Cell Biology - Types Of Cells

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Cell Biology - Types Of Cells - Quiz

Welcome to all students out there who are tackling the tough scientific subject of Biology! Today we’ll be looking at one of the building blocks of all biological study, the cell. What do you know about the various types of cells and the components that allow us to differentiate between them?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A bacterial cell belongs to which group

    • A.

      Prokaryote

    • B.

      Mitochondrion

    • C.

      Eukaryote

    • D.

      Boys II Men

    Correct Answer
    A. Prokaryote
    Explanation
    A bacterial cell belongs to the group of prokaryotes. Prokaryotes are single-celled organisms that lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. Bacterial cells have a simple structure, with genetic material floating freely in the cytoplasm. They are distinct from eukaryotes, which have a more complex cellular structure with a nucleus and various organelles. Mitochondrion is not the correct answer as it is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells. Boys II Men is not related to the classification of cells and is an incorrect option.

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  • 2. 

    The _____________ provides protection for plant and bacterial cells

    • A.

      Organelle

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Cell wall

    • D.

      Cytoplasm

    Correct Answer
    C. Cell wall
    Explanation
    The cell wall provides protection for plant and bacterial cells by forming a rigid outer layer that helps maintain the shape and integrity of the cell. It acts as a barrier against external threats such as pathogens and physical damage. Additionally, the cell wall allows for structural support and helps regulate the movement of substances in and out of the cell.

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  • 3. 

    Eukaryotes differ from prokaryotes based on size, genetic material surrounded by a nuclear membrane and membrane bound organelles

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Eukaryotes differ from prokaryotes based on several factors. One of the main differences is the size, with eukaryotic cells being generally larger than prokaryotic cells. Additionally, eukaryotes have their genetic material contained within a nucleus, which is surrounded by a nuclear membrane. This is in contrast to prokaryotes, where the genetic material is not contained within a nucleus. Lastly, eukaryotes have membrane-bound organelles, such as mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum, which are absent in prokaryotes. Therefore, the statement "Eukaryotes differ from prokaryotes based on size, genetic material surrounded by a nuclear membrane and membrane-bound organelles" is true.

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  • 4. 

    Two major forms of Prokaryotic cells is __________ and __________

    • A.

      Animal and Plant

    • B.

      Eubacteria and Archae

    • C.

      Animal and Eubacteria

    • D.

      Protists and Fungi

    Correct Answer
    B. Eubacteria and Archae
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Eubacteria and Archae. Prokaryotic cells are classified into two major forms, which are Eubacteria and Archae. Eubacteria are the most common type of prokaryotic cells and are found in various environments. Archae, on the other hand, are a group of prokaryotes that are known for their ability to survive in extreme conditions. Both Eubacteria and Archae lack a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles, distinguishing them from eukaryotic cells found in animals and plants.

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  • 5. 

    Eukaryotes are ___________, while Prokaryotes are _____________

    • A.

      Not nucleated, are nucleated

    • B.

      Square, round

    • C.

      Bacteria, viruses

    • D.

      Multicellular, unicellular

    Correct Answer
    D. Multicellular, unicellular
    Explanation
    Eukaryotes are multicellular, meaning they are composed of multiple cells that are organized into tissues and organs. On the other hand, prokaryotes are unicellular, meaning they consist of a single cell that performs all necessary functions. This is a fundamental difference between eukaryotes and prokaryotes, with eukaryotes having a higher level of complexity and organization compared to prokaryotes.

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  • 6. 

    Eukaryotic cells are the most abundant on Earth

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Eukaryotic cells are not the most abundant on Earth. Prokaryotic cells, such as bacteria, are actually more abundant. Eukaryotic cells are found in more complex organisms, including plants, animals, and fungi, but they make up a smaller proportion of the total number of cells on Earth.

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  • 7. 

    Eukaryotes are animal, protists, fungi, and plant cells

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Eukaryotes are a group of organisms that include animals, protists, fungi, and plants. These organisms have cells that contain a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles. Therefore, the statement "Eukaryotes are animal, protists, fungi, and plant cells" is true.

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  • 8. 

    Eukaryotes replicate by a process called _________ and __________

    • A.

      Photosynthesis and respiration

    • B.

      Mitosis and meiosis

    • C.

      Spontaneous generation and duplication

    • D.

      Binary fission

    Correct Answer
    B. Mitosis and meiosis
    Explanation
    Eukaryotes replicate by two processes called mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis is a form of cell division that results in the production of two identical daughter cells, each with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell. Meiosis, on the other hand, is a specialized form of cell division that occurs in the production of gametes (sex cells) and results in the formation of four genetically unique daughter cells, each with half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell. Both mitosis and meiosis are essential for growth, development, and reproduction in eukaryotic organisms.

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  • 9. 

    Prokaryotes replicate by a process called _____________

    • A.

      Binary fission

    • B.

      Meiosis

    • C.

      Photosynthesis

    • D.

      Respiration

    Correct Answer
    A. Binary fission
    Explanation
    Prokaryotes replicate by a process called binary fission. This is a form of asexual reproduction where the prokaryotic cell divides into two identical daughter cells. During binary fission, the DNA of the prokaryote is replicated, and then the cell divides into two separate cells, each containing a copy of the DNA. This process allows prokaryotes to rapidly reproduce and increase their population size. Meiosis, photosynthesis, and respiration are not involved in the replication process of prokaryotes.

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  • 10. 

    The word Eukaryote means "having a true nucleus"

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the term "Eukaryote" is derived from the Greek words "eu" meaning true and "karyon" meaning nucleus. Eukaryotes are organisms that have cells with a true nucleus, which means the genetic material is enclosed within a membrane-bound nucleus. This is in contrast to prokaryotes, which do not have a true nucleus and have their genetic material floating freely in the cytoplasm. Therefore, the word "Eukaryote" accurately describes organisms that have a true nucleus.

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  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 10, 2015
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    Jffadallan
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