Ch.18 - The Endocrine System

18 Questions | Total Attempts: 252

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia

Quiz to study for chapter 18 - the endocrine system.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    ___________ occurs between cells of the same type?
    • A. 

      Paracrine Communication

    • B. 

      Endocrine Communication

    • C. 

      Synaptic Communication

    • D. 

      Direct Communication

  • 2. 
    What is the building block of protein?
    • A. 

      Peptide Derivative

    • B. 

      Lipid Derivative

    • C. 

      Amino Acid Derivative

  • 3. 
    Which mechanisms of intercellular communication is also known as local hormones that use chemical messenger to transfer information from cell to cell within a single tissue?
    • A. 

      Paracrine Communication

    • B. 

      Direct Communication

    • C. 

      Synaptic Communication

    • D. 

      Endocrine Communication

  • 4. 
    Which hormone increases glucose availability for ATP production?
    • A. 

      Norepinephrine

    • B. 

      Epinephrine

    • C. 

      Glucagon

    • D. 

      Insulin

  • 5. 
    ADH is known as ________ and secreted by _________?
    • A. 

      Antidiuretic Hormone & Pituitary Anterior

    • B. 

      Antidiuretic Hormone & Pituitary Posterior

    • C. 

      Aldosterone & Adrenal Cortex

    • D. 

      Adrogens and Adrenal Medulla

  • 6. 
    The main control center of the endocrine system is
    • A. 

      Pituitary Gland

    • B. 

      Thyroid Gland

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Adrenal Cortex

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      Hormones are release at the capillaries

    • B. 

      Hormones bind to target cells when inactivated

    • C. 

      Broken up by enzymes

    • D. 

      Absorb or broken down by the liver and kidney

    • E. 

      All of the above is true

  • 8. 
    Lipid Derivatives remain in the circulatory longer and are usually ______.
    • A. 

      Fat

    • B. 

      RBC

    • C. 

      WBC

    • D. 

      Steriod

  • 9. 
    Endocrine reflexes are controlled by
    • A. 

      Negative feed back loop

    • B. 

      Neutral feed back loop

    • C. 

      Positive feed back loop

    • D. 

      Some kind of loop

  • 10. 
    Hypothalamus controls the ______ by releasing hormones and ________.
    • A. 

      Posterior Pituitary & stimulating hormones

    • B. 

      Thyroid gland & inhibiting hormones

    • C. 

      Posterior Pituitary & inhibiting hormones

    • D. 

      Thyroid gland & stimulating hormones

  • 11. 
    The pituitary gland is also known as
    • A. 

      Hypophysis

    • B. 

      Hyperphysis

    • C. 

      Hemophysis

  • 12. 
    Parathyroid secretes _________ which increases blood calcium level.
    • A. 

      Perithyroid Hormone

    • B. 

      Hyperthyroid Hormone

    • C. 

      Parathyroid Hormone

    • D. 

      Thyroid Hormone

  • 13. 
    The Adrenal Medulla produces 2 hormones that are controlled by
    • A. 

      Central Nervous System

    • B. 

      Peripheral Nervous System

    • C. 

      Sympathetic Nervous System

  • 14. 
    A hormone disorder caused by high levels of cortisol in the blood, also known as Moon Face.
    • A. 

      Addision Disease

    • B. 

      Aldosteronism

    • C. 

      Cushing Disease

    • D. 

      Hyperaldosteronism

  • 15. 
    Which disease causes cardiac, neural, and kidney failure due to low level of K+?
    • A. 

      Addision Disease

    • B. 

      Aldosteronism

    • C. 

      Cushing Disease

    • D. 

      Hyperaldosteronism

  • 16. 
    Chief cells is the primary cell of the ______.  It produces and secretes _______.
    • A. 

      PT-Gland, PTH

    • B. 

      Adrenal Cortex, Epinephrine

    • C. 

      PT-Gland, Zona Reticularis

    • D. 

      Adrenal Cortex, Zona Reticularis

  • 17. 
    Melatonin is created by _____ and set _____.
    • A. 

      Pancreas & hormone production

    • B. 

      Parathyroid Gland & calcium homeostatasis

    • C. 

      Pinealocytes & circadian rhythms

  • 18. 
    The Pancreas is located in the.
    • A. 

      Pericardiac

    • B. 

      Diaphragm

    • C. 

      Abdominal Pelvic Cavity

    • D. 

      Transverse Thoracic

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