Block 6 GI Histo Univ Of VirGInia W Expl Prt 3

16 Questions | Total Attempts: 72

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Block 6 GI Histo Univ Of VirGInia W Expl Prt 3 - Quiz

This quiz is from U of Virg med shool UVMS


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A 62-year-old woman is admitted to the emergeny department with abdomnal pains of uncertain origin. A CT scan reveals an aortic aneurysm affecting the origin of the superior mesenteric artery, resulting in ischemia to an abdominal organ. Which of the following organs is most likely affected?
    • A. 

      Ileum

    • B. 

      Transverse colon

    • C. 

      Spleen

    • D. 

      Stomach

    • E. 

      Duodenum

  • 2. 
    A 35-year-old woman comes to a local hospital with abdominal tenderness and acute pain. On examination, her physician observes that an abdominal infection has spread retroperitoneally. Which of the following structures is most likely affected?
    • A. 

      Descending colon

    • B. 

      Jejunum

    • C. 

      Spleen

    • D. 

      Stomach

    • E. 

      Transverse colon

  • 3. 
    A 54-year-old man comes to a hospital with abdominal pain, loss of appetite, and weight loss. On examination of his radiograms and computed tomography (CT) scans, a physician finds a slowly growing tumor in the head of the pancreas. Which of the following structures is most likely compressed by this tumor?
    • A. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • B. 

      Gastroduodenal artery

    • C. 

      Splenic artery

    • D. 

      Superior mesenteric vein

  • 4. 
    Which of the following muscles is responsible for the anorectal flexure and is important in maintaining fecal continence?
    • A. 

      Coccygeus

    • B. 

      Iliococcygeus

    • C. 

      Internal anal sphincter

    • D. 

      Pubococcygeus

    • E. 

      Puborectalis

  • 5. 
    A medical student auto-inoculates himself with Helicobacter pylori to see what happens. Which of the following is NOT a feature of Helicobacter pylori infection?
    • A. 

      Definite association with gastric ulcer

    • B. 

      Definite association with duodenal ulcer

    • C. 

      Definite association with functional dyspepsia

    • D. 

      Definite association with gastric MALT lymphoma.

    • E. 

      Definite association with gastric cancer.

  • 6. 
    A 47-year-old man has an acquired umbilical hernia, which has split the linea alba and also damaged the posterior lamina of the rectus sheath. A surgeon repairing this defect must remember that at the level of the umbilicus the posterior layer of the rectus sheath consists of which of the following layers?
    • A. 

      External oblique aponeurosis and internal oblique aponeurosis

    • B. 

      Transversalis fascia only

    • C. 

      Transverse abdominal aponeurosis and internal oblique aponeurosis

    • D. 

      Transverse abdominal aponeurosis, internal oblique aponeurosis, and external oblique aponeurosis

  • 7. 
    34 year old woman with several years of “stomach trouble”. She has intermittent abdominal cramping, bloating, and diarrhea sometimes alternating with constipation. There is no associated fevers, weight loss, or rectal bleeding. Family history is positive for diverticulitis in her mother. Her exam is notable for mild tenderness in the lower abdomen but is otherwise unremarkable.   Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Celiac disease

    • B. 

      Crohn's disease

    • C. 

      Small intestine bacterial overgrowth (SIBO)

    • D. 

      Diverticulitis

    • E. 

      Irritable bowel syndrome

  • 8. 
    True statements about malabsorption syndromes include:
    • A. 

      Loose bowel movements or diarrhea are usually present

    • B. 

      Patients with abdominal complaints should get an upper endoscopy as an initial diagnostic test

    • C. 

      Vitamin deficiencies are rare in patients with malabsorption

    • D. 

      A and C

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 9. 
    A 24 year old gentleman presents with several months of abdominal pain and intermittent loose stools. He has lost 15 pounds over this time. He has no fevers or rectal bleeding , and reports no significant travel history. On exam he is a thin mildly ill-appearing Caucasian male. He has a mild resting tachycardia. He has tenderness and a palpable mass in the right lower quadrant. Labs are notable for microcytic anemia and elevated inflammatory markers. Stool tests are negative for ova & parasites and Giardia. Which of the following would be most likely?
    • A. 

      Yersinia enterocolitica

    • B. 

      Small bowel intussusception

    • C. 

      Perforated appendicitis

    • D. 

      Crohn’s disease

    • E. 

      All of the above are equally likely

  • 10. 
    A 44-year-old accountant develops a bleeding ulcer around tax time. The gastroenterologist visualizes the ulcer in the proximal duodenum. A radiologist has been called to cannulate and embolize the artery supplying the ulcer. Which of the following arteries does the radiologist need to cannulate?
    • A. 

      Celiac artery

    • B. 

      Superior mesenteric artery

    • C. 

      Inferior mesenteric artery

    • D. 

      Right gastric artery

  • 11. 
    The surgeon decided that a 35-year-old male patient must undergo an emergency appendectomy due to rupture of his appendix. A midline incision was made for greater access to the peritoneal cavity. The surgeon noted a 5-cm-long fingerlike pouch on the anterior border of the ileum about 60 cm away from the ileocecal junction. Such a pouch is a remnant of which of the following developmental structures?
    • A. 

      Ligamentum teres

    • B. 

      Hepatic diverticulum

    • C. 

      Vitelline duct

    • D. 

      Umbilical artery

  • 12. 
    A 56-year-old male is admitted to the hospital with severe abdominal pain. The patient has a history of "irritiable bowel syndrome" affecting his rectum. Which of the following nerves will most likely be responsible for the transmission of pain in this case?
    • A. 

      Pelvic splanchnic nerves

    • B. 

      Pudendal nerves

    • C. 

      Sacral sympathetic nerves

    • D. 

      Vagus nerves

  • 13. 
    A 16 year old female presents with intermittent bloody diarrhea. Her symptoms began about 8 months ago. She has between 6 and 10 small-volume stools daily, with significant urgency and tenesmus. She has associated cramping and has some nocturnal bowel movements. A flexible sigmoidoscopy is performed, which shows active inflammation beginning at the anal verge and extending continuously to the sigmoid colon. Biopsies are performed, showing acute and chronic inflammatory changes. A diagnosis of ulcerative colitis is made. Which of the following would be TRUE regarding ulcerative colitis?
    • A. 

      Caseating granulomas are diagnostic

    • B. 

      Perianal fistulae occur in 40 percent of patients

    • C. 

      Inflammation is usually transmural

    • D. 

      Colon strictures are common

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 14. 
    A 66 year-old woman is evaluated for a 2-day history of progressive fatigue and dark stools. She has not had fever, chills, abdominal pain or bright red rec­tal bleeding. The patient has a history of osteoarthritis for which she takes ibuprofen 600 mg twice daily. On physical examination, the temperature is 36.8C, the blood pressure is 136/84 mm Hg, the pulse rate is 92/min, and the respiration rate is 12/min. Cardiac examination shows a regular rhythm with normal heart sounds. The lungs are clear, and there is no periph­eral edema. Rectal examination reveals brown stool that is positive for occult blood. Laboratory studies reveal hemoglobin of 8.8 g/dL with a mean corpus­cular volume of 80; serum biochemistry tests, includ­ing liver chemistry tests, and prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and INR are normal. EGD and colonoscopy are normal. Small-bowel capsule endoscopy shows several ulcers in the mid-small bowel. Which of the following is the most appropriate next step in the management of this patient?
    • A. 

      Discontinue ibuprofen therapy

    • B. 

      Exploratory laparotomy

    • C. 

      Estrogen/progesterone therapy

    • D. 

      Mesenteric angiography

    • E. 

      Octreotide therapy

  • 15. 
    Mr. Jones is 24 year old man presents to for a second opinion regarding Crohn’s disease. He was initially treated with steroids with good response. His gastroenterologist subsequently started azathioprine but he was intolerant of this medication. He was then started on infliximab (an anti-TNF therapy) with a good initial response but in recent months the patient’s symptoms are no longer responsive to this drug. Mr. Jones asks you what medications might be under development or in clinical trials that could decrease his intestinal inflammation. Based on your knowledge of the mucosal immune system which of the following potential drug(s) could be developed as a treatment to suppress intestinal inflammation associated with Crohn’s disease?
    • A. 

      Recombinant IL-12

    • B. 

      Antibody to IL-12

    • C. 

      Antibody to IL-10

    • D. 

      Antibody to Paneth cell alpha defensin

    • E. 

      Antibody to α4 β7 integrin

    • F. 

      B and E

  • 16. 
    A 68 year old male presents with fatigue and shortness of breath. Lab work is notable for severe iron deficiency anemia. The patient undergoes colonoscopy at which time a mass is noted. Surgery is performed the following week.This malignant tumor has arisen in the mucosa of the colon.The most likely precursor lesion for this neoplasm was a(n:
    • A. 

      Squamous dysplasia

    • B. 

      Adenoma

    • C. 

      Leiomyoma

    • D. 

      Mucosal associated lymphoid tissue

    • E. 

      Enteroendocrine (Kulchitsky) cell

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