Cell Structures & Functions

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 162

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Cell Structures & Functions

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Only eukaryotic cells have ________.
    • A. 

      DNA

    • B. 

      Membrane-bound organelles

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

    • D. 

      Ribosomes

  • 2. 
    A particularly active cell might contain large numbers of
    • A. 

      Chromosomes

    • B. 

      Vacuoles

    • C. 

      Mitochondria

    • D. 

      Cell walls

  • 3. 
    Megan examines a liver cell and observes an organelle with many smooth-sided channels. Which activity would identify this organelle as the Golgi apparatus?
    • A. 

      Digestion of macromolecules and old organelles

    • B. 

      Detoxification of poisonous molecules within the cell

    • C. 

      Harvesting of energy from organic molecules to make ATP

    • D. 

      Processing and packaging of cellular materials prior to export

  • 4. 
    Naomi adds cyclohexamide to cells grown in a test tube. Within minutes, she identifies short incomplete segments of proteins in the cells. On which organelle does cycloheximide act?
    • A. 

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • B. 

      Golgi Apparatus

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Ribosome

  • 5. 
    The presence of which structure indicates that cells are NOT photosynthetic bacteria?
    • A. 

      Cell Wall

    • B. 

      Chloroplast

    • C. 

      DNA

    • D. 

      Ribosome

  • 6. 
    Which structure in the cell is responsible for protein synthesis?
    • A. 

      Ribosome

    • B. 

      Mitochondria

    • C. 

      Golgi Apparatus

    • D. 

      Chloroplast

  • 7. 
    Which structure in the cell regulates which materials can enter or leave the cell?
    • A. 

      Nuclear Membrane

    • B. 

      Nucleus

    • C. 

      Nucleolus

    • D. 

      Plasma Membrane

  • 8. 
    Which structure in the cell helps with detoxification and assembling materials for use in the cell membrane?
    • A. 

      Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • B. 

      Lysosome

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

    • D. 

      Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

  • 9. 
    Which structure in the cell is the fluid inside the cell that acts as a site for chemical reactions?
    • A. 

      Chlorophyll

    • B. 

      Cytosol

    • C. 

      Vacuole

    • D. 

      Nucleoplasm

  • 10. 
    Which structure in the cell packages proteins for transport out of the cell?
    • A. 

      Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • B. 

      Ribosome

    • C. 

      Golgi Apparatus

    • D. 

      Lysosome

  • 11. 
    Which structure in the cell modifies and transports proteins that will be sent outside of the cell?
    • A. 

      Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • B. 

      Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • C. 

      Lysosome

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

  • 12. 
    Which structure in the cell contains the instructions for making proteins
    • A. 

      Nucleolus

    • B. 

      Nuclear Envelope

    • C. 

      Ribosome

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 13. 
    Which structure in the cell is responsible for assembling ribosomes?
    • A. 

      Nucleolus

    • B. 

      Nuclear Envelope

    • C. 

      Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 14. 
    Which structure in the cell is responsible for providing the cell with energy through the process of cellular respiration?
    • A. 

      Chloroplast

    • B. 

      Mitochondria

    • C. 

      Lysosome

    • D. 

      Vacuole

  • 15. 
    What are 3 structures that you would find in a plant cell but NOT in animal cell?
    • A. 

      Chloroplast

    • B. 

      Cell Wall

    • C. 

      Vacuole

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

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