Ch 2: The Fight For Democracy And The English Civil War (Page 42-48)

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Ch 2: The Fight For Democracy And The English Civil War (Page 42-48) - Quiz

Answer the following multiple choice questions and short answer questions. Choose the best answer and answer in complete sentences:


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who was Oliver Cromwell?

    • A.

      Protestant

    • B.

      Master Soldier

    • C.

      Member of Parliament

    • D.

      Philosopher

    Correct Answer
    B. Master Soldier
    Explanation
    Oliver Cromwell was a master soldier. He was a prominent military and political leader in England during the 17th century. Cromwell played a crucial role in the English Civil War, leading the Parliamentarian forces against the Royalists. His military strategies and leadership skills were instrumental in the Parliamentarians' victory, resulting in the execution of King Charles I and the establishment of the Commonwealth of England. Cromwell's military prowess earned him the reputation of a master soldier.

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  • 2. 

    How did Charles II make sure he had the majority of supporters in parliament?

    • A.

      Blackmail

    • B.

      Persuasion

    • C.

      Bribery

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Charles II made sure he had the majority of supporters in parliament through a combination of blackmail, persuasion, and bribery. By using blackmail, he could gather information on individuals and use it to manipulate them into supporting him. Through persuasion, he could convince others to align with his interests and gain their support. Additionally, he resorted to bribery, offering financial incentives or favors to secure the loyalty of parliament members. By employing all of these tactics, Charles II ensured that he had a majority of supporters in parliament.

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  • 3. 

    Why did James II abdicate his throne?

    • A.

      His supporters fled the country

    • B.

      He was Anti-Catholic

    • C.

      He was going to be executed

    • D.

      He couldn't afford extravagant lifestyle

    Correct Answer
    A. His supporters fled the country
    Explanation
    James II abdicated his throne because his supporters fled the country. This suggests that he lost the backing and loyalty of his followers, which weakened his position as the monarch. Without the support of his supporters, James II likely felt that he could no longer effectively rule and maintain his power, leading him to abdicate the throne.

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  • 4. 

    The new Bill of Rights were created because...

    • A.

      The old rights were out of date

    • B.

      It made it clear that parliament was the real government

    • C.

      England was a republic

    • D.

      The Anti-Catholic feeling was very high

    Correct Answer
    B. It made it clear that parliament was the real government
    Explanation
    The new Bill of Rights was created to establish and clarify the power and authority of the parliament as the true governing body. This was necessary because the previous rights were outdated and did not clearly define the role of parliament in the government. By enacting the new Bill of Rights, it ensured that parliament had the ultimate authority and control in governing the country.

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  • 5. 

    Which John Locke theory led to the French and American Revolution?

    • A.

      Anti-Catholic

    • B.

      Anti-Divine-Right

    • C.

      Anti-Royalist

    • D.

      New Rights

    Correct Answer
    B. Anti-Divine-Right
    Explanation
    John Locke's theory of Anti-Divine-Right led to the French and American Revolution. This theory challenged the belief in the divine right of kings, which held that monarchs were chosen by God and had absolute power. Locke argued that governments should be based on the consent of the governed and that individuals had natural rights to life, liberty, and property. This idea of popular sovereignty and individual rights inspired revolutionary movements in both France and America, as they sought to overthrow oppressive monarchies and establish democratic governments.

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  • 6. 

    What happened when the Blue Laws were overturned?

  • 7. 

    Why was the Divine Right dead?

  • 8. 

    Knowing the definition of the Test Act, explain how James II infuriated parliament.

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