Stage 2 Biology - Cells

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Stage 2 Biology - Cells - Quiz

This quiz tests your knowledge of cell organelles. The information is based on the SACE stage 2 Biology course at the ASMS. Reference: Crierie A. Greig D (2005), 'Cells' 'Biology: Key Ideas' , Essentials, pp. 66 - 106.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following organelles packages glycoproteins. 

    • A.

      Vacuole

    • B.

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • C.

      Golgi Body

    • D.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    C. Golgi Body
    Explanation
    The golgi body packages molecules including glycoproteins. After the molecules are packaged they are usually exported by the cell.

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  • 2. 

    An organism is able to absorb light energy and convert it into energy. What organelle does it contain which enables it to do this.

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Ribosome

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    A. Chloroplast
    Explanation
    Chloroplast contain a pigment called chlorophyll which allows them to capture light energy and conduct photosynthesis, the process of converting water and carbon dioxide into glucose (a sugar) and oxygen.

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  • 3. 

    What organelle is referred to as the powerhouse of the cell.

    • A.

      Chloroplast

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    D. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Mitochondria give the cell the ability to respire and convert sugars and oxygen into energy. This process also creates water and carbon dioxide.

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  • 4. 

    A small structure which contains DNA and is attached to the Endoplasmic Reticulum.

    • A.

      Lyosome

    • B.

      Glycoprotein

    • C.

      Ribosome

    • D.

      Vacuole

    Correct Answer
    C. Ribosome
    Explanation
    Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum has ribosomes attached and Ribosomes are small structures which contain RNA.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following does not define something as living?

    • A.

      Reproduce

    • B.

      Stimuli

    • C.

      Protein

    • D.

      Respiration

    Correct Answer
    C. Protein
    Explanation
    A definition of something to be living means it must Respire, Excrete, Move, Reproduce, Irritably (Response to Stimuli), Nutrition and Growth. Proteins are not a requirement for something to be defined as alive.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following alternatives is not correct?

    • A.

      Cells with a larger surface area to volume ratio are able to gather nutrients more efficiently

    • B.

      Cells with a larger surface area to volume ratio are able to survive better in situations where there is a shortage of nutrients

    • C.

      The human red blood cell is a bi-concave disc which provides maximum surface area

    • D.

      A larger surface area to volume ratio results in quicker rate of diffusion

    Correct Answer
    D. A larger surface area to volume ratio results in quicker rate of diffusion
    Explanation
    A larger surface area to volume ratio will not result in faster diffusion but more efficient diffusion.

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  • 7. 

    Most ATP is made in the ______ and diffuses into the cytoplasm.

    • A.

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Vacuole

    Correct Answer
    C. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Mitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell and are responsible for the production of ATP through cellular respiration. ATP is the main source of energy for cellular processes, and it is produced in the mitochondria through a series of biochemical reactions. Once ATP is produced, it diffuses into the cytoplasm where it can be utilized by the cell for various energy-requiring processes. Therefore, the correct answer is mitochondria.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is not considered a phase in mitosis?

    • A.

      Anaphase

    • B.

      Interphase

    • C.

      Telophase

    • D.

      Metaphase

    Correct Answer
    B. Interphase
    Explanation
    Interphase is not considered a phase in mitosis but rather is a time for growth and preparation. Interphase includes G1 phase (growth phase 1), S phase (growth and DNA replication phase) and G2 Phase (Growth and preparation for division)

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  • 9. 

    Identify Organelle A

    • A.

      Golgi Bodies

    • B.

      Mitochondria

    • C.

      Vacuole

    • D.

      Nucleus

    Correct Answer
    B. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Mitochondria is the correct answer because it is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells that is responsible for producing energy in the form of ATP through cellular respiration. It has a double membrane structure and contains its own DNA, which is inherited solely from the mother. Mitochondria are often referred to as the "powerhouse" of the cell due to their crucial role in energy production.

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  • 10. 

    Identify Organelle B

    • A.

      Mitochondria

    • B.

      Golgi Bodies

    • C.

      Nucleus

    • D.

      Vacuole

    Correct Answer
    B. Golgi Bodies
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Golgi Bodies. The Golgi bodies, also known as the Golgi apparatus, are organelles found in eukaryotic cells. They are responsible for modifying, sorting, and packaging proteins and lipids that are synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum. The Golgi bodies consist of a series of flattened membranes called cisternae, which are stacked on top of each other. They receive proteins and lipids from the endoplasmic reticulum and then modify them by adding sugars or other molecules. After modification, the Golgi bodies package these molecules into vesicles and send them to their final destinations within the cell or outside of the cell.

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