Blood Vessels (Structure, Physiology & Dynamics) - Quiz #8 On Thurs. 8/26

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| By Geekee68
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Geekee68
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Quizzes Created: 19 | Total Attempts: 7,518
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Blood Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The innermost layer of a blood vessel made up of a single layer of squamous endothelial cells is the __________  ___________.

    Explanation
    The innermost layer of a blood vessel is called the tunica intima. It is composed of a single layer of squamous endothelial cells. This layer is in direct contact with the blood flowing through the vessel and helps to regulate the exchange of substances between the blood and the surrounding tissues.

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  • 2. 

     _____________ cells line the inner surface of the entire circulatory system.

    Explanation
    Endothelial cells are the correct answer because they are the cells that line the inner surface of the entire circulatory system. These cells form a thin layer called the endothelium, which acts as a barrier between the blood and the surrounding tissues. The endothelial cells play a crucial role in maintaining the integrity and function of blood vessels, regulating blood flow, and participating in processes such as inflammation and clotting.

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  • 3. 

    The ___________  ____________ is the middle layer of a blood vessel and is composed of smooth muscle and a thin layer of elastic tissue.  It is controlled by the autonomic nervous system.

    Explanation
    The tunica media is the middle layer of a blood vessel and is composed of smooth muscle and a thin layer of elastic tissue. It is responsible for regulating the diameter of the blood vessel, which in turn controls blood flow and blood pressure. The smooth muscle in the tunica media is controlled by the autonomic nervous system, allowing for involuntary control of blood vessel constriction and dilation.

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  • 4. 

    The smooth muscle middle layer of blood vessels is much thicker in...

    • A.

      Arteries

    • B.

      Veins

    Correct Answer
    A. Arteries
    Explanation
    The smooth muscle middle layer of blood vessels is much thicker in arteries compared to veins. This is because arteries carry oxygenated blood away from the heart at high pressure, requiring a stronger and more elastic vessel wall to withstand the force. In contrast, veins carry deoxygenated blood back to the heart at lower pressure, so their smooth muscle layer is thinner. The thicker smooth muscle layer in arteries also helps regulate blood flow and maintain blood pressure.

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  • 5. 

    The __________  ___________ or ___________ is the outer layer of blood vessels and is composed of connective tissue that functions to reinforce and support the vessel.

    Correct Answer
    tunica adventitia, externa
    tunica externa, adventitia
    Explanation
    The outer layer of blood vessels is known as the tunica adventitia or externa. This layer is composed of connective tissue that provides strength and support to the vessel.

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  • 6. 

    The thick muscular middle layer in _________ allows them to resist large ___________ generated from the hearts pumping action.

    Correct Answer
    arteries, pressures
    arteries, pressure
    Explanation
    The thick muscular middle layer in arteries allows them to resist large pressures generated from the heart's pumping action. This is because the arterial walls are made up of smooth muscle cells that can contract and relax to accommodate changes in blood flow and pressure. The muscular layer provides strength and elasticity to the arteries, allowing them to withstand the force of the blood being pumped by the heart.

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  • 7. 

    The thin muscular layer in __________ allows them to collapse and also hold more blood (approx 70-80%).

    Correct Answer
    veins
    Explanation
    Veins have a thin muscular layer that allows them to collapse and hold more blood. This is important because veins are responsible for returning deoxygenated blood back to the heart. When the muscles in the vein wall contract, it helps to push the blood against gravity and towards the heart. Additionally, the ability of veins to collapse allows them to regulate blood flow and prevent excessive pooling of blood in the lower extremities. This collapsible and expandable nature of veins is crucial for their proper functioning in the circulatory system.

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  • 8. 

    Movement of blood back to the heart is aid by what 3 factors?

    Correct Answer
    skeletal muscle contraction, valves, breathing
    skeletal muscle contraction, breathing, valves
    Explanation
    The movement of blood back to the heart is aided by three factors: skeletal muscle contraction, valves, and breathing. Skeletal muscle contraction helps to squeeze the veins and push the blood towards the heart. Valves in the veins prevent the backflow of blood and ensure that it flows in one direction. Breathing plays a role in the movement of blood by creating pressure changes in the chest cavity, which helps to draw blood towards the heart. Therefore, all three factors work together to facilitate the return of blood to the heart.

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  • 9. 

    Valves in veins are most commonly found in the ______________.

    Correct Answer
    extremities
    Explanation
    Valves in veins are most commonly found in the extremities. This means that valves are typically present in the veins of the arms and legs. These valves help to prevent the backflow of blood and ensure that it flows in one direction towards the heart. The extremities, being the furthest parts of the body from the heart, require these valves to assist in the upward movement of blood against gravity.

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  • 10. 

    There are valves in the IVC, portal veins, and the pulmonary veins

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    There are no valves in these veins.

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  • 11. 

    Capillary walls are made up of only one layer, the __________  ___________.

    Correct Answer
    tunica intima
    Explanation
    Capillary walls are composed of a single layer called the tunica intima. The tunica intima is the innermost layer of blood vessels and is responsible for facilitating the exchange of oxygen, nutrients, and waste products between the blood and surrounding tissues. Being a single layer allows for a thin and permeable structure, which is essential for efficient diffusion of substances. This design also enables capillaries to have a large surface area, maximizing the exchange of materials.

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  • 12. 

    The primary force by which gases are exchanged between the capillary walls and cells in the body is called _____________.

    Correct Answer
    diffusion
    Explanation
    Diffusion is the primary force by which gases are exchanged between the capillary walls and cells in the body. Diffusion refers to the movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration. In the context of gas exchange, oxygen molecules move from the capillary walls, where their concentration is higher, to the cells, where their concentration is lower. Similarly, carbon dioxide molecules move from the cells, where their concentration is higher, to the capillary walls, where their concentration is lower. This process of diffusion ensures the exchange of gases necessary for cellular respiration.

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  • 13. 

    A secondary force that moves water and dissolved materials from the capillaries into the tissue fluid is the ___________ of blood.

    Correct Answer
    pressure
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pressure." In the context of the question, pressure refers to the force exerted by the blood against the walls of the capillaries. This pressure helps to push water and dissolved materials out of the capillaries and into the surrounding tissue fluid.

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  • 14. 

    A force that moves fluid into the capillaries is called __________  ___________.

    Correct Answer
    osmotic pressure
    Explanation
    Osmotic pressure is a force that moves fluid into the capillaries. This occurs due to the difference in solute concentration between the capillaries and the surrounding tissues. The higher solute concentration in the capillaries creates a lower water potential, causing water to flow into the capillaries through osmosis. This movement of fluid helps to maintain the balance of fluid between the capillaries and surrounding tissues.

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  • 15. 

    An increase in the diameter of a blood vessel and therefore allowing more blood to an area is called ______________.

    Correct Answer
    vasodilation
    Explanation
    Vasodilation refers to the widening or increase in the diameter of a blood vessel. This process allows for more blood to flow to a specific area of the body. When a blood vessel dilates, it relaxes its smooth muscle walls, resulting in increased blood flow and improved circulation. Vasodilation can occur in response to various factors such as injury, inflammation, exercise, or the release of certain chemicals in the body.

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  • 16. 

    A decrease in diameter of a blood vessel, causing a decrease of blood flow is called __________________.

    Correct Answer
    vasoconstriction
    Explanation
    Vasoconstriction refers to the narrowing of blood vessels, specifically the decrease in diameter of a blood vessel. This narrowing restricts the flow of blood through the vessel, resulting in a decrease in blood flow. This can occur in response to various factors such as cold temperatures, stress, or certain medications. Vasoconstriction helps regulate blood pressure and redirect blood flow to specific areas of the body when needed.

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  • 17. 

    The blood flow into individual capillaries is regulated by smooth muscles that encircle the entrance to the capillary called a ______________  _______________.

    Correct Answer
    precapillary sphincter
    Explanation
    The blood flow into individual capillaries is regulated by smooth muscles that encircle the entrance to the capillary called a precapillary sphincter. These sphincters act as gatekeepers, controlling the flow of blood into the capillaries. By constricting or relaxing, they can regulate the amount of blood that enters the capillary bed, allowing for efficient distribution of oxygen and nutrients to the surrounding tissues. This mechanism helps maintain proper blood pressure and ensures that each tissue receives an adequate blood supply.

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  • 18. 

    Precapillary sphincters are only on the venous side of cells.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Precapillary sphincters are on the arterial side.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 25, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Geekee68
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