Chapter 13: The Endocrine System

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter 13


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A condition due to excessive secretion of any glan, especially an endocrine gland

    • A.

      Hypocrinism

    • B.

      Endocrinopathy

    • C.

      Hypercrinism

    Correct Answer
    A. Hypocrinism
    Explanation
    Hypocrinism is the correct answer because it refers to a condition caused by excessive secretion of any gland, particularly an endocrine gland. This excessive secretion can lead to hormonal imbalances and various symptoms related to the affected gland. Endocrinopathy is a general term for any disorder of the endocrine system, but it does not specifically indicate excessive secretion. Hypercrinism is not a recognized medical term and does not accurately describe the given condition.

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  • 2. 

    Pathology resultion in the excessive secretion by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland is  

    • A.

      Hyperpituitartarism

    • B.

      Hypopituitarism

    • C.

      Gigantism

    Correct Answer
    A. Hyperpituitartarism
    Explanation
    Hyperpituitartarism is the correct answer because it refers to the excessive secretion by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. This condition can lead to the overproduction of various hormones, causing an imbalance in the body's endocrine system. It can result in symptoms such as gigantism, acromegaly, or hyperthyroidism, depending on which hormones are affected. Hypopituitarism, on the other hand, refers to the underproduction of hormones by the pituitary gland, while gigantism specifically refers to excessive growth in height due to overproduction of growth hormone during childhood.

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  • 3. 

    Is a feather-shapedorgan located posterior to the stomach that functions as part of both the digestive and the endocrine systems

    • A.

      Pancreatitis

    • B.

      Polydisia

    • C.

      Pancreas

    Correct Answer
    C. Pancreas
    Explanation
    g

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  • 4. 

    A group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both

    • A.

      Diabetes insipidus

    • B.

      Diabetic coma

    • C.

      Diabetic retinopathy

    Correct Answer
    A. Diabetes insipidus
    Explanation
    Diabetes insipidus is a condition characterized by excessive thirst and excessive production of diluted urine. It is caused by a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or a resistance to its effects. Unlike diabetes mellitus, which is characterized by high blood sugar levels, diabetes insipidus is not related to insulin secretion or action. Therefore, the given answer is correct as it accurately describes diabetes insipidus as a group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both.

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  • 5. 

    An autoimmune disorder that is caused by hyperthyroidism and is characterized by goiter and/or exophthalmos

    • A.

      Thymectomy

    • B.

      Thyroid storm

    • C.

      Graves' disease

    Correct Answer
    C. Graves' disease
    Explanation
    Graves' disease is an autoimmune disorder that results in hyperthyroidism, causing the thyroid gland to produce excessive amounts of thyroid hormones. This leads to the enlargement of the thyroid gland, known as goiter, and can also cause exophthalmos, which is the protrusion of the eyeballs. Thymectomy refers to the surgical removal of the thymus gland, and thyroid storm is a life-threatening condition characterized by a sudden and severe exacerbation of hyperthyroidism. However, Graves' disease specifically matches the given description of an autoimmune disorder causing hyperthyroidism with goiter and/or exophthalmos.

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  • 6. 

    Hyperpituitarism is a condition of redused secretion due to the partial or complete, loss of the function of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Hyperpituitarism is actually a condition of excessive secretion, not reduced secretion, due to the overactivity of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 7. 

    Calcitionin is a group of  medical disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in the insulen secration.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Calcitonin is not a group of medical disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion. Calcitonin is actually a hormone that is involved in regulating calcium levels in the body. It is produced by the thyroid gland and helps to lower blood calcium levels by inhibiting the release of calcium from bones.

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  • 8. 

    Endocrinologist is a  physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and malfunctions of the endocrine glands

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    An endocrinologist is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and malfunctions of the endocrine glands. The endocrine system is responsible for producing hormones that regulate various bodily functions. Endocrinologists are trained to diagnose and treat conditions such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, hormonal imbalances, and reproductive issues. They use various diagnostic tests and treatment methods to help manage and improve the health of patients with endocrine disorders. Therefore, the statement that an endocrinologist specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and malfunctions of the endocrine glands is true.

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