Chapter 10 - Elections And Voting Behavior

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Election Quizzes & Trivia

When it comes to voting there are different ways in which people vote, it can either be due to the relationship with the candidate, their reputation or standing with the community. People in power and not new people who much is not known often win this day’s elections in most places. We got to get a good understanding on elections and voting behavior in chapter ten. Take this quiz!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Elections serve the purpose of

    • A.

      Socializing and institutionalizing political activity

    • B.

      Providing regular access to political power

    • C.

      Providing a legitimate means to replace leaders

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Providing a legitimate means to replace leaders
    Explanation
    Elections serve the purpose of providing a legitimate means to replace leaders. This means that through the electoral process, the public has the power to choose their representatives and leaders, allowing for a peaceful and orderly transition of power. By providing a fair and transparent mechanism for selecting leaders, elections help maintain the legitimacy and stability of the political system. Additionally, elections also socialize and institutionalize political activity, as they encourage citizens to participate in the democratic process and engage with political issues.

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  • 2. 

    In the United States, elections are used to

    • A.

      Select party nominees

    • B.

      Select officeholders

    • C.

      Make or ratify legislation

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    In the United States, elections serve multiple purposes. Firstly, they are used to select party nominees, which means choosing candidates who will represent a political party in an election. Secondly, elections are used to select officeholders, such as the President, Senators, and Representatives. Lastly, elections are also used to make or ratify legislation, as citizens have the power to vote on proposed laws or amendments. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" as elections encompass all these functions.

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  • 3. 

    Voters in some states can put a proposed law on the ballot with

    • A.

      An initiative petition

    • B.

      An opinion poll

    • C.

      A referendum

    • D.

      A three-fifths vote

    Correct Answer
    A. An initiative petition
    Explanation
    In some states, voters have the ability to propose a law directly by collecting signatures on an initiative petition. This allows citizens to bypass the state legislature and directly put a proposed law on the ballot for a vote. This process gives more power to the people and allows them to have a direct impact on legislation.

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  • 4. 

    A reeferendum is used to give voters a chance to approve a porposed legislative act or constitutional amendment

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A referendum is a process that allows voters to directly vote on a proposed legislative act or constitutional amendment. It is a way to involve the public in decision-making and give them the opportunity to approve or reject important changes to laws or the constitution. A reeferendum, as mentioned in the question, is likely a typo or misspelling of referendum. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

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  • 5. 

    In the election of 1800,

    • A.

      Candidates were nominated at national conventions

    • B.

      The focus of the campaign was on voters

    • C.

      The candidat with the second-highest number of electoral votes became vice president

    • D.

      Media coverage was extensive

    Correct Answer
    C. The candidat with the second-highest number of electoral votes became vice president
    Explanation
    In the election of 1800, the candidate with the second-highest number of electoral votes became vice president. This was a unique feature of the electoral system at that time, where the candidate who came in second in the presidential race automatically became the vice president. This system allowed for a balance of power and representation between the two major political parties. It also ensured that the vice president would come from a different party than the president, promoting cooperation and compromise in the government.

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  • 6. 

    In the election of 1896, the Republicans supported

    • A.

      Low tariffs

    • B.

      The gold standard

    • C.

      Rural farmers in debt

    • D.

      Unlimited coinage of silver

    Correct Answer
    B. The gold standard
    Explanation
    In the election of 1896, the Republicans supported the gold standard. The gold standard was a monetary system where the value of a country's currency was directly linked to a fixed amount of gold. This meant that the government had to maintain a certain amount of gold reserves to back up the value of its currency. The Republicans believed that the gold standard would provide stability to the economy and prevent inflation. They argued that unlimited coinage of silver, which was supported by the Democrats, would lead to inflation and hurt the interests of creditors and investors.

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  • 7. 

    • Which candidate traveled through 26 states and logged 18,000 miles?

    • A.

      William McKinley

    • B.

      Grover Cleveland

    • C.

      John Adams

    • D.

      William Jennings Bryan

    Correct Answer
    D. William Jennings Bryan
    Explanation
    William Jennings Bryan is the correct answer because he is the only candidate listed who traveled through 26 states and logged 18,000 miles. The other candidates, William McKinley, Grover Cleveland, and John Adams, do not have any information provided about their travel or mileage.

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  • 8. 

    Voter turnout in 1896 approached

    • A.

      20 percent

    • B.

      60 percent

    • C.

      50 percent

    • D.

      80 percent

    Correct Answer
    D. 80 percent
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 80 percent. This means that in 1896, a significant percentage of eligible voters actually participated in the voting process. This high turnout suggests a strong level of engagement and interest in the political affairs of the time.

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  • 9. 

    The election of 2000 boiled down to who would win the state of

    • A.

      California

    • B.

      Pennsylvania

    • C.

      Florida

    • D.

      New York

    Correct Answer
    C. Florida
    Explanation
    In the election of 2000, the state of Florida played a crucial role in determining the outcome. The race between George W. Bush and Al Gore was extremely close, and Florida's electoral votes were necessary for either candidate to secure victory. The state became the center of attention due to issues with the ballot design and disputes over the recount process. Ultimately, the Supreme Court intervened and decided in favor of Bush, making Florida's outcome the decisive factor in determining the winner of the election.

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  • 10. 

    In 2004, George W. Bush successfully portrayed John Kerry as a "flip flopper."

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In the 2004 presidential election, George W. Bush effectively portrayed his opponent, John Kerry, as someone who changed his positions on important issues, thus labeling him as a "flip flopper." This strategy aimed to undermine Kerry's credibility and portray him as indecisive or inconsistent. The statement suggests that Bush's portrayal of Kerry as a "flip flopper" was successful, indicating that this portrayal had a significant impact on the election outcome.

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  • 11. 

    A paradox in American electoral history is that while suffrage has expanded,

    • A.

      Fewer Americans exercise the right to vote

    • B.

      Participation in elections has increased

    • C.

      People place greater value on their right to vote

    • D.

      Fewer people are eligibe to vote

    Correct Answer
    A. Fewer Americans exercise the right to vote
    Explanation
    The paradox in American electoral history is that despite the expansion of suffrage, fewer Americans exercise their right to vote. This means that even though more people are eligible to vote, there has been a decrease in the actual participation in elections. This could be due to various reasons such as voter apathy, disillusionment with the political system, or a lack of trust in the candidates or the electoral process. Despite the increased value placed on the right to vote, the number of eligible voters who choose to exercise this right has declined.

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  • 12. 

    Rational people might decide that the costs of voting outweight the benefits

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Rational people may decide that the costs of voting outweigh the benefits because they might consider factors such as the time and effort required to research candidates and issues, the inconvenience of going to the polling station, or the perceived impact of their individual vote on the outcome. They might also believe that their vote will not make a significant difference in the overall result. Therefore, it is reasonable to say that some rational individuals might choose not to vote based on a cost-benefit analysis.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following factors is NOT central to the decision of whether or not to vote?

    • A.

      Perceived policy differences between the parties

    • B.

      The knowledge that most elections are extremely close

    • C.

      A sense of political efficacy

    • D.

      A sense of civic duty

    Correct Answer
    B. The knowledge that most elections are extremely close
    Explanation
    The knowledge that most elections are extremely close is not central to the decision of whether or not to vote. While it may be a motivating factor for some individuals, it is not a determining factor for everyone. Other factors such as perceived policy differences between the parties, a sense of political efficacy, and a sense of civic duty are more commonly considered when deciding whether or not to vote.

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  • 14. 

    The belief that ordinary people can influence the government is known as

    • A.

      Political efficacy

    • B.

      Rational behavior

    • C.

      Civic Duty

    • D.

      Class-based voting

    Correct Answer
    A. Political efficacy
    Explanation
    Political efficacy refers to the belief that ordinary people have the ability to influence the government and make a difference in the political process. It is the belief that citizens can participate in politics, have their voices heard, and shape public policy. This belief is essential for a functioning democracy as it encourages citizen engagement, activism, and participation in elections and other political activities.

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  • 15. 

    The voter registration system is 

    • A.

      Implemented by federal authorities

    • B.

      More restrictive in Northern states

    • C.

      An important factor in low voter turnout

    • D.

      The same in every state

    Correct Answer
    C. An important factor in low voter turnout
    Explanation
    The given answer suggests that the voter registration system is an important factor in low voter turnout. This implies that the process of voter registration may be complex or burdensome, leading to fewer people being able to register and ultimately vote. This could be due to various reasons such as strict eligibility requirements, lack of accessibility to registration centers, or limited outreach and education about the registration process. Overall, the answer highlights the significance of the voter registration system in influencing voter turnout.

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  • 16. 

    The Moter Voter Act made voter registration easier.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Motor Voter Act, also known as the National Voter Registration Act of 1993, was enacted to make the voter registration process more accessible and convenient for eligible citizens. It requires states to offer voter registration opportunities at various government agencies such as the Department of Motor Vehicles, public assistance offices, and military recruitment centers. By providing these additional avenues for voter registration, the Act aimed to increase voter participation and make it easier for individuals to exercise their right to vote. Therefore, the statement that the Motor Voter Act made voter registration easier is true.

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  • 17. 

    All other things being equal, who of the following individuals is most likely to vote?

    • A.

      A single person

    • B.

      A married government employee

    • C.

      A high school drop-out

    • D.

      A southern black

    Correct Answer
    B. A married government employee
    Explanation
    A married government employee is most likely to vote because they are more likely to have stable employment, which can provide them with the necessary resources and time to participate in the voting process. Additionally, being married may indicate a higher level of civic engagement and responsibility, further increasing the likelihood of voting.

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  • 18. 

    Politicians and political scientists agree on the relevance of the mandate theory of elections.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that politicians and political scientists agree on the relevance of the mandate theory of elections. However, this is not true. While some politicians and political scientists may support the mandate theory, there is no consensus among them. The relevance of the mandate theory is a topic of debate and varies depending on individual perspectives and political contexts. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following factors is NOT ventral to the decision of how to vote?

    • A.

      Simplified registration procedures

    • B.

      Party identification

    • C.

      Candidate evaluation

    • D.

      Policy voting

    Correct Answer
    B. Party identification
    Explanation
    Party identification is not ventral to the decision of how to vote because it refers to a person's loyalty or affiliation to a particular political party. While party identification may influence a person's voting behavior, it is not a factor that directly determines how someone will vote. Other factors such as candidate evaluation, policy voting, and even simplified registration procedures may have a more direct impact on the decision-making process of how to vote.

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  • 20. 

    A study by Rosenberg and McCafferty concluded that

    • A.

      A candidate's appearance and image has no real effect on voters

    • B.

      Policy voting has become the single most important determinant of how to vote.

    • C.

      It is possible to manipulate a candidate's appearance in a way that affects voters' choices

    • D.

      Party identification has all but disappeared as a determinant of how to vote.

    Correct Answer
    C. It is possible to manipulate a candidate's appearance in a way that affects voters' choices
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that it is possible to manipulate a candidate's appearance in a way that affects voters' choices. This suggests that the study conducted by Rosenberg and McCafferty found evidence supporting the idea that altering a candidate's appearance can have an impact on how voters perceive and choose their preferred candidate. The study may have explored various strategies or techniques that can be used to manipulate a candidate's appearance and examined the resulting effects on voters' choices.

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  • 21. 

    Studies have shown that the most important dimensions of candidate image is

    • A.

      Integrity

    • B.

      Reliability

    • C.

      Competence

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Competence
    Explanation
    Competence is the correct answer because studies have shown that it is one of the most important dimensions of candidate image. Competence refers to the ability and skills of a candidate to perform a job effectively and efficiently. Employers value candidates who possess the necessary knowledge, expertise, and experience to excel in their roles. While integrity and reliability are also important qualities, competence is crucial as it directly impacts the candidate's ability to perform tasks and contribute to the organization's success.

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  • 22. 

    Whic of the following condidtions is NOT central to policy voting?

    • A.

      A voter's clear view of his or her policy preferences

    • B.

      A voter's knowledge of where the candidates stand

    • C.

      A voter's party identification

    • D.

      A vote for the candidate whose positions match those of the voter

    Correct Answer
    C. A voter's party identification
    Explanation
    A voter's party identification is not central to policy voting because policy voting is based on a voter's clear view of his or her policy preferences and knowledge of where the candidates stand. Party identification may influence a voter's decision, but it is not a necessary condition for policy voting. Policy voting focuses on aligning one's own policy preferences with the candidate's positions, rather than blindly following a party affiliation.

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  • 23. 

    No longer can a candidate ge ta party's nomination without taking stands on the major issues of the day

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Candidates are now required to take stands on major issues in order to secure a party's nomination. This implies that in the past, candidates could potentially secure a nomination without taking such stands. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 24. 

    The electoral college system was created by

    • A.

      Political practice

    • B.

      Political parties

    • C.

      An act of Congress

    • D.

      The Constitution

    Correct Answer
    D. The Constitution
    Explanation
    The electoral college system was created by the Constitution. The Constitution of the United States outlines the structure and powers of the government, including the process of electing the President. It establishes the electoral college as the method for selecting the President, where each state is allocated a certain number of electors based on its representation in Congress. This system was devised by the framers of the Constitution as a compromise between electing the President by popular vote and allowing Congress to choose the President.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following statements about the electoral college is FALSE?

    • A.

      It is used in many countries of the world

    • B.

      Each state has as many electors as it has senators and representatives

    • C.

      In most states, there is a winner-take all system

    • D.

      Electoral college votes are counted when the new congressional session opens in January

    Correct Answer
    A. It is used in many countries of the world
    Explanation
    The given answer is false because the electoral college is not used in many countries of the world. The electoral college system is primarily used in the United States for the election of the President.

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  • 26. 

    The electoral college is important to the presidential election because it

    • A.

      Introduces a bias into the campaign and electoral process.

    • B.

      Over represents the less populated states

    • C.

      May result in the election of a president who did not revieve the most popular votes

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Introduces a bias into the campaign and electoral process.
    Explanation
    The electoral college is important to the presidential election because it introduces a bias into the campaign and electoral process. The electoral college system gives more weight to less populated states, allowing them to have a larger impact on the outcome of the election. This can lead to a situation where a candidate who did not receive the most popular votes can still win the election by securing the majority of electoral votes. Therefore, the electoral college system introduces a bias by potentially favoring candidates who have support in smaller states over those who have a larger overall popular vote.

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  • 27. 

    The electoral college system acan introduce bias in the electoral process because it over represents

    • A.

      Urban states

    • B.

      Small states

    • C.

      Big states

    • D.

      States without big cities

    Correct Answer
    B. Small states
    Explanation
    The electoral college system can introduce bias in the electoral process because it over represents small states. This is because each state is allocated a certain number of electoral votes based on their population, and smaller states have a disproportionate number of electoral votes compared to their population size. This means that the votes of individuals in small states carry more weight than those in larger states, leading to an imbalance in representation.

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  • 28. 

    It is possible for the electoral college to choose a president who did not win a majority of the popular vote.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the electoral college system in the United States allows for the possibility of a candidate winning the presidency without winning the majority of the popular vote. This is because the president is elected based on the number of electoral votes they receive, not the total number of votes cast by the general population. In some cases, a candidate can win the presidency by securing the majority of electoral votes, even if they did not receive the most votes from the general public. This has happened in a few presidential elections throughout history.

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  • 29. 

    The greater the policy differences between the candidates, the more likely voters will be able to steer government policies by teir choices

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement implies that when there are significant policy differences between candidates, voters have a higher chance of influencing government policies through their choices. This suggests that if candidates have clear and distinct policy positions, voters are more likely to select the candidate whose policies align with their own preferences. This can lead to a more responsive government that takes into account the preferences of the electorate.

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  • 30. 

    Parties and candidates

    • A.

      Are skilled in the art of ambiguity

    • B.

      Prefer to tackle the controversial issues

    • C.

      Use the media for comprehensive issue coverage

    • D.

      Always provide voters with sharp choices

    Correct Answer
    A. Are skilled in the art of ambiguity
    Explanation
    Parties and candidates are skilled in the art of ambiguity because they often use vague language or make ambiguous statements to appeal to a wider range of voters. By avoiding taking a clear stance on controversial issues, they can avoid alienating potential supporters. This ambiguity allows them to maintain a level of flexibility and adaptability, as well as the ability to appeal to different groups with differing opinions.

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  • 31. 

    Who said that candidates should offer "a choice, not an echo?"

    • A.

      Jimmy Carter

    • B.

      Barry Goldwater

    • C.

      Benjamin Page

    • D.

      Ronald Reagan

    Correct Answer
    B. Barry Goldwater
    Explanation
    Barry Goldwater is the correct answer because he is the one who famously said, "candidates should offer a choice, not an echo." This quote reflects his belief in the importance of offering distinct and diverse policy options to voters, rather than simply echoing popular opinions or following the status quo. Barry Goldwater was a prominent conservative politician and the Republican Party's nominee for President in 1964. He advocated for limited government intervention, individual freedom, and a strong national defense.

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  • 32. 

    Retrospective voting refers to voting

    • A.

      By absentee ballot

    • B.

      For an incumbent because the perception that his or her policies have made you better off

    • C.

      According to party identification

    • D.

      The same way year after year

    Correct Answer
    B. For an incumbent because the perception that his or her policies have made you better off
    Explanation
    Retrospective voting refers to the act of voting for an incumbent based on the belief that their policies have improved one's personal situation. This means that individuals assess the performance of the current officeholder and make a judgment based on whether they feel better off as a result of their policies. It is a way of evaluating the effectiveness of the incumbent's actions and holding them accountable for their impact on voters' lives. This type of voting behavior tends to occur consistently over time, as individuals continue to assess the incumbent's performance and make decisions based on their perceived outcomes.

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  • 33. 

    Because of retrospective voting, nothing makes incumbent politicians more nervous than the state of

    • A.

      Foreign affairs

    • B.

      The environment

    • C.

      The economy

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. The economy
    Explanation
    Incumbent politicians are most nervous about the state of the economy because of retrospective voting. Retrospective voting refers to the tendency of voters to evaluate the performance of current officeholders based on their past performance. Since the economy has a significant impact on people's lives, voters often hold incumbent politicians accountable for the state of the economy. Therefore, politicians are particularly concerned about the economy as it can heavily influence their chances of reelection.

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  • 34. 

    The US Supreme Court Ultimately determined the winner of the 2000 presidential election

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The US Supreme Court ultimately determined the winner of the 2000 presidential election. This is true because in the 2000 election, there was a dispute over the vote count in Florida. The case eventually reached the Supreme Court, which ruled in a 5-4 decision to halt the recount of votes in Florida. This decision effectively determined the winner of the election, as it allowed George W. Bush to maintain his lead and become the next president.

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  • 35. 

    African Americans and other minorities with high income and education levels vote with greater frequency than whites with high income and education levels.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that African Americans and other minorities who have high income and education levels tend to vote more frequently compared to whites with similar income and education levels. This indicates that factors other than income and education, such as historical and social factors, may play a role in influencing voting behavior among different racial and ethnic groups.

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  • 36. 

    Studies have shown that the most important dimension of candidate image is

    • A.

      Integrity

    • B.

      Reliability

    • C.

      Competence

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Competence
    Explanation
    Competence is the most important dimension of candidate image because it refers to the ability and skills of the candidate to perform the job effectively. While integrity and reliability are also important qualities, competence is crucial as it directly impacts the candidate's ability to meet the job requirements and deliver results. A candidate may possess integrity and reliability, but if they lack the necessary skills and knowledge to perform the job, they will not be successful in the role. Therefore, competence is the key factor in determining the suitability of a candidate for a position.

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  • 37. 

    The electoral college system can introduce bias in the electoral process because it overrepresents 

    • A.

      Urban states

    • B.

      Small states

    • C.

      Big states

    • D.

      States without big cities

    Correct Answer
    B. Small states
    Explanation
    The electoral college system can introduce bias in the electoral process because it overrepresents small states. This is because each state is allocated a certain number of electoral votes based on their representation in Congress, which means that smaller states with fewer inhabitants have a disproportionate influence compared to their population size. This can result in a situation where the votes of citizens in smaller states carry more weight than those in larger states, leading to an imbalance in the electoral process.

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  • 38. 

    ELectoral college votes are cast in proportion to the popular vote for each candidate

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the electoral college votes are indeed cast in proportion to the popular vote for each candidate. This means that the number of electoral college votes a candidate receives is directly related to the number of popular votes they receive in a particular state. For example, if a candidate receives 60% of the popular vote in a state, they would typically receive 60% of that state's electoral college votes. This system ensures that the outcome of the presidential election reflects the will of the people, as the candidate who receives the most popular votes in each state will generally receive the majority of that state's electoral college votes.

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  • 39. 

    Individuals who believe they can influence the government's actions are also more likely to believe, in turn, that the government should have more power

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that there is a correlation between individuals who believe they can influence the government's actions and their belief that the government should have more power. This implies that those who feel empowered and believe they can make a difference are more likely to support a stronger government, as they see it as a means to achieve their desired outcomes.

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