Block 5 Anatomy Wk 2 From Ta's W Xpl

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 219

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Block 5 Anatomy Wk 2 From Ta

From Anatomy TA's from week 2


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What embryological arch derivative is the Posterior belly of the Digastric muscle derived from?
    • A. 

      I

    • B. 

      II

    • C. 

      III

    • D. 

      IV

    • E. 

      V

  • 2. 
    A younger man of 27 years comes to the clinic complaining of loss of movement of facial muscles on the left side of his face. After a quick physical exam you determine that the patient has a compression to a nerve where it is exiting the stylomastoid foramen, causing an appearance of sagging features on the left face. After your epidemiology class, you remember that because the patient is younger, this is will most likely be a transient event that should clear up in a few weeks. However you caution the patient that-
    • A. 

      His left eye will be dry and irritated due to loss of the greater petrosal nerve sending parasympathetic innervation to the lacrimal gland

    • B. 

      The gland in the triangle bordered by the anterior and posterior bellies of the digastric and the mandible will not be functioning properly due to loss of parasympathetic innervation from the chorda tympani

    • C. 

      He will have difficulty rotating his head to the right and tilting his head to the left

    • D. 

      His left eye will become dry and irritated due to the loss of function of orbicularis oculi and that it could help if he taped his eyelid shut while sleeping

    • E. 

      Opening the mouth will be difficult due to loss of innervation to the muscles comprising the left lateral border and floor of the submental triangle

  • 3. 
    A strong, healthy, attractive man walks into a female doctor's office. He describes a pain he has been feeling the last few days in his right neck. The doctor puts him in the chair and begins to study all the muscles of the neck taking note of the strength and firmness. His strap muscles are weak on the right side, but that he has no deficits in mouth or tongue muscles. No lymph nodes are swollen on palpation and there is no visible goiter.  She tells him it is probably just a pinched nerve and that he works out too much. The most likely nerve that she is describing is the –
    • A. 

      Nerve that runs inside the carotid sheath carrying Branchial Efferent fibers to the muscles of the muscular triangle

    • B. 

      Nerve that loops around the internal jugular vein

    • C. 

      Nerve that runs with the lingual artery superior to the hyoid bone

    • D. 

      Nerve that leaves between the anterior and middle scalene muscles

  • 4. 
    A tumor suppressing the Trochlear nerve would result in the impairment of what eye movement?
    • A. 

      In and up

    • B. 

      Out

    • C. 

      Out and down

    • D. 

      Up

    • E. 

      In and down

  • 5. 
    While running a red light at a busy intersection, Mr. Batman was involved in a car vs. car Motor Vehicle Accident (MVA). The other vehicle involved hit the driverside flank of the batmobile. Gotham City EMS arrived on scene to find a somewhat intoxicated Mr. Batman with no injuries. However, the passenger (Robin) was found unconscious in the passenger's seat with his face on the dash. Robin regained consciousness while being extracted from the batmobile. A head CT was performed on Robin 3 hrs. post-MVA and was found to be unremarkable. Approximately 72 hrs. later Robin lost consciousness again. Below is the image from Robin's 2nd head CT: What type of hematoma does the CT display and can the hematoma cross to the opposite brain hemisphere?
    • A. 

      Sub Arachnoid; Yes

    • B. 

      Epidural; Yes

    • C. 

      Epidural; No

    • D. 

      Subdural; Yes

    • E. 

      Subdural; No

  • 6. 
    A 30-year old male postal worker presents with double vision. Upon examination, you observe that his right eye does not follow your finger horizontally to the right visual field. Damage to which structure is the likely reason for this defect?
    • A. 

      Torn right medial rectus

    • B. 

      Right lateral rectus torn from origin on maxilla

    • C. 

      Left sided CN VI palsy

    • D. 

      Right sided CN VI palsy

    • E. 

      RIght sided CN IV palsy

  • 7. 
    A 45-year-old woman is suffering from numbness over the tip of her nose. Which of the following nerves is most likely to be damaged?
    • A. 

      Ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve

    • B. 

      Maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve

    • C. 

      Mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve

    • D. 

      Facial nerve

    • E. 

      Auriculotemporal nerve

  • 8. 
    If a person is looking inward towards their nose and is unable to look down, which muscle may be injured?
    • A. 

      Inferior oblique

    • B. 

      Superior oblique

    • C. 

      Inferior rectus

    • D. 

      Superior rectus

    • E. 

      Medial rectus

    • F. 

      Lateral rectus

  • 9. 
    Which extra-ocular muscle(s) do(es) NOT originate from the Annulus tendineus?
    • A. 

      Superior Oblique

    • B. 

      Superior Rectus

    • C. 

      Inferior Rectus

    • D. 

      Inferior Oblique

    • E. 

      C&D

    • F. 

      A&D

    • G. 

      B&C

  • 10. 
    The innervation of the Carotid body & the Carotid Sinus is?
    • A. 

      C.N. VIII

    • B. 

      C.N. IX

    • C. 

      C.N. X

    • D. 

      Mixed VIII & IX

    • E. 

      Mixed IX & X

  • 11. 
    The inferior thyroid vein drains into which of the following veins?
    • A. 

      Internal Jugular Vein

    • B. 

      External Jugular Vein

    • C. 

      Brachiocephalic Vein

    • D. 

      Subclavian Vein

    • E. 

      Anterior Jugular Vein

  • 12. 
    Nerve to Mylohyoid innervates Mylohyoid muscle and what other muscle?
    • A. 

      Anterior belly of Digastric

    • B. 

      Posterior belly of Digastric

    • C. 

      Geniohyoid

    • D. 

      Thyrohyoid

  • 13. 
    A 3 year-old male presents to the pediatrician with fever, dysphagia (trouble swallowing), stiff neck, odynophagia (pain on swallowing), and stridor (inspiratory wheeze). History reveals an upper respiratory infection which gradually worsened. Visual examination of the oropharynx was not performed for fear of occluding the airway, but tender cervical lymphadenopathy was discovered. A CBC, blood culture, and a contrast-enhanced CT scan were performed. The CBC revealed leukocytosis with PMN predominance. The CT image below confirms a retropharyngeal abcess (A&B), so the patient is started on empirical antibiotics and scheduled for surgical drainage. What forms the lateral border of the retropharyngeal space in the cervical region?
    • A. 

      Alar Fascia

    • B. 

      Pretracheal fascia

    • C. 

      Prevertebral fascia

    • D. 

      Carotid Sheath

    • E. 

      Visceral pleura

  • 14. 
    When testing the sensory innervation of the face, it is important to remember that the skin of the tip of the nose is supplied by the:
    • A. 

      Zygomatic branch of the facial nerve

    • B. 

      Maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve

    • C. 

      Ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve

    • D. 

      Buccal branch of the mandibular nerve

    • E. 

      Buccal branch of the facial nerve

  • 15. 
    Which of the following muscles is NOT innervated by the facial nerve?
    • A. 

      Buccinator

    • B. 

      Masseter

    • C. 

      Obicularis oris

    • D. 

      Zygomaticus major

    • E. 

      Frontalis

  • 16. 
    During an anterior neck operation, a surgeon accidentally severed the ansa cervicalis. Which of the following muscles did NOT lose its innervation?
    • A. 

      Sternohyoid

    • B. 

      Sternothyroid

    • C. 

      Cricothyroid

    • D. 

      Omohyoid

  • 17. 
    During a battle for Ned dominance against Other-Ned, I lose because I’m not a fighter. Also, have you seen him? I don’t stand a chance. In the process I suffer a blow out fracture to my orbit with subsequent loss of CN IV. In what direction will my pupil present?
    • A. 

      Down and out

    • B. 

      Down and in

    • C. 

      Up and out

    • D. 

      Up and in

  • 18. 
    A patient presents to the clinic with constricted pupils and no sweating on the same side of the face. You suspect they have Horner's syndrome. You would also expect to see which of the following on the same side of the face?
    • A. 

      Dense ptosis, due to a functional loss of the Superior Tarsal muscle

    • B. 

      Dense ptosis, due to a functional loss of the Levator Palpebrae muscle

    • C. 

      Fine ptosis, due to a functional loss of the Superior Tarsal muscle

    • D. 

      Fine ptosis, due to a functional loss of the Levator Palpebrae muscle

  • 19. 
    Mr. Palmer is a 45 year old male complaining of soreness in his tongue. On inspection you find that he has an infection at the tip of his tongue. You think back to your anatomy days and remember the location of the lymph nodes that drain this area. And the answer is
    • A. 

      Carotid triangle

    • B. 

      Omoclavicular triangle

    • C. 

      Omotracheal triangle

    • D. 

      Submental triangle

    • E. 

      Submandibular triangle

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