commonly used in ancient Egyptian mummification practices to hold the liver, lungs, stomach, and intestines of the deceased. These jars were often decorated with the heads of four protective deities known as the Four Sons of Horus.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following best describes the meaning of a mummy?

    • A.

      Large monuments built to bury kings in

    • B.

      Process done to preserve a body

    • C.

      Payment made to another country to avoid invasion

    • D.

      An embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips

    Correct Answer
    D. An embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips
    Explanation
    A mummy refers to an embalmed body that is wrapped in cloth strips. This process is typically done to preserve the body and prevent decomposition. The cloth strips help to secure and protect the body during the preservation process.

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  • 12. 

    King Tut  was only 10 years old when his father died, making him Pharaoh of Egypt.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    King Tutankhamun, commonly known as King Tut, became Pharaoh of Egypt at the young age of 10 when his father passed away. This is a historical fact and is widely accepted by historians and Egyptologists. King Tut's reign was relatively short, lasting only around 9 years, but he is famous for his tomb, which was discovered in 1922 and contained a vast array of treasures and artifacts.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following ingredients would be used in the mummification process? Check all that apply.

    • A.

      Linen cloth

    • B.

      Silk

    • C.

      Formaldehyde

    • D.

      Oil

    • E.

      Palm wine

    • F.

      Honey

    • G.

      Natron salt

    • H.

      Saw dust

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Linen cloth
    D. Oil
    E. Palm wine
    G. Natron salt
    H. Saw dust
    Explanation
    The mummification process involved several steps to preserve the body. Linen cloth was used to wrap the body and provide support. Oil was used to anoint and moisturize the body. Palm wine was used as a disinfectant and preservative. Natron salt was used to dry out the body and prevent decomposition. Saw dust was used as a desiccant to absorb moisture. Silk and formaldehyde were not typically used in the mummification process.

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  • 14. 

    The Ancient Egyptian form of writing was called ________________

    • A.

      Cuneiform

    • B.

      Phonecian

    • C.

      Hieroglyphics

    • D.

      Greek

    Correct Answer
    C. Hieroglyphics
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "hieroglyphics" because hieroglyphics was the ancient Egyptian form of writing. This system of writing used pictorial symbols to represent words and sounds. It was used by the ancient Egyptians for over 3,000 years and was primarily used for religious and monumental inscriptions. Hieroglyphics played a significant role in preserving the history, culture, and beliefs of ancient Egypt. The other options, cuneiform, Phoenician, and Greek, were writing systems used by other ancient civilizations, but not by the ancient Egyptians.

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  • 15. 

    What female pharoah ruled for over 21 years until her stepson Thutmose III overthrew her

    • A.

      Ramses II

    • B.

      Akhenaton

    • C.

      Hatshepsut

    • D.

      Ahmose

    Correct Answer
    C. Hatshepsut
    Explanation
    Hatshepsut was a female pharaoh who ruled for over 21 years until her stepson Thutmose III overthrew her. She is known for her successful reign and for being one of the few female pharaohs in ancient Egypt. Hatshepsut was able to maintain stability and prosperity in Egypt during her rule, and she is often remembered as one of the most powerful and influential pharaohs in Egyptian history. Her stepson, Thutmose III, later erased many of her monuments and attempted to erase her from history, but her legacy still remains.

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  • 16. 

    The Egyptians believed that they could carry items (Ex: food, treasures, clothing) to the afterlife to be used.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the Egyptians indeed believed in the concept of an afterlife and believed that they could take their belongings with them. They believed that they would continue to live in the afterlife in a similar manner to their earthly life, and therefore, they prepared for it by burying their possessions and even building elaborate tombs and pyramids to house their belongings. This belief in the afterlife and the importance of material possessions in it was a significant aspect of ancient Egyptian culture and religion.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following was NOT one of Egypt's natural defenses?

    • A.

      Mud Plains

    • B.

      Nile River

    • C.

      Sahara Desert

    • D.

      Cataracts

    Correct Answer
    A. Mud Plains
    Explanation
    Egypt's natural defenses included the Nile River, Sahara Desert, and cataracts. However, mud plains were not considered one of Egypt's natural defenses. Mud plains are flat areas of land that are prone to flooding and do not provide any significant protection against potential invaders or natural threats. Therefore, mud plains were not a part of Egypt's natural defense system.

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  • 18. 

    Ancient Egyptian craftsman belonged to which group of people?

    • A.

      Lower class

    • B.

      Middle class

    • C.

      Upper Class

    Correct Answer
    B. Middle class
    Explanation
    Ancient Egyptian craftsmen belonged to the middle class. This is because they were skilled workers who possessed specialized knowledge and expertise in their respective crafts. They were not part of the lower class, which consisted of peasants and laborers, nor were they part of the upper class, which consisted of the ruling elite and nobility. The middle class in ancient Egypt was comprised of individuals who held important roles in society, such as scribes, priests, and craftsmen, and enjoyed a relatively comfortable lifestyle.

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  • 19. 

    The cat was an honored animal in Egyptian culture

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In Egyptian culture, cats were highly regarded and considered sacred animals. They were believed to bring good luck and protection to their owners. Cats were often depicted in Egyptian art and were even mummified and buried with their owners. Their association with the goddess Bastet further elevated their status. Therefore, it is true that the cat was an honored animal in Egyptian culture.

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  • 20. 

    This Egyptian prince led an uprising and drove the Hyksos out of Egypt.  

    • A.

      Thebes

    • B.

      Ahmose

    • C.

      Thutmose III

    • D.

      Tut

    Correct Answer
    B. Ahmose
    Explanation
    Ahmose is the correct answer because he was an Egyptian prince who led an uprising against the Hyksos, a foreign dynasty that ruled Egypt. He successfully drove the Hyksos out of Egypt and established the New Kingdom, marking the end of the Second Intermediate Period. Ahmose's victory was significant in restoring Egyptian rule and unity, and he is considered one of the most important pharaohs in ancient Egyptian history.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 26, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Areid
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