Australia In The Vietnam War Era Revision

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Australia In The Vietnam War Era Revision - Quiz

Australian support for South Vietnam in the early 1960s was in keeping with the policies of other nations to stem the spread of communism in Europe and Asia. What more do you know about the degree of Australia`s involvement in the war? Test yourself by taking the quiz below. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which decade did the Vietnam War begin?

    • A.

      1950's

    • B.

      1960's

    • C.

      1970's

    Correct Answer
    B. 1960's
    Explanation
    The Vietnam War began in the 1960's. This conflict started in 1955 and lasted until 1975, but the majority of the major military operations and escalation occurred in the 1960's. The United States became heavily involved in the war during this decade, sending troops and increasing its military presence in Vietnam. The 1960's were a crucial period in the Vietnam War, marked by significant events such as the Gulf of Tonkin incident and the Tet Offensive.

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  • 2. 

    Which Australian PM got Australia involved in the Vietnam War?

    • A.

      Robert Menzies

    • B.

      Harold Holt

    • C.

      Gough Whitlam

    Correct Answer
    A. Robert Menzies
    Explanation
    Robert Menzies is the correct answer because he was the Australian Prime Minister who made the decision to involve Australia in the Vietnam War. Menzies was in office from 1949 to 1966 and during his tenure, he aligned Australia closely with the United States and supported their intervention in Vietnam. He believed that it was important for Australia to support its allies and prevent the spread of communism in the region. Menzies sent Australian troops to Vietnam in 1965, marking Australia's direct involvement in the war.

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  • 3. 

    What slogan was used by the Liberal government to make people believe that communists were everywhere?

    • A.

      "Reds in the back shed"

    • B.

      "Reds overfed"

    • C.

      "Reds under the bed"

    Correct Answer
    C. "Reds under the bed"
    Explanation
    The slogan "Reds under the bed" was used by the Liberal government to create a sense of fear and paranoia among the people, making them believe that communists were hiding and infiltrating every aspect of society. This slogan aimed to justify the government's anti-communist policies and actions, portraying communism as a pervasive threat that needed to be rooted out and eliminated.

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  • 4. 

    What is guerilla warfare?

    • A.

      Using surprise to harrass the enemy then retreating

    • B.

      Using massive force to overcome the enemy

    • C.

      Using gorillas to defeat the enemy

    Correct Answer
    A. Using surprise to harrass the enemy then retreating
    Explanation
    Guerilla warfare is a tactic that involves utilizing surprise attacks to harass the enemy and then quickly retreating. This strategy aims to disrupt the enemy's operations and morale while minimizing casualties and conserving resources. By employing hit-and-run tactics, guerilla fighters can effectively target and weaken larger, more conventional forces. This approach is often utilized by smaller, less equipped groups or insurgent movements against larger and more powerful adversaries.

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  • 5. 

    The Korean War occured AFTER the Vietnam War

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The Korean War actually occurred before the Vietnam War. The Korean War took place from 1950 to 1953, while the Vietnam War occurred from 1955 to 1975. Therefore, the Korean War happened before the Vietnam War.

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  • 6. 

    Which American president first coined the term 'domino theory'?

    • A.

      Ronald Regan

    • B.

      Dwight Eisenhower

    • C.

      Lyndon Baines Johnson

    Correct Answer
    B. Dwight Eisenhower
    Explanation
    Dwight Eisenhower is the correct answer because he was the American president who first coined the term "domino theory." The domino theory was a Cold War foreign policy concept that suggested that if one country in a region fell to communism, the surrounding countries would also fall like a row of dominoes. Eisenhower used this term to justify U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War and to support the containment policy against communism.

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  • 7. 

    What year did Australia become part of SEATO?

    • A.

      1951

    • B.

      1954

    • C.

      1964

    Correct Answer
    B. 1954
    Explanation
    In 1954, Australia became part of SEATO. SEATO, which stands for Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, was established in 1954 as a collective defense agreement between several countries in Southeast Asia and the United States. Australia joined SEATO as a way to strengthen its alliances and security partnerships in the region, particularly in response to the growing threat of communism during the Cold War. By becoming part of SEATO, Australia demonstrated its commitment to regional security and its willingness to work with other countries to counter the spread of communism in Southeast Asia.

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  • 8. 

    When did Australia sign the ANZUS treaty?

    • A.

      1951

    • B.

      1954

    • C.

      1976

    Correct Answer
    A. 1951
    Explanation
    Australia signed the ANZUS treaty in 1951. This treaty is a defense pact between Australia, New Zealand, and the United States, aimed at promoting security and cooperation in the Pacific region. It was signed during the early years of the Cold War, when the threat of communism was increasing. The treaty solidified the alliance between these three countries and established a commitment to mutual defense and consultation in the event of an armed attack in the Pacific.

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  • 9. 

    Many Australians, especially Menzies, believed in the Domino Theory. It was the belief that if South VIetnam fell, other countries around it would also, and eventually Australia. What countries might fall first?

    • A.

      The U.S, U.K, Spain, France and Denmark

    • B.

      New Zealand, Samoa, Fiji and Kirabati

    • C.

      Malaysia, Cambodia, Indonesia and India

    Correct Answer
    C. Malaysia, Cambodia, Indonesia and India
    Explanation
    The countries that might fall first according to the Domino Theory are Malaysia, Cambodia, Indonesia, and India. This theory suggests that if South Vietnam were to fall, it would lead to a chain reaction where neighboring countries would also fall to communism. These countries are geographically close to Vietnam and were seen as potential targets for communist expansion during the time period.

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  • 10. 

    The idea of forward defence, pushed strongly by Menzies and his Liberal government, meant that......

    • A.

      We must set up a defence of Australia and wait for the communists to attack

    • B.

      Australia needed to be on the front foot, 'better to fight them over there than here!'

    • C.

      South Vietnam should be bombed

    Correct Answer
    B. Australia needed to be on the front foot, 'better to fight them over there than here!'
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the idea of forward defence, advocated by Menzies and his Liberal government, was to proactively engage in military actions overseas in order to prevent any potential attacks on Australian soil. This approach aimed to keep the enemy away from Australia and fight them in their own territory, rather than waiting for them to attack and defending Australia on home ground. This strategy was believed to be more effective and safer for the country.

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  • 11. 

    This image of Kim Phuc, running terrified after a napalm attack in 1972, is a  secondary source..

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This image of Kim Phuc running terrified after a napalm attack in 1972 cannot be considered a secondary source. A secondary source is typically an analysis or interpretation of primary sources, such as books, articles, or documentaries. In this case, the image itself is a primary source as it directly captures the event and is not a representation or analysis of it. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is Australia's response to the threat of communism IN AUSTRALIA?

    • A.

      ANZUS and SEATO

    • B.

      The Communist Party Dissolution Bill, Petrov Affair (Royal Commission) and government censorship (e.g. Power without Glory by Frank Hardy banned)

    • C.

      Our involvement in the Korean War

    Correct Answer
    B. The Communist Party Dissolution Bill, Petrov Affair (Royal Commission) and government censorship (e.g. Power without Glory by Frank Hardy banned)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Communist Party Dissolution Bill, Petrov Affair (Royal Commission) and government censorship. These measures were taken by the Australian government in response to the perceived threat of communism within Australia. The Communist Party Dissolution Bill aimed to outlaw the Communist Party in Australia, while the Petrov Affair and the subsequent Royal Commission investigated allegations of Soviet espionage. Government censorship was also implemented to control the spread of communist ideologies, as seen in the banning of books like "Power without Glory" by Frank Hardy. These actions reflect Australia's efforts to combat the influence of communism within its borders.

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  • 13. 

    Which Australian PM withdrew Australia from the Vietnam War?

    • A.

      Menzies

    • B.

      Holt

    • C.

      Whitlam

    Correct Answer
    C. Whitlam
    Explanation
    Whitlam is the correct answer because he was the Australian Prime Minister who withdrew Australia from the Vietnam War. He was elected in 1972 and one of his campaign promises was to end Australia's involvement in the war. In 1973, Whitlam fulfilled this promise by announcing the withdrawal of all Australian troops from Vietnam. This decision marked a significant shift in Australia's foreign policy and was seen as a symbol of Australia's desire for independence from the United States.

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  • 14. 

    Australia's growing fear of which country was a reason it entered the Vietnam War?

    • A.

      Indonesia

    • B.

      North Korea

    • C.

      The Soviet Union

    Correct Answer
    A. Indonesia
    Explanation
    Australia's growing fear of Indonesia was a reason it entered the Vietnam War. The Indonesian government was seen as supporting and promoting communism in Southeast Asia, which threatened Australia's security and interests in the region. Australia believed that by joining the Vietnam War, it could help contain the spread of communism and prevent it from reaching its shores through Indonesia. This fear of Indonesia's communist influence and its potential impact on Australia's security ultimately led to Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War.

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  • 15. 

    Which new Communist coutry sided with North Korea during the Korean War?

    • A.

      South Vietnam

    • B.

      China

    • C.

      Cuba

    Correct Answer
    B. China
    Explanation
    During the Korean War, China sided with North Korea. China's support for North Korea was driven by their shared Communist ideology and the desire to prevent the spread of capitalism in the region. China provided military assistance, including troops and supplies, to help North Korea in its fight against South Korea and the United Nations forces. This support from China was crucial in enabling North Korea to continue the war and maintain its position on the Korean Peninsula.

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  • 16. 

    WHich of these is in correct order?

    • A.

      Menzies gains power, Communist Party Dissolution Bill, Referendum fails to be the Communist Party, The Petrov Affair

    • B.

      The Petrov Affair, Menzies gains power, Communist Party Dissolution Bill, Referendum fails to ban Communist Party

    • C.

      Referendum fails to ban the Communist Party, Communist Party Dissolution Bill, Menzies gains power, Petrov Affair

    Correct Answer
    A. Menzies gains power, Communist Party Dissolution Bill, Referendum fails to be the Communist Party, The Petrov Affair
  • 17. 

    What is the purpose of this propaganda?

    • A.

      To make Australians embrace communism

    • B.

      To make Australians fearful of communism using imagery which depicts communists as fearful beasts

    • C.

      To make Australians sign up to fight in the Vietnam War by painting communism as evil

    Correct Answer
    B. To make Australians fearful of communism using imagery which depicts communists as fearful beasts
    Explanation
    The purpose of this propaganda is to instill fear in Australians regarding communism. This is achieved by using imagery that portrays communists as fearful beasts. By creating this association between communism and fear, the propaganda aims to discourage Australians from embracing communism and potentially mobilize them against it.

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  • 18. 

    In what year was National Service (conscription) introduced into Australia by Menzies?

    • A.

      1961

    • B.

      1962

    • C.

      1964

    Correct Answer
    C. 1964
    Explanation
    National Service (conscription) was introduced into Australia by Menzies in 1964. This policy required young men to serve in the military for a period of time, typically two years. It was implemented as a response to the increasing threat of communism during the Cold War. Menzies believed that conscription was necessary to strengthen Australia's defense forces and support its allies. The introduction of National Service sparked significant controversy and protests throughout the country, particularly during the Vietnam War era.

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  • 19. 

    People who refused to fulfil their National Service commitments based on religious or moral grounds were known as....

    • A.

      Hippies

    • B.

      'The Great Unwashed'

    • C.

      Conscientious Objectors

    Correct Answer
    C. Conscientious Objectors
    Explanation
    Conscientious Objectors were individuals who refused to fulfill their National Service commitments due to religious or moral beliefs. These individuals objected to participating in activities such as military service based on their personal convictions. The term "Conscientious Objectors" accurately describes this group of people who chose not to engage in National Service for these reasons.

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  • 20. 

    A man who became famous for burning his National Service papers in the streets as an act of protest against conscription was...

    • A.

      William (Bill) White

    • B.

      William (BIll) Green

    • C.

      Robert (Bob) Brown

    Correct Answer
    A. William (Bill) White
    Explanation
    The man who became famous for burning his National Service papers in the streets as an act of protest against conscription is William (Bill) White.

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  • 21. 

    The joining together of protest groups in 1970 and 1971 that brought Sydney and Melbourne to a standstill and forced the government to reconsider it's role in Vietnam was known as the what movement?

    • A.

      Protest

    • B.

      Sanitarium

    • C.

      Moratorium

    Correct Answer
    C. Moratorium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Moratorium." In 1970 and 1971, various protest groups in Sydney and Melbourne joined together to form the Moratorium movement. This movement aimed to bring attention to and oppose Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War. The protests organized by the Moratorium movement were successful in disrupting the normal functioning of the cities and putting pressure on the government to reassess its role in the war.

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  • 22. 

    The Communist Party Dissolution Bill would have given the government the power to declare ANYONE a communist, would have banned the Australian Communist Party and if accused, you would have been guilty until proven innocent.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the Communist Party Dissolution Bill would have granted the government the authority to label anyone as a communist, leading to a ban on the Australian Communist Party. Additionally, it states that if accused, individuals would be presumed guilty until proven innocent. Therefore, the statement implies that the Communist Party Dissolution Bill would have enabled the government to have significant control over individuals' political affiliations and would have violated the principle of innocent until proven guilty.

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  • 23. 

    As a response to the threat of communism in Australia, the government censored a lot of publications. One such book, which had themes of government corruption was a book titled _______________ by ________________.

    • A.

      Grug by Ted Prior

    • B.

      Power without Glory by Frank Hardy

    • C.

      Power with Glory by Frank Hardy

    Correct Answer
    B. Power without Glory by Frank Hardy
    Explanation
    During the time when communism was seen as a threat in Australia, the government implemented censorship measures to control the spread of certain ideas. One book that fell victim to this censorship was "Power without Glory" by Frank Hardy. This book explored themes of government corruption, which may have been seen as too controversial or subversive during that period.

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  • 24. 

    'Australians initially supported the Vietnam War, but after a few years, images on T.V (e.g. My Lai Massacre), the deaths of Australian soliders and the introduction of National Service in 1964 meant that this support faded.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because it explains that Australians initially supported the Vietnam War, but their support faded over time due to various factors. These factors include the portrayal of disturbing images on television, such as the My Lai Massacre, the deaths of Australian soldiers, and the implementation of National Service in 1964. These events and developments caused a shift in public opinion and decreased support for the war.

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  • 25. 

    Which of these groups supported the war from start to finish?

    • A.

      The RSL (returned solider's league) and older, conservative Australians

    • B.

      Save Our Sons

    • C.

      University students

    Correct Answer
    A. The RSL (returned solider's league) and older, conservative Australians
    Explanation
    The RSL (returned solider's league) and older, conservative Australians supported the war from start to finish. This group consisted of veterans who had first-hand experience of war and believed in the importance of national defense. Older, conservative Australians also tended to have a more traditional and patriotic perspective, which led them to support the war effort throughout its duration.

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  • 26. 

    The Vietnam War was the first televised war

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the Vietnam War, television played a significant role in shaping public opinion and perception of the conflict. It was the first war to be extensively covered by television news networks, bringing the realities of war directly into people's living rooms. The graphic images and footage of the war had a profound impact on the American public, leading to increased anti-war sentiment and protests. The Vietnam War being the first televised war is a widely accepted fact in history.

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  • 27. 

    After the Petrov Affair, a ROYAL COMMISSION was announced. It's findings were....

    • A.

      A major Soviet spy ring was found, alot of people charged

    • B.

      Some evidence of spying found, no charges laid

    • C.

      Doc Evatt was found to be a communist

    Correct Answer
    B. Some evidence of spying found, no charges laid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Some evidence of spying found, no charges laid." This answer suggests that although some evidence of spying was discovered during the Royal Commission following the Petrov Affair, no charges were made against anyone involved. This implies that while there may have been suspicions or indications of espionage, there was insufficient evidence to prosecute or convict anyone.

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  • 28. 

    'All the way with LBJ'. These words were muttered (rather embarrassingly) to reaffirm Australa's support for America in the Vietnam War by which Australian PM?

    • A.

      Harold Holt

    • B.

      Robert Menzies

    • C.

      Ben Chifley

    Correct Answer
    A. Harold Holt
    Explanation
    Harold Holt was the Australian Prime Minister who famously uttered the words "All the way with LBJ" to reaffirm Australia's support for America in the Vietnam War. This statement was made during a visit by US President Lyndon B. Johnson to Australia in 1966. Holt's statement reflected Australia's commitment to align with the United States and support its military actions in Vietnam.

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  • 29. 

    A chemical that was used as a defoliant to deny the Viet Cong of any jungle cover, but was found later to be cancer-causing was?

    • A.

      Napalm

    • B.

      Agent Orange

    • C.

      Pesticides

    Correct Answer
    B. Agent Orange
    Explanation
    Agent Orange was a chemical used during the Vietnam War as a defoliant to destroy the dense jungle cover that provided hiding places for the Viet Cong. However, it was later discovered that Agent Orange contained a toxic chemical called dioxin, which is highly carcinogenic and can cause various health issues, including cancer. This chemical has had long-lasting and devastating effects on both the Vietnamese population and the American veterans who were exposed to it.

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  • 30. 

    Why was the Communist Party Dissolution Bill found to be 'unconstitutional' by the High Court?

    • A.

      Australia is a democracy and every person has a right to voice their political views

    • B.

      It was unfair on Australians who would have been accused

    • C.

      It was against the law

    Correct Answer
    A. Australia is a democracy and every person has a right to voice their political views
    Explanation
    The Communist Party Dissolution Bill was found to be 'unconstitutional' by the High Court because Australia is a democracy and every person has a right to voice their political views. This means that the bill, which aimed to dissolve the Communist Party, violated the democratic principles of freedom of speech and political expression. By attempting to suppress a particular political ideology, the bill infringed upon the rights of Australians to engage in political discourse and participate in the democratic process.

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  • 31. 

    What was the main outcome of the Petrov Affair?

    • A.

      Menzies gained popularity and the Labor Party grew

    • B.

      Menzies lost the next election

    • C.

      Menzies regained popularity as the fear of communism had been re-ignited, Labor Party was split

    Correct Answer
    C. Menzies regained popularity as the fear of communism had been re-ignited, Labor Party was split
    Explanation
    The main outcome of the Petrov Affair was that Menzies regained popularity as the fear of communism had been re-ignited and the Labor Party was split. This suggests that the event had a significant impact on the political landscape, leading to a shift in public opinion and support for Menzies. The fear of communism was a powerful force during this time, and the Petrov Affair, which involved a Soviet spy defecting to Australia, likely played a role in rekindling those fears. Additionally, the split within the Labor Party further solidified Menzies' position and contributed to his regained popularity.

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  • 32. 

    Why would this source be useful to an historian studying the growing opposition to the Vietnam War in Australia?

    • A.

      It shows the sheer numbers of people who were willing to protest in public against the war

    • B.

      It is a secondary source

    • C.

      It is a visual source

    Correct Answer
    A. It shows the sheer numbers of people who were willing to protest in public against the war
    Explanation
    This source would be useful to an historian studying the growing opposition to the Vietnam War in Australia because it provides evidence of the large scale public protests against the war. The visual nature of the source allows the historian to see the sheer numbers of people who were willing to publicly express their opposition to the war. As a secondary source, it can provide additional perspectives and insights into the anti-war movement in Australia during that time.

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