Ancient Egypt Quiz MCQ: Trivia Facts!

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Ancient Egypt Quiz MCQ: Trivia Facts! - Quiz


What do you know about Ancient Egypt? This quiz may be useful to you. Ancient Egyptian civilization followed a prehistoric Egypt and occurred around 3100 BC with the political merger of upper and lower Egypt. Ancient Egypt's history appears as a series of established kingdoms, separated by periods of relative uncertainty known as Intermediate Periods. If you are studying ancient Egypt, stop right there and complete this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What do we call a family of rulers whose power is passed down for many generations (usually from father to son)?

    Explanation
    A family of rulers whose power is passed down for many generations is called a dynasty. This term is commonly used to describe a succession of rulers within a particular family, where power is typically transferred from father to son. Dynasties can be found throughout history and across different cultures, such as the Ming Dynasty in China or the Romanov Dynasty in Russia. This hereditary system ensures continuity and stability in governance, as well as the preservation of family traditions and values.

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  • 2. 

    This is the title of the Egyptian ruler - it means "great house".

    Explanation
    The correct answer is pharaoh. In ancient Egypt, the title "pharaoh" referred to the ruler or king. The word itself means "great house" in Egyptian, symbolizing the grandeur and power associated with the position. The pharaoh was considered divine and held absolute authority over the land, people, and religion of Egypt. They were believed to be the intermediaries between the gods and the people, responsible for maintaining order and prosperity in the kingdom.

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  • 3. 

    What is the name of the Egyptian writing system?

    Explanation
    The name of the Egyptian writing system is hieroglyphs, also known as hieroglyphics. This system was used by ancient Egyptians to communicate through a combination of pictures and symbols. Hieroglyphs were primarily used on monumental inscriptions, tomb walls, and papyrus scrolls. The word "hieroglyphs" comes from the Greek words "hieros," meaning sacred, and "glyphein," meaning to carve or engrave, reflecting the religious and sacred nature of this writing system in ancient Egypt.

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  • 4. 

    What is the ancient name for the strip of very dark, very fertile soil on each side of the Nile river?

    Explanation
    The strip of very dark, very fertile soil on each side of the Nile river is known as the "black land." This term refers to the rich, black soil that is deposited by the annual flooding of the Nile, which made the land extremely fertile for agriculture. The black land played a crucial role in the development of ancient Egyptian civilization, as it allowed for the cultivation of crops and supported the growth of a prosperous agricultural society.

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  • 5. 

    Where were most of Egypt's major cities located?

    • A.

      The Delta

    • B.

      Lower Egypt

    • C.

      West of the Nile

    • D.

      Upper Egypt

    • E.

      Both A and B

    • F.

      Both A and D

    Correct Answer
    E. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Most of Egypt's major cities were located in both the Delta and Lower Egypt. The Delta region, located at the northern part of Egypt, is where the Nile River branches out and forms a triangular-shaped area. This fertile region has been a hub of civilization and urban development since ancient times. Lower Egypt refers to the northernmost part of the country, including the Nile Delta and the Nile Valley up to Cairo. Therefore, the correct answer is both A and B, as most of Egypt's major cities were situated in both the Delta and Lower Egypt regions.

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  • 6. 

    Egypt was protected from invasion by.....

    • A.

      Natural barriers

    • B.

      Large fortification walls

    • C.

      A standing army of over 100,000 men

    • D.

      Making alliances with surrounding kingdoms

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Natural barriers
    Explanation
    Egypt was protected from invasion by natural barriers. These natural barriers include the Nile River, the Red Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, and the deserts that surround Egypt such as the Sahara Desert. These geographical features acted as natural defenses, making it difficult for invaders to access Egypt. The Nile River provided a natural barrier, as it was difficult to cross and provided protection from naval attacks. The deserts acted as a buffer zone, making it challenging for armies to traverse the harsh terrain. These natural barriers played a significant role in protecting Egypt from invasion throughout its history.

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  • 7. 

    Egypt was divided into two major regions known as...

    • A.

      Upper Class Egypt and Working Class Egypt

    • B.

      Highland Egypt and Lowland Egypt

    • C.

      Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt

    • D.

      Northern Kingdom and Southern Kingdom

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
    Explanation
    Egypt was divided into two major regions known as Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Upper Egypt refers to the southern part of the country, while Lower Egypt refers to the northern part. This division was based on the flow of the Nile River, with Upper Egypt being located upstream and Lower Egypt downstream. The division was significant in ancient Egyptian history, as it played a role in the unification of the country and the establishment of the first dynasties.

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  • 8. 

    When did Egyptian history begin according to historians?

    • A.

      C. 3100 BCE

    • B.

      When Menes united Upper & Lower Egypt

    • C.

      When the first pyramid was built

    • D.

      Both A and B

    • E.

      Both A and C

    Correct Answer
    D. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Both A and B are correct. Egyptian history is generally considered to have begun around 3100 BCE when Menes, the first pharaoh, united Upper and Lower Egypt. This event marked the beginning of the First Dynasty and the establishment of a centralized government. Additionally, the construction of the first pyramid, the Step Pyramid of Djoser, also occurred around this time and is seen as a significant milestone in Egyptian history. Therefore, both the unification of Egypt by Menes and the construction of the first pyramid mark the beginning of Egyptian history according to historians.

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  • 9. 

    Who was the first female pharaoh in Egyptian history?

    • A.

      Ramses

    • B.

      Thutmose

    • C.

      Tutankhamon

    • D.

      Akhenaten

    • E.

      Hatshepsut

    • F.

      Menes

    Correct Answer
    E. Hatshepsut
    Explanation
    Hatshepsut was the first female pharaoh in Egyptian history. She ruled during the 18th dynasty and is known for her successful reign and the numerous building projects she undertook. Hatshepsut's reign was marked by stability and prosperity, and she was able to maintain control of Egypt for over 20 years. She is also known for her unique portrayal as a male pharaoh, often depicted with a beard and wearing traditional pharaonic regalia. Despite attempts to erase her reign from history, Hatshepsut's achievements and legacy have been rediscovered and recognized in modern times.

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  • 10. 

    Which pharaoh tried to make all of Egypt monotheistic?

    • A.

      Ramses

    • B.

      Thutmose

    • C.

      Tutankhamon

    • D.

      Akhenaten

    • E.

      Hatshepsut

    • F.

      Menes

    Correct Answer
    D. Akhenaten
    Explanation
    Akhenaten is the correct answer because he is known for his attempt to make Egypt monotheistic by promoting worship of the sun god Aten as the supreme deity. He introduced radical religious reforms, closing down the temples of other gods and promoting Aten as the sole god of Egypt. This period is known as the Amarna period, and Akhenaten even moved the capital to a new city called Akhetaten (Amarna) to emphasize his religious changes. However, his reforms were not well-received, and after his death, Egypt returned to its traditional polytheistic beliefs.

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  • 11. 

    Which pharaoh is credited with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt?

    • A.

      Ramses

    • B.

      Thutmose

    • C.

      Tutankhamon

    • D.

      Akhenaten

    • E.

      Hatshepsut

    • F.

      Menes

    Correct Answer
    F. Menes
    Explanation
    Menes is credited with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. He is considered the first pharaoh of Egypt and is believed to have united the two regions around 3100 BCE. Menes established the capital city of Memphis and is known for his role in bringing political stability and centralized rule to Egypt.

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  • 12. 

    Which pharaoh is famous for the discovery of his completely intact tomb?

    • A.

      Ramses

    • B.

      Thutmose

    • C.

      Tutankhamon

    • D.

      Akhenaten

    • E.

      Hatshepsut

    • F.

      Menes

    Correct Answer
    C. Tutankhamon
    Explanation
    Tutankhamon is famous for the discovery of his completely intact tomb. His tomb was discovered in 1922 by the British archaeologist Howard Carter. The discovery of Tutankhamon's tomb was significant because it provided valuable insights into the life and burial practices of ancient Egyptian pharaohs. The tomb contained a wealth of treasures, including his iconic golden mask, which has become a symbol of ancient Egypt. Tutankhamon's tomb is considered one of the most important archaeological discoveries in history.

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  • 13. 

    The 70-day long Egyptian process of preserving human remains is called...

    • A.

      Pickling

    • B.

      Resurrecting

    • C.

      Mummifying

    • D.

      Stuffing

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Mummifying
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mummifying. In ancient Egypt, the process of preserving human remains was called mummifying. This involved removing the organs, treating the body with preservatives, and wrapping it in linen bandages. The purpose of mummification was to ensure the deceased's journey to the afterlife and to preserve their physical form for eternity. The mummification process was a complex and lengthy one, lasting approximately 70 days. The other options, pickling, resurrecting, and stuffing, do not accurately describe the Egyptian process of preserving human remains.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following statements is true concerning Egyptian pyramids?

    • A.

      They show the power of the pharaoh

    • B.

      They serve as a protective tomb for the pharaoh

    • C.

      They took many years and thousands of workers to build

    • D.

      They are aligned with the stars to point to the "center of the heavens"

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Egyptian pyramids serve as a protective tomb for the pharaoh, showcasing the power and wealth of the pharaoh. These structures took many years and thousands of workers to build. Additionally, the pyramids are aligned with the stars, specifically pointing to the "center of the heavens." Therefore, all of the given statements are true concerning Egyptian pyramids.

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  • 15. 

    Egyptians believed that the pharaoh was the son of ________________ , god of the _______________.

    Correct Answer
    Ra sun, Re sun
    Explanation
    The Egyptians believed that the pharaoh was the son of Ra, the god of the sun. Ra was considered the most powerful deity in the Egyptian pantheon, and the sun was seen as a symbol of life and creation. The pharaoh, as the ruler of Egypt, was believed to have a divine connection to Ra and was seen as a living embodiment of the god on Earth. This belief in the pharaoh's divine lineage legitimized their rule and reinforced their authority over the Egyptian people.

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  • 16. 

    Only men could become pharaohs of Egypt.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In ancient Egypt, it was believed that only men could become pharaohs. However, there were a few exceptions to this rule. Some women, such as Hatshepsut, managed to become pharaohs by taking on male attributes and roles. Despite these exceptions, the general belief was that pharaohs had to be male. Therefore, the statement that only men could become pharaohs is false.

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  • 17. 

    Egypt was the first unified nation in history.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Egypt was the first unified nation in history because it was one of the earliest civilizations to develop a centralized government and establish a unified political system. The ancient Egyptians created a strong central authority that ruled over the entire Nile River valley, bringing together different regions and tribes under one rule. This unification allowed for the development of a complex society with a shared culture, language, and religious beliefs. The unification of Egypt laid the foundation for the long-lasting civilization that would greatly influence the development of other ancient civilizations in the region and beyond.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following describes the workforce responsible for building the pyramids?

    • A.

      They were slaves captured in war.

    • B.

      They were native Egyptians who volunteered their time & effort.

    • C.

      They were Egyptians who were conscripted to work by officials of the pharaoh.

    • D.

      They were Egyptians who were provided food and shelter in exchange for their work.

    • E.

      B and D only

    • F.

      C and D only

    Correct Answer
    F. C and D only
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C and D only. This means that the workforce responsible for building the pyramids were Egyptians who were conscripted to work by officials of the pharaoh and were also provided food and shelter in exchange for their work. This suggests that the workers were not slaves captured in war, nor were they native Egyptians who volunteered their time and effort.

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  • 19. 

    Hieratic Script is....

    • A.

      A simplified version of hieroglyphics

    • B.

      A writing system used only by the pharaohs

    • C.

      A secret writing system used by Egyptian embalmers

    • D.

      A computer font used for official certificates

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. A simplified version of hieroglyphics
    Explanation
    Hieratic Script is a simplified version of hieroglyphics, which was a writing system used in ancient Egypt. Hieratic Script was developed as a cursive form of hieroglyphics, making it easier and quicker to write. It was primarily used for religious and administrative texts, while hieroglyphics were reserved for more formal and monumental inscriptions. Hieratic Script played a crucial role in everyday communication and record-keeping in ancient Egypt. Therefore, the correct answer is that Hieratic Script is a simplified version of hieroglyphics.

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  • 20. 

    The three major periods of Egyptian history are known as...

    • A.

      The Old, New, and Improved Kingdoms

    • B.

      The First, Middle, and Last Kingdoms

    • C.

      The Old, Younger, and New Kingdoms

    • D.

      The Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. The Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms
    Explanation
    The correct answer is The Old, Middle, and New Kingdoms. These three periods represent different stages in ancient Egyptian history. The Old Kingdom was characterized by the building of pyramids and the establishment of a centralized government. The Middle Kingdom saw a period of stability and expansion, with the pharaohs focusing on improving infrastructure and trade. The New Kingdom marked a time of great military power and territorial expansion, with pharaohs like Hatshepsut and Ramses II ruling over a vast empire. Therefore, these three kingdoms represent significant milestones in Egyptian history.

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