Chapter 19 Test - Vietnam

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Chapter 19 Test - Vietnam

This test will assess your knowledge over materials from chapter 19, Vietnam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following was most influential in turning the American public opinion against the Vietnam War?
    • A. 

      Protests organized by Students for a Democratic Society

    • B. 

      Military defeats

    • C. 

      Violent police responses to antiwar speeches

    • D. 

      Media coverage of the war

  • 2. 
    President Nixon endorsed Vietnamization because
    • A. 

      It empowered the Vietnamese to run their own government

    • B. 

      He hoped it would give South Vietnamese leaders enough time to create a stable anti-Communist government

    • C. 

      It would bring American troops home immediately

    • D. 

      He believed it would win the war

  • 3. 
    How did Ho Chi Minh win support in N. Vietnam despite his repressive regime?
    • A. 

      By instituting a representative democracy

    • B. 

      By killing all who opposed him

    • C. 

      By redistributing land from large estates to peasants

    • D. 

      By favoring Catholics

  • 4. 
    Cause: Operation Rolling Thunder  ---> Effect:_____________
    • A. 

      Strengthened rather than weakened the Vietcong

    • B. 

      Buildup of U.S. air power

    • C. 

      Destruction of the Ho Chi Minh Trail

    • D. 

      Severe weakening of the Vietcong's will to fight

  • 5. 
    What were the Communist forces that took control of Cambodia in 1975 called?
    • A. 

      Vietminh

    • B. 

      Dien Bien Phu

    • C. 

      Khmer Rouge

    • D. 

      Khe Sanh

  • 6. 
    Pacification failed because
    • A. 

      War was highly valued in Vietnamese culture

    • B. 

      Civilians resented being moved off their land and having their homes destroyed

    • C. 

      The mountainous jungle made detection of the enemy difficult

    • D. 

      Officials often inflated body counts reported by units in the field

  • 7. 
    Who were the Vietminh?
    • A. 

      A group organized by Ho Chi Minh during WWII to resist the Japanese occupation

    • B. 

      Vietnamese people who supported French rule

    • C. 

      Protesters who used civil disobedience to fight for Vietnamese rights

    • D. 

      French soldiers who fought the Vietnamese

  • 8. 
    President Kennedy initially sent advisers and aid to Vietnam in part to
    • A. 

      Overthrow Ngo Dinh Diem

    • B. 

      Counter the Tet Offensive

    • C. 

      Help the French retain their colony

    • D. 

      Display U.S. strength and resolve

  • 9. 
    The the following chart to answer the question below.What explains the change in troop levels from 1969 to 1972?
    • A. 

      U.S. losses during the Tet offensive

    • B. 

      Pacification

    • C. 

      Vietnamization

    • D. 

      The end of the draft

  • 10. 
    What is the domino theory?
    • A. 

      The strategy of dropping strings of bombs to destroy large areas

    • B. 

      The belief that if one country entered a war, neighboring countries would quickly follow

    • C. 

      The belief that if one country fell to communism, neighboring countries would quickly follow

    • D. 

      A system for aiding S. Vietnamese civilians

  • 11. 
    Why did U.S. planes spray defoliants like Agent Orange over the Ho Chi Minh Trail?
    • A. 

      To make it easier to land U.S. planes on the trail

    • B. 

      To destroy farms and villages that were near the trail

    • C. 

      To expose those areas of the trail that were hidden in the jungle, making it easier for planes to see enemy supply routes

    • D. 

      To disrupt the flow of troops and supplies from South Vietnam to Laos

  • 12. 
    ____________________ headed a brutal and corrupt government in South Vietnam.
    • A. 

      Ngo Dinh Diem

    • B. 

      Ho Chi Minh

    • C. 

      Bien Denh Phu

    • D. 

      Dong Ken Rho

  • 13. 
    __________________ ran as an independent candidate and was an important factor in the 1968 presidential election.
    • A. 

      Hubert Humphrey

    • B. 

      George Wallace

    • C. 

      Richard Nixon

    • D. 

      John F. Kennedy

  • 14. 
    By basing the draft on birth days, ________________ lessened the inequity in the draft.
    • A. 

      The deferment program

    • B. 

      The avoidance system

    • C. 

      The lottery system

    • D. 

      The Equal Draft Program of 1964

  • 15. 
    The _____________________ lowered the voting age from 21 to 18.
    • A. 

      Youth's Right to Vote Act of 1967

    • B. 

      Voting Age Act of 1968

    • C. 

      26th Amendment

    • D. 

      25th Amendment

    • E. 

      27th Amendment

  • 16. 
    In the ____________________, U.S. soldiers killed at least 450 women, children, and elderly men, shocking the American public.
    • A. 

      Tet Offensive

    • B. 

      My Lai massacre

    • C. 

      Attack on Khe Sanh

    • D. 

      Attack on Sai Pan

  • 17. 
    The attack on the USS Maddox led to approval of the Tet Resolution.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    During the early years of the war, the U.S. soldiers who fought in Vietnam were disproportionately poor and African American.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    The Tet Offensive shattered many people’s belief that the United States would soon win the Vietnam War.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Only military bases and power plants were targeted by Operation Rolling Thunder.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Protesters at the 1968 Democratic National Convention hoped to pressure the Democratic delegates to reject President Johnson’s war policies.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    A vocal antiwar group:
    • A. 

      NAACP

    • B. 

      Doves

    • C. 

      Students for a Democratic Society

    • D. 

      Students for a Democratic Tomorrow

    • E. 

      People for a Free Vietnam

  • 23. 
    He offered criticism of the Vietnam War that greatly worried President Johnson:
    • A. 

      Walter Cronkite

    • B. 

      Henry Kissinger

    • C. 

      Hubert Humphrey

    • D. 

      Richard Daley

  • 24. 
    He persecuted Buddhists in Vietnam:
    • A. 

      Ho Chi Minh

    • B. 

      Ngo Dinh Diem

    • C. 

      Minh Poh Dak

    • D. 

      Van Doh Phu

  • 25. 
    Mayor of Chicago during the 1968 Democratic National Convention:
    • A. 

      Bruce King

    • B. 

      William Westmoreland

    • C. 

      Henry Kissinger

    • D. 

      Richard Daley

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