The Ancient Egypt Ultimate Quiz: Trivia!

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The Ancient Egypt Ultimate Quiz: Trivia! - Quiz

Answer the following questions. When you finish, if you are happy with your score, print out the grades certificate at the end and bring it to class for your grade. If you are not satisfied with this score, retake the test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Also known as Menes, this man unified Upper and Lower Egypt to form the Old Kingdom. 

    • A.

      Ramses II

    • B.

      Piye

    • C.

      Narmer

    • D.

      King Tut

    Correct Answer
    C. Narmer
    Explanation
    Narmer, also known as Menes, is the correct answer. He unified Upper and Lower Egypt to form the Old Kingdom. This unification marked the beginning of ancient Egyptian civilization and the establishment of a centralized government. Narmer's reign is considered a pivotal moment in Egyptian history as it laid the foundation for the pharaonic dynasties that followed. Ramses II, Piye, and King Tut are not associated with the unification of Egypt.

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  • 2. 

    The Nile River’s flooding could be described as ______.

    • A.

      Cataclysmic

    • B.

      Gentle and dependable

    • C.

      Destructive

    • D.

      Rare

    Correct Answer
    B. Gentle and dependable
    Explanation
    The Nile River's flooding is described as gentle and dependable because it follows a predictable pattern and brings nutrient-rich silt that benefits the surrounding agricultural areas. Unlike cataclysmic or destructive floods, the Nile's floods are not characterized by extreme violence or damage. Additionally, the floods are not rare occurrences, as they happen annually due to the river's regular inundation caused by heavy rains in the Ethiopian highlands.

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  • 3. 

    A collection of spells and prayers to guide dead Egyptians through the after-life was called ______

    • A.

      The Book of Secrets

    • B.

      The Scrolls of Life

    • C.

      The Bible

    • D.

      The Book of the Dead

    Correct Answer
    D. The Book of the Dead
    Explanation
    The Book of the Dead is the correct answer because it is a well-known collection of spells and prayers that was used in ancient Egypt to guide the deceased Egyptians through the afterlife. This book contained instructions and rituals that were believed to help the deceased navigate the dangers and challenges they would encounter in the underworld and ultimately reach the afterlife. The Book of the Dead was an important part of Egyptian funerary practices and was often buried with the deceased to ensure their successful journey into the afterlife.

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  • 4. 

    Which one of these weapons did the Hyksos use to defeat the Egyptians that the Egyptians did not have? (remember, the Egyptians resisted change so people with better technology could defeat them in battle even though Egypt had a larger army.)

    • A.

      Bows and arrows

    • B.

      Chariots

    • C.

      Spears

    • D.

      Browning Automatic Rifles (BAR’s)

    Correct Answer
    B. Chariots
    Explanation
    The Hyksos used chariots to defeat the Egyptians, which the Egyptians did not have. This gave the Hyksos an advantage in battle as chariots provided them with greater mobility and firepower. The Egyptians, resistant to change, did not adopt chariots as a military technology. This allowed the Hyksos, despite having a smaller army, to outmaneuver and overpower the Egyptians in battle.

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  • 5. 

    This word means “belief in just one god."

    • A.

      Monotheism

    • B.

      Polytheism

    • C.

      Singlegodism

    • D.

      Hieroglyphics

    Correct Answer
    A. Monotheism
    Explanation
    Monotheism is the correct answer because it refers to the belief in just one god. This is in contrast to polytheism, which is the belief in multiple gods. Singlegodism and hieroglyphics are not valid terms related to the belief in one god, making them incorrect answers.

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  • 6. 

    This word means “belief in many gods.”  

    • A.

      Monotheism

    • B.

      Polytheism

    • C.

      Singlegodism

    • D.

      Hieroglyphics

    Correct Answer
    B. Polytheism
    Explanation
    Polytheism refers to the belief in many gods. It is the opposite of monotheism, which is the belief in a single god. Polytheistic religions, such as ancient Greek and Roman religions, worship multiple deities, each with their own specific powers and domains. This belief system allows for a diverse pantheon of gods and goddesses, often associated with different aspects of nature, fertility, war, or wisdom. Polytheism was a common religious practice in many ancient civilizations and is still present in some modern religions, such as Hinduism and certain forms of Paganism.

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  • 7. 

    King Amenhotep IV tried to steer Egypt in a new direction. He closed many temples and told the people that there is now only one god - Aton. He changed his name to _____________, meaning Spirit of Aton. (He ended up losing large portions of Egyptian land to invaders due to lack of support from the people.)

    • A.

      Akhenaton

    • B.

      Tutankhamen

    • C.

      Ramses II

    • D.

      Cosmibeduman

    Correct Answer
    A. Akhenaton
    Explanation
    King Amenhotep IV changed his name to Akhenaton, which means Spirit of Aton, to reflect his new religious beliefs. He closed many temples and promoted the worship of the sun god Aton as the only god in Egypt. However, his radical reforms faced opposition from the traditional religious establishment and the people, leading to a lack of support. This weakened his rule and made Egypt vulnerable to invasions, resulting in the loss of large portions of Egyptian land.

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  • 8. 

    This "Boy King" returned Egypt to polytheism but is best known because his tomb was found intact after being hidden for 3000 years.

    • A.

      Pharoah Feltham

    • B.

      King Tutankhamun

    • C.

      Pharaoh Amineses

    • D.

      King Aton

    Correct Answer
    B. King Tutankhamun
    Explanation
    King Tutankhamun is the correct answer because he is known as the "Boy King" and he did indeed return Egypt to polytheism. Additionally, his tomb was discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter and it was found to be completely intact, making it one of the most significant archaeological discoveries in history.

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  • 9. 

    Ramses II was also known as Ramses the Great. He ruled for 66 years and had over 100 children.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ramses II was indeed known as Ramses the Great. He was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt who ruled for an impressive 66 years. During his reign, he had a large number of children, with estimates ranging over 100. Therefore, the statement that Ramses II was also known as Ramses the Great, ruled for 66 years, and had over 100 children is true.

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  • 10. 

    King Tut was only 10 years old when his father died, making him Pharaoh of Egypt.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    King Tut became Pharaoh of Egypt at the age of 10 after his father's death. This indicates that the statement "King Tut was only 10 years old when his father died, making him Pharaoh of Egypt" is true.

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  • 11. 

    The Nile River flows from North to South.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Nile River actually flows from South to North. It begins in the highlands of East Africa and flows northward through multiple countries before emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. It is the longest river in Africa and its northward flow is a result of the river's elevation dropping as it travels towards the sea.

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  • 12. 

    The Upper Kingdom of Egypt was located in the southern part of the Nile (upstream) while the Lower Kingdom was located in the northern part of the Nile (downstream).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Upper Kingdom of Egypt being located in the southern part of the Nile (upstream) and the Lower Kingdom being located in the northern part of the Nile (downstream) is historically accurate. The Nile River flows from south to north, so the Upper Kingdom was upstream and the Lower Kingdom was downstream. This division of Egypt into two kingdoms was a result of the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by the pharaoh Narmer around 3100 BCE.

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  • 13. 

    In Egyptian mythology, to get to the afterlife, Anubis would guide your KA to the Hall of Ma’at where would be put on trial by the gods and pharaohs gone on before you. If you pass, then your heart would be weighed against the Feather of Truth. If your heart is lighter than the feather, Anubis would take you to join Osiris in the afterlife. If your heart is heavier than a feather, your KA would be consumed by Ammut.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In Egyptian mythology, Anubis played a crucial role in guiding the souls of the deceased to the afterlife. The KA, or the spiritual essence of a person, would be led by Anubis to the Hall of Ma'at, where a trial would take place. The gods and pharaohs who had passed away before would judge the person's actions in life. If the individual passed the trial, their heart would be weighed against the Feather of Truth. If their heart was lighter than the feather, Anubis would escort them to join Osiris in the afterlife. However, if their heart was heavier, it would be consumed by Ammut, and they would not be able to reach the afterlife. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 14. 

    Ramses II used temples to store his money in so that people would not steal the money.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Ramses II used temples to store his money in order to prevent theft. Temples were considered sacred and highly respected places in ancient Egypt, making them a secure location for storing valuable possessions. By keeping his money in temples, Ramses II ensured that it would be well-guarded and less likely to be stolen by people. This practice was common among pharaohs and other wealthy individuals in ancient Egypt, who sought to protect their wealth and assets.

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  • 15. 

    Ancient Egyptians did not use slave labor to build the pyramids. Instead, they used farmers during the flood season, since the land was too wet to farm.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the ancient Egyptians did not rely on slave labor to construct the pyramids. Instead, they utilized farmers during the flood season when the land was too wet for farming. This allowed them to make use of the available workforce without the need for slaves. This practice was a strategic decision based on the agricultural calendar and the conditions of the land.

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  • 16. 

    During the mummification process, how were the brains removed from a body? 

    • A.

      By cutting open the skull

    • B.

      By taking out the eyes and accessing the brain through the hole where the eye used to be

    • C.

      By pulling it out through the nose with tiny hooks

    • D.

      By heating the skull until the brain melted and ran out through the ears

    Correct Answer
    C. By pulling it out through the nose with tiny hooks
    Explanation
    During the mummification process, the brains were removed from a body by pulling them out through the nose with tiny hooks. This method allowed the embalmers to access the brain without damaging the skull or other parts of the body. By carefully inserting the hooks through the nasal cavity, they could extract the brain, which was considered unnecessary for the afterlife. This technique was a delicate and intricate part of the mummification process, ensuring the preservation of the body for eternity.

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  • 17. 

    Why was the Rosetta Stone so important? 

    • A.

      It contained a detailed history of the Middle Kingdom.

    • B.

      It contained the same message in 3 languages allowing us to. decipher (figure out) hieroglyphics

    • C.

      It was a stone copy of the Book of the Dead.

    • D.

      It smelled like roses.

    Correct Answer
    B. It contained the same message in 3 languages allowing us to. decipher (figure out) hieroglyphics
    Explanation
    The Rosetta Stone was important because it contained the same message in three different languages, which allowed scholars to decipher and understand hieroglyphics. This breakthrough in understanding ancient Egyptian writing greatly expanded our knowledge of their history and culture.

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  • 18. 

    Since water was scarce, thus baths did not happen often, upper class Egyptian women often placed cones on their heads made of wax and flower fragrance. As the wax heated up, it ran down the body and worked like perfume.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that since water was scarce in ancient Egypt, upper-class women would use cones made of wax and flower fragrance on their heads. As the wax melted due to body heat, it would release a pleasant fragrance, acting as a substitute for bathing and perfume. This practice was common among the upper class due to the limited availability of water for regular baths.

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  • 19. 

    According to our reading (both the textbook, my Power Point, and the articles on the wall), how many symbols did scribes have to memorize to be able to read hieroglyphics? 

    • A.

      There were around 40 symbols in hieroglyphics.

    • B.

      There were around 70 symbols in hieroglyphics.

    • C.

      There were around 400 symbols in hieroglyphics.

    • D.

      There were over 700 symbols in hieroglyphics.

    Correct Answer
    D. There were over 700 symbols in hieroglyphics.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that there were over 700 symbols in hieroglyphics. This is supported by the reading materials mentioned, which include the textbook, Power Point, and articles on the wall. These sources indicate that scribes had to memorize a large number of symbols in order to read hieroglyphics.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following best describes the meaning of a dynasty

    • A.

      A single country controlling many countries at once

    • B.

      Rapids that keep boats from traveling up the Nile

    • C.

      Passing rule to a family member

    • D.

      World’s largest desert, located east of Egypt

    Correct Answer
    C. Passing rule to a family member
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "passing rule to a family member". A dynasty refers to a succession of rulers from the same family, where power is passed down from one generation to the next within a ruling family. This practice is commonly seen in monarchies or authoritarian governments where leadership is hereditary.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following best describes the meaning of a embalming?

    • A.

      Means "Great House"; this person was the Egyptian god-king

    • B.

      Process done to preserve a body

    • C.

      An embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips

    • D.

      Large monuments built to bury kings in

    Correct Answer
    B. Process done to preserve a body
    Explanation
    Embalming is the process of preserving a body. This involves treating the body with chemicals and other substances to prevent decomposition. Embalming is commonly practiced in various cultures and is often done before a funeral or burial to ensure that the body remains intact for a longer period of time. It is an important step in the funeral industry and helps to maintain the appearance of the deceased for viewing purposes.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following best describes the meaning of a pyramid?

    • A.

      Means "Great House"; this person was the Egyptian god-king

    • B.

      Process done to preserve a body

    • C.

      An embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips

    • D.

      Large monuments built to bury kings in

    Correct Answer
    D. Large monuments built to bury kings in
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "large monuments built to bury kings in." This option accurately describes the meaning of a pyramid as it refers to the massive structures that were constructed in ancient Egypt as tombs for pharaohs and other royalty. Pyramids were built as grand burial sites to honor and preserve the bodies of the deceased kings.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following best describes the meaning of a Pharaoh?

    • A.

      Means "Great House"; this person was the Egyptian god-king

    • B.

      Process done to preserve a body

    • C.

      An embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips

    • D.

      Large monuments built to bury kings in

    Correct Answer
    A. Means "Great House"; this person was the Egyptian god-king
    Explanation
    A Pharaoh is a title given to the Egyptian god-king, who was considered the ruler of Egypt. The term "Pharaoh" means "Great House" in Egyptian. The Pharaohs were believed to be divine beings and held immense power and authority over the kingdom. They were considered the earthly representatives of the gods and were responsible for maintaining order and prosperity in Egypt. The answer accurately describes the meaning of a Pharaoh as someone who was the Egyptian god-king and the significance of the term "Great House" in relation to their role and status.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following best describes the meaning of a mummy?

    • A.

      Payment made to another country to avoid invasion

    • B.

      Process done to preserve a body

    • C.

      An embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips

    • D.

      Large monuments built to bury kings in

    Correct Answer
    C. An embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "an embalmed body wrapped in cloth strips." This best describes the meaning of a mummy. In ancient Egypt, the process of mummification involved preserving the body by removing internal organs, treating it with preservatives, and wrapping it in linen cloth strips. The purpose was to ensure the deceased's journey to the afterlife and to prevent decomposition. Mummies have been found in various cultures and are often associated with ancient burial practices.

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  • 25. 

    During the embalming process, the internal organs were removed from the body and were placed in jars for storage. These jars were called ____.

    • A.

      Canopic jars

    • B.

      Mason jars

    • C.

      Trimmings jars

    • D.

      Thimthar jars

    Correct Answer
    A. Canopic jars
    Explanation
    During the embalming process in ancient Egypt, the internal organs of the deceased were carefully removed from the body and stored in special jars known as canopic jars. These jars were typically made of stone or pottery and were used to hold the liver, lungs, stomach, and intestines. Each jar had a lid shaped like one of the four sons of Horus, who were considered to be the protectors of the organs. Canopic jars played an important role in the preservation of the body for the afterlife in ancient Egyptian beliefs.

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  • 26. 

    Which of the following ingredients would be used in the mummification process? Check all that apply.

    • A.

      Natron salt

    • B.

      Linen cloth

    • C.

      Honey

    • D.

      Palm wine

    • E.

      Saw dust

    • F.

      Formaldehyde

    • G.

      Silk

    • H.

      Oil

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Natron salt
    B. Linen cloth
    D. Palm wine
    E. Saw dust
    H. Oil
    Explanation
    The mummification process involved several steps to preserve the body. Natron salt was used to dry out the body and prevent decomposition. Linen cloth was used to wrap the body and provide support. Palm wine was sometimes used as a disinfectant. Saw dust was used to absorb moisture. Oil was used to moisturize the skin and keep it supple. Honey, formaldehyde, and silk were not typically used in the mummification process.

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  • 27. 

    Which of the following items would be found in an upper class tomb in ancient Egypt? Check all that apply. 

    • A.

      Book of the Dead

    • B.

      Food

    • C.

      Toilet

    • D.

      Pictures painted on the walls

    • E.

      Sarcophagus

    • F.

      Mummified pets

    • G.

      Mummified Servants

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Book of the Dead
    B. Food
    D. Pictures painted on the walls
    E. Sarcophagus
    F. Mummified pets
    Explanation
    In an upper class tomb in ancient Egypt, one would find the Book of the Dead, which was a funerary text believed to guide the deceased in the afterlife. Food would also be present as offerings for the deceased to sustain them in the afterlife. Pictures painted on the walls were common in tombs to depict scenes from the deceased's life and provide them with a visual representation of their past. A sarcophagus, a stone coffin, would be present to house the mummified body. Lastly, mummified pets were sometimes included in upper-class tombs as companions for the deceased in the afterlife. Mummified servants, however, were not typically found in upper-class tombs.

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  • 28. 

     

    • A.

      Kush conquers Egypt ending the New Kingdom

    • B.

      Amenhotep IV converts Egypt to monotheism

    • C.

      Narmer (Menes) unites the Upper Kingdom and Lower Kingdom to create one unified Egypt

    Correct Answer
    C. Narmer (Menes) unites the Upper Kingdom and Lower Kingdom to create one unified Egypt
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Narmer (Menes) unites the Upper Kingdom and Lower Kingdom to create one unified Egypt. This answer is supported by historical evidence that suggests that Narmer, also known as Menes, was the first pharaoh to successfully unite the Upper and Lower Kingdoms of Egypt. This unification marked the beginning of the Early Dynastic Period and the establishment of a centralized government in Egypt.

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  • 29. 

    • A.

      Kush conquers Egypt ending the New Kingdom

    • B.

      Amenhotep IV converts Egypt to monotheism

    • C.

      Narmer (Menes) unites the Upper Kingdom and Lower Kingdom to create one unified Egypt

    Correct Answer
    B. Amenhotep IV converts Egypt to monotheism
    Explanation
    Amenhotep IV, also known as Akhenaten, is credited with converting Egypt to monotheism. He introduced a new religious ideology that focused on the worship of a single god, the Aten, and sought to suppress the worship of other deities. This was a significant departure from the traditional polytheistic beliefs of Egypt. Amenhotep IV's religious reforms had a profound impact on Egyptian society and culture, leading to changes in art, architecture, and religious practices.

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  • 30. 

    • A.

      Kush conquers Egypt ending the New Kingdom

    • B.

      Amenhotep IV converts Egypt to monotheism

    • C.

      Narmer (Menes) unites the Upper Kingdom and Lower Kingdom to create one unified Egypt

    Correct Answer
    A. Kush conquers Egypt ending the New Kingdom
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Kush conquers Egypt ending the New Kingdom. This answer is supported by historical evidence that shows Kush, an ancient Nubian kingdom located in present-day Sudan, successfully invaded and conquered Egypt during the 8th century BCE. This marked the end of the New Kingdom period in Egypt's history, which had been characterized by powerful pharaohs and territorial expansion. The Kushite conquest of Egypt resulted in the establishment of the 25th Dynasty, with Kushite rulers sitting on the Egyptian throne for several decades.

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  • 31. 

    • A.

      Cat tails

    • B.

      Papyrus

    • C.

      Silk plants

    • D.

      Kudzu

    Correct Answer
    B. Papyrus
    Explanation
    Papyrus is the correct answer because it is the only item in the list that is not a type of plant. Cat tails, silk plants, and kudzu are all types of plants, while papyrus is a type of paper material made from the papyrus plant.

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