Cardiovascular & Respiratory Test A

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 80

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Cardiovascular & Respiratory Test A

Anatomy & Physiology Unit 7 - Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems Test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The component of blood shown here are the:
    • A. 

      Red blood cells

    • B. 

      White blood cells

    • C. 

      Plasma

    • D. 

      Platelets

  • 2. 
    Which component of blood helps fight against viruses and bacteria?
    • A. 

      Red blood cells

    • B. 

      White blood cells

    • C. 

      Plasma

    • D. 

      Platelets

  • 3. 
    What would most likely happen if your body was unable to produce platelets?
    • A. 

      Injuries might not heal properly

    • B. 

      You would have a vitamin deficiency

    • C. 

      You would have uncontrolled bleeding

    • D. 

      You would have low energy due to a lack of oxygen

  • 4. 
    Which is the small network of blood vessels, shown in the middle?
    • A. 

      Veins

    • B. 

      Capillaries

    • C. 

      Arteries

  • 5. 
    Lymphocytes are best described as:
    • A. 

      A type of red blood cell that carries oxygen

    • B. 

      A type of white blood cell that fights viruses and bacteria

    • C. 

      A type of pathogen

    • D. 

      A type of blood vessel that transports oxygen-rich blood

  • 6. 
    Phagocytosis is when lymphocytes:
    • A. 

      Send out antibodies to destroy pathogens

    • B. 

      Turn into pathogens

    • C. 

      Engulf and destroy pathogens

    • D. 

      Flow through the bloodstream

  • 7. 
    Where are lymphocytes found in the body?
    • A. 

      In the blood plasma

    • B. 

      In the red blood cells

    • C. 

      In the nerve cells

    • D. 

      In the platelets

  • 8. 
    Which of the following BEST explains what antigens are?
    • A. 

      Structures on the surface of cells that trigger an immune response

    • B. 

      Viruses and bacteria

    • C. 

      Small cell fragments that help blood clot

    • D. 

      Tiny blood vessels where gases are exchanged with body tissues

  • 9. 
    Which of the following describes an ANTIGEN?
    • A. 

      Virus

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Dust

  • 10. 
    Porcha is in a terrible car accident. If she has Type A-negative blood, she can only get a blood transfusion from someone who has:
    • A. 

      O- or A-

    • B. 

      O-

    • C. 

      A- or A+

    • D. 

      She cannot receive blood

  • 11. 
    A person with Type AB+ blood has Rh antigens on their blood cells.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    A person who has B antigens present but no Rh antigens would be:
    • A. 

      B-

    • B. 

      A+

    • C. 

      B+

    • D. 

      O-

  • 13. 
    Taylor has type O+ blood and needs a blood transfusion. What kinds of blood could she receive? CHECK ALL THAT APPLY!!
    • A. 

      A-

    • B. 

      AB+

    • C. 

      O+

    • D. 

      O-

  • 14. 
    A person with Type O+ blood can donate to a person who is A- .
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Which of the following indicates a normal blood pressure?
    • A. 

      120/80 mmHg

    • B. 

      95/70 mmHg

    • C. 

      140/100 mmHg

    • D. 

      90/55 mmHg

  • 16. 
    A patient who has hypotension will most likely suffer from:
    • A. 

      A stroke

    • B. 

      Burst blood vessels

    • C. 

      A heart attack

    • D. 

      Dizziness

  • 17. 
    Mr. Collins has hypotension. His BP is probably....
    • A. 

      90/60 mmHg

    • B. 

      125/85 mmHg

    • C. 

      160/120 mmHg

    • D. 

      20/10 mmHg

  • 18. 
    Blood pressure is a measure of the force of blood on the walls of the arteries.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Someone who has high cholesterol and doesn't exercise very often will probably have:
    • A. 

      A normal blood pressure

    • B. 

      Hypertension

    • C. 

      Hypotension

  • 20. 
    Blood leaves the right ventricle through the...
    • A. 

      Pulmonary veins

    • B. 

      Pulmonary arteries

    • C. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • D. 

      Superior vena cava

  • 21. 
    Which chamber of the heart is shown here?
    • A. 

      Right atrium

    • B. 

      Right ventricle

    • C. 

      Left atrium

    • D. 

      Left ventricle

  • 22. 
    Which blood vessel is shown here?
    • A. 

      Pulmonary vein

    • B. 

      Pulmonary artery

    • C. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • D. 

      Aorta

  • 23. 
    What valve is shown here?
    • A. 

      Mitral valve

    • B. 

      Pulmonic valve

    • C. 

      Aortic valve

    • D. 

      Tricuspid valve

  • 24. 
    What chamber of the heart is shown here?
    • A. 

      Right atrium

    • B. 

      Right ventricle

    • C. 

      Left ventricle

    • D. 

      Left atrium

  • 25. 
    The arrow is pointing to the:
    • A. 

      Larynx

    • B. 

      Trachea

    • C. 

      Bronchi

    • D. 

      Lungs

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