Unit 2 Target 2: Cell Organelles Quiz

18 Questions | Total Attempts: 750

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Unit 2 Target 2: Cell Organelles Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    An organelle found in a liver cell would best be identified as a lysosome if its primary function was which of the following?
    • A. 

      Processing and packaging of cellular materials prior to export

    • B. 

      Harvesting of light energy to produce carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Detoxification of poisonous molecules within the cell

    • D. 

      Digestion of macromolecules and old organelles

  • 2. 
    Naomi adds cyclohexamide to cells grown in a test tube. Within minutes, she identifies short incomplete segments of proteins in the cells. On which organelle does cyclohexamide act?
    • A. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Ribosome

  • 3. 
    After Tyler adds a chemical to normally functioning cells, proteins begin to accumulate in the cells’ endoplasmic reticula. This chemical most likely prevents movement of proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum to which organelle
    • A. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Mitochondria

    • D. 

      Ribosome

  • 4. 
    The plasma/cell membrane
    • A. 

      Encloses the contents of a cell.

    • B. 

      Allows material to enter and leave the cell.

    • C. 

      Is selectively permeable.

    • D. 

      All of the answers are correct.

  • 5. 
    A particularly active cell might contain large numbers of   
    • A. 

      Chromosomes.

    • B. 

      Vacuoles.

    • C. 

      Mitochondria.

    • D. 

      Walls.

  • 6. 
    One important organelle that helps maintain homeostasis by moving supplies from one part of the cell to the other is the    
    • A. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum.

    • B. 

      Mitochondrion.

    • C. 

      Nucleus.

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm.

  • 7. 
    The packaging and distribution center of the cell is the
    • A. 

      Nucleus.

    • B. 

      Golgi apparatus.

    • C. 

      Central vacuole.

    • D. 

      Nuclear envelope.

  • 8. 
    The double membrane surrounding the nucleus is called the 
    • A. 

      Nucleolus.

    • B. 

      Nuclear wall.

    • C. 

      Nucleoplasm.

    • D. 

      Nuclear envelope.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following structures is found in the cytoplasm?   
    • A. 

      Nucleolus

    • B. 

      Ribosome

    • C. 

      Chromatin

    • D. 

      Cell wall

  • 10. 
    Which structure makes proteins using coded instructions that come from the nucleus?    
    • A. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • B. 

      Mitochondrion

    • C. 

      Vacuole

    • D. 

      Ribosome

  • 11. 
    The function of the centriole is to 
    • A. 

      Make proteins.

    • B. 

      Separate chromosomes during cell division.

    • C. 

      Make lipids.

    • D. 

      Separate DNA during DNA replication.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is a function of the nucleus?a.    stores DNA    b.    controls most of the cell’s processes    c.    contains the information needed to make proteins    d.    all of the above
    • A. 

      Stores DNA

    • B. 

      Controls most of the cell's processess

    • C. 

      Contains the information needed to make proteins

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    Plant cells have a large membrane-bound space in which water, waste products, and nutrients are stored. This place is known as a 
    • A. 

      Mitochondrion

    • B. 

      Chloroplast

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • D. 

      Central vacuole

  • 14. 
    The organelles associated with photosynthesis are the 
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts

    • C. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • D. 

      Vacuoles

  • 15. 
    Which sequence correctly traces the path of a protein in the cell?a.    ribosome, rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, released from the cell    b.    ribosome, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, released from the cell    c.    smooth endoplasmic reticulum, lysosome, Golgi apparatus, released from the cell    d.    mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum, cell membrane, released from the cell
    • A. 

      Ribosome, rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, released from the cell

    • B. 

      Ribosome, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, released from the cell

    • C. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum, lysosome, Golgi apparatus, released from the cell

    • D. 

      Mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum, cell membrane, released from the cell

  • 16. 
    The main function of the cell wall is to 
    • A. 

      Support and protect the cell

    • B. 

      Direct the activities of the cell

    • C. 

      Store DNA

    • D. 

      Help the cell move

  • 17. 
    Which organelles help provide cells with energy?a.    mitochondria and chloroplasts    c.    smooth endoplasmic reticulum    b.    rough endoplasmic reticulum    d.    Golgi apparatus and ribosomes
    • A. 

      Mitochondria and chloroplasts

    • B. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Rough endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Golgi apparatus and ribosomes

  • 18. 
    Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use? 
    • A. 

      Chloroplast

    • B. 

      Golgi apparatus

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Mitochondrion

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